The Physiotherapist's Pocketbook E-Book

Essential Facts at Your Fingertips
 
 
Elsevier (Verlag)
  • 3. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 17. August 2018
  • |
  • 100 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-7020-7798-2 (ISBN)
 
  • A to Z list of pathologies
  • Contraindications to treatment
  • Pharmacology section with over 150 drugs described
  • Biochemical and haematological values
  • Common abbreviations


BSc(Hons), BA(Hons), MCSP, Department of Physiotherapy,Sussex Partnership NHS Foundation Trust.
  • Englisch
  • Philadelphia
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 14,92 MB
978-0-7020-7798-2 (9780702077982)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • The Physiotherapist's Pocketbook
  • Copyright Page
  • Table Of Contents
  • Preface
  • Dedication
  • 1 Neuromusculoskeletal anatomy
  • Musculoskeletal anatomy illustrations
  • Nerve pathways
  • Brachial plexus
  • Upper limb
  • Lumbosacral plexus
  • Axillary
  • Musculocutaneous nerve
  • Ulnar nerve
  • Median nerve
  • Radial nerve
  • Posterior interosseous nerve
  • Sciatic nerve
  • Tibial nerve
  • Common peroneal nerve
  • Superficial peroneal nerve
  • Deep peroneal nerve
  • Obturator nerve
  • Femoral nerve
  • Brachial plexus
  • Lumbosacral plexus
  • Peripheral nerve motor innervation (from O'Brien 2010, with permission)
  • Muscle innervation chart (data from Standring 2015, with permission)
  • Upper limb
  • Lower limb
  • Muscles listed by function
  • Head and neck
  • Trunk
  • Scapula
  • Shoulder
  • Elbow
  • Wrist
  • Fingers
  • Thumb
  • Hip
  • Knee
  • Ankle
  • Toes
  • Alphabetical listing of muscles
  • Abductor digiti minimi (foot)
  • Abductor digiti minimi (hand)
  • Abductor hallucis
  • Abductor pollicis brevis
  • Abductor pollicis longus
  • Adductor brevis
  • Adductor hallucis
  • Adductor longus
  • Adductor magnus
  • Adductor pollicis
  • Anconeus
  • Biceps brachii
  • Biceps femoris
  • Brachialis
  • Brachioradialis
  • Coracobrachialis
  • Deltoid
  • Diaphragm
  • Dorsal interossei (foot)
  • Dorsal interossei (hand)
  • Erector spinae
  • Extensor carpi radialis brevis
  • Extensor carpi radialis longus
  • Extensor carpi ulnaris
  • Extensor digiti minimi
  • Extensor digitorum
  • Extensor digitorum brevis
  • Extensor digitorum longus
  • Extensor hallucis longus
  • Extensor indicis
  • Extensor pollicis brevis
  • Extensor pollicis longus
  • External oblique
  • Flexor carpi radialis
  • Flexor carpi ulnaris
  • Flexor digiti minimi brevis (foot)
  • Flexor digiti minimi brevis (hand)
  • Flexor digitorum accessorius
  • Flexor digitorum brevis
  • Flexor digitorum longus
  • Flexor digitorum profundus
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis
  • Flexor hallucis brevis
  • Flexor hallucis longus
  • Flexor pollicis brevis
  • Flexor pollicis longus
  • Gastrocnemius
  • Gemellus inferior
  • Gemellus superior
  • Gluteus maximus
  • Gluteus medius
  • Gluteus minimus
  • Gracilis
  • Iliacus
  • Iliocostalis cervicis
  • Iliocostalis lumborum
  • Iliocostalis thoracis
  • Inferior oblique
  • Infraspinatus
  • Intercostales externi
  • Intercostales interni
  • Internal oblique
  • Interspinales
  • Intertransversarii
  • Latissimus dorsi
  • Levator scapulae
  • Longissimus capitis
  • Longissimus cervicis
  • Longissimus thoracis
  • Longus capitis
  • Longus colli
  • Lumbricals (foot)
  • Lumbricals (hand)
  • Multifidus
  • Obturator externus
  • Obturator internus
  • Opponens digiti minimi
  • Opponens pollicis
  • Palmar interossei
  • Palmaris longus
  • Pectineus
  • Pectoralis major
  • Pectoralis minor
  • Peroneus brevis
  • Peroneus longus
  • Peroneus tertius
  • Piriformis
  • Plantar interossei
  • Plantaris
  • Popliteus
  • Pronator quadratus
  • Pronator teres
  • Psoas major
