Aquaculture Virology

 
 
Academic Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 11. Juli 2016
  • |
  • 568 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-801754-8 (ISBN)
 
To date textbooks on viruses infecting fish, crustaceans and molluscs, the three main aquatic animal farmed groups, have been on the whole 'diseases-centric" and individual viral diseases selected based on 'epizoo-centric" approaches with little to no coverage of the basic biology of the viruses, in contrast to textbooks on viruses infecting terrestrial - farmed, pet, and free-range (wild) - animals and humans. Despite considerable advances in animal virology in recent years coupled with an economically important global aquaculture industry, knowledge of viruses of animal aquaculture is still sparse and in some cases outdated although these viruses are closely related to well-known virus families. The last book in fish virology (Fish viruses and fish viral diseases 1988, Wolf, K.) was published in the 1980s. A lot of work has been done on fish viruses and many new aquatic animal viruses continue to be discovered. Aquaculture Virology provides the current state of knowledge of aquatic animal viruses within the current virus classification and taxonomic context thereby allowing the reader to draw on the principles of general virology. This book is a systematic and concise resource useful to anyone involved with or looking to move into aquaculture and fisheries. Clinical veterinarians, aquaculture disease practitioners, biologists, farmers, and all those in industry, government or academia who are interested in aquatic animal virology will find this book extremely useful.
  • Provides unique comprehensive information on animal viruses for aquaculture and fisheries
  • Presents high quality illustrations of viral structure, diagrams of viral disease processes, gross pathology and histopathology lesions, and summary tables to aid in understanding
  • Describes aquatic animal viruses of the three major aquatic animals, fish, crustaceans, and molluscs, within the current virus classification and taxonomic context thereby allowing the reader to draw on the principles of general virology
  • Englisch
  • Saint Louis
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 35,00 MB
978-0-12-801754-8 (9780128017548)
0128017546 (0128017546)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Aquaculture Virology
  • Copyright Page
  • Dedication
  • Contents
  • List of Contributors
  • Preface
  • I. General Aspects
  • 1 Introduction to Aquaculture and Fisheries
  • 1.1 Introduction to Aquaculture and Fisheries
  • 1.2 Aquatic Species in Aquaculture
  • 1.3 Aquaculture Techniques, Systems and Facilities
  • 1.3.1 Fish Aquaculture
  • 1.3.2 Crustacean Aquaculture
  • 1.3.3 Mollusk Aquaculture
  • 1.4 Aquaculture Pathogens
  • 1.5 Aquaculture Health Management
  • References
  • 2 Classification and Identification of Aquatic Animal Viruses
  • 2.1 Viruses Are Entities at the Edge of Life
  • 2.2 History of Virus Classification
  • 2.3 Morphology and Composition of Animal Viruses
  • 2.4 Overview of Virus Replication
  • 2.5 Current Virus Classification Scheme
  • 2.6 Classification of Aquatic Animal Viruses of Veterinary Importance
  • 2.7 Baltimore Classification of Viruses
  • 2.8 Identification of Aquatic Animal Viruses of Veterinary Importance
  • 2.9 Unclassified Viruses in Aquaculture
  • References
  • 3 Unclassified and Unassigned Aquatic Animal Viruses
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Unclassified Viruses of Fish
  • 3.2.1 Japanese Eel Endothelial Cells-Infecting Virus
  • 3.2.1.1 Disease
  • 3.2.1.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 3.2.1.3 Diagnostic Methods
  • 3.2.2 Virus Isolates DF 20/00 and DF 26/02
  • 3.2.2.1 Disease
  • 3.2.2.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 3.2.3 Fisavirus 1
  • 3.2.3.1 Disease
  • 3.2.3.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 3.3 Unclassified Viruses of Crustaceans
  • 3.3.1 Shrimp Hepatopancreas-Associated Circular DNA Virus
  • 3.3.1.1 Disease
  • 3.3.1.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 3.3.2 Panulirus argus Virus 1
  • 3.3.2.1 Disease
