Criticism and Confession

The Bible in the Seventeenth Century Republic of Letters
 
 
Oxford University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 23. Juni 2017
  • |
  • 464 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-102519-8 (ISBN)
 
The period between the late Renaissance and the early Enlightenment has long been regarded as the zenith of the 'republic of letters', a pan-European community of like-minded scholars and intellectuals who fostered critical approaches to the study of the Bible and other ancient texts, while renouncing the brutal religio-political disputes that were tearing their continent apart at the same time. Criticism and Confession offers an unprecedentedly comprehensive challenge to this account. Throughout this period, all forms of biblical scholarship were intended to contribute to theological debates, rather than defusing or transcending them, and meaningful collaboration between scholars of different confessions was an exception, rather than the norm. 'Neutrality' was a fiction that obscured the ways in which scholarship served the interests of ecclesiastical and political institutions. Scholarly practices varied from one confessional context to another, and the progress of 'criticism' was never straightforward. The study demonstrates this by placing scholarly works in dialogue with works of dogmatic theology, and comparing examples from multiple confessional and national contexts. It offers major revisionist treatments of canonical figures in the history of scholarship, such as Joseph Scaliger, Isaac Casaubon, John Selden, Hugo Grotius, and Louis Cappel, based on unstudied archival as well as printed sources; and it places those figures alongside their more marginal, overlooked counterparts. It also contextualizes scholarly correspondence and other forms of intellectual exchange by considering them alongside the records of political and ecclesiastical bodies. Throughout, the study combines the methods of the history of scholarship with techniques drawn from other fields, including literary, political, and religious history. As well as presenting a new history of seventeenth-century biblical criticism, it also critiques modern scholarly assumptions about the relationships between erudition, humanistic culture, political activism, and religious identity.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 2,73 MB
978-0-19-102519-8 (9780191025198)
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Nicholas Hardy is currently Munby Research Fellow in Bibliography at the University Library and Darwin College, Cambridge. His research interests cover early modern humanism, intellectual history, classical reception studies, and the history of the book. He took a BA (2008) in Classics and English at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and then an MSt (2009) and DPhil (2012) in English, also at Oxford, before joining Trinity College, Cambridge to take up a four-year Research Fellowship in 2012. He has also held visiting fellowships at the Scaliger Institute, Leiden University Library, and the Folger Institute in Washington, DC.
  • Cover
  • Criticism and Confession: The Bible in the Seventeenth Century Republic of Letters
  • Copyright
  • Acknowledgements
  • Contents
  • Abbreviations and Conventions
  • Introduction
  • THE HUMANIST 'CRITIQUE' OF SACRED AND ECCLESIASTICAL TEXTS
  • THE 'NEUTRALITY' OF THE REPUBLIC OF LETTERS
  • METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS: LEARNED PRACTICES, BIOGRAPHY, AND SOCIAL HISTORY
  • THE CASE FOR REVISIONISM: THEOLOGY, RHETORIC, AND CONFESSIONAL POLITICS
  • STRUCTURE
  • Prelude: The Discourse of Critica in the Late Renaissance
  • CRITICISM BEFORE THE ARS CRITICA
  • ANCIENT SOURCES, INTELLECTUAL FOUNDATIONS, AND INSTITUTIONAL SETTINGS
