Global Climate Change and Terrestrial Invertebrates

 
 
Standards Information Network (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 30. Januar 2017
  • |
  • 416 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-07087-0 (ISBN)
 
Invertebrates perform such vital roles in global ecosystems--and so strongly influence human wellbeing--that biologist E.O. Wilson was prompted to describe them as "little things that run the world." As they are such powerful shapers of the world around us, their response to global climate change is also pivotal in meeting myriad challenges looming on the horizon--everything from food security and biodiversity to human disease control.
This book presents a comprehensive overview of the latest scientific knowledge and contemporary theory relating to global climate change and terrestrial invertebrates. Featuring contributions from top international experts, this book explores how changes to invertebrate populations will affect human decision making processes across a number of crucial issues, including agriculture, disease control, conservation planning, and resource allocation. Topics covered include methodologies and approaches to predict invertebrate responses, outcomes for disease vectors and ecosystem service providers, underlying mechanisms for community level responses to global climate change, evolutionary consequences and likely effects on interactions among organisms, and many more. Timely and thought-provoking, Global Climate Change and Terrestrial Invertebrates offers illuminating insights into the profound influence the simplest of organisms may have on the very future of our fragile world.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • USA
John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 6,83 MB
978-1-119-07087-0 (9781119070870)
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Scott N. Johnson is Senior Lecturer in Ecology at the Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment (HIE) at Western Sydney University.

T. Hefin Jones is Senior Lecturer in Ecology at the School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, and an Editor of the journals Global Change Biology and Agricultural and Forest Entomology.
1 - Cover [Seite 1]
2 - Title Page [Seite 5]
3 - Copyright [Seite 6]
4 - Contents [Seite 7]
5 - List of Contributors [Seite 15]
6 - Preface [Seite 19]
7 - Chapter 1 Introduction to Global Climate Change and Terrestrial Invertebrates [Seite 21]
7.1 - 1.1 Background [Seite 21]
7.2 - 1.2 Predictions for Climate and Atmospheric Change [Seite 22]
7.3 - 1.3 General Mechanisms for Climate Change Impacts on Invertebrates [Seite 22]
7.4 - 1.4 Themes of the Book [Seite 24]
7.5 - Acknowledgements [Seite 27]
7.6 - References [Seite 27]
8 - Part I Methods for Studying Invertebrates and Climate Change [Seite 29]
8.1 - Chapter 2 Using Historical Data for Studying Range Changes [Seite 31]
8.1.1 - 2.1 Introduction [Seite 31]
8.1.2 - 2.2 Review of Historical Data Sets on Species' Distributions [Seite 33]
8.1.3 - 2.3 Methods for Using Historical Data to Estimate Species' Range Changes [Seite 35]
8.1.4 - 2.4 Challenges and Biases in Historical Data [Seite 39]