  • 3.3.2.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 3.3.2.3 Geographical Distribution
  • 3.3.2.4 Diagnostic Methods
  • 3.3.2.5 Prevention and Control
  • 3.3.3 Cherax albidus Picorna-Like Virus or Yabby Virus
  • 3.3.3.1 Disease
  • 3.3.3.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 3.3.4 Laem-Singh Virus (LSNV)
  • 3.3.4.1 Disease
  • 3.3.4.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 3.3.4.3 Geographical Distribution
  • 3.3.4.4 Diagnostic Methods
  • 3.3.4.5 Prevention and Control
  • 3.3.5 Extra Small Virus-Like Particles
  • 3.3.5.1 Disease
  • 3.3.5.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 3.4 Unclassified Viruses of Mollusks
  • 3.4.1 Abalone Shivering Syndrome-Associated Virus
  • 3.4.1.1 Disease
  • 3.4.1.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 3.4.2 Retrotransposons and Transmissible Cancer in Clams
  • References
  • 4 Diagnosis of Aquatic Animal Viral Diseases
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.1.1 Objectives for Laboratory Viral Diagnosis in Aquaculture and Fisheries
  • 4.1.2 Rationale for Laboratory Viral Diagnosis in Aquaculture and Fisheries
  • 4.2 Principles of Laboratory Biosafety and Biocontainment as Apply to Aquatic Animal Viruses
  • 4.3 Quality Assurance
  • 4.4 Principles of Proper Collection, Handling, Storage and Submission of Laboratory Specimens for Viral Diagnosis
  • 4.5 Necropsy, Gross and Histopathology Evaluation of Fish
  • 4.5.1 In Vivo Examination
  • 4.5.1.1 Blood Sampling
  • 4.5.2 Necropsy
  • 4.5.2.1 External Examination
  • 4.5.2.2 Internal Examination
  • 4.5.2.3 Histopathology
  • 4.6 Laboratory Methods Used in the Detection, Isolation, Identification and Quantification of Aquatic Animal Viruses
  • 4.6.1 Direct Demonstration of Virions, Antigens or Nucleic Acids (the Rapid Methods)
  • 4.6.1.1 Electron Microscopy
  • 4.6.1.2 Serological Procedures
  • 4.6.1.2.1 ELISA for the Detection of Virus Antigen or Virus Antibodies
  • 4.6.1.2.2 AGID for the Detection of Virus Antigen or Virus Antibodies
  • 4.6.1.2.3 Immunochromatography
  • 4.6.1.2.4 FAT and IFAT
  • 4.6.1.2.4.1 Immunofluorescence Assay
  • 4.6.1.2.5 Hemagglutination/Hemagglutination-Inhibition
  • 4.6.1.3 Immunohistochemistry/Immunoperoxidase Staining
  • 4.6.1.4 Nucleic Acid-Based Tests
  • 4.6.1.4.1 PCR and RT-PCR
  • 4.6.1.4.1.1 Principle of Real-Time PCR and RT-PCR
  • 4.6.1.4.2 Non-PCR-based Nucleic Acid Amplification
  • 4.6.1.4.3 Bio-Plex Assays
  • 4.6.1.4.4 Microarrays (Nucleic Acid Arrays)
  • 4.6.1.4.5 Next-Generation Sequencing
  • 4.6.1.4.5.1 Viral Metagenomics
  • 4.6.1.4.6 In Situ Hybridization
  • 4.6.2 Virus Isolation
  • 4.6.2.1 Fish Cell Lines
  • 4.6.2.2 Standard Virus Isolation Procedure Using Cell Culture Monolayers
  • 4.6.2.3 Quantitative and Quantal Assays of Viral Infectivity
  • 4.7 Laboratory Methods Used for Demonstration of Presence of Specific Viral Antibody (Serology)
  • 4.7.1 Virus Neutralization or Serum Neutralization
  • 4.7.2 Western Blot Analysis
  • References
  • 5 Prevention and Control of Viral Diseases in Aquaculture
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Disease Prevention and Control Using Biosecurity Measures
  • 5.2.1 Implementation of Biosecurity on Brood Stations
  • 5.2.1.1 Routine Screening of Parent-stock and Eggs
  • 5.2.1.2 Manuals of Standard Operating Procedures for Brood Stations
  • 5.2.1.3 Compliance with National Biosecurity Regulations on Brood-Stations
  • 5.2.2 Implementation of Biosecurity on Aquaculture Farms
  • 5.2.2.1 Management Practices in Aquaculture Farming
  • 5.2.2.1.1 Physical Disease Control Measures
  • 5.2.2.1.2 Chemical Disease Control Measures
  • 5.2.2.1.3 Biological Control Measures
  • 5.2.2.2 Compliance to National Biosecurity Regulations
  • 5.2.2.3 Manuals of SOPs on Aquaculture Farms
  • 5.2.3 National Biosecurity
  • 5.2.4 International Biosecurity
  • 5.3 Selective Breeding for Disease Resistance
  • 5.3.1 Natural Selection of Disease-Resistant Strains
  • 5.3.2 Genetic Selection of Disease-Resistance Strains Based on Quantitative Loci Analysis
  • 5.4 Disease Control by Eradication
  • 5.4.1 Endemic/Epidemic State
  • 5.4.2 Intervention Stage
