Arguably the most influential western philosophical mind since Aristotle, Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in the Köningsberg, a city in Eastern Prussia where he would live his entire life. A lifelong academic, at sixteen years old Kant entered the University of Köningsberg, where he would go on to tutor for nine years, and then teach. Kant's major concerns involved both religion and science, as he sought reconciliation between the two. His writings on metaphysics and science played a major role in Enlightenment thought. In the field of epistemology, Kant also presented the idea that knowledge lies within the observer, not the object itself. He would never leave Köningsberg, but his ideas were exported all over the world. The actual events of Kant's life pale vastly in magnitude when contrasted against his advances in thought pertaining to epistemology, religion, law, and history. Any student of philosophy will find this volume, which includes Kant's introductory writings on logic and an "Essay on the Mistaken Subtlety of the Four Figures", a worthy addition.
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- Title page
- PREFATORY NOTE.
- I. CONCEPTION OF LOGIC.
- II. CHIEF DIVISIONS OF LOGIC-TREATMENT-USE OF THIS SCIENCE-SKETCH OF A HISTORY OF LOGIC.
- III. CONCEPTION OF PHILOSOPHY IN GENERAL-PHILOSOPHY CONSIDERED ACCORDING TO THE SCHOLASTIC CONCEPTION AND ACCORDING TO THE COSMICAL CONCEPTION-ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENTS AND OBJECTS OF PHILOSOPHIZING-THE MOST GENERAL AND HIGHEST PROBLEMS OF THIS SCIENCE.
- IV. SHORT SKETCH OF A HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY.
- V. KNOWLEDGE IN GENERAL-INTUITIVE AND DISCURSIVE KNOWLEDGE-INTUITION AND CONCEPT, AND THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN THEM-LOGICAL AND AESTHETICAL PERFECTION OF KNOWLEDGE.
- VI. SPECIAL LOGICAL PERFECTIONS OF COGNITION.
- A.-Logical Perfection of Cognition as to Quantity-Quantity-Extensive and Intensive Quantity-Fullness and Thoroughness
- or, Importance and Fruitfulness of the Cognition-Determination of the Horizon of our Knowledge.
- B.-Logical Perfection of Knowledge as to Relation-Truth-Material and Logical or Formal Truth-Criteria of Logical Truth-Falsity and Error-Semblance as a Source of Error-Means of Avoiding Error.
- C.-Logical Perfection of Knowledge as to Quality-Clearness-Conception of an Attribute, generally-Different kinds of Attributes-Definition of the Logical Essence of a Thing-Distinction of this from the Real Essence-Distinctness a higher Degree of ClearnessDistinction between Analytical and Synthetical Distinctness.
- D.-Logical Perfection of Knowledge as to Modality-Certainty-Notion of Assent in General-Modes of Assent: Opinion, Belief, Knowledge-Conviction and Persuasion-Reserve and Suspension of Judgment-Provisional Judgments-Prejudices: their Sources and different Kinds.
- X. PROBABILITY-DEFINITION OF PROBABILITY-DISTINCTION BETWEEN PROBABILITY AND VERISIMILITUDE-MATHEMATICAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL PROBABILITY-DOUBT, SUBJECTIVE AND OBJECTIVE-SKEPTICAL, DOGMATICAL, AND CRITICAL METHOD OF PHILOSOPHIZING-HYPOTHESES.
- THE MISTAKEN SUBTLETY OF THE FOUR SYLLOGISTIC FIGURES.