  • AN APOLOGY FOR CRITICISM IN CONTEXT: THE CASE OF ISAAC CASAUBON
  • JUDGEMENT, MANUSCRIPTS, AND LITERARY TASTE
  • A HANDMAIDEN TO PHILOSOPHY AND THEOLOGY
  • PART I: DEBATING SACRED HISTORY IN ENGLAND AND THE CONTINENT
  • 1: The 'Theological Vortex'? Isaac Casaubon in England, 1610-1614
  • GENEVA AND MONTPELLIER
  • CONVERSION, THE EUCHARIST, AND THE CONFERENCE OF FONTAINEBLEAU
  • POLITICAL THEOLOGY AND THE VENETIAN INTERDICT
  • CORRESPONDENCE, PROPAGANDA, AND PAMPHLETEERING, 1610-1612
  • THE GENESIS OF THE EXERCITATIONES, 1612-1614
  • THE EXERCITATIONES (I): NATURAL REASON, JUSTIFICATION, AND PAGAN KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST
  • THE EXERCITATIONES (II): HISTORY, TYPOLOGY, AND THE LAST SUPPER AFTER SCALIGER
  • 2: Philology Divided: The Controversy over John Selden's Historie of Tithes (1618)
  • CUSTOM, TESTIMONY, AND DOGMATIC AFFIRMATION
  • THE ARBITRARINESS OF CONJECTURE
  • HISTORY AND TYPOLOGY: SELDEN'S INVIDIOUS DISTINCTION
  • FAULT LINES IN THE HISTORIE'S SCHOLARLY RECEPTION: THE CASE OF THOMAS STANLEY
  • 3: Conclusion: Rethinking Historicism
  • PART II: COMMENTING ON THE NEW TESTAMENT
  • 4: New Testament Scholarship After Scaliger
  • HELLENISTIC JUDAISM: HISTORICAL AND EXEGETICAL APPROACHES
  • SCALIGER'S THEOLOGICAL CRITICISM OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
  • EXEGESIS AND THE USE OF MANUSCRIPTS
  • 5: Hugo Grotius: 'Historical Criticism' in its Generic and Controversial Contexts
  • IRENICISM, APOLOGETICS, AND NATURAL LAW
  • DIVINE LAW, TYPOLOGY, AND THE SACRAMENTS
  • THE CONTROVERSY WITH ANDRÉ RIVET
  • GROTIUS AND ROMAN CATHOLICISM
  • 6: Conclusion: The Myth of 'Critical Exegesis'
  • PART III: CRITICIZING THE OLD TESTAMENT
  • 7: Anti-Protestant Controversy and the 'Ecclesiastical' Versions of the Old Testament: The Case of Jean Morin
  • THE GREEK, LATIN, AND HEBREW TEXTS AFTER THE COUNCIL OF TRENT
  • A NEW AGENDA: MORIN'S 1628 PREFACE
  • ECCLESIASTICAL CRITICISM AND ITS LIMITS: MORIN'S EXERCITATIONES BIBLICAE
  • 8: Protestants and the Septuagint: The Failed Edition of Patrick Young
  • AN IDEAL PREPARATION? YOUNG AS LIBRARIAN AND PATRISTIC SCHOLAR
  • MORIN, USSHER, AND THE CHALLENGE OF CODEX ALEXANDRINUS
  • THE LIMITS OF INTER-CONFESSIONAL COLLABORATION
  • YOUNG AND THE HEBRAICA VERITAS
  • 9: Critical Judgement and Theological Exegesis: The Case of Louis Cappel
  • A DEFENCE OF THE MASORETIC TEXT? THE ARCANUM AND THE PROTESTANT TRADITION
  • A NEW 'CANON' FOR EMENDATION: THE CRITICA SACRA
  • CAPPEL'S MULTIPLICATION OF VARIANT READINGS
  • SPECIALIZATION AND THE UNTIMELINESS OF THE CRITICA SACRA
  • 10: Cappel's Critica Sacra in the Confessional Republic of Letters
  • PROTESTANT OBSTACLES TO PUBLICATION
  • FROM EXEGETICAL MANUAL TO ARGUMENT FOR ECCLESIASTICAL TRADITION: THE CRITICA SACRA IN PARIS AND ROME
  • EXEGETICAL AND TEXT-CRITICAL RESPONSES FROM PROTESTANT SCHOLARS
  • 11: The London Polyglot Bible: Synthesis, Retrospective, or Another Controversial Intervention?
  • THE 'MINIMALISM' OF WALTON'S PROLEGOMENA
  • CONFUSION AND CREDULITY IN THE STUDY OF BIBLICAL MANUSCRIPTS
  • 12: Conclusion: From Humanistic Exegesis to Sacred Criticism
  • Coda: From Critica Sacra to Enlightened Critique?
  • CRITICA CRITICORUM: THE CASE OF RICHARD SIMON
  • From textual criticism to critical history
  • The necessity of tradition: Simon, Morin, and the appropriation of Cappel
  • MAKING THE ARS CRITICA 'MOREPHILOSOPHICAL': THE CASEOF JEAN LE CLERC
  • A Lockean critique of typology and the sacraments
  • The Limits of Historical Criticism: Arminianism, Toleration and Humanistic Literary Ideals
  • CONCLUSION: THE GENERALIZATION OF CRITICISM?
  • Bibliography
  • PRIMARY LITERATURE
  • Manuscripts and annotated printed books
  • Printed books
  • SECONDARY LITERATURE
  • Index
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