This volume offers innovative insights into and approaches to the multiple historical intersections between distinct modalities of internationalism and imperialism during the twentieth century, across a range of contexts. Bringing together scholars from diverse theoretical, methodological and geographical backgrounds, the book explores an array of fundamental actors, institutions and processes that have decisively shaped contemporary history and the present. Among other crucial topics, it considers the expansion in the number and scope of activities of international organizations and its impact on formal and informal imperial polities, as well as the propagation of developmentalist ethos and discourses, relating them to major historical processes such as the growing institutionalization of international scrutiny in the interwar years or, later, the emerging global Cold War.
Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo is a Research Fellow at the Center for Social Studies, University of Coimbra, Portugal. His research interests focus on the global, comparative and connected histories of imperialism, colonialism and internationalism (XIX-XX centuries). He has been working on the historical intersections between imperialism and internationalism and also on those between development and security in late colonialism.
José Pedro Monteiro is a researcher at the Center for Social Studies, University of Coimbra, Portugal. He has been working on the processes of internationalization of native labour policies and politics in the Portuguese colonial empire after World War II. He is now developing a project on the politics of citizenship and human rights in the Portuguese empire.
Introduction.- 1. Pasts to be unveiled: the interconnections of the international and the imperial; Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo and José Pedro Monteiro.- I - Internationalism(s) in an imperial world: the interwar years.- 2. Towards
a Social History of International Organisations: The ILO and the Internationalisation of Western Social Expertise; Sandrine Kott (University of Geneva).- 3. Internationalism and Nationalism in the League of Nations' work for intellectual cooperation; Daniel Laqua (Northumbria University).- 4. A league of empires: imperial political imagination and interwar internationalisms; Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo (Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra).- 5. The Rise of a Humanitarian Superpower: American NGOs and International Relief, 1917-1945; Daniel Roger Maul (University of Oslo).- 6. Depression Development: The Interwar Origins of a Global U.S. Modernization Agenda; David Ekbladh (Tufts University).- II- Imperialism(s) and international institutions: the aftermath of World War II.- 7. Population, Geopolitics and International Organizations in the Mid Twentieth Century; Alison Bashford (University of Cambridge).- 8. Re-mapping the Borders of Imperial Health: The World Health Organization and the International Politics of Regionalization in French North Africa, 1945-1956; Jessica Pearson (Macalester College).- 9. "One of those too-rare examples": The International Labour Organization, the Colonial Question and Forced Labour (1961-1963) ;José Pedro Monteiro (Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra).-III- Imperial resiliencies in the post-colonial world order.- 10. The Decolonization of Development: Rural Development in India before and after 1947; Corinna Unger (European University Institute).- 11. The Anvil of Internationalism: The United Nations and Anglo-American relations during the debate over Katanga, 1960-1963; Alanna O'Malley (Leiden University).- 12. "'An Assembly of Peoples in Struggle': How the Cold War Made Latin America Part of the 'Third World'"; Jason Parker (Texas A&M).- 13. Globalisation and Internationalism Beyond the North Atlantic. Soviet-Brazilian Encounters and Interactions During the Cold War; Tobias Rupprecht (University of Exeter).