Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, a late 18th and early 19th century German philosopher, was one of the foremost thinkers of German Idealism. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and was an important precursor to Continental philosophy and Marxism. He created a framework known as Absolute Idealism that was able to account for the relation of the mind, nature, art, the state, and history. Ultimately, he believed that the mind was comprised of several contradictory but unified ideas that did not cancel each other out or reduce each other's importance. According to Hegel, art revealed the fundamental nature of existence, but he felt that art and its significance were in decline. He wrote that art gives a physical and sensory depiction of the Absolute; it offers an effortless combination of form and content while giving viewers the ability to see the world in a form that doesn't actually exist. Hegel's "Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics," divides his most basic ideas on art into five chapters with multiple parts outlining his complex, but revolutionary, mindset and opinions. Like many philosophers, Hegel's words are written with other philosophers in mind; the arguments and counterarguments are in relation to the other philosophical theories of the time. Anyone interested in art history or philosophy will find this work highly informative.
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- Title page
- PROFESSOR ZELLER'S SUMMARY OF HEGEL'S PHILOSOPHY OF ART.
- HEGEL'S INTRODUCTION ON THE NATURE, METHODS AND DIVISION OF AESTHETICS.
- I.-DEFINITION OF AESTHETICS, AND REFUTATION OF OBJECTIONS.
- 1. FIRST OBJECTION: BEAUTIFUL ART IS NOT WORTHY OF SCIENTIFIC TREATMENT
- 2. SECOND OBJECTION: BEAUTIFUL ART IS NOT A SUITABLE OBJECT FOR SCIENTIFIC CONSIDERATION
- A. REFUTATION OF THE FIRST OBJECTION
- B. REFUTATION OF THE SECOND OBJECTION
- II.-THE METHODS OF SCIENTIFIC TREATMENT.
- 1. THE EMPIRICAL METHOD-THEORIES OF ART
- 2. THE PLATONIC IDEAL METHOD
- 3. THE SPECULATIVE HEGELIAN METHOD
- III.-DIVISION OF BEAUTIFUL ART AS AN ORGANIC WHOLE.
- I. ARCHITECTURE, AND SYMBOLICAL ART
- II. SCULPTURE, AND CLASSICAL ART
- III. THE ROMANTIC FORM OF ART
- IV. PAINTING
- V. MUSIC
- VI. POETRY