  • 5.4.3 Elimination Stage
  • 5.4.4 Certification Stage
  • 5.5 Disease Prevention by Vaccination
  • 5.5.1 Types of Vaccine
  • 5.5.1.1 Nonreplicative Vaccines
  • 5.5.1.1.1 IWV Vaccines
  • 5.5.1.1.2 Subunit Vaccines
  • 5.5.1.1.3 Peptide Vaccines
  • 5.5.2 Replicative Vaccines
  • 5.5.2.1 DNA Vaccines
  • 5.5.2.2 Live Virus Vaccines
  • References
  • 6 Determinants of Emergence of Viral Diseases in Aquaculture
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Virus Attributes That Contribute Most to Emerging Viral Diseases in Aquaculture
  • 6.3 Animal Host Attributes That Contribute Most to Emerging Viral Diseases in Aquaculture
  • 6.4 Ecosystem Attributes That Contribute Most to Emerging Viral Diseases in Aquaculture
  • 6.5 Human Attributes That Contribute Most to Emerging Viral Diseases in Aquaculture
  • References
  • II. DNA Viruses of Fish
  • 7 Poxviruses of Fish
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Salmon Gill Poxvirus Disease (SGPVD)
  • 7.2.1 Structure and Composition of the Virus
  • 7.2.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 7.2.3 Epidemiology
  • 7.2.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 7.2.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 7.2.6 Prevention and Control
  • 7.3 Carp Edema and Koi Sleepy Disease
  • 7.3.1 Structure and Composition of the Virus
  • 7.3.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 7.3.3 Epidemiology
  • 7.3.4 Transmission
  • 7.3.5 Pathology and Immunity
  • 7.3.6 Diagnostic Methods
  • 7.3.7 Prevention and Control
  • 7.4 Proliferative Branchitits in Ayu (P. Altivelis Temminck & Schlegel) "Sweetfish"
  • 7.4.1 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 7.4.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 7.4.3 Epidemiology
  • 7.4.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 7.4.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 7.4.6 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 8 Iridoviruses of Fish
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 8.3 Specific Main Fish Diseases
  • 8.3.1 Diseases of Fish Caused by Ranaviruses
  • 8.3.1.1 Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) and European catfish virus (ECV)
  • 8.3.1.2 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 8.3.1.3 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 8.3.1.4 Epidemiology
  • 8.3.1.5 Pathology and Immunity
  • 8.3.1.6 Diagnostic Measures
  • 8.3.1.7 Prevention and Control
  • 8.3.2 Diseases of Fish Caused by Other Viruses That Are Currently Classified as Ranaviruses
  • 8.3.2.1 Santee-Cooper Ranavirus (SCRV/LMBV)
  • 8.3.2.2 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 8.3.2.3 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 8.3.2.4 Epidemiology
  • 8.3.2.5 Pathology and Immunity
  • 8.3.2.6 Diagnostic Methods
  • 8.3.2.7 Prevention and Control
  • 8.3.3 Diseases of Fish Caused by Marine Ranaviruses
  • 8.3.3.1 Singapore Grouper iridovirus (SGIV) and Grouper Iridovirus (GIV)
  • 8.3.3.2 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 8.3.3.3 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 8.3.3.4 Epidemiology
  • 8.3.3.5 Pathology and Immunity
  • 8.3.3.6 Diagnostic Methods
  • 8.3.3.7 Prevention and Control
  • 8.3.4 Diseases of Fish Caused by Megalocytivirus
  • 8.3.4.1 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 8.3.4.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 8.3.4.3 Epidemiology
  • 8.3.4.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 8.3.4.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 8.3.4.6 Prevention and Control
  • 8.3.5 Diseases of Fish Caused by Lymphocystivirus
  • 8.3.5.1 Lymphocystis Disease Virus
  • 8.3.5.2 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 8.3.5.3 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 8.3.5.4 Epidemiology
  • 8.3.5.5 Pathology and Immunity
  • 8.3.5.6 Diagnostic Methods
  • 8.3.5.7 Prevention and Control
  • 8.3.6 Diseases of Fish Caused by Erythrocytic Necrosis Virus (ENV)
  • 8.3.6.1 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 8.3.6.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 8.3.6.3 Epidemiology
