Moult and Ageing of European Passerines

Second Edition
Helm (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 20. Februar 2020
  • |
  • 336 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-4729-8055-7 (ISBN)
A brand-new, completely revised second edition of Jenni and Winkler's classic guide, updated and improved for the next generation of ringers and professional ornithologists.

The moult strategies of birds exert an important influence on their behaviour and energetics, and also provide the basis of valuable tools for study. A proper understanding of how feathers are replaced and the precise differences in the appearance of the various feather generations can allow ringers, scientists and keen birdwatchers to age individual birds, and to distinguish between first-year and adult birds. Understanding the moult strategy of a species also provides insights into its general and migration ecology, and allows detailed studies of many aspects of its population dynamics.

Lukas Jenni and Raffael Winkler have studied moult across a wide range of bird species for decades, and in this book bring their observations together to produce a valuable reference for both professional ornithologists and bird ringers. This second edition has been completely updated and revised, with 16 new species accounts added, bringing the total covered to 74.

The first part of the book provides an up-to-date summary of the moult strategies and moult sequences of European passerines, and discusses the ecological consequences of moult. Throughout the book, the authors draw on the enormous amount of data on moult that they have collected over 40 years of study and which, combined with data from the literature, allow them to present a thorough synthesis of the subject.

The second part is of particular value to ringers. Following a general introduction to ageing, detailed moult profiles are given for 74 European passerine species, illustrating all of the major moult strategies and including useful summary statistics, schematic diagrams of the extent of moult and indications of the variation within each species. The main moult strategies are illustrated with schematic graphs, and the moult strategies and extent of moult of every European passerine species are summarised in tabular form.

The crowning feature of this book is its collection of more than 600 full-colour photographs of extended wings, which show the entire range of moult patterns and plumage-ageing criteria. An appendix gives supplementary information on ageing birds by the degree of pneumatisation of the skull.

Large in format, packed with high-quality photography and lavish in production specifications, this second edition of Moult and Ageing in European Passerines is both a major reference for ornithologists, zoologists, bird ringers and dedicated birdwatchers, and a work of great scholarship and beauty.

