Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

 
 
Churchill Livingstone (Verlag)
  • 2. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 25. April 2012
  • |
  • 336 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
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978-0-7020-5231-6 (ISBN)
 

'A new classic' in a new edition!

    • Fully revised and updated throughout

    • New sections on antimicrobials

    From journal reviews of the previous edition:

    'Drawing on their wealth of experience and knowledge in this field, the authors, who are without doubt among the finest minds in pharmacognosy today, provide useful and fascinating insights into the history, botany, chemistry, phytotherapy and importance of medicinal plants in some of today's health care systems. This is a landmark textbook, which carefully brings together relevant data from numerous sources and provides in an authoritative and exhaustive manner, cutting edge information that is relevant to pharmacists, pharmacognocists, complementary practitioners, doctors and nurses alike.' The Pharmaceutical Journal

    'This is the first book that I have encountered which combines the compounds and plants found in standard pharmacognosy textbooks, i.e. those used in orthodox Western medicine, with the 'new phytopharmaceuticals' which have become established in Western culture over the last 20 years. The medical establishment in this environment is finally catching up with the practices of the general population and so this book is an excellent choice for those who wish to investigate which of the many plants available have some scientific credence. I shall be adding this book to the Essential Reading list for all of the undergraduate students on our pharmacy degree course and would encourage all those involved in teaching pharmacy students to do the same.' P.J. Houghton, Department of Pharmacy, King's College London, Journal of Ethnopharmacology

    'Educated pharmacists no doubt equate Pharmacognosy with hours spent hunched over a microscope identifying vegetable drugs. Many probably consider it as a subject with little importance in a modern pharmacy curriculum. How wrong they are! ... This book is designed to give an overview at an easy-to-understand level of a broad subject area... For students of science and of the healthcare professions it is a useful text and the authors are to be commended for their work.' Irish Pharmacy Journal

    From customer reviews:

    'A new classic. This is an excellent publication both for science students and the non scientific who have an interest in phytotherapy. The layout is logical and clearly set out. I love the chemical structural diagrams, and the explanations of even complex sequences are easy to understand with very little jargon. It is encouraging to see pharmacognosy being given a prominent place in a modern textbook, and interesting to see both hand drawings and chemical structures on the same page!'

    'I can recommend this to anyone who is interested in the science behind herbal products and medicines; especially if you are interested in plants. It's quite simple to follow and very concise! Good for pharmacy students.'

    'This is an ultimate textbook in this subject and a boon for students of M Pharmacy (Pharmacognosy) as well as undergraduates students of Pharmacy. Besides them, it is really suitable for every course comprising a study of plants and their medicinal use.'

    'Excellent reference book. As an editor, I instantly found the answers to various questions I had regarding botanical descriptions. And it even answered questions that I hadn't gotten around to asking. Highly recommended!'