  • 8.3.6.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 8.3.6.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 8.3.6.6 Prevention and Control
  • 8.3.7 Diseases of Fish Caused by White Sturgeon Iridovirus (WSIV)
  • 8.3.7.1 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 8.3.7.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 8.3.7.3 Epidemiology
  • 8.3.7.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 8.3.7.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 8.3.7.6 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 9 Alloherpesviruses of Fish
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Catfish Alloherpesviruses
  • 9.2.1 Ictalurid herpesvirus 1
  • 9.2.2 Ictalurid herpesvirus 2
  • 9.3 Carp Alloherpesviruses
  • 9.3.1 Cyprinid herpesvirus 1
  • 9.3.2 Cyprinid herpesvirus 2
  • 9.3.3 Cyprinid herpesvirus 3
  • 9.4 Eel Alloherpesvirus-Anguillid herpesvirus 1
  • 9.5 Sturgeon Alloherpesviruses
  • 9.5.1 Acipenserid herpesvirus 1
  • 9.5.2 Acipenserid herpesvirus 2
  • 9.6 Salmonid Alloherpesviruses
  • 9.6.1 Salmonid herpesvirus 1
  • 9.6.2 Salmonid herpesvirus 2
  • 9.6.3 Salmonid herpesvirus 3
  • 9.6.4 Salmonid herpesvirus 4
  • 9.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • 10 Adenoviruses of Fish
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Sturgeon Wasting Disease
  • 10.2.1 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 10.2.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 10.2.3 Epidemiology
  • 10.2.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 10.2.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 10.2.6 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 11 Papillomaviruses and Polyomaviruses in Fish
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Fish Diseases
  • 11.2.1 Japanese Eel Endothelial Cell-infecting Virus
  • 11.2.1.1 History of Discovery
  • 11.2.1.2 Pathology of VECNE
  • 11.2.1.3 Characterization of JEECV
  • 11.2.1.4 Molecular Epidemiology
  • 11.2.1.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 11.2.1.6 Prevention and Control
  • 11.2.2 Black Sea Bass-Associated Polyomavirus 1
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 12 Circoviruses of Fish
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Specific Main Fish Disease
  • 12.3 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 12.4 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 12.5 Epidemiology
  • 12.6 Pathology and Immunity
  • 12.7 Diagnostic Methods
  • 12.8 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • III. RNA Viruses of Fish
  • 13 Retroviruses of Fish
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Dermal Sarcoma
  • 13.3 Discrete Epidermal Hyperplasia
  • 13.4 Swim Bladder Leiomyosarcoma
  • 13.5 Plasmacytoid Leukemia
  • 13.6 Lymphosarcoma
  • 13.7 Snakehead Retrovirus
  • 13.8 Zebrafish Endogenous Retrovirus
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 14 Reoviruses of Aquatic Organisms
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.1.1 Reovirus Classification and Virion Properties
  • 14.1.2 Reovirus Genome Organization
  • 14.1.3 Reovirus Replication
  • 14.1.4 General Pathogenesis of Reoviruses
  • 14.2 Genus Aquareovirus
  • 14.2.1 Clinical Significance
  • 14.2.2 Virion Properties
  • 14.2.3 Pathology
  • 14.2.3.1 Tasmania Salmon Reovirus
  • 14.2.3.2 Chinook Salmon Reovirus DRC
  • 14.2.3.3 Chum Salmon Aquareovirus
  • 14.2.3.4 Channel Catfish Reovirus and Channel Catfish Reovirus 730
  • 14.2.3.5 Golden Shiner Reovirus
  • 14.2.3.6 American Grass Carp Reovirus
  • 14.2.3.7 Grass Carp Reovirus
  • 14.2.3.8 Turbot Aquareovirus
  • 14.2.3.9 Turbot Reovirus (SMReV)
  • 14.2.3.10 Atlantic Halibut Reovirus
  • 14.2.3.11 Reovirus From White Bream (Blicca bjoerkna)
  • 14.2.4 Immunity
  • 14.2.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 14.2.6 Prevention and Control
  • 14.2.6.1 Control
  • 14.2.6.2 Regulatory Measures
  • 14.2.6.3 Vaccines and Vaccination
  • 14.2.6.4 Novel Antiviral Strategies
  • 14.3 Piscine Orthoreovirus
  • 14.3.1 Virion Properties
  • 14.3.2 Clinical Significance
  • 14.3.3 Geographical Distribution and Species Susceptibility
  • 14.3.4 PRV Growth in Cell Culture
  • 14.3.5 PRV Cytoplasmic Inclusions Are Indistinguishable From Those for EIBS Virus