  • Englisch
  • London
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Bloomsbury Publishing PLC
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
Packed with hundreds of photos and figures
  • 363,29 MB
978-1-4729-8055-7 (9781472980557)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Lukas Jenni was born in Basel, Switzerland, in 1955 and became interested in birds as a boy. While studying biology at Basel University he became a volunteer at the Swiss Ornithological Institute and a ringer at the Col de Bretolet ringing station, where his interest in moult and ageing began while working with Raffael Winkler. His graduation study dealt with the morphology and ecology of the Great and Middle Spotted Woodpeckers. In 1979, he became head of the Swiss ringing scheme at the Swiss Ornithological Institute and gained his PhD in zoology with a study of the mass concentrations of Bramblings in winter in 1984. He became a lecturer at the University of Zurich in 1997 and a professor in 2013, and was appointed scientific director of the Swiss Ornithological Institute in 2000. His research focuses on bird migration and its ecophysiology, the ecophysiology of stress, and the moult of birds. He is also involved in many other projects at the Institute, and supervises studies in avian ecology and conservation.
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • PART I
  • Chapter 1 The function and consequences of moult
  • 1.1 Functions of the plumage
  • 1.2 Plumage maintenance and the need for plumage renewal
  • 1.2.1 Feather maintenance and wear
  • 1.2.2 Adjustments to the plumage
  • 1.3 The processes and costs of moult
  • 1.3.1 The products and processes of moult
  • 1.3.2 Costs of moult
  • 1.3.3 Conclusions
  • 1.4 Environmental effects on new feather quality
  • 1.5 Fitting moult into the annual cycle
  • Chapter 2 Terminology and methods in moult research
  • 2.1 Arrangement of the feathers
  • 2.1.1 Flight-feathers
  • 2.1.2 Wing-coverts
  • 2.2 Terminology of plumages, feather generations and moults
  • 2.2.1 Concepts of moult and plumage terminologies
  • 2.2.2 General terms
  • 2.2.3 Moult terms
  • 2.2.4 Terms for plumages, feathers and feather generations
  • 2.2.5 Age classes
  • 2.3 Recording moult, plumage and feather properties
  • 2.3.1 What to record: moult progress or moult intensity and of which feather tract?
  • 2.3.2 Scoring flight-feather moult
  • 2.3.3 Scoring body-feather moult
  • 2.3.4 Mass of feathers
  • 2.3.5 Quantification of feather wear
  • 2.3.6 Feather growth rates
  • 2.3.7 Physical properties of feathers and fault bars
  • 2.4 Analysing moult data
  • 2.4.1 Seasonal timing and duration (progress) of moult
  • 2.4.2 Moult intensity and moult speed
  • 2.4.3 Sequence of moult
  • 2.4.4 Extent of moult
  • Chapter 3 The moult of adults
  • 3.1 Introduction to the moult strategies
  • 3.2 Sequence of moult
  • 3.2.1 Basic sequence of the complete moult
  • Flight-feathers
  • Body-feathers and wing-coverts
  • 3.2.2 Functional aspects of the basic sequence of moult
  • 3.2.3 Variations and exceptions to the basic moult sequence
  • Primaries
  • Secondaries
  • Tertials
  • Rectrices
  • Wing-coverts
  • Variation in the relationships between flight-feather tracts
  • 3.3 Moult strategies
  • 3.3.1 Complete post-breeding moult in the breeding area: Moult strategies 1 and 2
  • Complete post-breeding moult in the breeding area
  • Partial pre-breeding moult
  • 3.3.2 Complete moult in the non-breeding area: Moult strategy 3
  • Partial moult before autumn migration
  • Suspension of the complete moult within the non-breeding area
  • Additional partial pre-breeding moult
  • Conclusions
  • 3.3.3 Seasonally divided moult of remiges: Moult strategy 4
  • Seasonally divided primary moult (moult strategy 4a)
  • Seasonally divided secondary moult (moult strategies 4b and 4c)
  • 3.3.4 Partial and complete biannual moult of remiges: Moult strategy 5
  • 3.3.5 Summary and concluding remarks
  • 3.4 Timing and duration of the complete moult
  • 3.4.1 Timing and duration of the complete post-breeding moult in the breeding area
  • Timing of moult
  • Moult duration
  • 3.4.2 Moult under time constraints
  • Reduction of moult duration
  • Overlap between breeding and moult
  • Overlap between moult and autumnal activities
  • Arrested moult
  • Transfer of moult to the non-breeding season
  • 3.4.3 Timing of moult in trans-Saharan migrants
  • 3.5 Summary and concluding remarks
  • 3.6 Summary graphs and table of the moult strategies of European passerines
  • Chapter 4 The moult during the first year of life
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 The juvenile plumage
  • 4.2.1 Development of the juvenile plumage and completion after fledging
  • 4.2.2 Structure and quality of the juvenile plumage
  • 4.2.3 Coloration of the juvenile plumage
  • 4.3 Sequence of post-juvenile moult
  • 4.3.1 Sequence of the complete post-juvenile moult
  • 4.3.2 Sequence of the partial post-juvenile moult
  • General sequence
  • Wing-coverts and alula
  • Tertials
  • Secondaries
  • Rectrices
  • 4.3.3 Eccentric and other sequences of partial primary moults (post-juvenile and first pre-breeding)
  • 4.3.4Sequence and priorities of moult
  • 4.4 How juveniles assume the adult moult strategies
  • 4.4.1 Moult strategies 1 and 2: partial (complete) post-juvenile and complete post-breeding moult in the breeding area
  • Partial pre-breeding moult
  • 4.4.2 Moult strategies 3 and 5: complete moult in the non-breeding area
  • Incomplete first pre-breeding moult
  • 4.4.3 Moult strategy 4: seasonally divided moult
