This book challenges the wide-ranging generalizations that dominate the literature on the impact of export-led growth upon Latin America during the first export era. The contributors to this volume contest conventional approaches, stemming from structuralism and dependency theory, which portray a rather negative view of the impact of nineteenth-century globalization upon Latin America. It has been considered that, as a result of the role of Latin American countries as providers of raw materials produced in enclaves dominated by foreign capital, their participation in the world economy has had adverse consequences for their long-term development. This volume addresses a representative sample of countries with varied initial conditions and resource endowments, a diverse productive specialization, as well as different degrees of integration to the world economy. This allows a direct comparison among the different experiences within the region, which in turn enables a more nuanced understanding of the contribution of exports to economic growth and economic modernization. Seven national case studies are presented - Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Peru, Mexico and Bolivia - which offer an insight into the successes of a region traditionally viewed as disadvantaged by globalization and export-led growth.
Winner of the Vicens Vives prize for the best economic history book granted by the Spanish Economic History Association.
Sandra Kuntz-Ficker is Professor of Economic History at El Colegio de México, Mexico. She has taught at the University of Texas at Austin and Stanford, USA. She is a member of the Mexican Academy of Science (AMC) and the Executive Committee of the International Economic History Association (IEHA). She specializes in the economic history of Mexico and Latin America from the nineteenth- through to the mid-twentieth century.
Prologue (José Antonio Ocampo)
Chapter 1. Latin America's First Export Era: Reassessing its Economic Contribution (Sandra Kuntz-Ficker)
Chapter 2. The Contribution of Argentine Exports to the Economy: 1875-1929 (Sandra Kuntz-Ficker and Agustina Rayes)
Chapter 3. The Bolivian Export Sector: 1870-1950 (Jose Alejandro Peres-Cajías and Anna Carreras-Marín)
Chapter 4. The Brazilian Export Economy: 1822-1913 (Christopher David Absell and Antonio Tena-Junguito)
Chapter 5. The Impact of Nitrates on the Chilean Economy: 1880-1930 (Marc Badia-Miró and José Díaz-Bahamonde)
Chapter 6. Exports and Economic Development in Colombia - A Regional Perspective: 1830-1929 (José Antonio Ocampo and Santiago Colmenares G.)
Chapter 7. Mexico in the Export Era - Export Boom, Economic Modernization, and Industrialization: 1870s-1929 (Sandra Kuntz-Ficker)
Chapter 8. Exports and Their Impact on the Economy - The Case of Peru: 1830-1930 (Luis Felipe Zegarra)
Chapter 9. Latin America's First Export Era: A Preliminary Balance (Towards a New Synthesis) (Sandra Kuntz-Ficker)