8.1.5 - 2.5 New Ways of Analysing Data and Future Perspectives [Seite 43]
8.1.6 - Acknowledgements [Seite 44]
8.1.7 - References [Seite 44]
8.2 - Chapter 3 Experimental Approaches for Assessing Invertebrate Responses to Global Change Factors [Seite 50]
8.2.1 - 3.1 Introduction [Seite 50]
8.2.2 - 3.2 Experimental Scale: Reductionist, Holistic and Integrated Approaches [Seite 52]
8.2.3 - 3.3 Experimental Design: Statistical Concerns [Seite 53]
8.2.4 - 3.4 Experimental Endpoints: Match Metrics to Systems [Seite 55]
8.2.5 - 3.5 Experimental Systems: Manipulations From Bottle to Field [Seite 56]
8.2.6 - 3.6 Team Science: the Human Dimension [Seite 60]
8.2.7 - 3.7 Conclusions [Seite 61]
8.2.8 - Acknowledgements [Seite 62]
8.2.9 - References [Seite 62]
8.3 - Chapter 4 Transplant Experiments - a Powerful Method to Study Climate Change Impacts [Seite 66]
8.3.1 - 4.1 Global Climate Change [Seite 66]
8.3.2 - 4.2 Climate Change Impacts on Species [Seite 67]
8.3.3 - 4.3 Climate Change Impacts on Communities [Seite 68]
8.3.4 - 4.4 Common Approaches to Study Climate Change Impacts [Seite 68]
8.3.5 - 4.5 Transplant Experiments - a Powerful Tool to Study Climate Change [Seite 69]
8.3.6 - 4.6 Transplant Experiment Trends Using Network Analysis [Seite 77]
8.3.7 - 4.7 What's Missing in Our Current Approaches? Next Steps for Implementing Transplant Experiments [Seite 80]
8.3.8 - Acknowledgements [Seite 82]
8.3.9 - References [Seite 82]
9 - Part II Friends and Foes: Ecosystem Service Providers and Vectors of Disease [Seite 89]
9.1 - Chapter 5 Insect Pollinators and Climate Change [Seite 91]
9.1.1 - 5.1 Introduction [Seite 91]
9.1.2 - 5.2 The Pattern: Pollinator Populations and Climate Change [Seite 92]
9.1.3 - 5.3 The Process: Direct Effects of Climate Change [Seite 96]
9.1.4 - 5.4 The Process: Indirect Effects of Climate Change [Seite 101]
9.1.5 - 5.5 Synthesis, and the View Ahead [Seite 103]
9.1.6 - Acknowledgements [Seite 104]
9.1.7 - References [Seite 104]
9.2 - Chapter 6 Climate Change Effects on Biological Control in Grasslands [Seite 112]
9.2.1 - 6.1 Introduction [Seite 112]
9.2.2 - 6.2 Changes in Plant Biodiversity [Seite 114]
9.2.3 - 6.3 Multitrophic Interactions and Food Webs [Seite 114]
9.2.4 - 6.4 Greater Exposure to Extreme Events [Seite 122]
9.2.5 - 6.5 Range Changes [Seite 123]
9.2.6 - 6.6 Greater Exposure to Pest Outbreaks [Seite 124]
9.2.7 - 6.7 Non-Target Impacts [Seite 124]
9.2.8 - 6.8 Conclusion [Seite 125]
9.2.9 - Acknowledgements [Seite 125]
9.2.10 - References [Seite 125]
9.3 - Chapter 7 Climate Change and Arthropod Ectoparasites and Vectors of Veterinary Importance [Seite 131]
9.3.1 - 7.1 Introduction [Seite 131]
9.3.2 - 7.2 Parasite-Host Interactions [Seite 133]
9.3.3 - 7.3 Evidence of the Impacts of Climate on Ectoparasites and Vectors [Seite 134]
9.3.4 - 7.4 Impact of Human Behaviour and Husbandry on Ectoparasitism [Seite 136]
9.3.5 - 7.5 Farmer Intervention as a Density-Dependent Process [Seite 138]
9.3.6 - 7.6 Predicting Future Impacts of Climate Change on Ectoparasites and Vectors [Seite 138]
9.3.7 - Acknowledgements [Seite 143]
9.3.8 - References [Seite 143]
9.4 - Chapter 8 Climate Change and the Biology of Insect Vectors of Human Pathogens [Seite 146]
