Safety in Design

 
 
Wiley (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 7. September 2018
  • |
  • 224 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-118-74569-4 (ISBN)
 
Expert insight and guidance on integrating safety into design to significantly reduce risks to people, systems, property, and communities Safe design refers to the integration of hazard identification and risk assessment methods early in the design process so as to eliminate or minimize the risks of catastrophic failure throughout the life of a system, process, product, or service. This book provides engineers, designers, scientists and governmental officials with the knowledge and tools needed to seamlessly incorporate safety into the design of civil, industrial, and agricultural installations, as well as transportation systems, so as to minimize the risk of accidents and injuries. The methodology described in Safety in Design originates from the continuous safeguarding techniques first developed in the chemical industry and can successfully be applied to a range of industrial and civil settings. While the author focuses mainly on the aspects of safe design, he also addresses procedures which have a proven track record of preventing and alleviating the impacts of accidents with existing designs. He shares lessons learned from his nearly half-century of experience in the field and provides accounts of mishaps which could have been prevented, or significantly mitigated, based on data collected from approximately seventy incidents that have occurred in various countries. * Describes the application of safe design in an array of fields, including the chemical industry, transportation, farming, the building trade, and leisure * Reviews the history of intrinsic process safeguarding, which was first used in the chemical industry to minimize the risk of human error or instrumentation failure * Describes dozens of preventable incidents to illustrate the critical role safe design can play * Provides expert guidance and valuable tools for seamlessly weaving safety into every phase of the design process Safety in Design is an indispensable working resource for chemical, civil, mechanical, risk, and safety engineers, as well as professional R&D scientists, and process safety professionals. It is also a useful reference for insurers who deal with catastrophic loss potentials, and for government personnel who regulate or monitor industrial plants and procedures, traffic systems, and more.
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Intrinsic Continuous Process Safeguarding
  • 1.3 The Flixborough Accident in the United Kingdom in 1974
  • 1.4 The Seveso Emission in Italy in 1976
  • 1.5 The Bhopal Emission in India in 1984
  • 1.6 Concluding Remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Procedural, Active, and Passive Safety
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Definitions
  • 2.3 Four Failures of Emergency Power Units
  • 2.3.1 Introduction
  • 2.3.2 Twenteborg Hospital at Almelo in The Netherlands in 2002
  • 2.3.3 Westfries Gasthuis (Hospital) at Hoorn in The Netherlands in 2003
  • 2.3.4 ZGT Hengelo Hospital at Hengelo (O) in The Netherlands in 2011
  • 2.3.5 Chemical Plant
  • 2.3.6 Additional Remarks
  • 2.4 The Failure of the Blowout Preventer (BOP) at the Gulf Oil Explosion in 2010
  • 2.5 The Safeguarding of Formula One Races
  • 2.6 Dust Explosion Relief Venting
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Safety Improvements over the Years
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Transport
  • 3.2.1 Road Transport in The Netherlands
  • 3.2.2 Unidirectional Road Traffic in Tunnels
  • 3.2.3 Rail Transport in The Netherlands
  • 3.2.4 Chlorine Transport by Rail
  • 3.2.5 Sinking of the RMS Titanic in 1912
  • 3.2.6 Oil Tankers with Double Hull
  • 3.2.7 Two Comet Accidents in 1954
  • 3.2.8 Helium Gas for Zeppelins - Zeppelin Crash in 1937
  • 3.3 Industry
  • 3.3.1 Cotton Spinning Plants
  • 3.3.2 Akzo Nobel Extracts Salt Without Subsidence
  • 3.3.3 Two New Cocoa Warehouses at Amsterdam in 2011
  • 3.3.4 Flame Retardants
  • 3.3.5 Clamp-on Ultrasonic Flow Measurement
  • 3.4 Society
  • 3.4.1 Inundation of Part of The Netherlands in 1953
  • 3.4.2 Replacement of Coal Gas by Natural Gas in The Netherlands
  • 3.4.3 CFCs
  • 3.4.4 Dioxin in Feed
  • 3.4.5 Street Motor Races in The Netherlands
  • 3.4.6 An Unexpected Effect: Squatters Wear Moped Safety Helmets
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Safety Aspects Need Attention
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Transport
  • 4.2.1 Bus on Natural Gas Afire at Wassenaar in The Netherlands in 2012
