This book explores the increasing political and social prominence of Islamist groups across the Middle East in recent years. The aftermath of the 2011 uprisings saw some groups access or even control political institutions through success at the ballot box, while there has also been a marked resurgence of armed Islamist groups that have had profound effects at both the national and regional level. This volume helps us to understand the nature and development of organised political Islam over recent decades in several key Arab and Mediterranean countries: Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, the Palestinian Territories, and Turkey. The book identifies the central social and political Islamist actors, traces their ideological differences and similarities, and analyses power relations both within and between these organizations in the context of political instability and uncertainty. It will be of interest to students and scholars across a broad range of disciplines including political science, sociology, and international relations.
Ferran Izquierdo Brichs is Professor in International Relations at Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain. His research is focused on the sociology of power and the Arab world. He has published numerous articles and books on these issues.
John Etherington is Research Fellow on Political Science at Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain. His research is mainly focused on themes such as territorial governance, nationalism and, more recently, Islamism in the Arab world. He has published numerous journal articles and book chapters on all of these themes.
Laura Feliu is Professor in International Relations at Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain. She has extensively worked and published on international human rights promotion and international relations of the MENA region.
Chapter 1. From Revolution to Moderation? The Long Road of Political Islam.- Chapter 2. Lebanon and the Islamist Victory in a Multi-Faith Environment.- Chapter 3. The Battles of Political Islam in Syria.- Chapter 4. Between Pragmatism and Ideological Zeal: The Path of Palestinian Political Islam.- Chapter 5. Islamist Forces in Contemporary Egypt: The End of Conventional Dualities.- Chapter 6. Political Islam in Libya: Vanguards Before and After the War.- Chapter 7. Political Islam in Tunisia: The Changing Landscape.- Chapter 8. Algerian Islamism: Elites, Power Resources and Power Relations.- Chapter 9. Political Islam in Morocco: Islamic Principles as a Resource for Political Power.- Chapter 10. Evolution of the Islamist Groups in Mauritania.- Chapter 11. Conclusions.