9.4.1 - 8.1 Introduction [Seite 146]
9.4.2 - 8.2 Interaction with Pathogens [Seite 149]
9.4.3 - 8.3 Physiology, Development and Phenology [Seite 151]
9.4.4 - 8.4 Population Dynamics, Life History and Interactions with Other Vector Species [Seite 152]
9.4.5 - 8.5 Case Study of Forecasts for Vector Distribution Under Climate Change: The Altitudinal Range of Aedes albopictus and Aedes japonicus in Nagasaki, Japan [Seite 154]
9.4.6 - 8.6 Vector Ecology and Evolution in Changing Environments [Seite 158]
9.4.7 - Acknowledgements [Seite 159]
9.4.8 - References [Seite 160]
9.5 - Chapter 9 Climate and Atmospheric Change Impacts on Aphids as Vectors of Plant Diseases [Seite 168]
9.5.1 - 9.1 The Disease Pyramid [Seite 168]
9.5.2 - 9.2 Interactions with the Pyramid [Seite 175]
9.5.3 - 9.3 Conclusions and Future Perspectives [Seite 182]
9.5.4 - Acknowledgements [Seite 183]
9.5.5 - References [Seite 184]
10 - Part III Multi-Trophic Interactions and Invertebrate Communities [Seite 197]
10.1 - Chapter 10 Global Change, Herbivores and Their Natural Enemies [Seite 199]
10.1.1 - 10.1 Introduction [Seite 200]
10.1.2 - 10.2 Global Climate Change and Insect Herbivores [Seite 201]
10.1.3 - 10.3 Global Climate Change and Natural Enemies of Insect Herbivores [Seite 205]
10.1.4 - 10.4 Multiple Abiotic Factors [Seite 211]
10.1.5 - 10.5 Conclusions [Seite 212]
10.1.6 - Acknowledgements [Seite 213]
10.1.7 - References [Seite 213]
10.2 - Chapter 11 Climate Change in the Underworld: Impacts for Soil-Dwelling Invertebrates [Seite 221]
10.2.1 - 11.1 Introduction [Seite 221]
10.2.2 - 11.2 Effect of Climate Change on Nematodes: Omnipresent Soil Invertebrates [Seite 223]
10.2.3 - 11.3 Effect of Climate Change on Insect Root Herbivores, the Grazers of the Dark [Seite 227]
10.2.4 - 11.4 Effect of Climate Change on Earthworms: the Crawling Engineers of Soil [Seite 232]
10.2.5 - 11.5 Conclusions and Future Perspectives [Seite 236]
10.2.6 - Acknowledgements [Seite 237]
10.2.7 - References [Seite 238]
10.3 - Chapter 12 Impacts of Atmospheric and Precipitation Change on Aboveground-Belowground Invertebrate Interactions [Seite 249]
10.3.1 - 12.1 Introduction [Seite 249]
10.3.2 - 12.2 Atmospheric Change - Elevated Carbon Dioxide Concentrations [Seite 253]
10.3.3 - 12.3 Altered Patterns of Precipitation [Seite 256]
10.3.4 - 12.4 Conclusions and Future Directions [Seite 262]
10.3.5 - Acknowledgements [Seite 265]
10.3.6 - References [Seite 265]
10.4 - Chapter 13 Forest Invertebrate Communities and Atmospheric Change [Seite 272]
10.4.1 - 13.1 Why Are Forest Invertebrate Communities Important? [Seite 273]
10.4.2 - 13.2 Atmospheric Change and Invertebrates [Seite 273]
10.4.3 - 13.3 Responses of Forest Invertebrates to Elevated Carbon Dioxide Concentrations [Seite 274]
10.4.4 - 13.4 Responses of Forest Invertebrates to Elevated Ozone Concentrations [Seite 283]
10.4.5 - 13.5 Interactions Between Carbon Dioxide and Ozone [Seite 285]
10.4.6 - 13.6 Conclusions and Future Directions [Seite 287]
10.4.7 - Acknowledgements [Seite 288]
10.4.8 - References [Seite 288]
10.5 - Chapter 14 Climate Change and Freshwater Invertebrates: Their Role in Reciprocal Freshwater-Terrestrial Resource Fluxes [Seite 294]
10.5.1 - 14.1 Introduction [Seite 294]
