This book investigates how institutional differences, such as the roles of political parties and the regulation of electoral systems, affect the development of Internet election campaigns in the U.S., Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. It examines whether or not the "Americanization of elections" is evident in East Asian democracies. While Japan is a parliamentary system, the U.S. and Korea are presidential systems and Taiwan is a semi-presidential system that has a president along with a parliamentary system. Furthermore, the role of the presidency in the U.S., Korea, and Taiwan is quite different. Taking these variations in political systems into consideration, the authors discuss how the electoral systems are regulated in relation to issues such as paid advertisements and campaign periods. They argue that stronger regulation of election systems and shorter election periods in Japan characterize Japanese uniqueness compared with the U.S., Korea, and Taiwan in terms of Internet election campaigns.
Shoko Kiyohara is Associate Professor in the School of Information and Communication, Meiji University, Japan and Visiting Researcher, Georgetown University, USA. She was awarded the 2014 Abe Fellowship.
Kazuhiro Maeshima is Professor in the Department of Global Studies, Sophia University, Japan.
Diana Owen is Associate Professor of Political Science in the Communication, Culture, and Technology graduate program at Georgetown University, USA.
Chapter 1 - The Internet and the Americanization of Electoral Campaigning in East Asian Democracies; Kazuhiro Maeshima.- Chapter 2 - Characteristics of U.S. Elections in the Digital Media Age; Diana Owen.- Chapter 3- Comparing Institutional Factors that Influence Internet Campaigning in the U.S., Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan; Shoko Kiyohara
.- Chapter 4 - Media Environments in the U.S., Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan; Morihiro Ogasahara
.- Chapter 5 - Is the Power of Online Campaigning in Japanese Electoral Politics a Myth? A Causal Inference Analysis of the 2013 Upper House Election; Tetsuro Kobayashi
.- Chapter 6 - A New Trend in Internet Election Campaigning: The Use of Smartphone Apps in the 2014 South Korean Local Elections; Hongchun Lee
.- Chapter 7 - When Elections Become Social Movements: Emerging 'Citizen-Initiated' Campaigning in Taiwan; Boyu Chen
.- Chapter 8 - Conclusion: The Development of Digital Democracy in East Asia; Shoko Kiyohara, Kazuhiro Maeshima, Diana Owen.