Measurement of Health and Health Status

Concepts, Methods and Applications from a Multidisciplinary Perspective
 
 
Academic Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 7. Oktober 2016
  • |
  • 380 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-801720-3 (ISBN)
 

The Measurement of Health and Health Status: Concepts, Methods and Applications from a Multidisciplinary Perspective presents a unifying perspective on how to select the best measurement framework for any situation. Serving as a one-stop shop that unifies material currently available in various locations, this book illuminates the intuition behind each method, explaining how each method has special purposes, what developments are occurring, and how new combinations among methods might be relevant to specific situations. It especially emphasizes the measurement of health and health states (quality-of-life), giving significant attention to newly developed methods. The book introduces technically complex, new methods for both introductory and technically-proficient readers.


  • Assumes that the best measure depends entirely on the situation
  • Covers preference-based methods, classical test theory, and item response theory
  • Features illustrations and animations drawn from diverse fields and disciplines


Paul Krabbe is an expert in (subjective) health-outcome measurement methodology, in particular 'health-related quality of life' (HRQoL). He earned his PhD at Erasmus University in Rotterdam.
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 39,10 MB
978-0-12-801720-3 (9780128017203)
0128017201 (0128017201)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • The Measurement of Health and Health Status
  • The Measurement of Health and Health Status: Concepts, Methods and Applications from a Multidisciplinary Perspective
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Part I
  • 1 - Introduction
  • INTRODUCTION
  • DEFINING HEALTH
  • IMPORTANCE OF HEALTH
  • HEALTH MODELS
  • PATIENT REPORTED
  • PATIENT CENTEREDNESS
  • DIGITAL REVOLUTION
  • REFERENCES
  • 2 - Health Outcomes
  • INTRODUCTION
  • BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL OUTCOMES
  • SYMPTOMS AND DISORDERS
  • FUNCTIONAL STATUS
  • HEALTH STATUS
  • HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE
  • WELL-BEING
  • QUALITY OF LIFE
  • CAPABILITIES
  • HAPPINESS
  • DISCUSSION
  • REFERENCES
  • 3 - Health Summary Measures
  • INTRODUCTION
  • QUALITY-ADJUSTED LIFE YEAR
  • DISABILITY-ADJUSTED LIFE YEAR
  • Q-TWIST
  • APPLICATION
  • DISCUSSION
  • REFERENCES
  • Part II
  • 4 - Measurement
  • INTRODUCTION
  • MEASUREMENT IN GENERAL
  • Temperature
  • Meter
  • Kilogram
  • MEASUREMENT DEFINITIONS
  • DATA THEORY
  • Nominal
  • Ordinal
  • Interval
  • Ratio
  • Other Scale Types
  • MEASUREMENT THEORY
  • Scores
  • Measures
  • Subjective Measurement
  • Representational Approach
  • MEASUREMENT PRINCIPLES
  • Invariance
  • Unit of Measurement
  • Dimensionality
  • REFERENCES
  • 5 - Constructs and Scales
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CONCEPTS
  • CONSTRUCTS
  • LATENT VARIABLES
  • Reflective Versus Formative
  • Reflective Constructs
  • Formative Constructs
  • ATTITUDES, PREFERENCES, JUDGMENTS, AND CHOICES
  • Attitudes
  • Preferences
  • Judgments
  • Choices
  • MEASUREMENT AND SCALING MODELS
  • SCALING OBJECTS AND SUBJECTS
  • Scaling Subjects
  • Scaling Objects
  • Scaling Subjects and Objects
  • SCALING METHODS
  • Direct Scaling Methods
  • Absolute and Comparative Responses
  • Indirect Scaling Methods
  • DIRECT-RESPONSE SCALES
  • Rating
  • Visual Analogue Scale
  • Likert Scaling
  • RESPONSE FUNCTIONS
  • Cumulative
  • Ideal Point
  • Unfolding
  • Reflection
  • DISCUSSION
  • REFERENCES
  • 6 - Health Status Measurement
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CONTENT
  • QUALITY OF HEALTH
  • MEASUREMENT IN HEALTH
  • ATTRIBUTES
  • Selection of Attributes
  • OBJECTIVE VERSUS SUBJECTIVE
  • CAUSE VERSUS EFFECT
  • ADAPTATION, COPING, AND RESPONSE SHIFT
  • Adaptation
  • Coping
  • Response Shift
  • QUESTIONNAIRES AND INSTRUMENTS
  • TYPES OF INSTRUMENTS
  • Measurement Approaches
  • Scope
  • RESEARCH TRADITIONS
  • DISCUSSION
  • REFERENCES
  • 7 - Validity
  • INTRODUCTION
  • VALIDITY
  • FACE VALIDITY
  • CONTENT VALIDITY
  • CRITERION VALIDITY
  • CONSTRUCT VALIDITY
  • Convergent/Discriminant
  • Multitrait-Multimethod
  • Known Groups
  • Statistical Structure
  • FACTOR ANALYSIS
  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Factor Analysis
  • Multivariate
  • Correlations
  • Communalities
  • Estimation
  • Factor Loadings
  • Eigenvalues
  • Rotation
  • Varimax
  • Oblique Rotation
  • INTERPRETATION
  • STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING
  • DISCUSSION
  • REFERENCES
  • 8 - Reliability
