A Socio-Rhetorical Interpretation of the Letter to Philemon in Light of the New Institutional Economics

An Exhortation to Transform a Master-Slave Economic Relationship into a Brotherly Loving Relationship
 
 
Mohr Siebeck (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
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  • erschienen am 15. September 2017
  • |
  • 246 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-16-155583-1 (ISBN)
 
In this study, Alex Hon Ho Ip argues that when Paul wrote to Philemon about Onesimus, his main purpose was not to try and reunite, as is widely held, a runaway slave with his master, but rather to have Onesimus accepted as a beloved brother in Christ. By examining the letter's inner texture, the author shows that Paul's main concern was for Philemon and Onesimus to be reconciled in brotherly love. The inter-textual weave reveals Paul's theological and ethical thoughts on love, which is the basis for the apostle's main argument. By taking a new institutional economics approach to help reconstruct the economic relationship between slave and master, Alex Hon Ho Ip is able to offer a better understanding of the original relationship Paul argued against. With all this in mind, the focus is on re-reading the letter and hearing how Paul's rhetoric exhorts a new relationship between Onesimus and Philemon.
  • Englisch
  • Tübingen
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  • Deutschland
  • 3,26 MB
978-3-16-155583-1 (9783161555831)
316155583x (316155583x)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
1 - Cover [Seite 1]
2 - Preface [Seite 8]
3 - Table of Contents [Seite 10]
4 - List of Abbreviations [Seite 18]
5 - Chapter 1: Setting the Stage for Socio-Rhetorical Interpretation [Seite 20]
5.1 - 1.1 Introduction [Seite 20]
5.2 - 1.2 Thesis Statement [Seite 22]
5.3 - 1.3 The Value of this Research [Seite 23]
5.4 - 1.4 Interpretation History of the Letter to Philemon [Seite 23]
5.4.1 - 1.4.1 Development and Insufficiencies of the "Runaway Hypothesis" [Seite 24]
5.4.2 - 1.4.2 New Trend in Research [Seite 30]
5.4.3 - 1.4.3 Short Conclusion: Contribution and Insufficiency of Previous Research [Seite 36]
5.5 - 1.5 Methodology: The Application of Socio-Rhetorical Interpretation to the Letter to Philemon [Seite 38]
5.5.1 - 1.5.1 Framework of Socio-Rhetorical Interpretation [Seite 38]
5.5.2 - 1.5.2 Application of Socio-Rhetorical Interpretation in Interpreting the Letter to Philemon [Seite 42]
5.5.3 - 1.5.3 Limitation and Corresponding Response of the Socio-rhetorical Model [Seite 43]
5.5.3.1 - Definition [Seite 44]
5.5.3.2 - The Problem of Genre [Seite 44]
5.5.3.3 - Missing Theology [Seite 45]
5.5.3.4 - Justification of New Texture [Seite 45]
5.5.3.5 - Integral or Segregated? [Seite 45]
5.5.3.6 - Risk of Running into Indeterminate Ways of Interpretation [Seite 46]
5.6 - 1.6 Basics of the Letter to Philemon [Seite 46]
5.6.1 - 1.6.1 The Story behind the Letter [Seite 47]
5.6.2 - 1.6.2 Relationship with Other Letters of Paul [Seite 50]
5.6.3 - 1.6.3 Concerning the Period and Context of this Study [Seite 51]
5.6.4 - 1.6.4 Attitude toward Slavery: Metaphorical Use or Reality Addressed [Seite 52]
5.7 - 1.7 Conclusion [Seite 53]
6 - Chapter 2: Inner Texture: Relationship Transformation as the Main Focus of the Letter to Philemon [Seite 54]
6.1 - 2.1 Introduction [Seite 54]
6.2 - 2.2 Materialistic Layer: Word Analysis [Seite 55]