    • Englisch
    • London
    • |
    • Großbritannien
    Elsevier Health Sciences
    • 12,30 MB
    978-0-7020-5231-6 (9780702052316)
    0702052310 (0702052310)
    weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
    • Front Cover
    • Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
    • Copyright
    • Contents
    • Foreword
    • Preface
    • Part A: Fundamentals of pharmacognosy
    • Section 1: Phytotherapyand pharmacognosy
    • Chapter 1: Importance of Plants in Modern Pharmacy and Medicine
    • Aims and Definitions
    • Types of Drugs Derived From Plants
    • Herbal Drugs Derived From Specific Parts of a Medicinal Plant
    • Natural Products Or Compounds Isolated From Nature
    • Nutraceuticals Or 'functional Foods'
    • Use of Herbal Medicines
    • Some Fundamental Aspects of the Regulation of Herbal Medicines
    • United Kingdom
    • Licensed Herbal Medicines
    • Traditional Herbal Medical Products
    • Unlicensed Herbal Medicines
    • Australia
    • Canada
    • India
    • United States of America (Usa)
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • Chapter 2: Pharmacognosy and Its History
    • Sources of Information
    • Early Arabic and European Records
    • Classical Arabic, Greek and Roman records
    • Classical Chinese Records
    • Other Asian Traditional Medicine
    • Ayurveda
    • Jamu
    • Kampo
    • The European Middle Ages and Arabia
    • Printed Reports in the European Tradition (16th Century)
    • Medical Herbalism
    • European Pharmacognosy and Natural Product Chemistry in the 18th and 19th Centuries
    • The 20th Century
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • Section 2: Basic plant biology
    • Chapter 3: General Principles of Botany: morphologyand systematics
    • Plants and Drugs
    • Taxonomy
    • The Importance of Taxonomy
    • Morphology and Anatomy of Higher Plants (spermatophyta)
    • Flower
    • Inflorescences
    • Drugs
    • Fruit and Seed
    • Drugs
    • Leaves
    • Drugs
    • Shoots (=stem, Leaves and Reproductive Organs)
    • Drugs: Stem
    • Drugs: Bark
    • Drugs: Aerial Parts (=stem, Leaves Plus Flowers/fruit)
    • Root
    • Rootstock and Specialized Underground Organs
    • Rhizome and Root (radix) Drugs
    • Diverse and Unspecified Botanical Drugs
    • Reference
    • Chapter 4: Families Yielding Important Phytopharmaceuticals
    • Angiosperms (magnoliphyta)
    • Alliaceae (`Monocotyledoneae´)
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Apiaceae (also Called Umbelliferae)
    • Important Medicinal Plants in the Family (see p. 215-216, Chapter 14)
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Araliaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Asphodelaceae ('Monocotyledoneae´)
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Asteraceae - the 'daisy' Family (also Known as Compositae)
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family (Fig.4.3)
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Caesalpiniaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics Of the family (Fig.4.5)
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Fabaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Hypericaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Lamiaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family (Fig.4.9)
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Palmaceae (Arecaceae, Palmae, `Monocotyledoneae´)
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Papaveraceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family (Fig.4.11)
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Piperaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family (Fig.4.13)
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Poaceae (`Monocotyledoneae´)
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Rhamnaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Rubiaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Rutaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Solanaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family (Fig.4.15)
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Zingiberaceae (`Monocotyledoneae´)
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Gymnosperms
    • Ginkgoaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family (Fig.4.18)
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • Pinaceae
    • Important Medicinal Plants From the Family
    • Morphological Characteristics of the Family (Fig.4.20)
    • Distribution
    • Chemical Characteristics of the Family