  • 14.3.6 Pathology and Epidemiology
  • 14.3.6.1 Heart and Skeletal Muscle Inflammation
  • 14.3.6.1.1 Clinical Signs
  • 14.3.6.1.2 Gross Pathology
  • 14.3.6.1.3 Histopathology
  • 14.3.6.2 Epidemiology
  • 14.3.6.2.1 Transmission
  • 14.3.6.2.2 Risk Factors
  • 14.3.7 Immunity
  • 14.3.8 Diagnostic Methods
  • 14.3.9 Prevention and Control
  • 14.3.9.1 Control and Regulatory Measures
  • 14.3.9.2 Vaccines and Vaccination
  • 14.4 Genus Cardoreovirus
  • 14.5 Proposed Genus Crabreovirus
  • 14.6 Unassigned Crustacean Reoviruses
  • References
  • 15 Birnaviruses of Aquatic Organisms
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Viral Properties of Aquabirnaviruses
  • 15.2.1 Biophysical Properties of Aquabirnaviruses
  • 15.2.2 Genome Organization of Aquabirnaviruses
  • 15.2.3 Structural Chemistry of Birnaviruses
  • 15.3 Clinical Signs, Pathology and Histopathology in Susceptible Host Species
  • 15.3.1 Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis Virus
  • 15.3.2 Yellowtail Ascites Virus
  • 15.3.3 TV Subtype 1
  • 15.3.4 Other Aquabirnaviruses
  • 15.4 Epizootiology
  • 15.4.1 Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis Virus
  • 15.4.2 Transmission
  • 15.4.3 Yellowtail Ascites Virus
  • 15.4.4 Tellina Virus
  • 15.5 Prevention and Control
  • 15.5.1 Vaccination
  • 15.5.2 Biosecurity Control Measures
  • 15.5.3 Selective Breeding of Genetically Resistant Fish to Aquabirnavirus Infections
  • References
  • 16 Totiviruses of Fish
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Specific Fish Diseases
  • 16.3 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 16.4 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 16.5 Epidemiology
  • 16.6 Pathology and Immunity
  • 16.7 Diagnostic Methods
  • 16.8 Prevention and Control
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 17 Paramyxoviruses of Fish
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Genetically Characterized Paramyxoviruses in Fish
  • 17.2.1 Structure and Composition of the Virus
  • 17.2.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 17.2.3 Epidemiology
  • 17.2.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 17.2.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 17.2.6 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 18 Rhabdoviruses of Fish
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.1.1 Structure and Composition of the Virus
  • 18.1.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 18.2 Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus
  • 18.2.1 Introduction
  • 18.2.2 Disease
  • 18.2.3 Epidemiology
  • 18.2.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 18.2.5 Disease Diagnostics
  • 18.2.6 Prevention and Control
  • 18.3 Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus
  • 18.3.1 Introduction and Disease
  • 18.3.2 Epidemiology
  • 18.3.3 Pathology and Immunity
  • 18.3.4 Diagnostic Methods
  • 18.3.5 Prevention and Control
  • 18.4 Spring Viremia of Carp Virus
  • 18.4.1 Introduction and Disease
  • 18.4.2 SVCV Distribution and Host Range
  • 18.4.3 Epidemiology
  • 18.4.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 18.4.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 18.4.6 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 19 Orthomyxoviruses of Fish
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.1.1 Orthomyxovirus Classification and Virion Properties
  • 19.1.2 Orthomyxovirus Genome Organization
  • 19.1.3 Orthomyxovirus Replication
  • 19.2 Genus Isavirus
  • 19.2.1 Disease Occurrence and Significance
  • 19.2.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 19.2.2.1 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 19.2.2.2 ISAV Genome and Coding Assignments
  • 19.2.2.2.1 ISAV Conserved Terminal Nucleotide Sequences
  • 19.2.2.2.2 ISAV Reverse Genetics System
  • 19.2.2.2.3 ISAV Strain Variations
  • 19.2.2.3 ISAV Replication
  • 19.2.2.3.1 Virus Replication Cycle
  • 19.2.2.3.2 In Vitro Virus Replication
  • 19.2.2.3.3 Virulence of ISAV
  • 19.2.3 Clinical Features, Pathology and Epidemiology
  • 19.2.3.1 Clinical Manifestation
  • 19.2.3.2 Host Range
  • 19.2.3.3 Transmission
