Modeling the Meanings of Pictures

Depiction and the philosophy of language
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 5. September 2020
  • |
  • 192 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-258664-3 (ISBN)
John Kulvicki offers an account of the many ways in which pictures can be meaningful which is inspired by the philosophy of language. Pictures are important parts of communicative acts, along with language, gesture, facial expressions, and props. They express wide ranges of thoughts, make assertions, offer warnings, instructions, and commands. Pictures are also representations. They have meanings, which help explain the range of communicative uses to which they can be put. Modelling the meanings of pictures is accounting for the ways in which pictures manage to be meaningful, with an eye toward how those meanings let us use them as we do. By framing pictures with the philosophy of language, we acquire new perspectives on the many things we can do with them. Sometimes, pictures are used as descriptions-he looks like this!-while sometimes they are used more like singular terms-find him!, while showing a mug shot. Most picture-making cultures also have iconographies, but this is usually put to one side in discussions of pictures, if it is mentioned at all. Likewise, some uses of pictures, especially in advertising, are metaphorical, and very little has been said about metaphor in pictures. Pictures are also related in important ways to other kinds of representations like maps, and this book provides a new way of understanding what makes them alike and different. By showing that pictures are very different from languages, this book also shows that the tools developed with language in mind are not actually specific to linguistic phenomena.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 46,95 MB
978-0-19-258664-3 (9780192586643)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
John Kulvicki received his PhD from the University of Chicago and worked at Washington University in St Louis and Carleton University before coming to Dartmouth. He writes on the philosophy of perception and philosophy of art.
  • Cover
  • Modeling the Meanings of Pictures: Depiction and the philosophy of language
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Table of Contents
  • Preface and Acknowledgments
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Chapter 1: Pictures, Communication, and Meaning
  • 1.1 Pictures and Language
  • 1.2 The Structure of the Book
  • 1.3 The Meaning Thread
  • 1.4 The Parts Thread
  • 1.5 What This Book is Not
  • Chapter 2: Character, Content, and Reference
  • 2.1 Kaplan's Distinctions
  • 2.2 Interpreting Pictures
  • 2.3 Bare Bones Content as Pictorial Character
  • 2.4 Pictorial Content
  • 2.5 (In)definite Description and Reference
  • 2.6 Worries about Indirect Pictorial Reference
  • 2.7 Summary
  • Chapter 3: Parts of Pictures
  • 3.1 Syntax Without (Much) Grammar
  • 3.2 Abstraction and Content
  • 3.3 Two Clarifying Objections
  • 3.4 The Parts Principle
  • 3.5 Syntactic Parts and Semantic Roles
  • 3.6 Revisiting Indirect Pictorial Reference
  • 3.7 Summary
  • Chapter 4: Pictorial Dthat
  • 4.1 Attributive and Referential Use
  • 4.2 Using Pictures Referentially
  • 4.3 Dthat
  • 4.4 Referential Use as Dthat
  • 4.5 Worries about Deferred Ostention
  • 4.6 Postcards and Portraits
  • 4.7 Using Parts of Pictures Referentially
  • 4.8 Individuals and Properties in Other Accounts
  • 4.9 Summary
  • Chapter 5: Iconography
  • 5.1 Introducing Iconography
  • 5.2 A Semantic Mechanism
  • 5.3 Labeling
  • 5.4 Stories
  • 5.5 The Practicalities of Iconography
  • 5.6 Uses of Iconographic Interpretation
  • 5.7 Iconographic Interpretation in Language?
  • 5.8 Summary
  • Chapter 6: Metaphor
  • 6.1 Illustrated, Suggested, and Supplemental Metaphors
  • 6.2 Some Non-metaphorical, Atypical Uses of Pictures
  • 6.3 Strictly Pictorial Metaphors
  • 6.4 Stern on Mthat
  • 6.5 Mthat and Strictly Pictorial Metaphors
  • 6.6 Stern's Worries about Metaphor in Pictures
  • 6.7 Summary
  • Chapter 7: Direct Reference in Pictures and Maps
  • 7.1 Presence in Photographs and Maps
  • 7.2 How Objects are Involved
  • 7.3 Two Worries about Locations as Names
  • 7.4 Absence and Map Semantics
  • 7.5 Why Maps Have Constant Characters
  • 7.6 The Path from Pictures to Comics to Maps
  • 7.7 Summary
  • Chapter 8: Distinguishing Kinds by Parts
  • 8.1 Syntax and Compositionality
  • 8.2 Separable Syntactic Parts
  • 8.3 Inseparable Syntactic Parts
  • 8.4 The Main Claim
  • 8.5 Three Objections to the Main Claim
  • 8.6 Why the Objections Fail
  • 8.7 Compositionality and Inseparability
  • 8.8 Why Non-propositional?
  • 8.9 Summary
  • References
  • Index
DNB DDC Sachgruppen
BISAC Classifikation

Dateiformat: PDF
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)


Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat PDF zeigt auf jeder Hardware eine Buchseite stets identisch an. Daher ist eine PDF auch für ein komplexes Layout geeignet, wie es bei Lehr- und Fachbüchern verwendet wird (Bilder, Tabellen, Spalten, Fußnoten). Bei kleinen Displays von E-Readern oder Smartphones sind PDF leider eher nervig, weil zu viel Scrollen notwendig ist. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Bitte beachten Sie bei der Verwendung der Lese-Software Adobe Digital Editions: wir empfehlen Ihnen unbedingt nach Installation der Lese-Software diese mit Ihrer persönlichen Adobe-ID zu autorisieren!

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.

Download (sofort verfügbar)

57,49 €
inkl. 7% MwSt.
Download / Einzel-Lizenz
PDF mit Adobe-DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book bestellen