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • Chapter 5: Ethnobotany and Ethnopharmacy
    • Ethnobotany
    • Ethnopharmacology
    • The Story of Curare
    • The Role of the Ethnobotanist
    • Ethnopharmacology and the Convention on Biological Diversity (convention of Rio)
    • Bioprospecting and Ethnopharmacology
    • Examples of Modern Ethnopharmacological Studies
    • Conclusion
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • Section 3: Natural product chemistry
    • Chapter 6: Natural Product Chemistry
    • Natural Products in Drug Discovery
    • The Polyketides
    • Fatty Acids and Glycerides
    • The Tetracyclines
    • Griseofulvin
    • Erythromycin A
    • The Statins
    • Shikimic-acid-derived Natural Products
    • Phenylpropenes
    • Lignans
    • Coumarins
    • Flavonoids
    • Tannins
    • The Terpenes
    • Monoterpenes (C10)
    • Sesquiterpenes (C15)
    • Diterpenes
    • Triterpenes
    • Tetraterpenes (C40)
    • The Glycosides
    • Cyanide Glycosides
    • Glucosinolates
    • Cardiac Glycosides
    • Anthraquinone Glycosides
    • The Alkaloids
    • Pyridine, Piperidine and Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids
    • Phenylalkylamine Alkaloids
    • Quinoline Alkaloids
    • Isoquinoline Alkaloids
    • Indole Alkaloids
    • Tropane Alkaloids
    • Xanthine Alkaloids
    • Imidazole Alkaloids
    • Further Reading
    • Chapter 7: Methods in Natural Product Chemistry
    • Bioassay-guided Isolation
    • Preparation and Extraction
    • Isolation Methods
    • Partitioning
    • Gel Chromatography
    • Ion-exchange Chromatography
    • Biotage Flash Chromatography
    • Thin-layer Chromatography
    • High-performance Liquid Chromatography
    • Isolation Strategy
    • Structure Elucidation
    • Mass Spectrometry
    • Nmr Spectroscopy
    • 1H Nmr Spectroscopy
    • 13C Nmr Spectroscopy
    • Homonuclear Correlation Spectroscopy
    • Heteronuclear Correlation Spectroscopy
    • X-ray Structural Analysis
    • The Industrial Approach to Natural Product Drug Lead Discovery
    • Choice of Biological Target
    • Assay Selection and Development
    • Programme Structure
    • Dereplication
    • Natural Product Libraries
    • Alternative Approaches in Natural Product Drug Lead Discovery
    • Why Natural Products as Drugs?
    • Further Reading
    • Chapter 8: Anticancer Natural Products
    • The National Cancer Institute
    • Marine Anticancer Natural Products
    • Plant Antitumour Agents
    • Camptotheca Acuminata (Nyssaceae)
    • Taxus Brevifolia (Taxaceae)
    • Betula Alba (Betulaceae)
    • Podophyllum Peltatum (Berberidaceae)
    • Catharanthus Roseus (Apocynaceae)
    • Microbial Antitumour Agents
    • The Anthracyclines
    • The Bleomycins
    • The Actinomycins
    • Further Strategies for the Discovery of Antitumour Agents
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • Section 4: Pharmaceuticals andnutraceuticals derivedfrom plant extracts
    • Chapter 9: Production, Standardization And quality control
    • Biological Resources And conservation
    • Agricultural and Biotechnological Production
    • Moisture Levels
    • Microbiological Contamination
    • Pesticides
    • Plant Breeding
    • In Vitro Cultivation
    • The Pacific Yew as an Example
    • Drug Preparation and Extraction
    • Effect of Preparation Methods On content
    • Quality Control And standardization
    • Quality Control: General Procedures
    • Botanical (classical Pharmacognostical) Methods
    • Drug: Solvent Ratio and Drug Extract ratio
    • Standardization
    • Types of Extract
    • Standardized Extracts
    • Quantified Extracts
    • Other Extracts
    • Examples of Drugs and Their Quality Control and Standardization
    • Standardized Extracts
    • Digitalis Purpurea Folium (foxglove Leaves)
    • Quality Control
    • (Truly) Standardized Extracts
    • Sennae Folium (senna Leaf)
    • Quality Control
    • Quantified Extracts
    • Ginkgo Biloba Leaves
    • Quality Control
    • Standardization
    • Other Extracts
    • Passiflorae Herba (passion Flower)
    • Quality Control
    • Echinacea Root (E. Purpurea And E. pallida)
    • Quality Control
    • Conclusion
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • Chapter 10: Toxicity of Herbal Constituents
    • Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids
    • Aristolochic Acid
    • Aconitine and Controversial Claims About `detoxification´
    • Monoterpenes and Phenylpropanoids
    • Sesquiterpene Lactones
    • Diterpene Esters
    • Plant Lectins and Agglutinins
    • Furanocoumarins
