Personalizing the State

An Anthropology of Law, Politics, and Welfare in Austerity Britain
 
 
Oxford University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 22. November 2018
  • |
  • 272 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-253446-0 (ISBN)
 
Liberal democracy appears in crisis. From the rise of 'law and order' and ever tougher forms of means-testing under 'austerity politics' to the outcome of Britain's referendum on leaving the EU, commentators have rushed to explain the current conjuncture. Starting with dominant theories that have seen these developments as indicative of a rise in 'penal populism' or 'popular authoritarianism', Personalizing the State revisits one of the central paradoxes of our times: the illiberal turn that liberal democracy has taken. This book goes to where much of the commentary has stopped short: to the lived experiences of citizens who inhabit some of Britain's most stigmatized urban neighborhoods, namely its council estates that were once built to house the working classes. Drawing on long-term ethnographic fieldwork, it moves the question from 'why' liberal democracy has taken a punitive turn to the 'how' and the 'what': to how citizens experience democracy in the first place and what grassroots understandings of politics and care they bring to their encounters with the state. Personalizing the State challenges dominant narratives of exceptionalism that have portrayed the people as a threat to the democratic order. It reveals the murky, sometimes contradictory desires for a personalized state that cannot easily be collapsed with popular support for authoritarian interventions. These popular forms of engagement reflect, in turn, a longer history of state control exercised against working-class people. Above all, the book exposes the state's disavowal of its political and moral responsibilities at a time when mechanisms for collectivizing redistributive demands have been silenced.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 11,28 MB
978-0-19-253446-0 (9780192534460)
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Insa Lee Koch is Assistant Professor in Law at the London School of Economics and Director of the Anthropology and Law Programme. She has published on politics, austerity, social housing, the welfare state and criminal justice reforms. Her research combines an interest in political economy and anthropology with criminology, law and social theory.
  • Cover
  • Series
  • Personalizing the State
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • Introduction: Questioning the Punitive Paradox
  • Prologue
  • Liberal Democracy's Illiberal Turn
  • Explaining the Punitive Turn
  • Ethnographic and Historical Revisions
  • Personalizing the State
  • Doing Fieldwork in a Marginalized Place
  • The Ethics of Fieldwork
  • Chapter Outline
  • 1. A Political History of Council Estates: Council Estates as State-?Building Projects
  • The Punitive Turn Revisited
  • The Citizen-?Worker and Post-?War Paternalism
  • The Citizen-?Consumer and the 'Iron Law of Liberalism'
  • The Vulnerable Citizen and the 'Law-?and-?Order-?State'
  • Conclusion
  • 2. The Good Person and the Bad Citizen: History, Class, and Sociality
  • History, Class, and Alternative Personhood Values
  • A Fragile Moral Union Between Citizens and the State
  • A Moral Union Under Attack
  • Alternative Processes of Value Accrual
  • Conclusion
  • 3. Precarious Homes: Encounters with the Benefit System
  • Women, the Benefit System, and the Citizen-?Consumer Revisited
  • Precarious Homes
  • 'The State has Replaced the Man'
  • Personalizing the Benefit System
  • Conclusion
  • 4. Troubled Neighbourhoods: Encounters with Housing Authorities
  • Material Homes, Nuisance Disputes, and the Vulnerable Citizen
  • Troubled Neighbourhoods
  • 'They Become Part of the Problem'
  • Personalizing 'Anti-?Social Behaviour'
  • Conclusion
  • 5. Dangerous Streets: Encounters with the Police
  • Policing, Crime, and Security as a Collective Public Good
  • 'You Do or Get Done'
  • 'The Police are the Biggest Gang of All'
  • Personalizing 'Law and Order'
  • Conclusion
  • 6 Political Brokers: Active Citizenship
  • Active Citizenship, the Third Way, and Alternative Politics
  • Responsibilization and Participatory Governance
  • Community Champions as Political Brokers
  • Personalizing Politics
  • Conclusion
  • 7. Democracy as Punishment: Brexit and Austerity Politics
  • Brexit, Popular Authoritarianism, and the Crisis of Democracy
  • Austerity Politics
  • State Failure
  • Democracy in Crisis
  • Conclusion
  • Conclusion: A Different Kind of Paradox
  • Citizenship as Punishment: Moving Beyond the Criminal?Law
  • On Popular Punitivism and State Authority: Bringing Down the Leviathan
  • From 'Law and Order' to Post-?Democracy? Reconnecting Moral and Political Statecraft
  • Epilogue
  • References
  • Index

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