  • Psoas minor (not always present)
  • Quadratus femoris
  • Quadratus lumborum
  • Rectus abdominis
  • Rectus capitis anterior
  • Rectus capitis lateralis
  • Rectus capitis posterior major
  • Rectus capitis posterior minor
  • Rectus femoris
  • Rhomboid major
  • Rhomboid minor
  • Rotatores
  • Sartorius
  • Scalenus anterior
  • Scalenus medius
  • Scalenus posterior
  • Semimembranosus
  • Semispinalis capitis
  • Semispinalis cervicis
  • Semispinalis thoracis
  • Semitendinosus
  • Serratus anterior
  • Soleus
  • Spinalis (capitis*, cervicis*, thoracis)
  • Splenius capitis
  • Splenius cervicis
  • Sternocleidomastoid
  • Subscapularis
  • Superior oblique
  • Supinator
  • Supraspinatus
  • Tensor fascia lata
  • Teres major
  • Teres minor
  • Tibialis anterior
  • Tibialis posterior
  • Transversus abdominis
  • Trapezius
  • Triceps brachii
  • Vastus intermedius
  • Vastus lateralis
  • Vastus medialis
  • References and Further Reading
  • 2 Neuromusculoskeletal assessment
  • Peripheral nerve sensory innervation
  • Dermatomes (from O'Brien 2010, with permission)
  • Myotomes
  • Reflexes
  • Key features of upper and lower motor neurone lesions
  • Upper motor neurone
  • Lower motor neurone
  • The Medical Research Council scale for muscle power
  • Common locations for palpation of pulses
  • Common musculoskeletal tests
  • Shoulder
  • Active compression test (O'Brien)
  • Anterior drawer test
  • Anterior slide test
  • Apprehension and relocation test (Fowler's sign)
  • Biceps load test I
  • Biceps load test II
  • Clunk test
  • Crank test
  • Crossed-arm adduction test (Apley scarf test)
  • Drop arm test (Codman's test)
  • External rotation lag sign
  • Hawkins-Kennedy impingement test
  • Hornblower's sign
  • Jerk test
  • Lift-off test
  • Load and shift test
  • Neer impingement test
  • Patte's test
  • Posterior drawer test
  • Speed's test
  • Sulcus sign
  • Supraspinatus (empty can) test
  • Yergason's test
  • Elbow
  • Elbow flexion test
  • Tennis elbow test (resisted)
  • Tennis elbow test (passive)
  • Tennis elbow test (resisted middle-finger extension)
  • Golfer's elbow test (resisted)
  • Golfer's elbow test (passive)
  • Pinch grip test
  • Posterolateral pivot shift test
  • Tinel's sign (at elbow)
  • Varus stress test
  • Valgus stress test
  • Wrist and hand
  • Carpal compression test
  • Finkelstein test
  • Froment's sign
  • Hand elevation test
  • Ligamentous instability test for the fingers
  • Lunotriquetral ballottement (Reagan's) test
  • Phalen's (wrist flexion) test
  • Reverse Phalen's test
  • Scaphoid shift (Watson's) test
  • Sweater finger sign
  • Tinel's sign (at the wrist)
  • Thumb grind test
  • Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) load test
  • Wrist flexion and compression test
  • Pelvis
  • Compression test
  • Gaenslen's test
  • Gapping test (distraction)
  • Gillet's test
  • Piedallu's sign (sitting flexion)
  • Shear test
  • Standing flexion
  • Supine to sit (long sitting) test
  • Thigh thrust test (femoral shear test)
  • Hip
  • FABER test (Patrick's test)
  • Leg length test
  • Ober's sign
  • Quadrant test
  • Thomas test
  • Modified Thomas test
  • Trendelenburg's sign
  • Weber-Barstow Manoeuvre
  • Knee
  • Abduction (valgus) stress test
  • Adduction (varus) stress test
  • Anterior drawer test
  • Apley's test
  • Brush test
  • External rotation recurvatum test
  • Hughston plica test
  • Lachman's test
  • McConnell test for chondromalacia patellae
  • McMurray test
  • Patella apprehension (Fairbank's) test
  • Patellofemoral grind test (Clarke's sign)
  • Pivot shift test
  • Posterior drawer test
  • Posterior sag sign
  • Slocum test for anterolateral rotary instability
  • Slocum test for anteromedial rotary instability
  • Weight-bearing/rotation meniscal test (Thessaly or Disco test)