    • Urushiol Derivatives
    • References
    • Chapter 11: What Makes Phytomedicines Unique?
    • Properties of Mixtures
    • Synergistic, multi-factorial And polyvalent Effects
    • Mechanisms of Interaction
    • Measuring Synergy
    • Multiple Pharmacological Effects In a Single Plant
    • Ispaghula, Plantago Ovata
    • Liquorice, Glycyrrhiza Glabra
    • Clinical Examples of Synergy And polyvalent Action
    • Ginkgo, Ginkgo Biloba
    • Cannabis, Cannabis Sativa
    • Willow Bark, Salix Alba
    • Implications of Synergy
    • Bioassay-led Isolation of Actives
    • Establishing the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (Api) Of a Product
    • Other Reasons for Not Isolating Individual Constituents
    • Metabolomics and the Future Of research on Phytomedicines
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • Section 5: Medicinal plants in selectedhealthcare systems
    • Chapter 12: Traditional Systems of Herbal Medicine
    • Introduction
    • Minor Or self-limiting Disorder
    • Chronic Or Serious Disorders
    • The Dose
    • Correlation of Traditional Use With scientific Evidence
    • Asian and Oriental Medicine
    • Traditional Chinese Medicine
    • The Development of Tcm
    • Concepts in Tcm
    • Qi, the Essential Life Force
    • Yin and Yang
    • The Five Elements
    • The Vital Organs
    • Causes of Disease
    • The Seven Emotions
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
    • Ayurveda
    • Concepts in Ayurveda
    • Prana, the Life Energy
    • Bhutas, the Five Elements
    • Tridosha: Vata, Pitta and Kapha - the Three Humors
    • Prakruti, the Human Constitution
    • Agni, the Digestive Fire
    • Malas, the Three Waste Products
    • Dhatus, the Seven Tissues
    • Gunas, the Attributes
    • Application of Ayurveda
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
    • Rasayana
    • Traditional African Medical Systems
    • Concepts in Traditional African Medical Systems
    • Further Reading
    • Chapter 13: Complementary and Alternative Medicine
    • Medical Herbalism
    • History
    • Modern Herbalism
    • Conditions Treated
    • Herbalists´ Prescriptions
    • Comparison of Herbalism With rational Phytotherapy
    • Evidence of Efficacy and Safety
    • Homoeopathy
    • History
    • Modern Homoeopathy
    • Homoeopathic Remedies
    • Potentization
    • Evidence of Efficacy
    • Safety
    • Anthroposophical Medicine
    • History
    • Modern Anthroposophic Medicine
    • Conditions Treated
    • Anthroposophic Medicines
    • Aromatherapy
    • History
    • Modern Aromatherapy
    • Conditions Treated
    • Essential Oils
    • Efficacy and Safety
    • Flower Remedy Therapy
    • History
    • Modern Flower Remedy Therapy
    • Flower Remedies
    • Efficacy and Safety
    • General Conclusion
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • Part B: Important natural productsand phytomedicines used inpharmacy and medicine
    • Standard References Consulted for the Preparation of Monographs
    • Chapter 14: The Gastrointestinal and Biliary System
    • Diarrhoea
    • Starch (amylum)
    • Tannin-containing Drugs
    • Constipation
    • Bulk-forming Laxatives
    • Linseed (Flax), Linum Usitatissimum L. (Lini Semen)
    • Plantago Species
    • Ispaghula, Plantago Ovata Forssk. (Plantaginis Ovatae Semen)
    • Psyllium, Plantago Psyllium L. and P. Arenaria L. (Psyllii Semen)
    • Wheat Bran, Triticum Aestivum L.
    • Osmotic Laxatives
    • Stimulant Laxatives
    • Toxicity of Anthranoid Drugs
    • Frangula, Rhamnus Frangula L. (Frangulae Cortex)
    • Buckthorn, R. cathartica L. (Rhamni Cathartici Cortex) and Cascara, R. Pursh.
    • Constituents
    • Senna, Cassia Senna L. and C. Angustifolia Vahl (Senna) (Sennae Fructus, Sennae Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Inflammatory Gi Conditions: Gastritis and Ulcers
    • Alginate
    • Chamomile Matricaria Recutita L. (Matricariae Flos)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Liquorice, Glycyrrhiza Glabra L. (Liquiritiae Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Dyspepsia and Biliousness
    • Artichoke, Cynara Scolymus L. (Cynarae Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Gentian, Gentiana Lutea L. (Gentianae Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Wormwood, Artemisia Absinthium L. (Absinthii Herba)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Toxicological Risks
    • Nausea and Vomiting
    • Ginger, Zingiber Officinale Roscoe (Zingiberis Rhizoma)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Hyoscine (scopolamine)
