This book addresses the evaluation of environmental impacts and services identified in headwaters of different eco-zones around the world. It presents 24 papers selected from contributions to recent meetings of the European Forestry Commission Working Party on the Management of Mountain Watersheds, which is coordinated by the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). Through its biennial sessions and inter-session activities, the Working Party focuses on the continuous exchange of knowledge and experience between professionals in Europe and other regions of the world confronted with similar issues.
The contributions have been updated and peer-reviewed, and the interdisciplinary team of authors includes experts from the fields of geography, hydrology, chemistry, biology, forestry, ecology and socio-economics. The participatory management of headwater catchments in Europe, Africa, America and Asia was the central theme of the articles, which were divided into four sessions: (1) Headwater Environment and Natural Resources, (2) Enhancing Environmental Services in Headwaters, (3) Environmental Services in the Changing World, and (4) New Challenges for Environmental Education and Active Citizenship. The practical applications shown in the book address the multi-resource concept.
The book offers a unique and valuable resource for environmentalists, engineers, watershed planners and policymakers alike.
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Josef Krecek, Ph.D. is the founder and managing co-director of the UNESCO-recognized 'International Association for Headwater Control', and former President of 'EFC/FAO Working Party on the Management of Mountain Watersheds' . He is Associate Professor of Czech Technical Univerity in Prague, teaching courses on Applied Hydrology and Climatology. Josef's current work includes research on hydrological processes related to impacts of the climate change and acid atmospheric deposition, as well as the participatory waterhsed management. He is experienced with several international projects in Europe and Asia, and coordinated a number of publications on watershed management and headwater restoration.
Martin Haigh, Ph.D., is Emeritus Professor of Geography at Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK. Formerly, he was (Vice-)President of the 'World Association for Soil and Water Conservation'. He is a Co-Founder of the UNESCO-recognised 'International Association for Headwater Control' and co-organiser of most of its international conferences. He is a UK National Teaching Fellow and a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. In 2010, he was awarded the Royal Geographical Society's 'Taylor and Francis Award for Excellence in Geography Teaching (Higher Education)'. Martin's current work includes environmental education as well as technical research in landslide prediction and landscape reconstruction in mining and mountainous areas.
Thomas Hofer is Forestry Officer and leader of the Watershed Management and Mountains Team at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Since 2006, he serves as the secretary of the 'EFC/FAO Working Party on the Management of Mountain Watersheds'. He has vast field project experience in Asia and Central Asia, Eastern Europe, Africa and Latin America. He has coordinated the development of a number of flagship publications on watershed management, sustainable mountain development and forest hydrology.
Eero Kubin, Ph.D. is former president of 'EFC/FAO Working Party on theManagement of Mountain Watersheds', and Management Committee Member of EU COST Action 725. Over 15 years he served as director of the Muhos Research Unit of the Finnish Forest Research Institute, and he is leader of long term research projects on phenology, and environmental aspects of forestry practices. As docent of the Oulu University and Helsinki University he is lecturer on forest ecology and superviser of several doctoral thesis. Catrin Promper is employee at the Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management working on natural hazard risk management. She holds a PhD in Geography from university of Vienna and gained international work experience in the Watershed Management and Mountains Team at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). v>
Part I: Headwater Environment and Natural Resources
1. Headwater Catchments: Foundation Pillars for Ecosystem Services
2. Technical and Ecological Methods to Control the Water Cycle in Mountain Watersheds
3. Ecosystem Services Supporting Water Supply Systems
4. Ecosystem Services in Headwaters of the Boreal Environment
5. Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources in a Snow-dominated Watershed of Northern Japan
6. Ecohydrological-based Forest Management in Semi-arid Climate
7. Ecosystem Services in African Headwaters
Part II: Enhancing Environmental Services in Headwaters
8. Protective Stands: Lessons from the Past and Today's Challenges
9. Headwaters Management Constraints within the Kinneret Ecosystem Services
10. Mitigation of Natural Hazards in Mountain Watersheds of Japan
11. Environmental Management in the Headwater Catchments of Kiliki River, Nagaland, North East India
12. Agro-environmental Sustainability of the Yuanyang Rice Terraces in Yunnan Province, China
13. Environmental Security and Headwater Control in Brazil
Part III: Environmental Services in the Changing World
14. Maintaining Environmental Services in Mountain Watersheds
15. Prioritizing Adaptation Needs for Ecosystem Services: A Regional Case Study in the Eastern Alps
16. Environmental Services in Mountain Catchments Affected by the Acid Atmospheric Deposition
17. Impacts of Reclaimed Opencast Coal-Land on Headwater Ecosystem Services
18. The Effect of Land Degradation on Ecosystem Services
19. Extreme Climate Events and Erosion Control in Headwater Catchments of Serbia
Part IV: New Challenges for Environmental Education and Active Citizenship
20. Ecosystem Services, European Union Policies, and Stakeholders' Participation
21. Water Conservation Business Arising from Company's Environmental Responsibility
22. Natural Protective Services in Mountain Catchments: Provision, Transaction and Consumption
23. Citizens Participation in Ecosystem Services
24. Watershed Ecosystem Services and Academic Programmes on Environmental Education
Conclusion: Headwater Control
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