  • Ankle and foot
  • Anterior drawer sign
  • Syndesmosis squeeze test
  • Talar tilt
  • Thompson's test
  • Common vascular tests
  • Adson's manoeuvre
  • Elevated arm stress test (Ross test)
  • Homan's test
  • Provocation elevation test
  • Neurological tests
  • Finger-nose test
  • Heel-shin test
  • Hoffman reflex
  • Joint position sense
  • Light touch
  • Pin prick
  • Plantar reflex (Babinski)
  • Rapidly alternating movement
  • Romberg's test
  • Temperature
  • Two-point discrimination
  • Vibration sense
  • Neurodynamic tests
  • Upper limb neurodynamic tests
  • ULNT 1: Median nerve bias
  • ULNT 2a: Median nerve bias
  • ULNT 2b: Radial nerve bias
  • ULNT 3: Ulnar nerve bias
  • Slump test (Fig. 2.9)
  • Straight leg raise (Fig. 2.10)
  • Passive neck flexion (Fig. 2.11)
  • Femoral Nerve Slump Test (Fig. 2.12)
  • Cranial nerves
  • Glossary of terms used to evaluate clinical tests
  • True positive
  • False positive
  • True negative
  • False negative
  • Sensitivity and specificity
  • Positive predictive value (PPV)
  • Negative predictive value (NPV)
  • Common postures (from Kendall et al. 2005, with permission of Williams & Wilkins)
  • Ideal alignment
  • Kyphosis-lordosis posture
  • Swayback posture
  • Flat-back posture
  • Faulty alignment: posterior view
  • Trigger points
  • Normal joint range of movement
  • Shoulder
  • Elbow
  • Wrist
  • Hip
  • Knee
  • Ankle
  • Average range of segmental movement (from Middleditch & Oliver 2005, with permission)
  • Close packed positions and capsular patterns for selected joints
  • Classification of ligament and muscle sprains
  • Ligament sprains
  • Grade I/mild sprain
  • Grade II/moderate sprain
  • Grade III/severe sprain
  • Muscle strains
  • Grade I/mild strain
  • Grade II/moderate strain
  • Grade III/severe strain
  • Windows of achievement for gross motor developmental milestones
  • Joint hypermobility assessment
  • Beighton hypermobility score (Beighton et al 1973)
  • Nine-point Beighton hypermobility score
  • Five-part questionnaire for identifying joint hypermobility (Hakim & Graham 2003)
  • Complex regional pain syndrome
  • Budapest criteria: clinical diagnostic criteria for complex regional pain syndrome (Harden et al 2007)
  • Distribution of referred pain (Tortora & Derrickson 2017)
  • Red flags
  • Cauda equina syndrome (from National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Clinical Knowledge Summaries 2017, with permission)
  • Spinal fracture (from National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Clinical Knowledge Summaries 2017, with permission)
  • Cancer (from National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Clinical Knowledge Summaries 2017, with permission)
  • Infection (such as discitis, vertebral osteomyelitis, or spinal epidural abscess) (from National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Clinical Knowledge Summaries 2017, with permission)
  • Inflammatory disease (axial spondyloarthritis) (from Spondyloarthritis in over 16s: diagnosis and management 2017, with permission)
  • Psychosocial yellow flags (Accident Compensation Corporation 2004, with permission)
  • Attitudes and beliefs about back pain
  • Compensation issues
  • Diagnosis and treatment
  • Emotions
  • Family
  • Work
  • How to judge if a person is at risk for long-term work loss and disability
  • Musculoskeletal assessment
  • Subjective examination
  • Body chart
  • Behaviour of symptoms
  • Special questions
  • History of present condition
  • Past medical history
  • Drug history
  • Social history
  • Physical examination
  • Active and passive joint movements
  • Neurological tests
  • Palpation
  • References and Further Reading
  • 3 Neurology
  • Neuroanatomy illustrations
  • Signs and symptoms of cerebrovascular lesions
