Renewable Energy Engineering: Solar, Wind, Biomass, Hydrogen and Geothermal Energy Systems

 
 
Recent Advances in Renewable Energy (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 5. November 2018
  • |
  • 415 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-68108-719-1 (ISBN)
 

Researchers, politicians and lay persons around the world agree that renewable energy technologies will play an increasingly important role in strengthening national economies in the future. The renewable energy industry has the potential to significantly

  • Englisch
  • Sharjah
  • |
  • Vereinigte Arabische Emirate
PublishDrive
  • 15,96 MB
978-1-68108-719-1 (9781681087191)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Intro
  • CONTENTS
  • PREFACE
  • List of Contributors
  • Solar Thermal Energy Systems
  • Sonia Fereres*
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Overview of Solar Thermal Energy Systems
  • Solar Energy Conversion to Electricity: Concentrated Solar Energy
  • CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER TECHNOLOGIES
  • Parabolic Trough Systems
  • Linear Fresnel Systems
  • Dish Systems
  • Central Receiver Systems
  • SOLAR COLLECTORS AND RECEIVERS
  • Solar Collector Field Improvement Opportunities
  • Advances in Solar Receivers
  • Parabolic Trough Receivers/Absorbers
  • Linear Fresnel Receivers
  • Power Tower Receivers
  • Tubular Receivers
  • Volumetric Air Receivers
  • Solid Particle Receivers
  • Receiver Coatings
  • HEAT TRANSFER FLUIDS FOR CSP
  • Ideal HTF Properties
  • Types of HTF: Current and Future Applications
  • Thermal Oil
  • Molten Salts
  • Water/steam as a HTF
  • Liquid Metals
  • Other Liquid HTF
  • Ionic Liquids
  • Molten Glass
  • Gases
  • Supercritical Fluids
  • Particle Suspensions
  • INCORPORATING THERMAL/THERMOCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE
  • TES System Concepts
  • Storage Mechanisms and Materials
  • Sensible Heat TES
  • Latent Heat TES
  • Thermochemical TES
  • Future Outlook on TES
  • POWER CYCLES FOR CSP PLANTS
  • Advanced Power Cycles
  • Low Temperature Cycles
  • Supercritical Rankine Cycle
  • Supercritical CO2 Cycle
  • Auxiliary Hardware for Advanced Power Cycles
  • Power Plant Cooling Trends: Dry Cooling
  • Other Improvement Opportunities
  • ALTERNATIVE USES OF SOLAR HEAT BEYOND TRADITIONAL ELECTRICITY GENERATION
  • Thermochemical Cycles Based on High Temperature Batteries
  • Thermoelectric, Thermoionic, and Thermophotovoltaic Generators
  • Solar Fuels
  • Solar Thermal Desalination
  • Solar Thermal Energy in Industrial Processes
  • HYBRID CSP-PV SOLUTIONS
  • Hybrid CSP-PV Plants
  • Utilizing the Full Solar Spectrum
  • CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK
  • CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION
  • CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Thermal Energy Storage Systems for a Global Sustainable Growth: Current Status and Future Trends
  • Irene P. Koronaki*, Michael T. Nitsas and Efstratios G. Papoutsis
  • INTRODUCTION
  • SENSIBLE HEAT STORAGE SYSTEMS
  • WATER IN SENSIBLE TES SYSTEMS
  • Water Stratification
  • APPLICATIONS
  • OTHER LIQUID SENSIBLE STORAGE MEDIA IN TES
  • SOLID STORAGE MEDIA IN TES
  • Underground Thermal Energy Storage (UTES) Systems
  • LATENT HEAT STORAGE SYSTEMS
  • Categories and Materials
  • Organic PCM
  • Inorganic PCM
  • Eutectics PCM
  • PCM in TES Systems: Applications
  • Solar Water-heating Systems
  • PCMs in Greenhouses
  • PCMs in Buildings
  • PCM MICROENCAPSULATION
  • THERMOCHEMICAL HEAT STORAGE SYSTEMS
  • Sorption Heat Storage Systems
  • Chemical Heat Storage Systems
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION
  • CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Solar Energy Utilization in Buildings