6.2.1 - 2.2.1 Main Focus: Relational Words [Seite 56]
6.2.2 - 2.2.2 Main Argument: Love-Related Words [Seite 57]
6.2.3 - 2.2.3 Theological Ground: Words with Theological Connotations [Seite 60]
6.2.3.1 - ???????? and ???????? [Seite 61]
6.2.3.2 - Faith [Seite 65]
6.2.3.3 - God-Related Words [Seite 66]
6.2.4 - 2.2.4 Commerce-Related Words [Seite 66]
6.3 - 2.3 Fabric Layer: Epistolary Analysis [Seite 67]
6.3.1 - 2.3.1 The Structure of the Letter [Seite 68]
6.3.2 - 2.3.2 Opening of the Letter to Philemon [Seite 68]
6.3.3 - 2.3.3 Recipient Formula [Seite 70]
6.3.4 - 2.3.4 Thanksgivings [Seite 71]
6.3.5 - 2.3.5 Short Conclusion [Seite 73]
6.4 - 2.4 Stylistic Layer: Rhetorical Analysis [Seite 73]
6.4.1 - 2.4.1 Formal Rhetorical Analysis: F. F. Church and M. M. Mitchell [Seite 75]
6.4.1.1 - Exordium (Verses 4-7) [Seite 77]
6.4.1.2 - Proof (Verses 8-16) [Seite 77]
6.4.1.3 - New Direction Suggested by Formal Rhetorical Analysis [Seite 79]
6.4.1.4 - Conformance to the Deliberative Argumentation Identified by Margaret M. Mitchell [Seite 80]
6.4.1.5 - Beyond the Formal Rhetoric [Seite 81]
6.5 - 2.5 Dialogue [Seite 83]
7 - Chapter 3: Intertexture: Theological and Ethical Thoughts of Paul [Seite 84]
7.1 - 3.1 Introduction [Seite 84]
7.2 - 3.2 Intertexture in the Socio-Rhetorical Interpretation of the Letter to Philemon: Theological and Ethical Thoughts of Paul [Seite 86]
7.3 - 3.3 The Structure of Pauline Ethical Thought (1): Integral View of Indicative and Imperative [Seite 90]
7.4 - 3.4 The Structure of Pauline Ethical Thought (2): The Three Motifs behind the Theology and Ethics of Paul [Seite 95]
7.4.1 - 3.4.1 Eschatological Motif [Seite 95]
7.4.2 - 3.4.2 Theological Motif [Seite 96]
7.4.3 - 3.4.3 Christological Motif [Seite 98]
7.5 - 3.5 The Content of Paul's Ethical Thought: Love as a Guiding Principle for the Believing Community [Seite 100]
7.5.1 - 3.5.1 Paul's Use of ????? [Seite 100]
7.6 - 3.6 The Structure of Love in Paul's Thought [Seite 102]
7.6.1 - 3.6.1 New Relationship with God: New Life in Love [Seite 102]
7.6.2 - 3.6.2 New Relationship with the World: New Creation with Freedom to Love [Seite 104]
7.6.3 - 3.6.3 New Relationship with New Community: New Bonding by Love [Seite 106]
7.6.3.1 - Romans 12-13: Eschatological Nature of Love for the Solidarity of a Congregation [Seite 107]
7.6.3.2 - 1 Corinthians 8-11:1: Love as Self-Control for Others: Foundation of Exercising One's Freedom [Seite 111]
7.6.3.3 - Galatians 5-6: Freedom with Working in Love [Seite 115]
7.6.3.4 - Short Summary [Seite 116]
7.7 - 3.7 Intertextual Reading: Reading the Letter to Philemon in Paul's Structure of Love [Seite 117]
7.7.1 - 3.7.1 Model of Intertextual Reading of the Letter to Philemon [Seite 117]
7.7.2 - 3.7.2 Basic Theological Thought: Reading the Letter to Philemon with Reference to the Integral View of Indicative and Imperative [Seite 118]
7.7.3 - 3.7.3 Reading the Letter to Philemon with the Three Motifs as Reference [Seite 120]
7.7.3.1 - Eschatological Motif [Seite 121]
7.7.3.2 - Theological Motif [Seite 122]
7.7.3.3 - Christological Motif [Seite 123]
7.7.4 - 3.7.4 Reading the Letter to Philemon in Paul's Ethical Structure of Love [Seite 124]
7.7.4.1 - New Relationship with God: New Life in Love in the Letter to Philemon [Seite 124]
7.7.4.2 - New Relationship with the World: New Creation with Freedom to Love in the Letter to Philemon [Seite 125]
