Women in Sports: A Reference Handbook

ABC-Clio LLC (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 31. März 2018
  • |
  • 322 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-4408-5370-8 (ISBN)
Women are participating in sports in record numbers, and thanks in part to Title IX and a growing interest in women's sports, they're breaking records and achieving remarkable success in sports in every conceivable manner. However, women still struggle for equitable treatment in a variety of sports and face different obstacles than do their male counterparts. How can these issues be solved? Are women in sports being treated fairly? This book provides a comprehensive yet accessible overview of the state of women's participation in sports by referencing both current events and research. Additionally, it offers a breadth of information pertaining to work in sports made available to girls and women. Key aspects include a detailed history of women in sports since 1900 as well as a discussion of current issues surrounding their participation in high school and college athletics, recreational sports, physical activity, and leadership in sports organizations. In particular, the material not only recounts history and analyzes issues but also presents perspectives as to how and why sports continue to be simultaneously a means of empowerment and a conduit for the marginalization of girls and women.
  • Englisch
  • Santa Barbara
  • |
  • USA
978-1-4408-5370-8 (9781440853708)
1-4408-5370-3 (1440853703)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Half Title
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • 1 Background and History
  • Introduction
  • Brief Overview of the Early History of Women in Sport
  • Sport on the Rise
  • Flapper Era
  • Inclusion in the Modern Olympic Games
  • Women's Bodies, Health, and Movement
  • Early Organization of Women's Sports
  • Differences among Women's Sport Experiences
  • Early History of Women's Sportswear
  • Development and Importance of Title IX
  • Title IX and the Changing of Women's Collegiate Sport Leadership: 1960 to 1982
  • Endurance, Adventure, and Notable Symbolic Moments for Women in Sport
  • Pedestriennes: The Forgotten Women of Endurance
  • Outdoor Adventure and Extreme Sports: Pioneers and Access
  • High-Profile Symbolic Moments
  • References
  • 2 Problems, Controversies, and Solutions
  • Introduction
  • Gender Equality in Sports and Why It Matters
  • Sex-Segregated Sport and Inclusion Initiatives
  • Benefits and Risks of Sport Participation for Girls and Women
  • Black Female Athletes' Experiences, Marginalization, and Moving Forward
  • Homophobia, Lesbian Athletes, and Creating Inclusive Sport
  • Women in Sport Media
  • The Quantity and Quality of Female Athlete Media
  • Main(Male)Stream Sport Media
  • Social Media and Raising Awareness for Change in Media Representations
  • Professional Female Athletes: Paths toward Equal (Better)
  • Venus Williams Levels the Grand Slam Playing Field
  • U.S. Women's Soccer Leverages Legal Courts and Solidarity in Public Opinion
  • U.S. Women's Hockey Goes on Strike with Clear Goals for Equality
  • Women's Struggle to Attain Leadership Positions in Sport
  • Constraints and Possibilities of Feminine Beauty and Joy in Sport
  • Shifting Beliefs about Women's Physical and Mental Strengths
  • References
  • 3 Perspectives
  • Introduction
  • Compensation of Student-Athletes Threatens Women's Collegiate Sports Altogether
  • A Shift in Perspective: Inspiring a New Generation of Female Coaches
  • Wearable Technology Helps to Inform and Improve Female Collegiate Soccer Players' Performance on the Field and Body Image off the Field
  • Navigating the Female (Athlete) Body Knowledge Gap
  • Sport Empowerment Programs for Girls
  • "You Got This": Making My Way on the Confidence Journey
  • Breaking the Gender Binary in Sport: Female-to-Male Recreational Athlete
  • Gender Equality in Sport: (Un)Awareness, Education, and Resolve
  • 4 Profiles
  • Introduction
  • Association for Women in Sports Media
  • Clare Balding (1971- )
  • Camber Outdoors
  • Anita DeFrantz (1952- )
  • Tony DiCicco (1948-2017)
  • Althea Gibson (1927-2003)
  • Pat Griffin (1963- )
  • Nikki Kimball (1971- )
  • Billie Jean King (1943- )
  • Donna Lopiano (1946- )
  • Kim Ng (1968- )
  • Wilma Rudolf (1940-1994)
  • Barbara Slater (1959- )
  • Ellen Staurowsky (Birthdate Unknown- )
  • Tucker Center for Research on Girls and Women in Sport
  • Donna de Varona (1947- )
  • Venus Williams (1980- )
  • Women in Sport (United Kingdom)
  • Women in Sports and Events
  • Women Leaders in College Sports
  • Women's Sports Foundation
  • Babe Didrickson Zaharias (1911-1956)
  • 5 Data and Documents
  • Introduction
  • Data
  • Table 5.1 Participation Numbers of High School Athletes by Gender
  • Table 5.2 Collegiate Sports Offered in NCAA Schools
  • Table 5.3 Percentage of Women's Varsity Teams in Intercollegiate Athletics for the Academic Year 2013-2014
  • Table 5.4 Top 10 Coaching Behaviors Desired by Collegiate Female Athletes
  • Table 5.5 Women's Participation in the Olympiad and Summer Olympic Games
  • Table 5.6 Women's Participation in the Winter Olympic Games
  • Table 5.7 Selected List of Professional Women's Sports and Most Common Methods of Compensation
  • Figure 5.1 Relative Percentages of Female Participation in Team Sports, Outdoor Sports, and Indoor Activities for 2016
  • Figure 5.2 Comparison of Female and Male Outdoor Activity Participation Percentages for 2016
  • Table 5.8 Percentages of Women in Leadership Positions in NCAA Schools
  • Table 5.9 Summary of Efforts toward Gender Equality in Professional Sport Leadership
  • Figure 5.3 Mainstream Media Coverage of Women's Sports
  • Documents
  • Title IX of the Education Amendments (1972)
  • Intercollegiate Athletics Policy: Three-Part Test (1973)
  • Brighton Plus Helsinki Declaration on Women and Sport (2014)
  • Los Angeles Declaration (2012)
  • NCAA Gender Equity Planning: Best Practices (2016)
  • NCAA Inclusion of Transgender Student-Athletes (2011)
  • Los Angeles Policy Transgender Students-Ensuring Equity and Nondiscrimination BUL-6224.0 (2014)
  • Sport for Success: The Socio-Economic Benefits of Women Playing Sport (2014)
  • 6 Resources
  • Books
  • Articles
  • Reports
  • Internet
  • 7 Chronology
  • Glossary
  • Index
  • About the Author

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