  • Christos Tzivanidis* and Evangelos Bellos
  • INTRODUCTION
  • WATER HEATING AND OTHER PROCESSES
  • Innovative Solar Collectors
  • Solar Cookers
  • Solar Stills
  • SOLAR SPACE HEATING SYSTEMS
  • Solar Air Heaters
  • Solar Hybrid Space Heating Systems
  • Solar Assisted Systems for Space Heating
  • Solar Driven Absorption Heat Pumps
  • NEW PV TECHNOLOGIES FOR BUILDINGS
  • Concentrated PV
  • Thermal PV
  • Integrated PV in Walls
  • PV with PCM
  • Solar Energy Utilization in the Building Envelope
  • Trombe Wall
  • PCM IN BUILDING ENVELOPE
  • Latent Heat Storage
  • Key Attributes
  • Organic Phase Change Materials
  • Inorganic Phase Change Materials
  • Integration of PCMs into Building Elements
  • Measurement Procedures - Effective Thermal Capacity
  • NOMENCLATURE
  • GREEK SYMBOLS
  • SUBSCRIPTS AND SUPERSCRIPTS
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION
  • CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Applications of Bioenergy - Modeling of Anaerobic Digestion
  • Emmanouil D. Rogdakis* and Panagiotis I. Bitsikas
  • GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND SUPPLY
  • BIOMASS AS SOURCE OF ENERGY
  • Advantages and Disadvantages from the Use of Biomass as Energy Source
  • SOURCES AND PROPERTIES OF BIOMASS
  • Wood and Forest Residues
  • Energy Crops and Agriculture Residues
  • Waste
  • Properties of Biomass
  • APPLICATIONS OF BIOENERGY
  • Solid Biomass
  • Generation of Heat and Power
  • Transformation to Gaseous Biomass
  • Biogas
  • Heat and Power Production
  • Upgrade to Biomethane
  • Biofuels
  • Biofuels in the Future
  • Pretreatment of Biomass
  • Co-generation Systems Used for Energy Production from Biomass
  • The Use of Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC)
  • Use of Stirling Engines for Bioenergy Production
  • INTRODUCTION TO ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Anaerobic Digestion
  • ANAEROBIC DIGESTION MODEL NO.1 (ADM1)
  • Biochemical Reactions
  • Physicochemical Reactions
  • Application for Wastewater Treatment
  • Henriksdal WWTP
  • Psyttaleia WWTP
  • ANAEROBIC DIGESTION SYSTEMS
  • Temperature
  • pH and Alkalinity
  • Volume and Inflow Rate
  • Single Stage and Multi Stage Anaerobic Digestion
  • ADM1 MODIFICATION FOR OLIVE-MILL WASTE TREATMENT
  • Presentation of the Extended ADM1
  • Model Application in a Small Rural Olive Mill
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • NOTES
  • CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION
  • CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • APPENDIX
  • Appendix A: Suggested Parameters for ADM1
  • Appendix B: Effect of Selected Parameters on Produced Biogas
  • Appendix C: Additional and Modified Parameters for ADM1 Application on Olive-Mill Waste Digestion
  • REFERENCES
  • Wind Power Contribution in Achieving Global Renewable Energy Targets: Current Status and Future Prospects
  • John K. Kaldellis1,* and Dimitrios Apostolou1,2
  • INTRODUCTION
  • TWENTY-YEARS OF WIND POWER EVOLUTION
  • Global Wind Energy Facts
  • EU Wind Energy Facts
  • Wind Energy Market in Greece
  • Offshore Evolution
  • TECHNOLOGY ISSUES
  • ECONOMIC ASPECTS
  • Investment Cost
  • Lifecycle Cost of Energy (LCOE)
  • Support Mechanisms
  • Employment Opportunities
  • ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
  • PROSPECTS OF WIND ENERGY
  • Wind Energy Targets
  • R&D Targets
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION
  • CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Hydrogen Production and Storage
  • Tryfon Roumpedakis, Petros Vlavakis, Konstantinos Braimakis, Dimitrios Grimekis and Sotirios Karellas*
  • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
  • Production from Natural Gas
  • Steam Methane Reforming
  • Partial Oxidation