7.7.4.3 - New Relationship with the New Community: New Bonding by Love in the Letter to Philemon [Seite 126]
7.8 - 3.8 Dialogue [Seite 128]
8 - Chapter 4: Economic Texture: Reading the Letter to Philemon in Light of the Economic Relationship Generated from the New Institutional Economics [Seite 130]
8.1 - 4.1 Introduction [Seite 130]
8.2 - 4.2 Methodology [Seite 132]
8.2.1 - 4.2.1 Economic Texture [Seite 132]
8.2.2 - 4.2.2 The Use of NIE as an Analysis Framework [Seite 135]
8.2.3 - 4.2.3 The Significance of Institutions in Understanding Economic Relationships [Seite 139]
8.2.4 - 4.2.4 Douglass North's Model [Seite 139]
8.3 - 4.3 Informal Institution: Exploitative in Nature [Seite 142]
8.3.1 - 4.3.1 Economic Interest as the Dominant Consideration in the Roman Economy [Seite 143]
8.3.1.1 - The Development of Economic Interest as the Dominant Value [Seite 144]
8.3.1.2 - Result of Wars on Attitude toward Economic Benefit [Seite 145]
8.3.2 - 4.3.2 Macroeconomic Environment: Growing Demand for Slaves [Seite 147]
8.3.2.1 - Magnitude of Development: Scale of the Roman Economy [Seite 148]
8.3.2.2 - Quality of Development: Growth in Trade [Seite 148]
8.3.2.3 - Income Inequality and the Nature of Exploitation [Seite 151]
8.3.3 - 4.3.3 Ideological Justification: Philosophy and Social Values [Seite 152]
8.3.3.1 - Philosophical Justification of Roman Slavery [Seite 153]
8.3.3.2 - Social Value: Nature of Consumer City [Seite 155]
8.3.4 - 4.3.4 Political System: How Rules Were Determined [Seite 157]
8.3.4.1 - Political Structure in the Late Roman Republic [Seite 157]
8.3.4.2 - Legal System [Seite 159]
8.3.5 - 4.3.5 Implications for the Economic Relationship: Exploitative in Nature [Seite 160]
8.4 - 4.4 Formal Institution: Objectifying Attitude toward Slaves [Seite 161]
8.4.1 - 4.4.1 Definition of Slaves: Objectifying Slaves [Seite 162]
8.4.2 - 4.4.2 Economic Motives for Objectifying Slaves [Seite 166]
8.4.3 - 4.4.3 Owning Slaves: Classified as Res Mancipi [Seite 166]
8.4.4 - 4.4.4 Acquisition and Transference of Slaves [Seite 169]
8.4.5 - 4.4.5 The Exclusive Right to Use Slaves [Seite 170]
8.4.6 - 4.4.6 Implication for Economic Relationship: Objectifying Slaves as Instruments [Seite 171]
8.5 - 4.5 Managing Slaves as Labor: Manipulating Slaves in Practice [Seite 172]
8.5.1 - 4.5.1 Economic Problems of Managing Slaves [Seite 173]
8.5.1.1 - General Situation [Seite 173]
8.5.1.2 - Specific Economic Reasons for Management Problems [Seite 175]
8.5.2 - 4.5.2 NIE Basic Concepts Underlying the Management Problem of Slaves [Seite 176]
8.5.2.1 - Bounded Rationality [Seite 176]
8.5.2.2 - Opportunism [Seite 177]
8.5.2.3 - Asset Specificity [Seite 178]
8.5.3 - 4.5.3 Diversity and the Mixed Nature of Slave Jobs [Seite 178]
8.5.3.1 - Farm Slaves: Extensiveness [Seite 179]
8.5.3.2 - Household Slaves: Penetrating Different Levels of Household Work [Seite 180]
8.5.3.3 - Slaves in Trade and Commerce: High Trust Required [Seite 185]
8.5.3.4 - Short Summary [Seite 187]
8.5.4 - 4.5.4 Contractual Arrangements: Manipulating Slaves in Light of the Management Problems [Seite 188]
8.5.4.1 - Basics Facts about Manumission [Seite 188]
8.5.4.2 - Modes of Manumission [Seite 188]
8.5.4.3 - Economic Analysis of Manumission in Light of the NIE Theory [Seite 190]
8.5.4.4 - Basics of peculium [Seite 192]
8.5.4.5 - Incompleteness of peculium [Seite 193]
8.5.4.6 - Artificial Asset Specificity [Seite 194]
8.5.4.7 - NIE Interpretation of Slave-Managing Problems [Seite 195]