  • First partial pre-breeding moult including primariesFirst partial pre-breeding moult including secondaries
  • First partial pre-breeding moult including secondaries
  • 4.4.4 Summary and concluding remarks
  • 4.5 Variation in extent, timing and duration of the post-juvenile moult in the breeding area
  • 4.5.1 Experimental evidence of control of post-juvenile moult
  • 4.5.2 Intraspecific variation in timing and extent of the partial post-juvenile moult
  • Variation with hatching date
  • Differences between populations
  • Differences between the sexes and effects of energetic and nutrient stress
  • Intraspecific variation in the extent of post-juvenile moult during the course of the non-breeding season and between wintering sites
  • 4.5.3 Interspecific variation in timing and extent of the partial post-juvenile moult
  • Timing and duration
  • Extent
  • 4.5.4 Partial post-juvenile primary moult in the breeding area
  • 4.5.5 Complete post-juvenile moult in the breeding area
  • 4.6 Summary and concluding remarks
  • Chapter 5 Ageing European passerines
  • 5.1 Ageing criteria in live birds
  • 5.2 Ageing using plumage characters
  • 5.2.1 Recognition of juvenile feathers
  • Structure and shape
  • Coloration
  • Wear
  • Growth bars and fault bars
  • 5.2.2 Differences in extent of moult
  • 5.2.3 Differences between post-juvenile and subsequent feather generations
  • 5.3 General ageing criteria in European passerines based on moult
  • 5.3.1 Species with a complete post-juvenile moult in the first summer/autumn: Moult Type A
  • 5.3.2 Species with a partial post-juvenile/complete post-breeding moult in the breeding area: Moult Type B
  • 5.3.3 Species with a partial post-juvenile/complete post-breeding moult in the breeding area and a partial pre-breeding moult in winter/spring: Moult Type C
  • 5.3.4 Species with a complete moult in the non-breeding area: Moult Type D
  • Chapter 6 Species accounts
  • 6.1 Presentation of the data and how to use it
  • 6.1.1 Material
  • 6.1.2 Relevance of the data
  • 6.1.3 Presentation and analysis of the data
  • 6.2 Procedure of ageing
  • Species accounts
  • Lanius collurio Red-backed Shrike
  • Lanius senator Woodchat Shrike
  • Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike
  • Oriolus oriolus Eurasian Golden Oriole
  • Garrulus glandarius Eurasian Jay
  • Pica pica Eurasian Magpie
  • Nucifraga caryocatactes Spotted Nutcracker
  • Corvus corone Carrion Crow
  • Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing
  • Periparus ater Coal Tit
  • Cyanistes caeruleus Eurasian Blue Tit
  • Parus major Great Tit
  • Riparia riparia Sand Martin
  • Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow
  • Delichon urbicum Common House Martin
  • Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler
  • Phylloscopus collybita Common Chiffchaff
  • Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Sedge Warbler
  • Acrocephalus scirpaceus Eurasian Reed Warbler
  • Acrocephalus palustris Marsh Warbler
  • Hippolais icterina Icterine Warbler
  • Locustella naevia Common Grasshopper Warbler
  • Locustella fluviatilis River Warbler
  • Sylvia atricapilla Eurasian Blackcap
  • Sylvia borin Garden Warbler
  • Sylvia nisoria Barred Warbler
  • Sylvia curruca Lesser Whitethroat
  • Sylvia communis Common Whitethroat
  • Troglodytes troglodytes Eurasian Wren
  • Sitta europaea Eurasian Nuthatch
  • Sturnus vulgaris Common Starling
  • Turdus torquatus Ring Ouzel
  • Turdus merula Common Blackbird
  • Turdus pilaris Fieldfare
  • Turdus iliacus Redwing
  • Turdus philomelos Song Thrush
  • Turdus viscivorus Mistle Thrush
  • Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher
  • Erithacus rubecula European Robin
  • Luscinia svecica Bluethroat
  • Luscinia luscinia Thrush Nightingale
  • Luscinia megarhynchos Common Nightingale
  • Ficedula hypoleuca European Pied Flycatcher
  • Phoenicurus ochruros Black Redstart
  • Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart
  • Saxicola rubetra Whinchat
  • Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear
  • Cinclus cinclus White-throated Dipper
  • Passer domesticus House Sparrow
  • Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow
  • Prunella modularis Dunnock
  • Motacilla flava Western Yellow Wagtail
  • Motacilla cinerea Grey Wagtail
  • Motacilla alba alba White Wagtail
  • Anthus campestris Tawny Pipit
  • Anthus pratensis Meadow Pipit
  • Anthus trivialis Tree Pipit
  • Anthus spinoletta Water Pipit
  • Fringilla coelebs Common Chaffinch
  • Fringilla montifringilla Brambling
  • Coccothraustes coccothraustes Hawfinch
  • Pyrrhula pyrrhula Eurasian Bullfinch
  • Chloris chloris European Greenfinch
  • Linaria cannabina Common Linnet
  • Acanthis cabaret Lesser Redpoll
  • Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill
  • Carduelis carduelis European Goldfinch
  • Carduelis citrinella Citril Finch
  • Serinus serinus European Serin
  • Spinus spinus Eurasian Siskin
  • Emberiza citrinella Yellowhammer
  • Emberiza cia Rock Bunting
  • Emberiza hortulana Ortolan Bunting
  • Emberiza schoeniclus Common Reed Bunting
  • APPENDIX: The use of skull pneumatization for ageing
  • The process of skull pneumatization
  • Recognition of skull pneumatization
  • Skull pneumatization scores
  • Age determination using skull pneumatization
  • Explanations of the graphs
  • References
  • Scientific names with their English, German, French, Italian and Spanish translations
  • Quick reference key
  • eCopyright

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