  • Middle cerebral artery (MCA)
  • Anterior cerebral artery (ACA)
  • Posterior cerebral artery (PCA)
  • Vertebral and basilar arteries
  • Signs and symptoms of injury to the lobes of the brain (adapted from Lindsay et al 2010, with permission)
  • Frontal lobe
  • Parietal lobe
  • Temporal lobe
  • Occipital lobe
  • Signs and symptoms of haemorrhage to other areas of the brain
  • Putamen
  • Thalamus
  • Midbrain
  • Pons
  • Cerebellum
  • Medulla oblongata
  • Functional implications of spinal cord injury
  • Autonomic dysreflexia
  • Glossary of neurological terms
  • Modified Ashworth scale
  • Neurological assessment
  • Database
  • Subjective examination
  • Physical examination
  • Posture and balance
  • Voluntary movement
  • Involuntary movement
  • Tone
  • Reflexes
  • Muscle and joint range
  • Sensory
  • Functional activities
  • Gait
  • Exercise tolerance/fatigue
  • References and Further Reading
  • 4 Respiratory
  • Respiratory anatomy illustrations
  • Respiratory volumes and capacities
  • Lung volumes
  • VT (tidal volume)
  • IRV (inspiratory reserve volume)
  • ERV (expiratory reserve volume)
  • RV (residual volume)
  • MV (minimal volume)
  • Lung capacities
  • TLC (total lung capacity)
  • VC (vital capacity)
  • IC (inspiratory capacity)
  • FRC (functional residual capacity)
  • Chest X-rays
  • Analyzing chest X-rays
  • Patient's details
  • Left and right side
  • Is it anteroposterior (AP) or posteroanterior (PA)? Supine or erect?
  • Is the patient positioned symmetrically?
  • Degree of inspiration
  • Exposure
  • Extrathoracic soft tissues
  • Invasive medical equipment
  • Bony structures
  • Intercostal spaces
  • Trachea
  • Hila
  • Heart
  • Diaphragm
  • Auscultation
  • Breath sounds
  • Normal
  • Abnormal (bronchial breathing)
  • Diminished
  • Added sounds
  • Crackles
  • Wheeze
  • Pleural rub
  • Voice sounds
  • Abnormal breathing patterns
  • Pursed-lip breathing
  • Paradoxical breathing
  • Hoover sign
  • Kussmaul breathing
  • Cheyne-Stokes breathing
  • Apneustic breathing
  • Percussion note
  • Sputum analysis (Thomas et al 2016, with permission)
  • Clubbing
  • Schamroth's test and window sign
  • Capillary refill test
  • Differential diagnosis of chest pain (data from Thomas et al 2016, with permission)
  • Pleura (pleurisy)
  • Pulmonary embolus
  • Pneumothorax
  • Tracheitis
  • Tumours
  • Rib fracture
  • Muscular
  • Costochondritis and Tietze syndrome
  • Neuralgia
  • Acute coronary syndrome: angina/myocardial infarction
  • Pericardium (pericarditis)
  • Dissecting aortic aneurysm
  • Oesophageal
  • Mediastinal shift
  • Arterial blood gas analysis
  • Interpreting acid-base disorders
  • Assessment
  • Compensation
  • Simple acid-base disorders
  • Base excess
  • Respiratory failure
  • Type I (hypoxaemic respiratory failure)
  • Type II (ventilatory failure)
  • Arterial blood gas classification of respiratory failure
  • Nasal cannula
  • Common modes of mechanical ventilation
  • Continuous mandatory ventilation (CMV)
  • Intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV)
  • Synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV)
  • Pressure support (PS)
  • Noninvasive ventilation (NIV)
  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
  • Bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP)
  • Cardiorespiratory monitoring
  • Arterial blood pressure (ABP)
  • Cardiac output (CO)
  • Cardiac index (CI)
  • Central venous pressure (CVP)
  • Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP)
  • Ejection fraction (EF)
  • Heart rate (HR)
  • Intracranial pressure (ICP)
  • Mean arterial pressure (MAP)
  • Oxygen saturation (SpO2)
  • Pulmonary artery pressure (PAP)
  • Pulmonary artery occlusion pressure (PAOP)
  • Respiratory rate (RR)
  • Stroke volume (SV)
  • Systemic vascular resistance (SVR)
