Chemical Process Design and Simulation

Aspen Plus and Aspen Hysys Applications
 
 
Standards Information Network (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 13. Dezember 2018
  • |
  • 448 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-31144-7 (ISBN)
 
A comprehensive and example oriented text for the study of chemical process design and simulation Chemical Process Design and Simulation is an accessible guide that offers information on the most important principles of chemical engineering design and includes illustrative examples of their application that uses simulation software. A comprehensive and practical resource, the text uses both Aspen Plus and Aspen Hysys simulation software. The author describes the basic methodologies for computer aided design and offers a description of the basic steps of process simulation in Aspen Plus and Aspen Hysys. The text reviews the design and simulation of individual simple unit operations that includes a mathematical model of each unit operation such as reactors, separators, and heat exchangers. The author also explores the design of new plants and simulation of existing plants where conventional chemicals and material mixtures with measurable compositions are used. In addition, to aid in comprehension, solutions to examples of real problems are included. The final section covers plant design and simulation of processes using nonconventional components. This important resource: * Includes information on the application of both the Aspen Plus and Aspen Hysys software that enables a comparison of the two software systems * Combines the basic theoretical principles of chemical process and design with real-world examples * Covers both processes with conventional organic chemicals and processes with more complex materials such as solids, oil blends, polymers and electrolytes * Presents examples that are solved using a new version of Aspen software, ASPEN One 9 Written for students and academics in the field of process design, Chemical Process Design and Simulation is a practical and accessible guide to the chemical process design and simulation using proven software.
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
JUMA HAYDARY is a Faculty member of Chemical and Food Technology in the Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering at Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava.
  • Intro
  • Chemical Process Design and Simulation
  • Contents
  • List of Tables
  • List of Figures
  • About the Author
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • Symbols
  • About the Companion Website
  • Chemical Process Design and Simulation - Aspen Plus and Aspen HYSYS Applications
  • Instructions for using supplementary materials
  • Part I Introduction to Design and Simulation
  • 1 Introduction to Computer-Aided Process Design and Simulation
  • 1.1 Process Design
  • 1.2 Process Chemistry Concept
  • 1.3 Technology Concept
  • 1.4 Data Collection
  • 1.4.1 Material Properties Data
  • 1.4.2 Phase Equilibrium Data
  • 1.4.3 Reaction Equilibrium and Reaction Kinetic Data
  • 1.5 Simulation of an Existing Process
  • 1.6 Development of Process Flow Diagrams
  • 1.7 Process Simulation Programs
  • 1.7.1 Sequential Modular versus Equation-Oriented Approach
  • 1.7.2 Starting a Simulation with Aspen Plus
  • 1.7.3 Starting a Simulation with Aspen HYSYS
  • 1.8 Conventional versus Nonconventional Components
  • 1.9 Process Integration and Energy Analysis
  • 1.10 Process Economic Evaluation
  • References
  • 2 General Procedure for Process Simulation
  • 2.1 Component Selection
  • 2.2 Property Methods and Phase Equilibrium
  • 2.2.1 Physical Property Data Sources
  • 2.2.2 Phase Equilibrium Models
  • 2.2.3 Selection of a Property Method in Aspen Plus
  • 2.2.4 Selection of a Property Package in Aspen HYSYS
  • 2.2.5 Pure Component Property Analysis
  • 2.2.6 Binary Analysis
  • 2.2.7 Azeotrope Search and Analysis of Ternary Systems
  • 2.2.8 PT Envelope Analysis
  • 2.3 Chemistry and Reactions
  • 2.4 Process Flow Diagrams
  • References
  • Part II Design and Simulation of Single Unit Operations
  • 3 Heat Exchangers
  • 3.1 Heater and Cooler Models
  • 3.2 Simple Heat Exchanger Models
  • 3.3 Simple Design and Rating of Heat Exchangers
  • 3.4 Detailed Design and Simulation of Heat Exchangers
  • 3.4.1 HYSYS Dynamic Rating
  • 3.4.2 Rigorous Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Using EDR
  • 3.5 Selection and Costing of Heat Exchangers
  • References
  • 4 Pressure Changing Equipment
  • 4.1 Pumps, Hydraulic Turbines, and Valves
  • 4.2 Compressors and Gas Turbines
  • 4.3 Pressure Drop Calculations in Pipes
  • 4.4 Selection and Costing of Pressure Changing Equipment
  • References
  • 5 Reactors
  • 5.1 Material and Enthalpy Balance of a Chemical Reactor
  • 5.2 Stoichiometry and Yield Reactor Models
