This book addresses earthquakes, with a special focus on the Ghorka earthquake, which struck parts of central Nepal in April 2015. Drawing on this disastrous event, it closely examines various aspects of earthquakes in contributions prepared by international experts. The topics covered include: the geological and geophysical background of seismicity; a detailed inventory of the damage done by the earthquake; effective damage prevention through earthquake-safe buildings and settlements; restoration options for world-heritage buildings; strategies for providing technical and medical relief and, lastly, questions associated with public life and economy in a high-risk seismic zone.
Combining perspectives from various fields, the book presents the state of the art in all earthquake-related fields and outlines future approaches to risk identification, damage prevention, and disaster management in all parts of society, administration, and politics in Nepal. Beyond the specific disaster in Nepal, the findings presented here will have broader implications for how societies can best deal with disasters.
Preface.- Earthquakes as events of inter- and intra-disciplinary character - with special reference to the Gorkha 2015 Earthquake in Nepal.- Part 1 - Earthquakes and related hazards.- Should all of Nepal be treated as having the same earthquake hazard?- Analysis of landslides triggered by the 2015 Gorkha Earthquake, Nepal.- The 1985 (M8.1) Michoacán Earthquake and its effects in Mexico City.- Part 2 - Damage, prevention, restoration.- Lessons from building damage patterns during April 25, 2015 Gorkha Earthquake in Nepal.- Nepal cultural heritage earthquake rehabilitation.- Heritage and reconstruction: different perspectives.- Can we prevent structural failure under earthquakes?- A critical appraisal on Turkey's neoliberal quest of urban renewal in historic urban landscapes.- Traditional buildings and preliminary report in construction methods to combat earthquake.- Part 3 - Disaster management and economics.- Medical aspects of the Gorkha Earthquake 2015: disaster preparedness and response.- Meaningfulness of OR models and solution strategies for emergency planning.- Economic loss from earthquake in Nepal and strategies for recovery and resilience building.- Social capital and good governance - a nexus for disaster management: lessons learned from Bangladesh.- Directions and avenues of geotourism - with a particular view to Nepal.- Part 4 - Living with earthquake risk.- Women and children in the 2015 earthquake in Nepal.- Emotional care in social work.- Earthquake and earth justice: emergence of the environmental justice movement and its relevance in addressing unanticipated events.- Assessing policies of responding to the risk and impacts of earthquakes from a justice perspective.- Earthquake preparedness policy in Nepal.