  • 19.2.4 Pathogenesis and Immunity
  • 19.2.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 19.2.6 Prevention and Control
  • 19.2.6.1 Control
  • 19.2.6.2 Regulatory Measures
  • 19.2.6.3 Vaccines and Vaccination
  • 19.2.6.4 Novel Antiviral Strategies
  • 19.3 Tilapia lake virus (TiLV)
  • 19.3.1 Disease Occurrence and Significance
  • 19.3.2 Virus Characteristics
  • 19.3.3 Clinical Features, Pathology and Epidemiology
  • 19.3.4 Diagnostic Methods
  • 19.3.5 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 20 Coronaviruses in Aquatic Organisms
  • 20.1 Taxonomy
  • 20.2 Virus Structure
  • 20.2.1 Viral Genome
  • 20.2.2 Morphogenesis
  • 20.2.3 Recombination
  • 20.2.4 Antigenic Components
  • 20.3 Coronaviruses in Aquatic Organisms
  • 20.3.1 Alphacoronaviruses
  • 20.3.1.1 Harbor Seal Coronavirus (Unassigned)
  • 20.3.2 Gammacoronaviruses
  • 20.3.2.1 Beluga Whale Coronavirus SW1 (BWCoV SW1)
  • 20.3.2.2 Bottlenose Dolphin Coronavirus (BdCoV HKU22, Unassigned)
  • 20.3.3 Bafinivirus
  • 20.3.3.1 White Bream Virus
  • 20.3.4 Unassigned Viruses
  • 20.3.4.1 Fathead Minnow Virus (FHMNV, An Unassigned Member of the Nidovirales)
  • 20.3.4.2 Chinook Salmon Bafinivirus (An Unassigned Member of the Nidovirales)
  • 20.3.4.3 Carp Viruses
  • 20.3.4.4 Ctenopharyngodon idella Virus Hungary 33/86 (CIVH 33/86)
  • 20.3.4.5 Carp Coronavirus
  • 20.3.4.6 Carp Viremia-Associated Ana-Aki-Byo
  • References
  • 21 Picornaviruses of Fish
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 Disease Conditions
  • 21.3 Virus Characteristics
  • 21.3.1 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 21.3.1.1 Inactivation Studies and Nucleic Acid Inhibition Assays
  • 21.3.1.2 Nuclease Treatment
  • 21.3.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 21.3.3 Genome Organization
  • 21.4 Epidemiology
  • 21.4.1 Host/Species Affected
  • 21.4.2 Prevalence
  • 21.4.3 Time-Space Distribution
  • 21.4.4 Seasonal Prevalence
  • 21.5 Pathology and Immunity
  • 21.6 Conventional Diagnostic Methods
  • 21.6.1 Gross Pathology
  • 21.6.2 Histopathology
  • 21.6.3 Immunofluorescence
  • 21.6.4 Electron Microscopy
  • 21.6.5 Virus Isolation
  • 21.7 Molecular Studies
  • 21.7.1 Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • 21.7.2 Random Amplification, Cloning and Sequencing
  • 21.7.3 Next-Generation Sequencing
  • 21.7.3.1 Illumina Sequencing
  • 21.8 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • 22 Caliciviruses of Fish
  • 22.1 Introduction
  • 22.2 Specific Main Fish Diseases
  • 22.3 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 22.4 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 22.5 Epidemiology
  • 22.6 Pathology and Immunity
  • 22.7 Diagnostic Methods
  • 22.8 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 23 Togaviruses of Fish
  • 23.1 Introduction
  • 23.2 Pancreas Disease and Sleeping Disease
  • 23.3 Structure and Composition of the Virus
  • 23.4 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 23.5 Epidemiology
  • 23.6 Pathology and Immunity
  • 23.7 Diagnostic Methods
  • 23.8 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 24 Hepeviruses of Fish
  • 24.1 Introduction
  • 24.2 Cutthroat Trout Virus (No Associated Disease Observed)
  • 24.2.1 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 24.2.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 24.2.3 Epidemiology
  • 24.2.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 24.2.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 24.2.6 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 25 Nodaviruses of Fish
  • 25.1 Introduction
  • 25.2 Clinical Signs and Histopathology of Fish with VNN
  • 25.3 Classification and Phylogenetic Analysis of Fish Nodaviruses
  • 25.3.1 Viral RNA and Proteins
  • 25.3.2 Genotypes and Serotypes
  • 25.3.3 Optimal Replication Temperatures of Four Genotypes
  • 25.3.4 Reassortment and Mutation of Genomic RNAs
  • 25.4 Diagnosis
  • 25.5 NNV Transmission and Infection of Fish
  • 25.5.1 Horizontal Transmission
  • 25.5.2 Vertical Transmission
  • 25.5.3 Infection of Fish and Progression to the Target Organ
  • 25.6 NNV Life Cycle and Cytopathogenesis
  • 25.6.1 Viral Entry Into Cells
