Protectorate Cyprus

British Imperial Power before WWI
 
 
I.B. Tauris (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 17. Februar 2015
  • |
  • 384 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-85773-897-4 (ISBN)
 
A strategic outpost in the Eastern Mediterranean, Cyprus was vital to British imperial ambitions in the East as the Ottoman Empire grew increasingly fragile in the nineteenth century. Here, Gail Dallas Hook describes the British occupation of Cyprus from 1878 to 1914, during which British government, science, and capital investment were installed alongside a new British colonial community, building 'British Cyprus' long before the island became a formal part of the British Empire. By the outbreak of World War I and the subsequent formal acquisition of the island, Cyprus was already part of Joseph Chamberlain's 'undeveloped estate' of empire.

However, as Hook shows, the uniqueness of an island populated by multiple ethnicities and religious groups, especially Muslim and Greek Orthodox, was far from typical and created difficulties unforeseen by the imperialists. Those groups had long-entrenched investments in the island, and British occupation threatened the roles that had been traditionally held between the Ottoman minority rule and the Greek Orthodox majority. This book identifies those roles and why the complexities and divisions between those groups could never be fully resolved through British 'good government'.

Protectorate Cyprus examines British efforts to bring this 'good government' to Cyprus while developing the island's resources and people for its own purposes in ways similar to development in other parts of the British Empire. Yet the significance of Protectorate Cyprus is primarily as a unique representation of Britain's 'informal empire' before World War I that has been little studied. Thus Protectorate Cyprus is a crucial addition to the history of the Britsih Empire.
  • Englisch
  • Großbritannien
Bloomsbury Publishing PLC
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 8,95 MB
978-0-85773-897-4 (9780857738974)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
List of Figures
INTRODUCTION

THEME I: "a duty to protect and improve"
Chapter One: British informal influence in Ottoman Cyprus
Strategy and the "good government" argument
British consuls in Cyprus before 1878
Chapter Two: Britons and Cyprus in 1878
Cyprus in the British imagination
Photographers
Visions of wealth
Cyprus and the British Museum
Chapter Three: The beginnings of British Cyprus
Sir Garnet Wolseley, first High Commissioner of Cyprus
Wolseley's men
Chapter Four: The foundations of "good government"
Representative government and the court system
The reform of the Zaptiehs
Public works and the problem of the tribute
Imperial maps and land tenure
Chapter Five: Governing the plural society
Defining the plural society on Cyprus
The plural society after 1878
Politics in Turkish and Greek schools

THEME II: "A RICH REWARD TO CAPITALISTS AND LABOUR"
Chapter Six: Revenue for the Empire
Commerce and trade before 1878
The colonies as Imperial resource: Commerce and trade after 1878
The Cyprus wine trade
Chapter Seven: Sanitation, reforestation, and colonial science
Sanitation and the problem of disease
The problems of locusts and goats
Reforestation and the botanical experts
Chapter Eight: Cyprus as Imperial Estate
Cyprus development and Colonial Office cooperation
Walter Sendall and Cyprus development

THEME III: THE MANTLE OF BRITISHNESS
Chapter Nine: Britishness in Cyprus
Britishness in Ottoman Cyprus
British women in Cyprus
Religion, missions, and social progress

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