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Bloating and Flatulence
    • Mint Leaves and Oils: Mentha Species
    • Peppermint, Mentha x Piperita L. (Menthae Piperitae Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Japanese Mint, Mentha Arvensis L.
    • Spearmint, Mentha x Spicata L., Syn. M. Crispa, M. Spicata Subsp. Crispa
    • Umbelliferous Fruits
    • Caraway, Carum Carvi L. (Carvi Fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Fennel, Foeniculum Vulgare Miller (Foeniculi Fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Liver Disease
    • Andrographis, Andrographis Paniculata Nees (Andrographis Herba)
    • Berberis Species and Other berberine-containing Drugs
    • Milk Thistle, Silybum Marianum (Silybi Marianae Fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Schisandra, Schisandra Chinensis K. Koch (Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Turmeric, Curcuma Domestica Val. (Curcumae Domesticae Rhizoma)
    • References
    • Chapter 15: The Cardiovascular System
    • Heart Failure and Arrhythmias
    • Foxglove (digitalis) Leaf, Digitalis Purpurea L. (Digitalis Purpureae Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Hawthorn, Crataegus Spp. (Crataegi folium Cum Flore, Crataegi fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Venous Insufficiency and Circulatory Disorders
    • Bilberry, Vaccinium Myrtillus L. (Myrtilli Fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Butcher's Broom, Ruscus Aculeatus (Rusci Rhizoma)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Ginkgo, Ginkgo Biloba (Ginkgo Folium)
    • Horse Chestnut, Aesculus Hippocastaneum L. (Hippocastani Semen)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Red Root Sage, Salvia Miltiorrhiza L. (Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Red Vine Leaf, Vitis Vinifera L. (Vitis Viniferae Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Antiplatelet and Anti Atherosclerotic Drugs
    • Garlic, Allium Sativum L. (Allii sativi bulbus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • References
    • Chapter 16: The Respiratory System
    • Bronchodilators And decongestants
    • Systemic Drugs
    • Ephedra, Ephedra Spp. (Ephedrae Herba)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Toxicological Risks
    • Theophylline
    • Inhalations
    • Camphor
    • Toxicological Risks
    • Eucalyptus Oil, Eucalyptus Spp. (Eucalypti Aetheroleum)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Menthol
    • Anti-allergics
    • Butterbur, Petasites Hybridus L.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Khella, Ammi Visnaga (L.) Lam.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Expectorants and Mucolytics
    • Balm of Gilead (poplar Buds), Populus spp.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Thyme and Wild Thyme, Thymus Vulgaris L. and Thymus Serpyllum L. (Thymi Herba and Serpylli Herba)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Sage, Salvia Officinalis L. (Salviae Folium) and Salvia Spp.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Senega, Polygala Senega L. (Polygalae Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Ivy, Hedera Helix L. (Hederae Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Tolu Balsam, Myroxylon Balsamum L. (Balsamum Tolutanum)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Ipecacuanha, Cephaelis Ipecacuanha A. Rich and C. Acuminata Karsten (Ipecacuanhae Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Cough Suppressants
    • Codeine
    • General Phytomedicines Used In colds and Influenza
    • Demulcents and Emollients
    • Coltsfoot, Tussilago Farfara L. (Tussilago Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Elderflower and Elderberry (fruit), Sambucus Nigra L. (Sambuci Flos, Sambuci Fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Linden Flowers, Tilia Spp. (Tiliae Flos)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Mallow Flower and Leaves, Malva Sylvestris L. (Malvae Flos and Malvae Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Marshmallow Leaf and Root, Althea Officinalis L. (Althaeae Folium, Althaeae Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Pelargonium, Pelargonium Sidoides Dc and P. Reniforme Curt (Pelargonii Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Immunostimulants
    • Echinacea, Echinacea Pallida (Nutt.) Britt., E. Purpurea Moench and E. Angustifolia (Dc.) Hell. (Echinaceae Herba, Radix) ...
