Human Body Decomposition

Academic Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 24. März 2016
  • |
  • 162 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-803713-3 (ISBN)

The fate of the human body after death is a subject that has fascinated enquirers, both in the scientific and legal realms for millennia. However, objective research into the causes and nature of human decomposition has only taken place in the last two centuries and quantitative measurement of the process as a means of estimating the time of death has only recently been attempted. The substantial literature concerning this research has been published in numerous scientific journals since the beginning of the nineteenth century. Human Body Decomposition expands on the current literature to include the evolving research on estimating time of death. This volume details the process of decomposition to include early period after death when the body cools to ambient temperature, and when the body begins to putrefy. This process is significant because the estimation of the time of death becomes increasingly more difficult when the body begins to putrefy.

Human Body Decomposition compiles a chronological account of research into the estimation of the time since death in human bodies found decomposed in order that researchers in the subject field can concentrate their thoughts and build on what has been achieved in the past.

  • Provides concise details of research, over the last 200 years, of estimating the time of death in decomposed bodies.
  • Covers methods of research into human decomposition in the stages of body cooling to ambient temperature and the later stages of autolysis, putrefaction and skeletonisation.
  • Includes a detailed account of recent research and future concepts.
  • Concludes with an account of the difficulties which future research into human decomposition will encounter.

Jarvis Hayman graduated in Medicine at Aberdeen University. After coming to Australia in 1974, he worked for many years as a surgeon in Sydney and in a regional city in New South Wales. Upon retiring, he studied archaeology at the Australian National University, obtaining a Master's degree in 2006 with a thesis on the archaeology of the Scottish Highland Clearances. He then combined his archaeological and medical knowledge to undertake a PhD in forensic archaeology. Research for the thesis included a detailed study of the National Coronial Information System, based at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine (VIFM) in Melbourne, studies of the autopsies of decomposed bodies at the VIFM and researching the decomposition of human bodies at the Grady Early Anthropology Research Facility (GEFARL) of the Texas State University in San Marcos. The thesis developed mathematical models using numerical total body scores of the decomposition process, to estimate the time of death up to 14 days, of human bodies found in many of the states of Australia.
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 2,29 MB
978-0-12-803713-3 (9780128037133)
012803713X (012803713X)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Human Body Decomposition
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • Biography
  • Preface
  • 1 Supravital Reactions in the Estimation of the Time Since Death (TSD)
  • Rigor Mortis
  • Livor Mortis
  • Measurement of Mechanical and Electrical Excitability of Muscle
  • References
  • 2 Algor Mortis and Temperature-Based Methods of Estimating the Time Since Death
  • Early Research in the 19th Century
  • Mid-20th Century Research
  • 1950 to 1960: Early Attempts to Determine the TSD in the Early Postmortem Period
  • The 1960s: The Search for an Accurate Formula
  • The 1970s to Early 1980s: Continuing the Search for an Accurate Formula
  • The Later 1980s: Henssge's Nomogram, a Definitive Mathematical Expression of TSD
  • Contemporary Research from 1988 to the Present Time
  • Other Studies Attempting to Improve the Estimation of TSD
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 3 Biochemical Methods of Estimating the Time Since Death
  • Introduction
  • Chemical Investigation of Vitreous Humor
  • Determining Validity and Defining Methods of Collection and Measurement
  • Acceptance of the Relationship of Vitreous Potassium with the PMI
  • Recent Advances and the Current Status of Research Into Vitreous Potassium
  • The Estimation of Hypoxanthine in Vitreous Humor
  • Chemical Investigation of Synovial Fluid
  • Biomarkers of the PMI in the Bone Marrow and Other Body Organs
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • High-Resolution Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Electrolyte Concentrations in CSF
  • Electrolyte Concentrations in Pericardial Fluid
  • The Use of DNA and RNA in the Estimation of the PMI
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 4 Research in the Later Stages of Decomposition
  • Estimation of the Postmortem Interval During the Stage of Autolysis and Early Putrefaction
  • Extrinsic Factors Affecting Decomposition: Temperature, Environment, Insects, Burial, Moisture, Scavenging
  • Delayed Decomposition and Preservation: Mummification and Adipocere Formation
  • Estimation of the PMI in the Later Stages of Putrefaction and Skeletonization
  • Forensic Entomology and the Estimation of the PMI
  • Estimation of the PMI in Skeletal Remains
  • Indirect Methods
  • Direct Methods
  • Morphological Examination
  • Microscopic Examination
  • Methods Measuring Physicochemical Changes
  • Nitrogen and Albumin Levels in Bones
  • Ultraviolet Fluorescence
  • Benzidine Staining
  • Chemiluminescence
  • Citrate Content of Bone
  • Raman Spectroscopy
  • Carbon Dating and the Use of Naturally Occurring and Artificial Radioactive Isotopes
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 5 Recent Research and Current Trends
  • Development of a Grading System of Human Decomposition
  • Correlation of a Decomposition Grading System With the PMI
  • Reservations Concerning the Use of ADDs and Numerical Body Scoring Systems
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Back Cover

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