10.5.2 - 14.2 Climate-Change Effects on Riparian and Shoreline Vegetation [Seite 295]
10.5.3 - 14.3 Climate-Change Effects on Runoff of Dissolved Organic Matter [Seite 297]
10.5.4 - 14.4 Climate Change Effects on Basal Freshwater Resources Via Modified Terrestrial Inputs [Seite 298]
10.5.5 - 14.5 Effects of Altered Terrestrial Resource Fluxes on Freshwater Invertebrates [Seite 299]
10.5.6 - 14.6 Direct Effects of Warming on Freshwater Invertebrates [Seite 300]
10.5.7 - 14.7 Impacts of Altered Freshwater Invertebrate Emergence on Terrestrial Ecosystems [Seite 302]
10.5.8 - 14.8 Conclusions and Research Directions [Seite 304]
10.5.9 - Acknowledgements [Seite 306]
10.5.10 - References [Seite 306]
10.6 - Chapter 15 Climatic Impacts on Invertebrates as Food for Vertebrates [Seite 315]
10.6.1 - 15.1 Introduction [Seite 315]
10.6.2 - 15.2 Changes in the Abundance of Vertebrates [Seite 316]
10.6.3 - 15.3 Changes in the Distribution of Vertebrates [Seite 320]
10.6.4 - 15.4 Changes in Phenology of Vertebrates, and Their Invertebrate Prey [Seite 323]
10.6.5 - 15.5 Conclusions [Seite 327]
10.6.6 - 15.6 Postscript: Beyond the Year 2100 [Seite 328]
10.6.7 - Acknowledgements [Seite 328]
10.6.8 - References [Seite 328]
11 - Part IV Evolution, Intervention and Emerging Perspectives [Seite 337]
11.1 - Chapter 16 Evolutionary Responses of Invertebrates to Global Climate Change: the Role of Life-History Trade-Offs and Multidecadal Climate Shifts [Seite 339]
11.1.1 - 16.1 Introduction [Seite 339]
11.1.2 - 16.2 Fundamental Trade-Offs Mediating Invertebrate Evolutionary Responses to Global Warming [Seite 347]
11.1.3 - 16.3 The Roles of Multi-Annual Extreme Droughts and Multidecadal Shifts in Drought Regimens in Driving Large-Scale Responses of Insect Populations [Seite 353]
11.1.4 - 16.4 Conclusions and New Research Directions [Seite 357]
11.1.5 - Acknowledgements [Seite 359]
11.1.6 - References [Seite 359]
11.2 - Chapter 17 Conservation of Insects in the Face of Global Climate Change [Seite 369]
11.2.1 - 17.1 Introduction [Seite 369]
11.2.2 - 17.2 Vulnerability Drivers of Insect Species Under Climate Change [Seite 372]
11.2.3 - 17.3 Assessment of Insect Species Vulnerability to Climate Change [Seite 373]
11.2.4 - 17.4 Management Strategies for Insect Conservation Under Climate Change [Seite 375]
11.2.5 - 17.5 Protected Areas and Climate Change [Seite 377]
11.2.6 - 17.6 Perspectives on Insect Conservation Facing Climate Change [Seite 379]
11.2.7 - Acknowledgements [Seite 380]
11.2.8 - References [Seite 381]
11.3 - Chapter 18 Emerging Issues and Future Perspectives for Global Climate Change and Invertebrates [Seite 388]
11.3.1 - 18.1 Preamble [Seite 388]
11.3.2 - 18.2 Multiple Organisms, Asynchrony and Adaptation in Climate Change Studies [Seite 388]
11.3.3 - 18.3 Multiple Climatic Factors in Research [Seite 389]
11.3.4 - 18.4 Research Into Extreme Climatic Events [Seite 391]
11.3.5 - 18.5 Climate change and Invertebrate Biosecurity [Seite 392]
11.3.6 - 18.6 Concluding Remarks [Seite 394]
11.3.7 - References [Seite 394]
12 - Species Index [Seite 399]
13 - Subject Index [Seite 405]
14 - EULA [Seite 415]

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