Originally published in 1983, this book maintains that the content and character of morality can be understood if it is regarded as a useful societal tool, whose central purposes include the prevention of harm and promotion of security for members of society. At the foundation is the general superiority of policies and attitudes that have good consequences. The book argues that ethics is 'cognitive' and explores the kinds of ethical knowledge and the ways in which ethical claims can be challenged and justified.
Joel J. Kupperman
Part 1: Morality as We Know It 1. Morality as a System of Strong Demands 2. Morality as Law 3. Morality as Interpersonally Neutral Part 2: The Need for Ethical Theory 4. The Nature of Ethical Theory 5. Difficult Cases and Moral Progress 6. Utilitarianism and Value Part 3: The Case for Consequentialism 7. First Pattern Argument 8. Second Pattern Argument 9. Third Pattern Argument Part 4: Humanising Ethics 10. The Gap Between What Would be for the Best and What We Should Do 11. The Role of Self-Interest and Personal Relations 12. Ethical Education.
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