  • 5.3 Chemical Equilibrium Reactor Models
  • 5.3.1 REquil Model of Aspen Plus
  • 5.3.2 Equilibrium Reactor Model of Aspen HYSYS
  • 5.3.3 RGibbs Model of Aspen Plus and Gibbs Reactor Model of Aspen HYSYS
  • 5.4 Kinetic Reactor Models
  • 5.5 Selection and Costing of Chemical Reactors
  • References
  • 6 Separation Equipment
  • 6.1 Single Contact Phase Separation
  • 6.2 Distillation Column
  • 6.2.1 Shortcut Distillation Method
  • 6.2.2 Rigorous Methods
  • 6.3 Azeotropic and Extractive Distillation
  • 6.4 Reactive Distillation
  • 6.5 Absorption and Desorption
  • 6.6 Extraction
  • 6.7 Selection and Costing of Separation Equipment
  • 6.7.1 Distillation Equipment
  • 6.7.2 Absorption Equipment
  • 6.7.3 Extraction Equipment
  • References
  • 7 Solid Handling
  • 7.1 Dryer
  • 7.2 Crystallizer
  • 7.3 Filter
  • 7.4 Cyclone
  • 7.5 Selection and Costing of Solid Handling Equipment
  • References
  • Exercises - Part II
  • Part III Plant Design and Simulation: Conventional Components
  • 8 Simple Concept Design of a New Process
  • 8.1 Analysis of Materials and Chemical Reactions
  • 8.1.1 Ethyl Acetate Process
  • 8.1.2 Styrene Process
  • 8.2 Selection of Technology
  • 8.2.1 Ethyl Acetate Process
  • 8.2.2 Styrene Process
  • 8.3 Data Analysis
  • 8.3.1 Pure Component Property Analysis
  • 8.3.2 Reaction Kinetic and Equilibrium Data
  • 8.3.3 Phase Equilibrium Data
  • 8.4 Starting Aspen Simulation
  • 8.4.1 Ethyl Acetate Process
  • 8.4.2 Styrene Process
  • 8.5 Process Flow Diagram and Preliminary Simulation
  • 8.5.1 Ethyl Acetate Process
  • 8.5.2 Styrene Process
  • References
  • 9 Process Simulation in an Existing Plant
  • 9.1 Analysis of Process Scheme and Syntheses of a Simulation Scheme
  • 9.2 Obtaining Input Data from the Records of Process Operation and Technological Documentation
  • 9.3 Property Method Selection
  • 9.4 Simulator Flow Diagram
  • 9.5 Simulation Results
  • 9.6 Results Evaluation and Comparison with Real-Data Recorded
  • 9.7 Scenarios for Suggested Changes and Their Simulation
  • References
  • 10 Material Integration
  • 10.1 Material Recycling Strategy
  • 10.2 Material Recycling in Aspen Plus
  • 10.3 Material Recycling in Aspen HYSYS
  • 10.4 Recycling Ratio Optimization
  • 10.5 Steam Requirement Simulation
  • 10.6 Cooling Water and Other Coolants Requirement Simulation
  • 10.7 Gas Fuel Requirement Simulation
  • References
  • 11 Energy Integration
  • 11.1 Energy Recovery Simulation by Aspen Plus
  • 11.2 Energy Recovery Simulation in Aspen HYSYS
  • 11.3 Waste Stream Combustion Simulation
  • 11.4 Heat Pump Simulation
  • 11.5 Heat Exchanger Networks and Energy Analysis Tools in Aspen Software
  • References
  • 12 Economic Evaluation
  • 12.1 Estimation of Capital Costs
  • 12.2 Estimation of Operating Costs
  • 12.2.1 Raw Materials
  • 12.2.2 Utilities
  • 12.2.3 Operating Labor
  • 12.2.4 Other Manufacturing Costs
  • General Expenses
  • 12.3 Analysis of Profitability
  • 12.4 Economic Evaluation Tools of Aspen Software
  • 12.4.1 Economic Evaluation Button
  • 12.4.2 Economics Active
  • 12.4.3 Detailed Economic Evaluation by APEA
  • References
  • EXERCISES: PART III
  • Part IV Plant Design and Simulation: Nonconventional Components
  • 13 Design and Simulation Using Pseudocomponents
  • 13.1 Petroleum Assays and Blends
  • 13.1.1 Petroleum Assay Characterization in Aspen HYSYS
  • 13.1.2 Petroleum Assay Characterization in Aspen Plus
  • 13.2 Primary Distillation of Crude Oil
  • 13.3 Cracking and Hydrocracking Processes
  • 13.3.1 Hydrocracking of Vacuum Residue
  • 13.3.2 Modeling of an FCC Unit in Aspen HYSYS
  • References
  • 14 Processes with Nonconventional Solids
  • 14.1 Drying of Nonconventional Solids
  • 14.2 Combustion of Solid Fuels
  • 14.3 Coal, Biomass, and Solid Waste Gasification
  • 14.3.1 Chemistry
  • 14.3.2 Technology
  • 14.3.3 Data
  • 14.3.4 Simulation
  • 14.4 Pyrolysis of Organic Solids and Bio-oil Upgrading
  • 14.4.1 Component List
  • 14.4.2 Property Models
  • 14.4.3 Process Flow Diagram
  • 14.4.4 Feed Stream
  • 14.4.5 Pyrolysis Yields
  • 14.4.6 Distillation Column
  • 14.4.7 Results
  • References
  • 15 Processes with Electrolytes
  • 15.1 Acid Gas Removal by an Alkali Aqueous Solution
  • 15.1.1 Chemistry
  • 15.1.2 Property Methods
  • 15.1.3 Process Flow Diagram
  • 15.1.4 Simulation Results
  • 15.2 Simulation of Sour Gas Removal by Aqueous Solution of Amines
  • 15.3 Rate-Based Modeling of Absorbers with Electrolytes
  • References
  • 16 Simulation of Polymer Production Processes
  • 16.1 Overview of Modeling Polymerization Process in Aspen Plus
  • 16.2 Component Characterization
  • 16.3 Property Method
  • 16.4 Reaction Kinetics
  • 16.5 Process Flow Diagram
  • 16.6 Results
  • References
  • Exercises: Part IV
  • Index
  • EULA

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