This volume examines what the concept of ideology can add to our understanding of the European Union, and the way in which the process of European integration has inflected the ideological battles that define contemporary European politics, both nationally and transnationally.
Contemporary debates on the nature and value of the European Union often touch on the notion of ideology. The EU's critics routinely describe it as an ideologically-motivated project, associating it from the left with a form of 'neo-liberal capitalism' or from the right with 'liberal multiculturalism'. Its defenders often praise it in explicitly post- or anti-ideological terms, as a regulatory body focused on the production of output legitimacy, or as a bulwark against dangerous ideological revivals in the form of nationalism and populism. Yet the existing academic literature linking the study of the EU with that of ideologies is surprisingly thin. This volume brings together a number of original contributions by leading international scholars and takes an approach that is both historical and conceptual, probing the EU's ideological roots, while also laying the grounds for a reappraisal of its contemporary ideological make-up.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.
Carlo Invernizzi Accetti is Associate Professor of Political Science at the City University of New York - City College, USA and Associate Researcher at the Center for European Studies of the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, France. He is the author of What is Christian Democracy? Politics, Religion and Ideology (Cambridge UP, 2019) and Technopopulism. The New Logic of Democratic Politics (co-authored with Christopher Bickerton, Oxford UP, forthcoming).
Jonathan White is Professor of Politics at the London School of Economics, UK. His most recent book is Politics of Last Resort: Governing by Emergency in the European Union (Oxford University Press, 2019); previous titles include The Meaning of Partisanship (with Lea Ypi, Oxford University Press, 2016), and Political Allegiance after European Integration (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011).
1. Europeanizing ideologies
2. Kant's mantle: cosmopolitanism, federalism and constitutionalism as European ideologies
3. The European Union as a Christian democracy: a heuristic approach
Carlo Invernizzi Accetti
4. The social democratic case against the EU
5. European integration and the reconstitution of socioeconomic ideologies: Protestant ordoliberalism vs social Catholicism
6. Europe as ideological resource: the case of the Rassemblement National
7. "Everything is now in order" - Groupthink, ideology and practical-critical activity in the European financial crisis and beyond
8. Is the European Union imperialist?