Introductory Biomechanics E-Book

 
 
Churchill Livingstone (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 21. Januar 2010
  • |
  • 192 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-7020-4258-4 (ISBN)
 

An interactive text ideal for all health and sports professional students who require a basic understanding of the major biomechanical principles they meet in practice, including movement analysis and tissue mechanics. Starting from the point of zero-knowledge, this book presents what can be a very dry and difficult area, in an engaging and visual way using everyday objects to illustrate the principles and linking this to human anatomy and movement . Less time is spent on mathematics and classic mechanics with greater emphasis on how these principles are applied to professional practice

Introductory Biomechanics uses workbook-style learning diffusing manageable chunks of theory with learning activities and ultimately making the link back to clinical application.

  • Problems are posed to help students work through the theory and apply it to clinical scenarios
  • Boxes containing additional information on many subjects extend knowledge or provide historical perspective to the principle in question
  • Englisch
  • St. Louis
Elsevier Health Sciences
  • 14,18 MB
978-0-7020-4258-4 (9780702042584)
0702042587 (0702042587)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Introductory Biomechanics
  • Copyright Page
  • Table of contents
  • Acknowledgements
  • Dedication
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1: Fundamentals of Force
  • What is force?
  • What does mechanical force do?
  • Scalar or vector?
  • Drawing vectors
  • Point of application
  • Force magnitude and change in motion
  • What you need to remember so far
  • The force of muscles
  • Magnitude of moments
  • Direction of moments
  • What you have to remember about moments
  • Chapter 2: Gravity, Mass and Stability
  • Gravity: the ultimate force
  • Centre of mass
  • Calculating the centre of mass
  • What should you remember about mass?
  • Moments created by mass
  • Moments and posture
  • Stability
  • Local and general stability
  • Standing balance
  • What you need to remember from all that
  • Chapter 3: Force Analysis: Graphs and Maths
  • How do forces combine?
  • The Q angle and knee pain
  • Measuring force
  • Using mathematics to resolve force
  • What you need to remember from all that
  • Chapter 4: Forces and Motion
  • Inertia
  • Moment of inertia
  • Linear momentum
  • Rotational momentum
  • Conservation of angular momentum
  • Newton's second law: Impulse and momentum
  • Newton's third law: Action and reaction
  • What you need to remember from that bit
  • Bodies in contact: pressure and friction
  • Centre of pressure
  • Friction
  • What you need to remember about friction and pressure
  • Chapter 5: Work and Machines
  • Work
  • Muscles at work
  • Direction of work
  • Using machines to do work
  • Categories of levers
  • Velocity ratio
  • More advanced machines
  • Pulleys
  • The power of work
  • Efficiency
  • What you need to remember from that bit
  • Practical problems on force and human movement
  • Chapter 6: Stress and Strain
  • Definitions
  • Stress
  • Strain
  • Stress-strain relationship and stiffness
  • A few other properties of materials
  • What you need to remember from all that
  • Chapter 7: Composition and Mechanical Properties of Connective Tissue
  • Connective tissue
  • Skin
  • Muscle
  • Bone
  • Articular cartilage
  • Tissue remodelling
  • Inactivity (immobilization)
  • Maturation
  • Effect of ageing
  • Effect of recent history (for example, stretching before a game)
  • Temperature
  • Science of stretch
  • What you need to remember from all that
  • Chapter 8: Flow
  • Relative density
  • Hydrostatic pressure
  • What to remember so far
  • Archimedes principle, buoyancy and Pascal's law
  • Take the pressure off
  • Air pressure
  • Mechanics of flow
  • Drag
  • Bernoulli's principle
  • Blood flow: haemodynamics
  • What you need to remember from all that
  • Chapter 9: Energy and Movement
  • What energy is
  • Potential and kinetic energy
  • Elastically stored potential energy
  • Energy conservation
  • Muscle energy
  • Measuring energy during movement
  • What do you need to remember from all that
  • Chapter 10: Therapeutic Application of Force
  • Mobilization techniques
  • Static stretching
  • Respiratory techniques
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Orthoses
  • Dynamic wrist splints
  • What you have learned from this
  • Appendices
  • Appendix 1
  • Answers and explanations
  • Appendix 2
  • Answer
  • Answer
  • Answer
  • Answer
  • Appendix 3
  • Appendix 4
  • Transfer of momentum from horizontal to vertical during the sit-to-stand movement
  • Appendix 5
  • Question 2
  • Answer:
  • Question 3
  • Answer
  • Question 4
  • Categories of levers
  • Practical activity 5.1
  • Answers to practical problems on force and human movement
  • Appendix 6
  • (A) The foot while jogging
  • (B) A blow to back of knee
  • Appendix 7
  • Dynamic stretching
  • Appendix 8
  • Appendix 10
  • Index

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