This monograph presents a new perspective on the history of general relativity. It outlines the attempts to establish an institutional framework for the promotion of the field during the Cold War. Readers will learn the difficulties that key figures experienced and overcame during this period of global conflict.
The author analyzes the subtle interconnections between scientific and political factors. He shows how politics shaped the evolution of general relativity, even though it is a field with no military applications. He also details how different scientists held quite different views about what "political" meant in their efforts to pursue international cooperation.
The narrative examines the specific epistemic features of general relativity that helped create the first official, international scientific society. It answers: Why did relativity bring about this unique result? Was it simply the product of specific actions of particular actors having an illuminated view of international relations in the specific context of the Cold War? Or, was there something in the nature of the field that inspired the actors to pioneer new ways of international cooperation?
The book will be of interest to historians of modern science, historians of international relations, and historians of institutions. It will also appeal to physicists and interested general readers.
Chapter 1. Introduction.- Chapter 2. The broader context of international collaborations in the postwar period.- Chapter 3. An unspectacular starting point: the Jubilee conference in Bern.- Chapter 4. The establishment of a stable tradition: The international conferences on General Relativity and Gravitation.- Chapter 5. A new community on paper: The Bulletin on GRG.- Chapter 6. The rapid growth of the community: new opportunities, new threats.- Chapter 7. Crisis and resolution in the organization of the 1968 conference in Tbilisi.- Chapter 8. The establishment of the journal General Relativity and Gravitation.- Chapter 9. Toward the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation.- Chapter 10. Conclusions.