  • ECGs
  • Examples of ECGs
  • Normal sinus rhythm
  • Sinus bradycardia
  • Sinus tachycardia
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Ventricular ectopics or premature ventricular contractions (PVCs)
  • Ventricular tachycardia
  • Ventricular fibrillation
  • Biochemical and haematological studies
  • Blood serum studies
  • Haematological studies
  • Treatment techniques
  • Positioning
  • Adult
  • Children and infants
  • Postural drainage
  • Contraindications and precautions for head-down position (Harden et al 2009, with permission)
  • Precautions
  • Manual chest clearance techniques
  • Active cycle of breathing technique (ACBT)
  • Contraindications
  • Precautions
  • Airway suction
  • Contraindications
  • Precautions
  • Adverse effects
  • Manual hyperinflation (MHI)
  • Contraindications
  • Adverse effects
  • Intermittent positive pressure breathing (IPPB)
  • Effects
  • Contraindications
  • Tracheostomies
  • Indications
  • Types of tube
  • Metal or plastic
  • Cuffed or uncuffed
  • Fenestrated
  • Single or double lumen
  • Mini tracheostomy
  • Complications
  • Respiratory assessment
  • Database
  • Subjective examination
  • Objective examination
  • Charts
  • + ITU/HDU charts
  • X-rays and other diagnostic imaging (e.g. MRI, CT)
  • Observation
  • Palpation
  • Auscultation
  • Functional ability
  • References and Further Reading
  • 5 Pathology
  • Alphabetical listing of pathologies
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  • AIDs (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Ankylosing spondylitis (axial spondyloarthritis)
  • Asthma
  • Axonotmesis
  • Baker's cyst
  • Bell's palsy
  • Boutonnière deformity
  • Broca's aphasia
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Bronchitis
  • Brown-Sequard syndrome
  • Bulbar palsy
  • Bursitis
  • Cauda equina syndrome
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
  • Chondromalacia patellae
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Claw toe
  • Coccydynia
  • Compartment syndrome
  • Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)
  • Contracted shoulder (Adhesive capsulitis)
  • Coxa vara
  • Cubital tunnel syndrome
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • De Quervain's syndrome
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Developmental coordination disorder
  • Developmental dysplasia of the hip
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)
  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy
  • Dupuytren's contracture
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS)
  • Emphysema
  • Empyema
  • Enteropathic arthritis
  • Expressive aphasia (Broca's aphasia)
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Forestier's disease
  • Freiberg's disease
  • Functional neurological disorder
  • Ganglion
  • Giant cell (temporal) arteritis
  • Golfer's elbow (medial epicondylitis)
  • Gout
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)
  • Haemothorax
  • Hallux valgus
  • Hammer toe
  • Herpes zoster
  • Horner's syndrome
  • Huntingdon's disease
  • Hypermobility spectrum disorder (previously known as joint hypermobility syndrome)
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hyperventilation syndrome
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Jones fracture
  • Köhler's disease
  • Locked-in syndrome
  • Lung abscess
  • Mallet finger
  • March fracture
  • Marfan syndrome (MFS)
  • Meningitis
  • Meralgia paraesthetica
  • Morton's neuroma (metatarsalgia)
  • Motor neurone disease
  • Progressive muscle atrophy
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Progressive bulbar palsy
  • Primary lateral sclerosis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Relapsing/remitting (RRMS)
  • Secondary progressive (SPMS)
  • Benign (BMS)
