Fishes: A Guide to Their Diversity

A Guide to Their Diversity
 
 
University of California Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 10. Januar 2015
  • |
  • 352 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-520-95933-0 (ISBN)
 
There are more than 33,000 species of living fishes, accounting for more than half of the extant vertebrate diversity on Earth. This unique and comprehensive reference showcases the basic anatomy and diversity of all 82 orders of fishes and more than 150 of the most commonly encountered families, focusing on their distinctive features.

Accurate identification of each group, including its distinguishing characteristics, is supported with clear photographs of preserved specimens, primarily from the archives of the Marine Vertebrate Collection at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. This diagnostic information is supplemented by radiographs, additional illustrations of particularly diverse lineages, and key references and ecological information for each group.

An ideal companion to primary ichthyology texts, Fishes: A Guide to Their Diversity gives a broad overview of fish morphology arranged in a modern classification system for students, fisheries scientists, marine biologists, vertebrate zoologists, and everyday naturalists. This survey of the most speciose group of vertebrates on Earth will expand the appreciation of and interest in the amazing diversity of fishes.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Berkeley
  • |
  • USA
  • Windows
illustrations
  • 37,11 MB
978-0-520-95933-0 (9780520959330)
0520959337 (0520959337)
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Philip A. Hastings is Professor of Marine Biology and Curator of Marine Vertebrates at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. His studies include the systematics and phylogeny of fishes, marine biogeography, ecology and behavioral evolution of fishes, and marine conservation biology.

H. J. Walker, Jr., is a Senior Museum Scientist at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. His research and interests include the taxonomy, systematics, and zoogeography of marine fishes and the observation of these fishes in their natural environments.