  • 4.2.2 Light Trucks with Trailers are Dangerous
  • 4.2.3 Car Refrigerants
  • 4.2.4 The Eschede Train Accident in Germany in 1998
  • 4.2.5 Burning Battery in Boeing 787 Dreamliner in 2013
  • 4.2.6 Ferry Service on the North Sea Canal in The Netherlands
  • 4.3 Society
  • 4.3.1 Earthquakes Related to the Production of Natural Gas in the Northern Part of The Netherlands
  • 4.3.2 Fire at Chemie-Pack at Moerdijk in The Netherlands in 2011
  • 4.3.3 Inflammable Building Insulation Material
  • 4.3.4 Rolling Shutters
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Make Accidents and Incidents Virtually Impossible
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Transport
  • 5.2.1 Bus Accident near Barcelona in 2009
  • 5.2.2 Bus Accident in Hungary in 2003
  • 5.2.3 Two Train/Truck and Trailer Collisions at Gronau in Germany in 2011 and 2013
  • 5.2.4 Derailment at Wetteren in Belgium in 2013
  • 5.2.5 Derailment at Santiago di Compostela in Spain in 2013
  • 5.2.6 Derailment at Port Richmond, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA in 2015
  • 5.2.7 Sinking of the Baltic Ace in the North Sea in 2012
  • 5.2.8 Aerotoxic Syndrome
  • 5.3 Society
  • 5.3.1 Death in a Container for Used Clothes at Hannover in Germany in 2012
  • 5.3.2 Death in a Restaurant at Zutphen in The Netherlands in 2014
  • 5.3.3 Traffic Accident at Raard in The Netherlands in 2013
  • 5.3.4 Accident at a Soccer Match at Eindhoven in The Netherlands in 2013
  • 5.3.5 A Gust of Wind at Delden in The Netherlands in 2013
  • 5.3.6 Boy Falls into Water Basin at Hengelo (O) in The Netherlands in 2013
  • 5.3.7 Damaged Cow Teats at Losser in The Netherlands in 2009
  • References
  • Chapter 6 Design with Ample Margins
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Transport
  • 6.2.1 Coach Accident in the Sierre Tunnel in Switzerland in 2012
  • 6.2.2 Accident with a Bus at Almelo in The Netherlands in 2003
  • 6.2.3 Accident in a Cable Railway at Kaprun in Austria in 2000
  • 6.2.4 Flashing Red Lights for Rail Transport
  • 6.2.5 Luge Accident at Whistler in Canada in 2010
  • 6.2.6 Concorde Accident at Paris in 2000
  • 6.2.7 Space Shuttle Challenger Accident in 1986
  • 6.2.8 Space Shuttle Columbia Accident in 2003
  • 6.2.9 Air France Flight AF 447 Accident in 2009
  • 6.2.10 Turkish Airways Flight TK1951 Accident Near Amsterdam in 2009
  • 6.3 Society
  • 6.3.1 Mine Accident at Lengede in Germany in 1963
  • 6.3.2 Collapse of Terminal 2E of Roissy Airport at Paris in 2004
  • 6.3.3 Escape of a Gorilla in a Zoological Garden at Rotterdam in The Netherlands in 2007
  • References
  • Chapter 7 The Risks of Enclosed Spaces
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Transport
  • 7.3 Industry
  • 7.4 Society
  • 7.4.1 Fire in a Nightclub at West Warwick, Rhode Island in the United States in 2013
  • 7.4.2 Slurry Silo at Makkinga in The Netherlands in 2013
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Examples from the Chemical Industry
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Runaway Reaction at T2 Laboratories at Jacksonville, Florida in the United States in 2007
  • 8.3 Reactions with Epoxides
  • 8.4 Explosions at Shell Moerdijk at Moerdijk in The Netherlands in 2014
  • 8.5 DSM Melamine Plant Explosion at Geleen in The Netherlands in 2003
  • 8.6 Dryer Explosion in a Dow Plant at King's Lynn, Norfolk in the United Kingdom in 1976
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Gas Explosions
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Flashing Inflammable Liquids
  • 9.3 Mexico City in 1984
  • 9.4 Nijmegen in The Netherlands in 1978
  • 9.5 Los Alfaques in Spain in 1978
  • 9.6 Viareggio in Italy in 2009
  • 9.7 A Narrow Escape at Tilburg in The Netherlands in 2015
  • 9.8 Diemen in The Netherlands in 2014
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Nuclear Power Stations
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.1.1 General
  • 10.1.2 Physics
  • 10.2 Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs) and Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs)
  • 10.2.1 Introduction
  • 10.2.2 PWR
  • 10.2.3 BWR
  • 10.3 Three Mile Island (TMI)
  • 10.4 Fukushima Unit 1
  • 10.5 High-temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs)
  • 10.5.1 Introduction
  • 10.5.2 Safety Aspects of HTGRs
  • 10.5.3 PBR
  • 10.5.4 Prismatic Block Reactor
  • 10.5.5 Comparison Between PBR and Prismatic Block Reactor
  • 10.6 Comparison Between Light Water Reactors (LWRs, i.e. PWRs and BWRs) and HTGRs
  • References
  • Index
  • EULA

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