  • Primary progressive (PPMS)
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Myalgic encephalomyelitis
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Myeloma (also known as multiple myeloma)
  • Myositis ossificans
  • Myotonic dystrophy
  • Neuropraxia
  • Neurotmesis
  • Osgood-Schlatter's disease
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteochondritis
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Osteomalacia
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Paget's disease
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Pellegrini-Stieda syndrome
  • Peripheral nerve injury
  • Perthes' disease
  • Piriformis syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Pleural effusion
  • Pleurisy
  • Pneumonia
  • Pneumothorax
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica
  • Polymyositis
  • Postpolio syndrome
  • Postural (orthostatic) tachycardia syndrome (PoTS)
  • Primary ciliary dyskinesia
  • Pseudobulbar palsy
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Pulmonary embolus
  • Pulmonary oedema
  • Raynaud's phenomenon
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Receptive aphasia (Wernicke's aphasia)
  • Right hemisphere language disorders
  • Reiter's syndrome
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Rickets
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Scheuermann's disease
  • Septic arthritis
  • Sever's disease
  • Shingles
  • Sickle-cell disease (Sickle-cell anaemia)
  • Sinding-Larsen-Johansson's disease
  • Sjögren's syndrome
  • Sleep apnoea
  • Spina bifida
  • Spina bifida occulta
  • Spina bifida cystica
  • Spinal muscular atrophies (SMA)
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Spondyloarthritis (also known as seronegative spondyloarthropathy)
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Spondylolysis
  • Spondylosis
  • Stroke/cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
  • Swan neck deformity
  • Syringomyelia
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma)
  • Talipes equinovarus
  • Talipes calcaneovalgus
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis)
  • Tenosynovitis
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Torticollis
  • Congenital torticollis
  • Acquired torticollis
  • Transverse myelitis
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Trigger finger
  • Tuberculosis
  • Wernicke's aphasia
  • Diagnostic imaging
  • Plain radiography (X-rays)
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Radionuclide scanning
  • Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scanning
  • Ultrasound
  • Electrodiagnostic tests
  • Electroencephalography (EEG)
  • Evoked potentials (EP)
  • Nerve conduction studies
  • Electromyography (EMG)
  • 6 Pharmacology
  • Drug classes
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Antibiotics
  • Antiemetics
  • Antiepileptics
  • Antiretrovirals
  • ß-blockers
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Bronchodilators
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Corticosteroids
  • Diuretics
  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
  • Inotropes
  • Mucolytics
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Opioids
  • A-Z of drugs
  • Abacavir (antiretroviral - NRTI)
  • Acetylcysteine (mucolytic)
  • Aciclovir (antiviral)
  • Adalimumab (biological DMARD)
  • Adenosine (antiarrhythmic)
  • Adrenaline/epinephrine (sympathomimetic agent)
  • Alendronic acid/Alendronate (bisphosphonate)
  • Allopurinol (antigout)
  • Alteplase (fibrinolytic)
  • Amantadine (antiviral with dopamine activity)
  • Amiodarone (antiarrhythmic)
  • Amitriptyline (tricyclic antidepressant)
  • Amlodipine (calcium channel blocker)
  • Amoxicillin (penicillin antibiotic)
  • Ampicillin (penicillin antibiotic)
  • Anastrozole (antineoplastic hormone)
  • Aspirin (NSAID)
