Centripetal Democracy

Democratic Legitimacy and Political Identity in Belgium, Switzerland, and the European Union
 
 
Oxford University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 31. März 2017
  • |
  • 304 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-251714-2 (ISBN)
 
Centripetal democracy is the idea that legitimate democratic institutions set in motion forms of citizen practice and representative behaviour that serve as powerful drivers of political identity formation. Partisan modes of political representation in the context of multifaceted electoral and direct democratic voting opportunities are emphasised on this model. There is, however, a strain of thought predominant in political theory that doubts the democratic capacities of political systems constituted by multiple public spheres. This view is referred to as the lingua franca thesis on sustainable democratic systems (LFT). Inadequate democratic institutions and acute demands to divide the political system (through devolution or secession), are predicted by this thesis. By combining an original normative democratic theory with a comparative analysis of how Belgium and Switzerland have variously managed to sustain themselves as multilingual democracies, this book identifies the main institutional features of a democratically legitimate European Union and the conditions required to bring it about. Part One presents a novel theory of democratic legitimacy and political identity formation on which subsequent analyses are based. Part Two defines the EU as a demoi-cracy and provides a thorough democratic assessment of this political system. Part Three explains why Belgium has largely succumbed to the centrifugal logic predicted by the LFT, while Switzerland apparently defies this logic. Part Four presents a model of centripetal democracy for the EU, one that would greatly reduce its democratic deficit and ensure that this political system does not succumb to the centrifugal forces expected by the LFT.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 1,99 MB
978-0-19-251714-2 (9780192517142)
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Joseph Lacey is the Junior Research Fellow in Politics at University College, and affiliated with the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford. He holds a PhD from the European University Institute's Department of Political and Social Sciences.
  • Cover
  • Centripetal Democracy: Democratic Legitimacy and Political Identity in Belgium, Switzerland, and the European Union
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgements
  • Contents
  • List of Figures
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Introduction
  • I.1 The Problematic
  • I.2 JUSTIFYING THE COMPARATIVE APPROACH
  • I.3 OVERVIEW OF THE PROJECT
  • Part I: Democratic Legitimacy and Political Identity
  • Chapter 1: Democratic Process and Democratic Purpose
  • 1.1 An Account of Democratic Process
  • 1.1.1 The Idea of a Voting Space
  • 1.1.2 The Structure of Democratic Process
  • 1.1.3 Equality, Competition, and Inclusion
  • 1.2 Democratic Purpose and the Principles of Democratic Process
  • 1.2.1 The Principle of Democratic Equality
  • 1.2.2 The Democratic Difference Principle
  • 1.3 Instituting the Democratic Purpose
  • 1.4 Navigating Democratic Theory
  • Chapter 2: The Democratic Enactment of Representation
  • 2.1 Representation as Fact
  • 2.2 Representation as (Political and Democratic) Activity
  • 2.2.1 Political Representation
  • 2.2.2 Democratic Representation
  • 2.3 Representation as (Democratic) Value
  • 2.3.1 The Virtues of Good Democratic Representation
  • 2.3.2 Perversions of Democratic Purpose
  • 2.4 Centripetal Democracy
  • Conclusion to Part I
  • Part II: Democratic Legitimacy and Political Identity in the EU
