Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare

 
 
Wiley-Blackwell (Verlag)
  • 4. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 1. August 2016
  • |
  • 376 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-118-87447-9 (ISBN)
 
Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare is an invaluable resource for those who carry out qualitative research in the healthcare arena. It is intended to assist:
* Professionals and academics in the healthcare field who undertake or teach research in clinical or educational settings;
* Postgraduates who are undertaking qualitative research and want to revise qualitative research approaches and procedures before going on to more specialist texts; and
* Undergraduates in their last year who wish to learn about qualitative perspectives or carry out a project using these approaches.
Fully updated from the earlier editions by Holloway and Wheeler, it reflects recent developments in nursing research. This new edition provides clear explanations of abstract ideas in qualitative research as well as practical procedures. Structured into four sections, the book looks at the initial stages, methods of data collection, qualitative approaches and analysis of collected data. It also contains a chapter on writing up and publishing qualitative research.
With applied and practical examples throughout, Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare is essential reading for those who are looking for a comprehensive introduction to qualitative research.
4. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Hoboken
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 10,60 MB
978-1-118-87447-9 (9781118874479)
1118874471 (1118874471)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • About the Authors
  • Acknowledgements
  • Part One: Introduction to Qualitative Research: Starting Out
  • Chapter 1: The Main Features and Uses of Qualitative Research
  • What is qualitative research?
  • The characteristics of qualitative research
  • The primacy of data
  • Contextualisation
  • Immersion in the setting
  • The `emic´ perspective
  • Thick description
  • The research relationship
  • Insider/outsider research
  • Reflexivity
  • The place of theory in qualitative research
  • The use of qualitative research in healthcare
  • Choosing an approach for health research
  • Problematic issues in qualitative research
  • Lack of methodological knowledge
  • Drowning in data and the need for time
  • Methodolatry
  • Romanticism and `emotionalism´
  • Method slurring
  • Conclusion
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 2: The Paradigm Debate: The Place of Qualitative Research
  • Theoretical frameworks and ontological position
  • The natural science model: positivism, objectivism and value neutrality
  • The paradigm debate
  • The interpretive/descriptive approach
  • Focus on postmodernism and social constructionism
  • Conflicting or complementary perspectives?
  • Final comment
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 3: Initial Steps in the Research Process
  • Selecting and formulating the research question
  • The question must be researchable
  • The topic should be relevant and appropriate
  • The work must be feasible
  • The research should be of interest to the researcher
  • Practical issues
  • The research design and choice of approach
  • The literature review
  • The use of literature in qualitative research
  • Practicalities
  • Writing a research proposal
  • Structure of a proposal
  • Access and entry to the setting
  • The choice of setting
  • Access to gatekeepers
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 4: Ethical Issues
  • The basic ethical framework for research
  • Ethics in qualitative research
  • Introduction
  • Ethics in research with patients
  • Informed consent and voluntary participation
  • Anonymity and confidentiality
  • Researching one's peers
  • The research relationship
  • The dual role
  • Research in the researcher's workplace
  • The role of research ethics committees
  • Reviewing the research project
  • Key ethical questions: audiotaped interviews
  • Key ethical questions: observation studies
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 5: Supervision of Qualitative Research
  • The responsibilities of supervisor and student
  • Writing and relationships
  • Practical aspects of supervision
  • Single or joint supervision
  • Problems with supervision
  • Academic problems
  • Final notes
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Part Two: Data Collection and Sampling
  • Chapter 6: Interviewing
  • Interviews as sources of data
  • The interview process
  • Preparing for the interview
  • Types of interview
  • The unstructured, non-standardised interview
  • The semi-structured interview
  • The structured or standardised interview
  • Types of questions in qualitative interviews
  • Practical considerations
  • Probing, prompting and summarising
  • The social context of the interview
  • Unexpected outcomes: qualitative interviewing and therapy
  • Length and timing of interviews
  • Recording interview data
  • Digital recording
  • Note taking
  • The interviewer-participant relationship
  • Peer interviews
  • Problematic issues and challenges in interviewing
  • Interviewing through electronic media
  • Online research and e-mail interviews
  • Telephone interviews
  • Ethical issues in interviewing
  • Strengths and weaknesses of interviewing
  • Advantages and limitations
  • The interviewer effect and reactivity
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 7: Participant Observation and Documents as Sources of Data
  • Participant observation
  • The origins of participant observation
  • Immersion in culture and setting
  • Focus and setting
  • Types of observation
  • Specific ethical issues in observation
  • Progression and process
  • Process
  • Problems in observation
  • Technical procedures and practical hints
  • Documentary sources of data
  • Images as sources of data
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 8: Focus Groups as Qualitative Research
  • What is a focus group?
  • The origin and purpose of focus groups
  • Sample size and composition
  • Conducting focus group interviews
  • The involvement of the interviewer
  • Analysing and reporting focus group data
  • Advantages and limitations of focus groups
  • Critical comments on focus group interviews in healthcare