Grantly R. Galland is a recent graduate of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. He studies the ecology of fishes and works to implement successful conservation and policy strategies for protecting the marine environment.
  • Intro
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Complete Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • What Is a Fish?
  • Why This Book?
  • Systematics of Fishes
  • About This Book
  • Anatomy of Fishes
  • External Anatomy
  • Body Shapes
  • Fins
  • Fin-ray Elements and Dorsal-fin Configurations
  • Pelvic-fin Positions
  • Caudal-fin Shapes
  • Mouth Positions
  • Oral and Pharyngeal Jaw Diversity
  • Standard Measurements
  • Sensory Systems
  • Skeletal Anatomy
  • The Fishes: Vertebrata-Vertebrates
  • Agnatha (Cyclostomata)-Jawless Fishes
  • Myxiniformes-Myxinidae-Hagfishes
  • Petromyzontiformes-Lampreys
  • Petromyzontidae-Northern Lampreys
  • Gnathostomata-Jawed Vertebrates
  • Chondrichthyes-Cartilaginous Fishes
  • Holocephali-Chimaeras
  • Chimaeriformes-Chimaeras
  • Chimaeridae-Ratfishes, Shortnose Chimaeras
  • Elasmobranchii-Sharks and Rays
  • Selachii-Sharks
  • Heterodontiformes-Heterodontidae: Bullhead Sharks
  • Orectolobiformes-Carpet Sharks
  • Ginglymostomatidae-Nurse Sharks
  • Rhincodontidae-Whale Sharks
  • Lamniformes-Mackerel Sharks
  • Alopiidae-Thresher Sharks
  • Lamnidae-Mackerel Sharks
  • Lamniform Diversity
  • Carcharhiniformes-Ground Sharks
  • Triakidae-Hound Sharks
  • Carcharhinidae-Requiem Sharks
  • Sphyrnidae-Hammerhead Sharks
  • Hexanchiformes-Six-gill Sharks
  • Hexanchidae-Cow Sharks
  • Echinorhiniformes-Echinorhinidae: Bramble Sharks
  • Squaliformes-Dogfish Sharks
  • Squalidae-Dogfish Sharks
  • Dalatiidae-Kitefin Sharks
  • Squatiniformes-Squatinidae-Angel Sharks
  • Pristiophoriformes-Pristiophoridae-Saw Sharks
  • Batoidea-Skates and Rays
  • Torpediniformes-Electric Rays
  • Narcinidae-Numbfishes
  • Pristiformes-Pristidae-Sawfishes
  • Rajiformes-Skates
  • Rhinobatidae-Guitarfishes
  • Rajidae-Skates
  • Myliobatiformes-Stingrays
  • Urotrygonidae-American Round Stingrays
  • Dasyatidae-Whiptail Stingrays
  • Gymnuridae-Butterfly Rays
  • Myliobatidae-Eagle Rays
  • Osteichthyes-Bony Fishes
  • Sarcopterygii-Lobe-finned Fishes
  • Coelacanthiformes-Latimeriidae-Coelacanths
  • Ceratodontiformes-Lungfishes
  • Actinopterygii-Ray-finned Fishes
  • Actinopterygii I-Lower Ray-finned Fishes
  • Polypteriformes-Polypteridae-Bichirs
  • Acipenseriformes-Sturgeons and Paddlefishes
  • Acipenseridae-Sturgeons
  • Polyodontidae-Paddlefishes
  • Holostei-Gars and Bowfins
  • Lepisosteiformes-Lepisosteidae-Gars
  • Amiiformes-Amiidae-Bowfins
  • Teleostei-Teleosts
  • Osteoglossomorpha-Bonytongues and Mooneyes
  • Osteoglossiformes-Bonytongues
  • Hiodontiformes-Hiodontidae-Mooneyes
  • Elopomorpha
  • Elopiformes-Tenpounders and Tarpons
  • Elopidae-Tenpounders and Ladyfishes
  • Megalopidae-Tarpons
  • Albuliformes-Bonefishes
  • Albulidae-Bonefishes
  • Notacanthiformes-Spiny Eels and Halosaurs
  • Anguilliformes-Eels
  • Anguillidae-Freshwater Eels
  • Muraenidae-Moray Eels
  • Ophichthidae-Snake Eels and Worm Eels
  • Congridae-Conger Eels
  • Anguilliform Diversity
  • Saccopharyngiformes-Swallowers and Gulper Eels
  • Otocephala
  • Clupeiformes-Herrings, Anchovies, and Relatives
  • Engraulidae-Anchovies
  • Clupeidae-Herrings
  • Ostariophysi
  • Gonorynchiformes-Milkfishes and Relatives
  • Cypriniformes-Carps and Relatives
  • Cyprinidae-Carps and Minnows
  • Catostomidae-Suckers
  • Cypriniform Diversity
  • Characiformes-Characins
  • Siluriformes-Catfishes
  • Ictaluridae-North American Catfishes
  • Ariidae-Sea Catfishes
  • Siluriform Diversity
  • Gymnotiformes-American Knifefishes
  • Euteleostei
  • Argentiniformes-Marine Smelts
  • Osmeriformes-Smelts and Relatives
  • Salmoniformes-Salmons, Trouts, and Relatives
  • Salmonidae-Salmons and Trouts
  • Esociformes-Pikes and Mudminnows
  • Esocidae-Pikes and Pickerels
  • Stomiiformes-Dragonfishes
  • Gonostomatidae-Bristlemouths
  • Sternoptychidae-Marine Hatchetfishes
  • Stomiidae-Barbeled Dragonfishes
  • Ateleopodiformes-Ateleopodidae-Jellynose Fishes
  • Aulopiformes-Lizardfishes and Relatives
  • Aulopidae-Flagfins
  • Synodontidae-Lizardfishes
  • Aulopiform Diversity
  • Myctophiformes-Lanternfishes and Blackchins
