Statistical and Thermal Physics

An Introduction
 
 
CRC Press
  • 2. Auflage
  • |
  • erscheint ca. am 21. Mai 2021
  • |
  • 348 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB ohne DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-000-38916-6 (ISBN)
 

Thermal and statistical physics has established the principles and procedures needed to understand and explain the properties of systems consisting of macroscopically large numbers of particles. By developing microscopic statistical physics and macroscopic classical thermodynamic descriptions in tandem, Statistical and Thermal Physics: An Introduction provides insight into basic concepts and relationships at an advanced undergraduate level. This second edition is updated throughout, providing a highly detailed, profoundly thorough, and comprehensive introduction to the subject and features exercises within the text as well as end-of-chapter problems.

Part I of this book consists of nine chapters, the first three of which deal with the basics of equilibrium thermodynamics, including the fundamental relation. The following three chapters introduce microstates and lead to the Boltzmann definition of the entropy using the microcanonical ensemble approach. In developing the subject, the ideal gas and the ideal spin system are introduced as models for discussion. The laws of thermodynamics are compactly stated. The final three chapters in Part I introduce the thermodynamic potentials and the Maxwell relations. Applications of thermodynamics to gases, condensed matter, and phase transitions and critical phenomena are dealt with in detail.

Initial chapters in Part II present the elements of probability theory and establish the thermodynamic equivalence of the three statistical ensembles that are used in determining probabilities. The canonical and the grand canonical distributions are obtained and discussed. Chapters 12-15 are concerned with quantum distributions. By making use of the grand canonical distribution, the Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein quantum distribution functions are derived and then used to explain the properties of ideal Fermi and Bose gases. The Planck distribution is introduced and applied to photons in radiation and to phonons on solids. The last five chapters cover a variety of topics: the ideal gas revisited, nonideal systems, the density matrix, reactions, and irreversible thermodynamics. A flowchart is provided to assist instructors on planning a course.

Key Features:

    • Fully updated throughout, with new content on exciting topics, including black hole thermodynamics, Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chains, entropy and information theory, renewable and nonrenewable energy sources, and the mean field theory of antiferromagnetic systems

    • Additional problem exercises with solutions provide further learning opportunities

    • Suitable for advanced undergraduate students in physics or applied physics.

    Michael J.R. Hoch spent many years as a visiting scientist at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory at Florida State University, USA. Prior to this, he was a professor of physics and the director of the Condensed Matter Physics Research Unit at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, where he is currently professor emeritus in the School of Physics.

    2. Auflage
    • Englisch
    • London
    • |
    • Großbritannien
    Taylor & Francis Ltd
    • Für höhere Schule und Studium
    • Neue Ausgabe
    143 schwarz-weiße Zeichnungen, 4 schwarz-weiße Tabellen
    • 7,74 MB
    978-1-000-38916-6 (9781000389166)
    weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt

    Michael J.R. Hoch spent many years as a visiting scientist at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory at Florida State University, USA. Prior to this he was professor of physics and director of the Condensed Matter Physics Research Unit at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg where he is currently professor emeritus in the School of Physics.

    PART I Classical Thermal Physics:

    The Microcanonical Ensemble

    Section IA Introduction to Classical Thermal

    Physics Concepts: The First and

    Second Laws of Thermodynamics

    Chapter 1 Introduction: Basic Concepts

    Chapter 2 Energy: The First Law

    Chapter 3 Entropy: The Second Law

    Section IB Microstates and the Statistical

    Interpretation of Entropy

    Chapter 4 Microstates for Large Systems

    Chapter 5 Entropy and Temperature: Microscopic Statistical Interpretation

    Chapter 6 Zero Kelvin and the Third Law

    Section IC Applications of Thermodynamics to

    Gases and Condensed Matter, Phase

    Transitions, and Critical Phenomena

    Chapter 7 Application of Thermodynamics to Gases: The Maxwell Relations

    Chapter 8 Applications of Thermodynamics to Condensed Matter

    Chapter 9 Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

    PART II Quantum Statistical Physics and

    Thermal Physics Applications

    Section IIA The Canonical and Grand Canonical

    Ensembles and Distributions

    Chapter 10 Ensembles and the Canonical Distribution

    Chapter 11 The Grand Canonical Distribution

    Section IIB Quantum Distribution Functions,

    Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein

    Statistics, Photons, and Phonons

    Chapter 12 The Quantum Distribution Functions

    Chapter 13 Ideal Fermi Gas

    Chapter 14 Ideal Bose Gas

    Chapter 15 Photons and Phonons: The "Planck Gas"

    Section IIC The Classical Ideal Gas, Maxwell-

    Boltzmann Statistics, Nonideal Systems

    Chapter 16 The Classical Ideal Gas

    Chapter 17 Nonideal Systems

    Section IID The Density Matrix, Reactions and

    Related Processes, and Introduction

    to Irreversible Thermodynamics

    Chapter 18 The Density Matrix

    Chapter 19 Reactions and Related Processes

    Chapter 20 Introduction to Irreversible Thermodynamics

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