8.6 - 4.6 Dialogue [Seite 195]
8.7 - 4.7 Conclusion [Seite 196]
9 - Chapter 5: Synthesis: Reading the Body of the Letter to Philemon with the Three Textures in Mind [Seite 198]
9.1 - 5.1 Introduction [Seite 198]
9.2 - 5.2 Redefining the Problem Addressed by Paul in the Letter to Philemon [Seite 199]
9.2.1 - 5.2.1 Redefining the Problem in Light of Paul's Eschatological Motif: To Choose the New Value to Practice in this World [Seite 200]
9.2.1.1 - Choosing New Value in Light of Existing Institution: 1 Cor 7:19-24 [Seite 201]
9.2.1.2 - Short Conclusion [Seite 205]
9.2.2 - 5.2.2 Redefining the Problem in Light of Paul's Theology: To Recognize and Accept the New Relationship [Seite 206]
9.2.2.1 - Conflict between the Economic Relationship and Loving Brotherhood Relationship [Seite 207]
9.2.2.2 - Exploitative Nature vs. Love as the Basis of a Relationship [Seite 207]
9.2.2.3 - View of Slaves as Objectified Instrument vs. Brotherhood as an Attitude in a Relationship [Seite 208]
9.2.2.4 - Manipulating vs. Freedom in Practice [Seite 208]
9.2.3 - 5.2.3 Redefining the Problem in Light of Paul's Christology: To Choose to Follow the Model of Paul and Christ in Practice [Seite 209]
9.2.3.1 - Imitation of Paul and Christ in the Letter to Philemon [Seite 210]
9.2.3.2 - Short Summary [Seite 210]
9.3 - 5.3 Reading the Body of the Letter in Light of Different Textures [Seite 211]
9.3.1 - 5.3.1 Analysis of the Body of the Letter to Philemon: Paul's Rhetorical Argument Calls for a New Relationship [Seite 212]
9.3.2 - 5.3.2 Verses 8-9: New Value of Love: To Challenge the Power of the Master [Seite 213]
9.3.3 - 5.3.3 Verse 10: New Life in Christ: To Challenge the Legal Justification of Slavery [Seite 215]
9.3.4 - 5.3.4 Verse 11: A Transformation of the Worldly Relationship: From Objectified Status to Personhood [Seite 217]
9.3.5 - 5.3.5 Verses 12-14: Respecting One's Freedom: Demonstrating Love in Action [Seite 219]
9.3.6 - 5.3.6 Verses 15-16: Ultimate Request: Loving Brotherhood Relationship [Seite 222]
9.3.6.1 - The Use of "Beloved Brother" in Verse 16 [Seite 227]
9.3.7 - 5.3.7 Verse 17: New Form of Working Relationship: ???????? - Partnership in Christ [Seite 229]
9.3.8 - 5.3.8 Verses 18-19: Clearing the Final Barrier: Forgo the Economic Benefit or Loss [Seite 232]
9.3.9 - 5.3.9 Verses 20-21: Concluding Remarks: New Relationships in the Lord and in Christ [Seite 235]
9.4 - 5.4 Conclusion [Seite 237]
10 - Chapter 6: Conclusion [Seite 238]
10.1 - 6.1 Introduction [Seite 238]
10.2 - 6.2 Summary of Arguments in Previous Chapters [Seite 239]
10.3 - 6.3 Contributions and Future Directions Inspired by this Thesis [Seite 240]
10.3.1 - 6.3.1 Methodological Breakthrough [Seite 240]
10.3.2 - 6.3.2 Further Ways to Incorporate Economic Analysis in Biblical Studies [Seite 241]
10.3.3 - 6.3.3 Reflection on Contemporary Capitalist Society [Seite 242]
10.3.3.1 - Working Relationship: Objectification [Seite 243]
10.3.3.2 - Incentive System: Another Form of Economic Compulsion [Seite 244]
10.4 - 6.4 Conclusion [Seite 246]
11 - Bibliography [Seite 248]
11.1 - Ancient Sources [Seite 248]
11.2 - Secondary Literature [Seite 248]
12 - Index of Ancient Sources [Seite 258]
12.1 - 1. Old Testament [Seite 258]
12.2 - 2. New Testament [Seite 258]
12.3 - 3. Greek and Roman Authors [Seite 260]
13 - Index of Modern Authors [Seite 262]
14 - Index of Names and Subjects [Seite 263]

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