Political Justice

Foundations for a Critical Philosophy of Law and the State
 
 
Polity (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 7. Oktober 2015
  • |
  • 368 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-7456-9477-1 (ISBN)
 
Otfried Höffe is one of the foremost political philosophers inEurope today. In this major work, already a classic in continentalEurope, he re-examines philosophical discourse on justice - fromClassical Greece to the present day.
Höffe confronts what he sees as the two major challenges toany theory of justice: the legal, positivist claim that there areno standards of justice external to legal systems; and theanarchist claim that justice demands the rejection and abolition ofall legal and state systems.
Höffe sets out to continue the 'philosophical project ofmodernity', the legitimation of human rights, and their guaranteeby the state, while at the same time rehabilitating the classicaltheory of political justice represented by Plato and Aristotle. Hequestions the success of the positivists in avoiding extra-legalnormative claims, and casts doubt on the plausibility of theircriticism of the Natural Law tradition. Most anarchists, he argues,rely on an uncritical assumption that social institutions otherthan states and legal orders do not coerce.
In Höffe's view, some coercion is unavoidable, and thegrounds for its justification must be examined. Principles ofjustice will be those principles which define fundamental rights,and which must be enforced if rights are to be respected.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons
  • 0,47 MB
978-0-7456-9477-1 (9780745694771)
0745694772 (0745694772)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Intro
  • Contents
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Introduction
  • 1 A Reassessment of the Discussion of Justice
  • JUSTITIA NOT LEVIATHAN
  • JUSTITIA NOT LEVIATHAN
  • THE POLITICAL PROJECT OF MODERNITY
  • A POLITICAL FIRST PHILOSOPHY
  • PART I: The Standpoint of Political Justice: The Critique of Political and Legal Positivism
  • 2 The Idea of Political Justice
  • THE PRINCIPLE OF IMPARTIALITY
  • FROM EMPIRICAL TO NORMATIVE ETHICS (RAWLS)
  • ELEMENTS OF A DESCRIPTIVE SEMANTICS
  • 3 The Perspective of Justice
  • THE TASK OF LEGITIMATION: COERCIVE POWERS
  • JUSTICE AS DISTRIBUTIVE ADVANTAGE
  • CRITERIA OF POLITICAL JUSTICE
  • 4 Political Justice or Natural Law?
  • A PHILOSOPHICAL RESTORATION?
  • THE IDEA OF CRITICAL NATURAL LAW
  • THE PRIORITY OF POLITICAL JUSTICE
  • 5 The Myth of Legal Positivism?
  • ON THE DEFINITION OF AN AUTONOMOUS SCIENCE OF LAW
  • LEGAL POSITIVISM AS LEGAL EMPIRICISM (KELSEN 1)
  • LEGAL POSITIVISM VS LEGAL MORALISM: AN ANTINOMY
  • 6 Critique of Positivist Concepts of Law
  • THE FRAMEWORK OF THE DISCUSSION (HOBBES 1)
  • POSITIVIST CONCEPTS OF LAW
  • LEGITIMATION BY PROCEDURE? (LUHMANN)
  • PART II: Freedom from Herrschaft or Just Herrschaft? The Critique of Anarchism
  • 7 The Utopia of Freedom from Herrschaft
  • A PARADIGM-SHIFT FOR POLITICAL UTOPIA?
  • FROM CHAOS TO EMANCIPATION: THE SHIFTING MEANING OF ANARCHY
  • NEUTRAL CONCEPTS
  • 8 Greed and the Birth of Herrschaft (Plato)
  • THE PARADIGMATIC ROLE OF PLATO AND ARISTOTLE
  • PLATO'S ORIGINAL ANARCHY
  • PEACE THROUGH SATISFACTION?
  • 9 The Political Nature of Mankind (Aristotle)
  • THE NATURAL INTEREST IN SELF-PRESERVATION AND HAPPINESS
  • FROM THE HOUSEHOLD TO THE POLIS: THE DIFFERENTIATION ARGUMENT
  • LEGITIMATION AND LIMITATION OF POLITICAL HERRSCHAFT
  • 10 Elementary Conflicts: A Thought Experiment
  • THE STATE-OF-NATURE EXPERIMENT
  • HAPPINESS VS FREEDOM: THE SECOND BASIC QUESTION OF A POLITICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
  • THE PRIORITY OF FREEDOM
  • UNAVOIDABLE CONFLICTS OF FREEDOM
  • 11 Freedom in Social Institutions
  • FREEDOM OF ACTION AND THE THREAT OF VIOLENCE: ANTHROPOLOGICAL FINDINGS
  • SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS
  • THE LEGITIMATIVE ROLE OF THE THEORY OF INSTITUTIONS
  • PART III: Political Justice as the Principle of a Free Society
  • 12 Natural Justice
  • MUTUAL RENUNCIATIONS OF FREEDOM
  • BENEFITS: FREEDOM OR HAPPINESS?
  • NATURAL JUSTICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS
  • 13 Practical Deficiencies of Natural Justice
  • CONFLICTS OF INTERPRETATION
  • THE DILEMMA OF RECOGNITION
  • 14 The Just State
  • EVEN A NATION OF DEVILS NEEDS THE STATE
  • FAREWELL TO THE LEVIATHAN
  • THE SOCIAL CONTRACT METAPHOR
  • 15 Strategies of Political Justice
  • THE TASKS OF POSITIVIZATION
  • PROCEDURES OF ADJUDICATION
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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