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Astragalus, Astragalus Membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. (Astragali Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Andrographis, Andrographis Paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. Ex Nees (Andrographis Paniculatae Herba)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • Chapter 17: The Central Nervous System
    • Hypnotics and Sedatives
    • Hops, Humulus Lupulus L. (Humuli Lupuli Strobuli)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Lemon Balm, Melissa Officinalis L. (Melissae Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Kava, Piper Methysticum Forst. (Piperis Methystici Rhizome)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Passion Flower, Passiflora Incarnata L. (Passiflorae Herba)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Valerian, Valeriana Officinalis L. (Valerianae Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Antidepressants
    • St John's Wort, Hypericum Perforatum L. (Hyperici Herba)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Stimulants
    • Caffeine
    • Cola Nut, Cola Spp. (Colae Semen)
    • Guarana, Paullinia Cupana Kunth. Ex H. B. K
    • Cocaine
    • Analgesics
    • Opium, Papaver Somniferum L. (Opii crudum
    • Opii Pulvatus Normatus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Migraine
    • Ergotamine
    • Feverfew, Tanacetum Parthenium (L) Schultz Bip. (Tanaceti Parthenii Herba)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Drugs Used for Cognitive Enhancement and in Dementia
    • Ginkgo, Ginkgo Biloba L. (Ginkgo Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • References
    • Chapter 18: Infectious Diseases
    • Broad-spectrum Antimicrobial Agents
    • Umckaloabo (Pelargonium), Pelargonium Sidoides Dc and P. reniforme Curt (Pelargonii Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Lemon Balm, Melissa Officinalis L. (Melissae Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Garlic, Allium Sativum L. (Allii Sativi bulbus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Tea Tree and Tea Tree Oil, Melaleuca Alternifolia (Maiden Et Betche.) Cheel (Melaleucae Atheroleum)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Bearberry, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi L. (Uvae Ursi Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Cranberry Juice, Vaccinium Macrocarpon Aiton
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Single Chemical Entity (Sce) and Novel Plant Antibacterials
    • Antiprotozoal Agents
    • Cinchona, Cinchona Spp. (Cinchonae Cortex)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Lapacho (Taheebo, Pau D'arco), Tabebuia Spp.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Sweet Wormwood (syn. Qinghaou), Artemisia Annua L.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Insecticidal Agents
    • Pyrethrum (insect) Flowers, Chrysanthemum Spp.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Quassia Wood, Picrasma Excelsa (Sw.) Planch and Quassia Amara L.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • References
    • Chapter 19: The Endocrine System
    • Hypoglycaemic and Antidiabetic Herbs
    • Guar Gum, Cyamopsis Tetragonolobus (L.) Taubert (Cyamopsidis Semen)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Gymnema, Gymnema Sylvestre R.Br.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Karela, Momordica Charantia L.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Phytoestrogens
    • Red Clover, Trifolium Pratense L.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Soya, Glycine Max (L.) Merr.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Hormonal Imbalance in Women
    • Black Cohosh, Cimicifuga Racemosa Nutt. (Cimicifugae Racemosae Rhizome)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Chasteberry, Vitex agnus-castus L. (Agni Casti Fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
    • Nettle, Urtica Dioica L. (Urticae Herba, radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Pygeum Bark, Prunus Africana (Hook. f.) Kalkm. (Pruni Africani Cortex)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Saw Palmetto, Serenoa Serrulata Hook. F. (Sabalis Serrulatae Fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • References
    • Chapter 20: The Reproductive Tract
    • Phytomedicines in Childbirth
    • Ergometrine
    • Raspberry Leaf, Rubus Idaeus L. (Rubi idaei Folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Male Sexual Dysfunction (impotence)
    • Epimedium Brevicornum Maxim (Epimedii Herba) and Epimedium Spp.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Papaverine
    • Yohimbe, Pausinystalia Johimbe (K. Schum.) Pierre