  • Atenolol (ß-adrenoceptor blocker)
  • Atorvastatin (statin)
  • Atracurium (neuromuscular blocker)
  • Atropine (antimuscarinic)
  • Azathioprine (immunosuppressant)
  • Azithromycin (macrolide)
  • Baclofen (skeletal muscle relaxant)
  • Beclometasone (corticosteroid)
  • Bendroflumethiazide (thiazide diuretic)
  • Benzylpenicillin (penicillin antibiotic)
  • Bisoprolol (ß-adrenoceptor blocker)
  • Botulinum toxin type A (neurotoxin)
  • Budesonide (corticosteroid)
  • Bumetanide (loop diuretic)
  • Buprenorphine (opioid with agonist and antagonist properties)
  • Calcitonin (salmon) (bone resorption inhibitor)
  • Captopril (ACE inhibitor)
  • Carbamazepine (antiepileptic)
  • Carbimazole (antithyroid drug)
  • Carvedilol (a- and ß-blocker)
  • Cefaclor (cephalosporin antibiotic)
  • Cefotaxime (cephalosporin antibiotic)
  • Cefuroxime (cephalosporin antibiotic)
  • Celecoxib (NSAID)
  • Certolizumab pegol (biological DMARD)
  • Chlorpromazine (antipsychotic)
  • Ciclosporin (immunosuppressant)
  • Cimetidine (anti-ulcer - H2-receptor antagonist)
  • Ciprofloxacin (antibacterial)
  • Citalopram (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor)
  • Clarithromycin (macrolide antibiotic)
  • Clomipramine (tricyclic antidepressant)
  • Clonidine (a2-adrenoceptor agonist)
  • Clopidogrel (antiplatelet)
  • Codeine (opioid analgesic)
  • Co-trimoxazole (antibacterial)
  • Dexamethasone (corticosteroid)
  • Diazepam (benzodiazepine)
  • Didanosine (antiretroviral - NRTI)
  • Diclofenac (NSAID)
  • Digoxin (cardiac glycoside)
  • Dihydrocodeine (opioid analgesic)
  • Diltiazem (calcium channel blocker)
  • Docusate (stimulant laxative)
  • Dobutamine (inotropic sympathomimetic)
  • Domperidone (antiemetic)
  • Donepezil (anticholinesterase)
  • Dopamine (inotropic sympathomimetic)
  • Dornase alfa (mucolytic)
  • Dosulepin (tricyclic antidepressant)
  • Doxapram (respiratory stimulant)
  • Doxazosin (a1-adrenoceptor antagonist)
  • Duloxetine (serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor)
  • Efavirenz (antiretroviral - nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor)
  • Emtricitabine (Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor)
  • Enalapril (ACE inhibitor)
  • Enfuvirtide (antiretroviral - entry inhibitor)
  • Epinephrine/adrenaline (sympathomimetic agent)
  • Erythromycin (macrolide antibiotic)
  • Estradiol (oestrogen for hormone replacement therapy)
  • Etanercept (biological DMARD)
  • Etidronate (bisphosphonate)
  • Exenatide (antidiabetic)
  • Fentanyl (opioid analgesic)
  • Ferrous sulphate (iron salt)
  • Flucloxacillin (penicillin antibiotic)
  • Fluoxetine (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor)
  • Furosemide/frusemide (loop diuretic)
  • Gabapentin (anticonvulsant)
  • Gentamicin (aminoglycoside antibiotic)
  • Glatiramer (immunomodulator)
  • Gliclazide (sulphonylurea)
  • Glyceryl trinitrate/GTN (organic nitrate)
  • Golimumab (biological DMARD)
  • Haloperidol (antipsychotic)
  • Heparin (anticoagulant)
  • Hydrocortisone (corticosteroid)
  • Hydroxychloroquine (conventional DMARD)
  • Hyoscine (muscarinic antagonist)
  • Ibuprofen (NSAID)
  • Imipramine (tricyclic antidepressant)
  • Insulin (peptide hormone)
  • Ipratropium (antimuscarinic)
  • Isosorbide mononitrate (organic nitrate)
  • Ivabradine (sinus node inhibitor)
  • Lactulose (osmotic laxative)
  • Lamivudine (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor)
  • Lansoprazole (proton-pump inhibitor)
  • Leflunomide (conventional DMARD)
  • Levodopa/L-dopa (dopamine precursor)
  • Levothyroxine (thyroid hormone)
  • Lidocaine/lignocaine (local anaesthetic, class I antiarrhythmic agent)
  • Lisinopril (ACE inhibitor)
  • Lithium (antimanic)
  • Loperamide (antimotility)
  • Losartan (angiotensin-II receptor antagonist)
  • Macrogols (osmotic laxative)