  • Chapter 3: A Conceptual Map of the EU
  • 3.1 Why Demoi-cracy?
  • 3.2 Demoi-cracy and the Meaning of Demos
  • 3.3 Demoi-cracy: A Dual Compound Regime of Deep Diversity
  • 3.3.1 Deep Diversity and Europe´s Community of Ignorance
  • 3.3.2 Dual Compound Regime and European Governance
  • 3.4 The Demoi-Demos Relationship
  • Chapter 4: A Democratic Assessment of European Demoi-cracy
  • 4.1 The Impossibility, Undesirability, and Satisfactory Nature of European Democracy
  • 4.1.1 The Impossibility of European Democracy
  • 4.1.2 The Undesirability of European Democracy
  • 4.1.3 The Satisfactory Nature of European Democracy
  • 4.2 Statespeoples´ Control in the EU
  • 4.2.1 Statespeoples´ Control of EU Membership
  • 4.2.2 Statespeoples´ Control of Treaty-Making
  • 4.2.3 Statespeoples´ Control of the EuropeanCouncil and the Council
  • 4.3 Citizens´ Control in the EU
  • 4.3.1 Citizens´ Control of the Commission
  • 4.3.2 Citizens´ Control of the European Parliament
  • 4.3.3 Citizens´ Control of the European Central Bank
  • 4.3.4 Technocracy, Collusion, and Populism in the EU
  • 4.4 The Public Sphere and the Role of Civil Society
  • 4.4.1 Discursive Participation
  • 4.4.2 Mobilization
  • 4.5 The Democratic Deficit in Summary
  • Conclusion to Part II
  • Part III Testing the Lingua Franca Thesis
  • Chapter 5: Belgium Versus the Lingua Franca Thesis
  • 5.1 Political Community Formation in Belgium
  • 5.1.1 Francophone Linguistic Dominance Versus Flemish Language Equality
  • 5.1.2 Flemish Communalism Versus Francophone Regionalism
  • 5.1.3 Francophone Federalism Versus Flemish Confederalism/Separatism
  • 5.1.4 The Belgian Demos-Demoi Relationship
  • 5.2 Consociationalism and Federalism in Belgium
  • 5.3 Democracy in Belgium
  • 5.3.1 The Belgian Voting Space Compound
  • 5.3.2 Democratic Representation: Authorization, Accountability, and Gatekeeping
  • 5.3.3 Consociationalism and Democratic Representation
  • 5.3.4 Centripetal Democracy Foregone?
  • 5.4 The LINGUA FRANCA THESIS Confirmed?
  • Chapter 6: Switzerland Versus the Lingua Franca Thesis
  • 6.1 Founding the Federal Confederation
  • 6.1.1 From Confederation to Federation
  • 6.1.2 Developing Direct Democracy
  • 6.1.3 Pre-empting the Linguistic Cleavage
  • 6.2 Mono-national Switzerland and Competition in a Consensus Democracy
  • 6.2.1 The Swiss Demos-Demoi Relationship
  • 6.2.2 Representative and Direct Institutions of Democracy
  • 6.3 Democratic Legitimacy and Political Identity in the Land of Popular Votes
  • 6.3.1 Direct Democracy in Question: A Swiss Reply to Critics
  • 6.3.2 Swiss Democracy as Centripetal Democracy
  • 6.4 The LINGUA FRANCA THESIS Defeated?
  • Conclusion to Part III
  • FACTORS RELATED TO THE POLITICAL COMMUNITY
  • FACTORS RELATED TO THE REGIME
  • Part IV: Implications for Democratic Legitimacy and Political Identity in the EU
  • Chapter 7: Modelling Centripetal Democracy for the EU
  • 7.1 A Realistic Demoi-cratic Ideal
  • 7.1.1 Executive Formation and the European Party System
  • 7.1.2 Direct Democracy: Accession and Secession
  • 7.1.3 Direct Democracy: Primary Law
  • 7.1.4 Direct Democracy: Secondary Law
  • 7.1.5 Some Qualifications: Managing Differentiated Integration
  • 7.2 A New Representative Politics and the Maturation of the European Public Sphere
  • 7.2.1 Visible Power and Identity-Formation in a Less Populist EU
  • 7.2.2 The Possibility of and Limitations to Discursive Integration in the EU
  • 7.3 The Prospects: Democratic Legitimacy and the LINGUA FRANCA THESIS
  • 7.3.1 Democratic Legitimacy in the EU: A Likely Scenario?
  • 7.3.2 How Strong is the Lingua Franca Thesis Threat in the EU?
  • 7.4 Are There Alternatives?
  • The Argument in Summary
  • References
  • Index

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