  • Autothermal Reforming
  • Production from Coal
  • Supercritical Water Gasification
  • Integrated Novel Gasification
  • Production from Biomass with Gasification and Pyrolysis
  • Syngas Separation Technologies
  • Membrane Separators
  • Membrane Reactor
  • Reformer-membrane Configuration
  • Water Gas Shift Reactor and Pressure Swing Absorption (PSA)
  • Pyrolysis
  • Production from Water with Electrolysis
  • Electrolysis
  • Thermodynamics
  • Losses and Conversion Efficiency
  • Types of Electrolyzers
  • Solar Electrolysis and Photolysis
  • Solar Electrolysis
  • Photolysis
  • Photobiological Electrolysis
  • Hydrogen Storage
  • Gas Storage
  • Steel and Composite Tanks
  • Glass Microspheres
  • Liquid Storage
  • Cryogenic Liquid Hydrogen
  • ?a??4 Solutions
  • Storage in Solid Materials
  • Methanation Storage
  • Methanation Process
  • Catalytic Methanation
  • Biological Methanation
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION
  • CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Exploitation of Normal Shallow Geothermal Energy for Heating and Cooling Applications
  • Michalis Gr. Vrachopoulos*, Maria K. Koukou and Nikolaos P. Tsolakoglou
  • INTRODUCTION
  • GEOLOGY INFORMATION
  • General
  • Evaluation of Thermal Potential
  • Types of Normal Geothermal Energy Exploitation Systems
  • HEAT PUMPS TECHNOLOGY
  • Basic Theory
  • Geothermal Heat Pumps
  • CLOSED LOOP GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS
  • Vertical Geothermal Systems
  • Design Approach
  • Construction Issues
  • General Guidelines
  • Types of Vertical Geothermal Heat Exchangers
  • Geothermal Heat Exchanger with U-Tube
  • Single U Shaped Geothermal Exchanger with Spacers
  • Multiple U Shaped Geothermal Heat Exchanger
  • Coaxial Geothermal Heat Exchanger
  • Coaxial Geothermal Heat Exchanger without Jacket (Standing Column Well)
  • Coaxial Geothermal Heat Exchanger Tube-in-Tube Type
  • Coaxial Geothermal Heat Exchanger with Soft Jacket
  • Multi-Channel Geothermal Heat Exchanger
  • Multitube Geothermal Heat Exchanger
  • Materials and Grout Filling
  • Horizontal Type Geothermal Systems
  • Design Approach
  • Construction Issues
  • Types of Horizontal Geothermal Systems
  • Systems in Series
  • Parallel Systems
  • Single loop in Ditch System
  • Spiral Layout Systems (Slinky)
  • Materials
  • OPEN LOOP GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS
  • Introduction
  • Construction Issues
  • General Guidelines
  • Common Types of Open Loop Geothermal Systems
  • Water Disposal
  • Possible Problems
  • ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF NORMAL GEOTHERMY SYSTEMS
  • General Guidelines
  • Cost Elements
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION
  • CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Measurement Systems for Renewable Energy
  • A.A. Nikoglou, P.K. Rouni and E.P. Hinis*
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Fluid Flow Measurements
  • Pitot
  • Variable Area Flow Meters
  • Venturi Meter
  • Nozzle Meter
  • Orifice Meter
  • Hot Wire Anemometer
  • Vortex Shedding Flowmeters
  • Rotameter
  • Turbine Flowmeters
  • Magnetic Flowmeter
  • Air Velocity and Direction
  • TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS
  • Thermistor
  • Thermocouple
  • Electrical Resistance Temperature Detector
  • SOLAR RADIATION MEASUREMENTS
  • Thermopile Detectors
  • Bolometer
  • Pyranometer
  • Pyrheliometer
  • RELATIVE HUMIDITY MEASUREMENT
  • Psychrometer (Wet-and-Dry-Bulb Thermometer)
  • Hygrometer
  • TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENTATION
  • CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION
  • CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • SUBJECT INDEX

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