  • Mannitol (osmotic diuretic)
  • Maraviroc (antiretroviral - entry inhibitor)
  • Meloxicam (NSAID)
  • Metformin (biguanide)
  • Methadone (opiate agonist)
  • Methotrexate (cytotoxic and immunosuppressive)
  • Metoclopramide (dopamine antagonist)
  • Metoprolol (ß-blocker)
  • Metronidazole (antimicrobial)
  • Midodrine (a1-adrenoceptor agonist)
  • Milrinone (phosphodiesterase inhibitor)
  • Morphine (opioid analgesic)
  • Naloxone (opioid antagonist)
  • Naproxen (NSAID)
  • Nevirapine (antiretroviral - non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor)
  • Nicorandil (potassium-channel activator)
  • Nifedipine (calcium channel blocker)
  • Nimodipine (calcium channel blocker)
  • Noradrenaline/norepinephrine (sympathomimetic agent)
  • Omeprazole (proton-pump inhibitor)
  • Ondansetron (serotonin antagonist)
  • Orphenadrine (antimuscarinic)
  • Oxybutynin (antimuscarinic)
  • Oxycodone (strong opioid analgesic)
  • Pancuronium (muscle relaxant)
  • Paracetamol (nonopioid analgesic)
  • Paroxetine (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor)
  • Phenytoin (anticonvulsant)
  • Piroxicam (NSAID)
  • Pizotifen (antimigraine)
  • Pramipexole (Non-ergot dopamine agonist)
  • Pravastatin (statin)
  • Prednisolone (corticosteroid)
  • Pregabalin (anticonvulsant)
  • Propranolol (ß-blocker)
  • Quinine (antimalarial)
  • Raloxifene (selective oestrogen receptor modulator - SERM)
  • Raltegravir (antiretroviral - integrase inhibitor)
  • Ramipril (ACE inhibitor)
  • Repaglinide (meglitinide)
  • Rifampicin (antituberculous agent)
  • Risperidone (antipsychotic)
  • Ritonavir (antiretroviral - protease inhibitor)
  • Rivastigmine (anticholinesterase)
  • Ropinirole (Non-ergot dopamine agonist)
  • Salbutamol (ß2-agonist)
  • Salmeterol (ß2-agonist)
  • Saquinavir (antiretroviral - protease inhibitor)
  • Senna (stimulant laxative)
  • Sertraline (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor)
  • Simvastatin (statin)
  • Sodium valproate (antiepileptic)
  • Streptokinase (fibrinolytic agent)
  • Sulfasalazine (aminosalicylate)
  • Sumatriptan (selective serotonin agonist)
  • Tamoxifen (anti-oestrogen)
  • Tamsulosin (a-blocker)
  • Temazepam (benzodiazepine)
  • Tenofovir (antiretroviral - NRTI)
  • Terbutaline (ß2-agonist)
  • Teriparatide (parathyroid hormone)
  • Tetracycline (tetracycline antibiotic)
  • Theophylline (methylxanthine)
  • Thiopental (barbiturate)
  • Tibolone (hormone replacement therapy)
  • Timolol (ß-blocker)
  • Tizanidine (a2-adrenoceptor agonist)
  • Tolterodine (antimuscarinic)
  • Tramadol (opioid analgesic)
  • Trastuzumab (antineoplastic)
  • Trazodone (antidepressant)
  • Trihexyphenidyl (antimuscarinic)
  • Valsartan (angiotensin-II receptor antagonist)
  • Vancomycin (glycopeptide antibiotic)
  • Venlafaxine (serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor)
  • Verapamil (calcium channel blocker)
  • Warfarin (oral anticoagulant)
  • Zidovudine (nucleoside and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor)
  • Zopiclone (non-benzodiazepine hypnotic)
  • Prescription abbreviations
  • Further Reading
  • Appendices
  • Appendix 1
  • Laboratory values
  • Biochemistry
  • Haematology
  • Conversions and units
  • Pounds/kg
  • Stones/kg
  • Mass
  • Length
  • Volume
  • Pressure
  • Appendix 2
  • Acronyms and Abbreviations
  • Prefixes and suffixes
  • Appendix 3
  • National Early Warning Score (NEWS2) for the acutely ill or deteriorating patient
  • Clinical response to the NEWS2 trigger thresholds
  • Appendix 4
  • Adult basic life support sequence
  • Paediatric basic life support algorithm (healthcare professionals with a duty to respond)
  • Index
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • X
  • Y
  • Z
  • Inside Back Cover

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