Melanin, the Master Molecule

 
 
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  • erschienen am 4. Juni 2018
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  • 320 Seiten
 
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978-1-68108-653-8 (ISBN)
 

Melanin is a biological molecule associated with pigmentation in humans and animals. However, melanin has been observed to have other functions such as neuroprotection and energy production. In Melanin, the Master Molecule, researchers summarize several d

  • Englisch
  • Sharjah
  • |
  • Vereinigte Arabische Emirate
  • 19,12 MB
978-1-68108-653-8 (9781681086538)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Intro
  • CONTENTS
  • Untitled
  • PREFACE
  • DEDICATION
  • INTRODUCTION
  • PRESENTATION
  • Melanin Functions in the Eye
  • The Omnipresence of Melanin in All Biological Realms (Figs. 9-93)
  • Melanin, the First Self-replicating Molecule
  • Melanin, the Molecule Base of Biological and Planetary Systems
  • CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
  • Intrinsic Chemistry of Melanin: Potential Approaches for Translational Medicine
  • Arturo Solís-Herrera1,* and Sergey Suchkov2
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Thermodynamics
  • Laws of Thermodynamics
  • The Evolutionary Cell Biology in Terms of Energy Conservation
  • The Cell, the Forces of Gravity and other Physical Forces
  • The Cell, an Apparently Chaotic System
  • The Cell from the Point of View of the Entropy
  • Melanin, the Fundamental Molecule of Life and Evolution
  • Photo-protective Role of Melanin
  • Melanin and Other Pigments in Biology
  • Melanin Functions Described in the Literature (Table 1)
  • Melanin as an Energy Source
  • The Chemistry of Melanin
  • The Physical Properties of Melanin
  • Optical Properties
  • Indirect Evidence of the Unsuspected Property of Melanin
  • Kleiber Law (E = M3/4)
  • Why Big Animals Use Energy More Efficiently Than Little Ones?
  • Melanin Functions in the Eye
  • How the Results Have Been Achieved
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosynthesis in Plants
  • Photosynthesis in Humans
  • ATP is Not the Perfect Currency for Energy Cell
  • Energy Cost of Protein Synthesis
  • Human Photosynthesis and Its Potential Implementation in PPPM
  • Some Examples of Potential Applications of the Human Photosynthesis Enhancement
  • Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD): Alzheimer´s Disease in the Eye [72]?
  • Neurotransmitters Role
  • CONCLUSION
  • Challenges of Current Healthcare Systems
  • Outlook
  • HUMAN AND ANIMAL RIGHTS
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • The Cell Bioenergetics Pathways Beyond Glucose and Mitochondria and the Intrinsic Chemistry of Melanin
  • Arturo Solís Herrera*, María del Carmen Arias Esparza, Ruth I. Solís Arias, Paola E. Solís Arias and Martha P. Solís Arias
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Background
  • Glycome
  • The Central Paradigm and Melanin
  • Clinical Contradictory Data
  • Melanin as Unsuspected Source of Chemical Energy
  • Energy Definition
  • Glucose: The Universal Building Block
  • The Regularity in Living Things
  • Glucose and Energy
  • Kidney Cortex and Chemical Energy
  • Adenosine, the Backbone of ATP
  • CONCLUSION
  • HUMAN AND ANIMAL RIGHTS
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Water of the Cephalous Spinal Fluid- The Main Source of Energy of the Central Nervous System
  • Arturo Solís-Herrera*, Graciela Landín-Miranda, Ruth I. Solís-Arias, Paola E. Solís-Arias, Martha P. Solís-Arias and María del Carmen Arias Esparza
  • BACKGROUND
  • Glucose: A Source of Energy?
  • Mitochondria
  • Cephalous Spinal Fluid (CSF) and the Physiology of the Choroid Plexuses (CP)
  • Human Photosynthesis or the Unexpected Capacity of Melanin to Split the Water Molecule
  • The Energy Supply to the Nucleus of Eukaryotic Cell Without Mitochondria or ATP
  • Melanin and the Central Nervous System
  • CONCLUSION
  • HUMAN AND ANIMAL RIGHTS
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • The Unsuspected Intrinsic Property of Respiratory Pigments to Dissociate, Irreversible, the Water Molecule
  • Arturo Solís Herrera*
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Oxygen Transportation
  • The Exchange Membranes
  • Hemoglobin
  • Hemocyanin
  • Chlorocruorins
  • Hemerythrin
  • Oxygen and Respiratory Pigments
  • Venous Oxygen Tension
  • Oxygen Tension and Exercise
  • Hemocyanin and the Transport of Oxygen in Marine Animals
  • CONCLUSION
  • HUMAN AND ANIMAL RIGHTS
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • The Source of Energy of the Nucleus in Eukaryotic Cell is Molecular Hydrogen and High Energy Electrons
  • Arturo Solís Herrera, Arias Esparza, María del Carmen*, Solís Arias Ruth I., Solís Arias Paola E. and Solís Arias Martha P.
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Light/Melanin/Water, the Human Photo-system
  • CONCLUSION
  • HUMAN AND ANIMAL RIGHTS
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Mental Illness, Alterations in Ventricle Size, and Human Photosynthesis®
  • Arturo Solís Herrera, María del Carmen Arias Esparza, Ruth Isabel Solís Arias, Paola Eugenia Solís Arias and Martha Patricia Solís Arias
  • BACKGROUND
  • CONCLUSION
  • HUMAN AND ANIMAL RIGHTS
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Age-related Macular Degeneration, the Alzheimer´s Disease of the Eye and the Intrinsic Property of Melanin to Transform Light Power into Chemical Energy
  • Arturo Solís Herrera*, Ruth I. Solís-Arias, Paola E. Solís-Arias and Martha P. Solís-Arias
  • BACKGROUND
  • The Photosynthesis in Humans or Melanin´s Molecule Intrinsic Property to Splits and Reform the Water Molecule
  • Material and Methods
  • Therapeutic Results in Age-related Macular Degeneration (Fig. 7 - 25)
  • Monoclonal Antibodies Anti-VEGF in the Treatment of ARMD
  • Examples of Clinical Cases Fig. (26 - 31)
  • Vitamins, Supplements and Anti-oxidants in the Treatment of ARMD
  • CONCLUSION
  • HUMAN AND ANIMAL RIGHTS
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Energy Production, the Key Role of the Melanin Molecule in the Human Body: Implications in the Context of Aging
  • The Unexpected Role of Melanin as Bio-energeticMolecule and Prof. Szent-gyorgyi´s EnergyConcepts: Hydrogen as Main Source of Energy ofMuscle Cell
  • Subject Index

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