  • Actinopterygii II: Acanthomorpha-Spiny-rayed Fishes
  • Lampridiformes-Opahs and Relatives
  • Polymixiiformes-Polymixiidae-Beardfishes
  • Percopsiformes-Trout-perches and Relatives
  • Gadiformes-Cods and Relatives
  • Macrouridae-Grenadiers and Rattails
  • Gadidae-Cods
  • Gadiform Diversity
  • Zeiformes-Dories
  • Stephanoberyciformes-Pricklefishes
  • Beryciformes-Alfonso Squirrelfishes
  • Anoplogastridae-Fangtooths
  • Holocentridae-Squirrelfishes
  • Beryciform Diversity
  • Percomorpha
  • Mugiliformes-Mugilidae-Mullets
  • Atherinomorpha
  • Atheriniformes-Silversides and Relatives
  • Atherinopsidae-New World Silversides
  • Atheriniform Diversity
  • Beloniformes-Needlefishes and Relatives
  • Belonidae-Needlefishes
  • Hemiramphidae-Halfbeaks
  • Exocoetidae-Flyingfishes
  • Cyprinodontiformes-Killifishes
  • Fundulidae-Topminnows
  • Cyprinodontidae-Pupfishes
  • Poeciliidae-Livebearers
  • Cyprinodontiform Diversity
  • Gasterosteiformes-Sticklebacks
  • Gasterosteidae-Sticklebacks
  • Gasterosteiform Diversity
  • Syngnathiformes-Pipefishes and Relatives
  • Syngnathidae-Pipefishes and Seahorses
  • Syngnathiform Diversity
  • Synbranchiformes-Swamp Eels
  • Mastacembelidae-Spiny Eels
  • Dactylopteriformes-Dactylopteridae-Flying Gurnards
  • Scorpaeniformes-Scorpionfishes, Seabasses, and Relatives
  • Scorpaenidae-Scorpionfishes
  • Triglidae-Searobins
  • Epinephelidae-Groupers and Soapfishes
  • Serranidae-Seabasses and Anthiines
  • Scorpaeniform Diversity 1
  • Scorpaeniform Diversity 2
  • Perciformes (Percoidei)-Perches and Relatives
  • Centropomidae-Snooks
  • Moronidae-Temperate Basses
  • Opistognathidae-Jawfishes
  • Centrarchidae-Sunfishes
  • Percidae-Perches
  • Priacanthidae-Bigeyes
  • Apogonidae-Cardinalfishes
  • Lutjanidae-Snappers
  • Gerreidae-Mojarras
  • Haemulidae-Grunts
  • Polynemidae-Threadfins
  • Sciaenidae-Drums and Croakers
  • Mullidae-Goatfishes
  • Kyphosidae-Rudderfishes
  • Chaetodontidae-Butterflyfishes
  • Pomacanthidae-Angelfishes
  • Cirrhitidae-Hawkfishes
  • Sphyraenidae-Barracudas
  • Sparidae-Porgies
  • Perciform Diversity 1
  • Perciform Diversity 2
  • Carangiformes-Jacks and Relatives
  • Echeneidae-Remoras
  • Carangidae-Jacks
  • Carangiform Diversity
  • Labriformes-Wrasses and Relatives
  • Labridae-Wrasses and Relatives
  • "Chromides"-Cichlids, Damselfishes, and Relatives
  • Cichlidae-Cichlids
  • Pomacentridae-Damselfishes
  • Embiotocidae-Surfperches
  • Nototheniiformes-Icefishes and Relatives
  • Trachiniformes-Weeverfishes and Relatives
  • Uranoscopidae-Stargazers
  • Pholidichthyiformes-Pholidichthyidae-Convict Blennies
  • Blenniiformes-Blennies
  • Tripterygiidae-Triplefin Blennies
  • Blenniidae-Combtooth Blennies
  • Labrisomidae-Labrisomid Blennies
  • Chaenopsidae-Tube Blennies
  • Blenniiform Diversity
  • Gobiesociformes-Gobiesocidae-Clingfishes
  • Gobiiformes-Gobies and Relatives
  • Gobiidae-Gobies
  • Eleotridae-Sleepers
  • Gobiiform Diversity
  • Acanthuriformes-Surgeonfishes and Relatives
  • Acanthuridae-Surgeonfishes
  • Acanthuriform Diversity
  • Xiphiiformes-Billfishes and Swordfishes
  • Scombriformes-Tunas and Relatives
  • Scombridae-Mackerels and Tunas
  • Scombriform Diversity
  • Stromateiformes-Butterfishes and Relatives
  • Icosteiformes-Icosteidae-Ragfishes
  • Caproiformes-Caproidae-Boarfishes
  • Anabantiformes-Gouramies and Snakeheads
  • Cottiformes-Sculpins, Eelpouts, and Relatives
  • Hexagrammidae-Greenlings
  • Cottidae-Sculpins
  • Liparidae-Snailfishes
  • Zoarcidae-Eelpouts
  • Cottiform Diversity
  • Ophidiiformes-Cusk-eels and Brotulas
  • Ophidiidae-Cusk-eels
  • Bythitidae-Viviparous Brotulas
  • Batrachoidiformes-Batrachoididae-Toadfishes
  • Lophiiformes-Anglerfishes
  • Antennariidae-Frogfishes
  • Ceratioidei-Deep-sea Anglerfishes
  • Lophiiform Diversity
  • Pleuronectiformes-Flatfishes
  • Paralichthyidae-Sand Flounders
  • Pleuronectidae-Righteye Flounders
  • Bothidae-Lefteye Flounders
  • Achiridae-American Soles
  • Cynoglossidae-Tonguefishes
  • Tetraodontiformes-Plectognaths
  • Balistidae-Triggerfishes
  • Monacanthidae-Filefishes
  • Ostraciidae-Boxfishes
  • Tetraodontidae-Puff ers
  • Diodontidae-Porcupinefishes
  • Molidae-Molas
  • Tetraodontiform Diversity
  • Glossary
  • References
  • Index
  • Phylogenetic Tree

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