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 9: Sampling Strategies
  • Sampling decisions
  • Purposeful (or purposive) sampling
  • A variety of sampling types
  • Homogeneous sampling
  • Heterogeneous sampling
  • Total population sampling
  • Chain referral or snowball sampling
  • Convenience or opportunistic sampling
  • Maximum variation sampling
  • Theoretical sampling
  • Other types of sample selection
  • Inclusion and exclusion criteria
  • Sampling parameters
  • Sample size
  • Saturation
  • Giving a label to the participants
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Part Three: Approaches in Qualitative Research
  • Chapter 10: Ethnography
  • The development of ethnography
  • The cultural context
  • Ethnographic methods
  • Ethnography in healthcare
  • The main features of ethnography
  • Data collection through observation and interviews
  • The use of `thick description´
  • Selection of key informants and settings
  • The emic-etic dimension
  • Fieldwork
  • The ethnographic record: field and analytic notes
  • Micro- and macro-ethnographies
  • Doing and writing ethnography
  • Description
  • Analysis
  • Steps in the analysis
  • Interpretation
  • Pitfalls and problems
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 11: Grounded Theory
  • History and origin
  • Symbolic interactionism
  • The main features of grounded theory
  • Data collection, theoretical sampling and analysis
  • Data collection
  • Theoretical sensitivity
  • Theoretical sampling
  • Data analysis: coding and categorising
  • The core category
  • Constant comparison
  • Using the literature
  • Integration of theory
  • Theoretical memos and fieldnotes
  • Pitfalls and problems
  • Glaser's critique and further development
  • Constructivist grounded theory
  • Which approach for the health researcher?
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 12: Narrative Inquiry
  • The nature of narrative and story
  • Narrative research
  • Narratives in health research
  • The everyday story
  • Autobiographical and biographical stories
  • Cultural stories
  • Collective stories
  • Illness narratives
  • The restitution narrative
  • The chaos narrative
  • The quest narrative
  • Narrative interviewing
  • Narrative analysis
  • Thematic and holistic analysis
  • Structural analysis
  • Dialogic/performance analysis
  • Visual analysis
  • Problematic issues
  • Conclusion
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 13: Phenomenology
  • Intentionality and the early stages of phenomenology
  • Phases and history of the movement
  • Schools of phenomenology
  • The phenomenological research process: doing phenomenology
  • Grounding
  • Reflexivity and positional knowledge
  • Humanisation and the language of experience
  • Phenomenology and health research
  • Topics for phenomenological approaches
  • Choice of approach: descriptive or interpretive phenomenology
  • Procedures for data collection and analysis
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 14: Action Research
  • The origins of action research
  • Critical social theory
  • Action research in healthcare
  • The main features of action research
  • The methodological continuum
  • Practical steps
  • Trustworthiness in AR
  • Problems and critique
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 15: Additional Approaches
  • Case Study Research (CSR)
  • Overview
  • Features and purpose of case study research
  • Conversation analysis
  • The origins of conversation analysis
  • The use of conversation analysis
  • Critical incident technique
  • The process of critical incident technique
  • Discourse analysis
  • Critical discourse analysis (CDA)
  • Performative social science
  • PSS in health research
  • Summary
  • References
  • Case Studies
  • Conversation Analysis
  • Further Reading
  • Critical Incident Technique
  • Further Reading
  • Discourse Analysis
  • Further Reading
  • Performative Social Science
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 16: Mixing Methods
  • The nature of mixed methods studies
  • Mixed methods and pragmatism
  • Doing mixed methods research
  • Types of mixed methods research
  • The process of MMR
  • The place and purpose of the literature
  • Triangulation
  • Critique of MMR
  • Conclusion
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Part Four: Data Analysis and Completion
  • Chapter 17: Data Analysis: Procedures, Practices and Use of Computers
  • Ordering and organising the data
  • Analytical styles
  • Coding and categorising
  • Problems of QDA
  • Inferential leaps and `premature closure´
  • Collaboration in the process of analysis and interpretation
  • Computer-aided analysis of qualitative data
  • The reasons for computer use
  • Approaches to qualitative computer analysis
  • The practicalities of using computer-aided analysis
  • Advantages of computer use
  • Problems and critique of computer analysis
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 18: Establishing Quality: Trustworthiness and Validity
  • Quality
  • Conventional criteria
  • The concept of validity in qualitative research
  • An alternative perspective: trustworthiness
  • Dependability
  • Credibility
  • Transferability
  • Confirmability
  • Authenticity
  • Strategies to ensure trustworthiness
  • Member checking
  • Searching for negative cases and alternative explanations
  • Peer review
  • Triangulation
  • The audit or decision trail
  • Thick description
  • Prolonged engagement
  • Reflexivity
  • Quality and creativity
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 19: Writing up Qualitative Research
  • The research account
  • Use of the first person
  • The format of the report
  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgement and dedication
  • Contents
  • Introduction
  • Entry issues and ethical considerations
  • Methodology and research design
  • Findings/results and discussion
  • Conclusion and implications
  • Referencing
  • Appendices
  • Critical assessment and evaluation
  • Guide to research evaluation
  • Publishing and presenting the research
  • Books
  • Articles
  • Types of article
  • Alternative forms of presenting or disseminating the research
  • Summary
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Final Note
  • References
  • Glossary
  • Index
  • End User License Agreement

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