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • References
    • Chapter 21: The Musculoskeletal System
    • Drugs Used in Arthritis, Rheumatism and Muscle Pain
    • Bromelain (Ananase)
    • Devil's Claw, Harpagophytum Procumbens Dc. Ex Meissner (Harpagophyti Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Rosehip, Rosa Canina L. (Rosae Pseudofructus
    • Also Known as Rosae Fructus Or Rosae Pseudofructus Cum Fructibus)...
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Turmeric, Curcuma Domestica Val. (Curcumae Domesticae Rhizoma)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Willow Bark, Salix Spp. (Salicis Cortex)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Drugs Used in Gout
    • Colchicine
    • Topical anti-inflammatory Agents
    • Arnica, Arnica Montana L. (Arnicae flos)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Capsaicin
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Wintergreen Oil, Gaultheria Procumbens L., Betula Lenta L.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Nocturnal Leg Cramps
    • Quinine
    • References
    • Chapter 22: The Skin
    • Dry/itchy Skin Conditions And eczema
    • Arachis Oil (Arachidis Oleum Raffinatum)
    • Oats, Avena Sativa L.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Inflammatory Skin Conditions
    • Aloe Vera, Aloe Barbadensis Mill. [syn. Aloe Vera (L.) Burm. F.]
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Evening Primrose Oil, Oenothera Biennis L. (Oenothera Biennis Oleum) and Other Spp.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Marigold, Calendula Officinalis L. (Calendulae Flos)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Witch Hazel, Hamamelis Virginiana L. (Hamamelis Folium, and Hamamelis folium Et Cortex)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Wound Healing
    • Centella Asiatica (L.) Urban (Centellae Herba)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • References
    • Chapter 23: The Eye
    • Inflammation of the Eye
    • Eyebright, Euphrasia Officinalis L. and E. Rostkoviana Hayne (Euphrasiae Herba)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Distilled Witch Hazel, Aqua Hamamelidis
    • Glaucoma
    • Pilocarpine
    • Anterior Uveitis
    • Atropine
    • Reference
    • Chapter 24: Ear, Nose and Orthopharynx
    • The Ear
    • Almond Oil, Prunus Amygdalus Batsch (Oleum Amygdali)
    • Olive Oil, Olea Europea L. (Oleum olivae)
    • The Orthopharnyx
    • Thymol
    • Peppermint Oil, Mentha x Piperita L. (Menthae Piperitae Aetheroleum)
    • Constituents
    • Sage, Salvia Officinalis L. (Salviae folium)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Clove, Syzygium Aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry (Caryophylli Flos)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • References
    • Chapter 25: Miscellaneous Supportive Therapies for Stress, Ageing, Cancer and Debility
    • Cancer Chemoprevention
    • Tonics, Stimulants, Adaptogens and Supportive Therapies
    • Açai Berry, Euterpe Oleracea Mart. (Euterpe Fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Ashwagandha, Withania Somniferum (L.) Dunal.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Centella, Centella Asiatica (L.) Urban (Centellae Herba)
    • Ginseng, Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer (Panax Radix), Eleutherococcus Senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim. and Related `ginseng...
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Lingzhi Or Reishi Mushroom, Ganoderma Spp.
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Rosenroot, Rhodiola Rosea L. (Rhodiolae Roseae Rhizoma)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Schisandra, Schisandra Chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. (Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Skullcap, Scutellaria Baicalensis Georgi (Scutellaria Baicalensis Radix)
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • Tea, Camellia Sinensis (L.) Kuntze (Green Tea Leaves: Theae Viridis Folium
    • Black Tea Leaves: Theae Nigrae Folium)...
    • Constituents
    • Therapeutic Uses and Available Evidence
    • References
    • Epilogue - a personal view
    • Continuing Changes in Pharmaceutical Education
    • Pharmacognosy
    • Public Perception of Medicines
    • Herbal Medicines
    • Clinical Trials
    • Use of Herb Extracts Or Isolated Active Principles
    • Herb-drug Interactions
    • Safety
    • Legislation
    • Developing Countries
    • Conclusions
    • References
    • Index

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