  • 25.6.2 Viral Proliferation
  • 25.6.3 Apoptosis and Necrosis
  • 25.6.4 ROS Production
  • 25.7 NNV Persistent Infection
  • 25.8 Control Strategies
  • References
  • IV. DNA Viruses of Crustaceans
  • 26 Nimaviruses of Crustaceans
  • 26.1 White-Spot Syndrome Virus
  • 26.1.1 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 26.1.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 26.1.3 Epidemiology
  • 26.1.4 Transmission
  • 26.1.5 Pathology and Immunity
  • 26.1.6 Diagnostic Methods
  • 26.1.7 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 27 Nudiviruses of Crustaceans
  • 27.1 Some Notes on this Chapter
  • 27.2 Genus Gammanudivirus
  • References
  • 28 Parvoviruses of Crustaceans
  • 28.1 Some Notes on this Chapter
  • References
  • 29 Circoviruses of Crustaceans
  • 29.1 Introduction
  • 29.2 Specific Main Crustacean Diseases
  • References
  • V. RNA Viruses of Crustaceans
  • 30 Totiviruses of Crustaceans
  • 30.1 Introduction
  • 30.2 Infectious Myonecrosis Virus
  • 30.2.1 Classification
  • 30.2.2 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 30.2.3 Genome Structure and Expression Strategies
  • 30.2.4 Biology and Epidemiology
  • 30.2.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 30.2.5.1 Clinical Signs
  • 30.2.5.2 Histopathology and Pathogenesis
  • 30.2.5.3 Molecular Detections
  • 30.2.6 Host Range
  • 30.2.7 Mode of Spread
  • 30.2.8 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 31 Togaviruses of Crustaceans
  • 31.1 Introduction
  • 31.2 Lymphoid Organ Vacuolization Virus
  • 31.3 Crustacean Pathology
  • References
  • 32 Nidoviruses of Fish and Crustaceans
  • 32.1 Introduction
  • 32.2 Fish Bafiniviruses
  • 32.2.1 Virion Morphology and Morphogenesis
  • 32.2.2 Genome Organization and Transcription
  • 32.2.3 Disease and Pathology
  • 32.2.4 Diagnostic Methods
  • 32.2.5 Prevention and Control
  • 32.3 Crustacean Roniviruses
  • 32.3.1 YHV and GAV
  • 32.3.1.1 Discovery, Disease Symptoms and Pathology
  • 32.3.1.2 Particle Morphology and Morphogenesis
  • 32.3.1.3 Genome Organization, RNA Transcription and Viral Proteins
  • 32.3.1.4 Genotypic Variants and Recombinant Viruses
  • 32.3.1.5 Distribution and Host Range
  • 32.3.1.6 Transmission
  • 32.3.1.7 Diagnostic Methods
  • 32.3.1.7.1 Gross Signs and Light and Electron Microscopy
  • 32.3.1.7.2 Shrimp Bioassay, Cell Culture and Hemagglutination Assays
  • 32.3.1.7.3 Molecular Diagnostic Methods-Viral Proteins
  • 32.3.1.7.4 Molecular Diagnostic Methods-Viral RNA
  • 32.3.1.8 Prevention and Control
  • 32.3.1.8.1 Hatchery and Farm Biosecurity and Management Practices
  • 32.3.1.8.2 Broodstock Screening and Use of Specific Pathogen-Free or Specific Pathogen-Resistant Broodstock
  • 32.3.1.8.3 Therapeutic Feed Ingredients
  • 32.3.1.8.4 RNA Interference
  • 32.3.2 Eriocheir sinensis Ronivirus
  • 32.3.3 Other Crab Oka-Like Viruses
  • References
  • 33 Dicistroviruses of Crustaceans
  • 33.1 Some Notes on this Chapter
  • References
  • 34 Nodaviruses of Crustaceans
  • 34.1 Introduction
  • 34.2 Main Crustacean Diseases
  • 34.2.1 Diseases Name
  • 34.2.2 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 34.2.3 Classification and Susceptibility of Cell Line to Virus Infection
  • 34.2.4 Epidemiology, Transmission and Hosts
  • 34.2.5 Pathology and Immunity
  • 34.2.6 Diagnostic Methods
  • 34.2.6.1 Immunological Detection Methods for MrNV
  • 34.2.6.2 Genome-Based Detection Methods for MrNV
  • 34.2.6.3 PvNV Detection Methods
  • 34.2.6.4 CMNV Detection Methods
  • 34.2.7 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 35 Bunyaviruses of Crustaceans
  • 35.1 Introduction
  • 35.2 Bunyalike Viruses of Crabs
  • 35.2.1 CHV or Roscoff Virus
  • 35.2.2 S Virus
  • 35.2.3 Cancer pagurus Systemic Bunyalike Virus (CpSBV)
  • 35.3 Bunya-like Viruses of Shrimp
  • 35.3.1 Discovery
  • 35.3.2 Genome Composition of MoV
  • 35.3.3 Proteins Encoded in the MoV RNA Segments
  • 35.3.4 Phylogenetic Relationship to Bunyaviruses and Tenuiviruses
  • 35.3.5 Particle Morphology and Morphogenesis
  • 35.3.6 Host Range and Distribution
  • 35.3.7 Pathogenicity
  • 35.3.8 Tissue Distribution and Pathology