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Reliability Versus Validity
  • Factors Affecting Reliability
  • THEORY
  • TEST-RETEST
  • INTERNAL CONSISTENCY
  • Interitem Correlation
  • Item-Total Correlation
  • Split Halves
  • Cronbach's Alpha
  • From 0.70 to 0.95
  • Sample Dependent
  • INTERRATER
  • Kappa
  • From Kappa to Alpha
  • INTRACLASS CORRELATIONS
  • Different Versions
  • Generalizability Theory
  • DISCUSSION
  • REFERENCES
  • Part III
  • 9 - Classical Test Theory
  • INTRODUCTION
  • TRUE SCORE
  • INSTRUMENTS
  • Short Form-36
  • Health Insurance Experiment
  • Medical Outcomes Study
  • Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey
  • Two Versions
  • Sickness Impact Profile
  • Nottingham Health Profile
  • EORTC QLQ C-30
  • APPLICATION
  • Construct
  • Study
  • Coding
  • Reliability and Validity Tests
  • Cochlear Implantation Effect
  • DISCUSSION
  • REFERENCES
  • 10 - Item Response Theory
  • INTRODUCTION
  • HISTORY OF ITEM RESPONSE THEORY
  • RESPONSE STRUCTURE
  • Guttman Scaling
  • Mokken Scaling
  • RASCH MODEL FOR BINARY ITEMS
  • Rasch Mechanism
  • Mathematics
  • ORDERED ITEM MODELS (1-PL)
  • Rating Scale Model
  • Partial Credit Model
  • Invariance
  • Advantages
  • ITEM RESPONSE THEORY MODELS WITH MORE THAN ONE PARAMETER
  • Graded Response Model
  • ITEM RESPONSE THEORY STATISTICS
  • Information
  • Differential Item Functioning
  • CONTROVERSY
  • INSTRUMENTS
  • APPLICATION
  • Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index
  • Item Response Theory
  • Patients
  • Results
  • DISCUSSION
  • REFERENCES
  • 11 - Choice Models
  • INTRODUCTION
  • PREFERENCE BASED
  • Comparative Element
  • Compound Objects
  • VALUES
  • WEIGHING OF THE ATTRIBUTES AND THEIR LEVELS
  • CHOICE-BASED MODELS
  • Paired Comparisons
  • Probabilistic Choice Model
  • Discrimination
  • Mathematical Psychology
  • Conjoint Measurement
  • Conjoint Analysis
  • Discrete Choice
  • McFadden
  • The Model
  • Discrete Choice Experiments
  • MEASUREMENT PROPERTIES
  • Reliability
  • Test-Retest
  • Internal Consistency
  • Validity
  • Content
  • Construct
  • INSTRUMENTS
  • APPLICATION
  • Respondents
  • Design
  • Statistical Model
  • Sample
  • Results
  • DISCUSSION
  • REFERENCES
  • 12 - Valuation Techniques
  • INTRODUCTION
  • TERMINOLOGY
  • Measurement, Valuation, and Technique
  • Utilities, Values, and Indices
  • PREFERENCE-BASED MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS
  • Content of Classification Systems
  • Analytical Steps
  • Step I: Defining Health
  • Step II: Eliciting Values
  • Step III: Estimating Value Function
  • Step IV: Classifying Health
  • Step V: Computing Values
  • ECONOMIC VALUATION TECHNIQUES
  • Standard Gamble
  • Time Trade-Off
  • OTHER VALUATION TECHNIQUES
  • Magnitude Estimation
  • Person Trade-Off
  • Visual Analogue Scale
  • WHOSE VALUES?
  • ASSUMPTIONS AND ARGUMENTS
  • MEASUREMENT PROPERTIES
  • Reliability
  • Test-Retest
  • Internal Consistency
  • Interrater
  • Validity
  • Content
  • Construct
  • INSTRUMENTS
  • QWB
  • 15D
  • HUI
  • Multiattribute Utility Functions
  • EQ-5D
  • SF-6D
  • AQoL
  • APPLICATION
  • Modeling
  • Results
  • DEAD END FOR TIME TRADE-OFF?
  • DISCUSSION
  • REFERENCES
  • 13 - Clinimetrics
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Indices and Rating Scales
  • Indices
  • Scales
  • THREE CATEGORIES
  • RESPONSIVENESS
  • Responsiveness or Sensitivity
  • Separate Measurement Properties
  • COMPUTATION OF RESPONSIVENESS
  • Distribution Based
  • Anchor Based
  • Effect Sizes
  • Minimal Important Differences
  • Significant Versus Importance
  • Choice of Anchor
  • WHAT IS WHAT?
  • INSTRUMENTS
  • Six-Minute Walk Test
  • Apgar Score
  • Frailty Index
  • Patient Health Questionnaire
  • COSMIN CHECKLIST
  • GUIDELINES, CHECKLISTS, AND STATEMENTS
  • APPLICATION
  • DISCUSSION
  • Three Categories
  • Responsiveness
  • Minimal Important Difference
  • The Asset of Clinimetrics
  • REFERENCES
  • Part IV
  • 14 - New Developments
  • INTRODUCTION
  • COMPUTERS AND INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
  • SELECTING HEALTH ITEMS OR ATTRIBUTES
  • DYNAMIC CONTENT
  • PROMIS
  • FROM RELATIVE TO ABSOLUTE VALUES
  • BETTER THAN DEAD
  • EYE TRACKING
  • PREFERENCE-BASED, MULTIATTRIBUTE RASCH MODEL
  • MULTIDIMENSIONAL ITEM-RESPONSE THEORY
  • MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALING
  • BEST-WORST SCALING
  • REFERENCES
  • 15 - Perspectives
  • INTRODUCTION
  • OUR WISH LIST
  • SIMPLICITY
  • SYNTHESIZING MEASUREMENT MODELS
  • MEASUREMENT VERSUS DATA PROCESSING
  • IMPORTANCE
  • RESPONSIVENESS REVISITED
  • DEATH
  • PATIENT CENTERED
  • FINIS
  • REFERENCES
  • Further Reading
  • Glossary
  • Index
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • Y
  • Back Cover

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