  • 35.3.9 Diagnostic Methods
  • 35.3.9.1 Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
  • 35.3.9.2 Histology and ISH
  • 35.3.9.3 Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • 35.3.10 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • VI. DNA Viruses of Mollusks
  • 36 Iridolike Viruses of Mollusks
  • 36.1 Introduction
  • 36.2 Specific Main Mollusk Diseases
  • 36.3 Disease Names
  • 36.4 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 36.5 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 36.6 Epidemiology and Pathology
  • 36.7 Diagnostic Methods
  • 36.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • 37 Malacoherpesviruses of Mollusks
  • 37.1 Introduction
  • 37.2 Specific Mollusk Diseases
  • 37.2.1 Structure and Composition of Virus
  • 37.2.2 Classification and Virus Replication
  • 37.2.3 Epidemiology
  • 37.2.4 Pathology and Immunity
  • 37.2.5 Diagnostic Methods
  • 37.2.6 Prevention and Control
  • References
  • 38 Papillomalike Viruses and Polyomalike Viruses of Mollusks
  • 38.1 Introduction
  • 38.2 Specific Main Mollusk Diseases
  • References
  • VII. RNA Viruses of Mollusks
  • 39 Picornalike Viruses of Mollusks
  • 39.1 Introduction
  • 39.2 Specific Main Mollusk Diseases
  • References
  • Appendix A
  • A.1 Alloherpesviruses of Fish
  • A.1.1 Catfish Herpesviruses-Ictalurid Herpesvirus 1 (IcHV1) and Ictalurid Herpesvirus 2 (IcHV2)
  • A.1.2 Cyprinid Herpesviruses-CyHV1, CyHV2 and CyHV3
  • A.1.3 Eel Herpesvirus-Anguillid Herpesvirus 1 (AngHV1)
  • A.1.4 Sturgeon Herpesviruses-Acipenserid Herpesvirus 1 (AciHV1) and Acipenserid Herpesvirus 2 (AciHV2)
  • A.1.4.1 Salmonid Alloherpesviruses-Salmonid Herpesvirus 1, 2, 3 and 4 (SalHV1-4)
  • A.1.4.1.1 Salmonid Herpesvirus 1
  • A.1.4.1.2 Salmonid Herpesvirus 2
  • A.1.4.1.3 Salmonid Herpesvirus 3
  • A.1.4.1.4 Salmonid Herpesvirus 4
  • A.2 Reoviruses of Aquatic Organisms
  • A.2.1 Name of Virus: Aquareovirus (Genus)
  • A.2.2 Name of Virus: Piscine Orthoreovirus (PRV)
  • A.3 Paramyxoviruses of Fish
  • A.3.1 Name of Virus: Pacific Salmon Paramyxovirus Atlantic Salmon Paramyxovirus
  • A.4 Rhabdoviruses of Fish
  • A.4.1 Name of Virus: Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus
  • A.4.2 Name of Virus: Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus, Spring Viremia of Carp Virus
  • A.5 Orthomyxoviruses of Fish
  • A.5.1 Name of Virus: Infectious Salmon Anemia Virus (ISAV)
  • A.6 Hepeviruses of Fish
  • A.6.1 Name of Virus: Cutthroat Trout Virus (CTV)
  • A.7 Nimaviruses of Crustaceans
  • A.7.1 Name of Virus: White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) or White Spot Virus (WSV)
  • A.8 Malacoherpesviruses of Mollusks
  • A.8.1 Name of Virus: Ostreid Herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1)
  • A.8.2 Name of Virus: Abalone Herpesvirus (AbHV)
  • References
  • Index
  • Back Cover

Dateiformat: EPUB
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat EPUB ist sehr gut für Romane und Sachbücher geeignet - also für "fließenden" Text ohne komplexes Layout. Bei E-Readern oder Smartphones passt sich der Zeilen- und Seitenumbruch automatisch den kleinen Displays an. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Dateiformat: PDF
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat PDF zeigt auf jeder Hardware eine Buchseite stets identisch an. Daher ist eine PDF auch für ein komplexes Layout geeignet, wie es bei Lehr- und Fachbüchern verwendet wird (Bilder, Tabellen, Spalten, Fußnoten). Bei kleinen Displays von E-Readern oder Smartphones sind PDF leider eher nervig, weil zu viel Scrollen notwendig ist. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Download (sofort verfügbar)

148,75 €
inkl. 19% MwSt.
Download / Einzel-Lizenz
ePUB mit Adobe DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
PDF mit Adobe DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
Hinweis: Die Auswahl des von Ihnen gewünschten Dateiformats und des Kopierschutzes erfolgt erst im System des E-Book Anbieters
E-Book bestellen

Unsere Web-Seiten verwenden Cookies. Mit der Nutzung des WebShops erklären Sie sich damit einverstanden. Mehr Informationen finden Sie in unserem Datenschutzhinweis. Ok