Parks of the future!

Protected areas in Europe challenging regional and global change
 
 
oekom verlag
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 3. Dezember 2015
  • |
  • 288 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF ohne DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-86581-980-2 (ISBN)
 
Climate change, declines in biodiversity, increasing consumption of resources, urbanisation, urban sprawl and demographic change continue to challenge theregions of Europe. In response to these processes of regional and global change, there has been an unmistakeable boom in parks in Europe since the 1990s. Morethan a fifth of the continent is now protected using designations such as regionalnature parks, national parks, UNESCO Biosphere Reserves and World Heritagesites. The responsibilities of these areas are usually diverse and, in addition tonature protection and the conservation of cultural landscapes, increasingly involvethe promotion of sustainable development. In the 22 chapters of this volume, 28 authors from all over Europe analyse and comment on experiences of tackling the challenges of regional and global changein parks. They illustrate discussions with selected case studies and deal with keyissues of current protected area policy: How do parks address the pending challengesand what successes have they had thus far? What pioneering approaches are there in spatial planning and regional development? Which forms of park managementand governance are most promising? This informative and well-illustratedbook also considers which tasks will be assumed by parks in the future and whatroles parks may play in the debate concerning transformations required to promotesustainability in Europe.
  • Englisch
  • München
  • |
  • Deutschland
  • 9,10 MB
978-3-86581-980-2 (9783865819802)
386581980X (386581980X)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
1 - Parks of the Future [Seite 1]
2 - Table of contents [Seite 7]
3 - Foreword [Seite 11]
4 - Preface of the editors [Seite 13]
5 - Thomas Hammer, Ingo Mose, Dominik Siegrist, Norbert Weixlbaumer: Parks of the future - Which future for parks in Europe? [Seite 15]
5.1 - The environment faces great challenges [Seite 15]
5.2 - Parks in the context of megatrends [Seite 16]
5.3 - Parks as spaces modeling sustainable development? [Seite 18]
5.4 - The park boom is also occurring in Europe [Seite 19]
5.5 - Parks as instruments of sustainable regional development in Europe [Seite 20]
5.6 - Literature [Seite 22]
6 - Approaches to coping with challenges of global and regional change [Seite 25]
6.1 - Grazia Brunett: The resilience concept and spatial planning in European protected areas development [Seite 27]
6.1.1 - Abstract [Seite 27]
6.1.2 - Keywords [Seite 27]
6.1.3 - 1. The resilience concept: Origin and evolution [Seite 28]
6.1.3.1 - 1.1 Resilience in ecology [Seite 28]
6.1.3.2 - 1.2 Resilience and self-organization in spatial planning [Seite 30]
6.1.4 - 2. Challenges for spatial planning in protected areas development [Seite 32]
6.1.5 - 3. Emerging issues for a new governance model in the protected areas [Seite 35]
6.1.6 - Literature [Seite 36]
6.2 - Claudia Carter, Mark Reed: Parks and climate change: Challenges to the protected area landscape and emerging policy and management responses [Seite 39]
6.2.1 - Abstract [Seite 39]
6.2.2 - Keywords [Seite 39]
6.2.3 - 1. Protected areas under climate change [Seite 40]
6.2.3.1 - 1.1 The need for larger protected areas [Seite 40]
6.2.3.2 - 1.2 The need to extend 'environmental awareness' to non-protected areas [Seite 41]
6.2.3.3 - 1.3 The need to shift attention from biodiversity to ecosystem processes and services [Seite 42]
6.2.3.4 - 1.4 Policy instruments to sustain ecosystem services from integrated landscapes [Seite 43]
6.2.4 - 2. Payments for ecosystem services [Seite 44]
6.2.5 - 3. Conclusion [Seite 46]
6.2.6 - Literature [Seite 47]
6.3 - Emma Salizzoni: Protected areas confronted by urbanization processes [Seite 49]
6.3.1 - Abstract [Seite 49]
6.3.2 - Keywords [Seite 49]
6.3.3 - 1. Urbanization: An unavoidable challenge for protected areas [Seite 50]
6.3.4 - 2. Different approaches to urbanization [Seite 52]
6.3.5 - 3. Conclusion [Seite 56]
6.3.6 - Literature [Seite 59]
6.4 - Susanne Stoll-Kleemann:Nature parks in Germany facing societal change [Seite 61]
6.4.1 - Summary [Seite 61]
6.4.2 - Keywords [Seite 61]
6.4.3 - 1. Introduction [Seite 62]
6.4.4 - 2. Methods [Seite 62]
6.4.5 - 3. Results: Strengths, societal challenges and strategies [Seite 64]
6.4.5.1 - 3.1 Strengths: Residents express a high level of acceptance and the desire for more conservation of nature [Seite 64]
6.4.5.2 - 3.2 Societal challenges from the perspective of the nature park managers and staff [Seite 66]
6.4.5.3 - 3.3 What do representatives of local authorities think about their local nature parks? [Seite 69]
6.4.6 - 4. Conclusion [Seite 70]
6.4.7 - Literature [Seite 71]
6.5 - Angioletta Voghera, Gabriella Negrini:Parks and landscape: Land use plan experimentations for biodiversity [Seite 73]
6.5.1 - Abstract [Seite 73]
6.5.2 - Keywords [Seite 73]
6.5.3 - 1. Background [Seite 74]
6.5.4 - 2. The Italian context [Seite 75]
6.5.5 - 3. Methodologies and studies of biodiversity development in Piedmont3 [Seite 77]
6.5.6 - 4. Conclusion [Seite 83]
6.5.7 - LITERATURE [Seite 85]
6.6 - Thomas Hammer, Dominik Siegrist:Regional change management and collaborative regional governance as approaches tackling regional and global change in parks? [Seite 87]
6.6.1 - Abstract [Seite 87]
6.6.2 - Keywords [Seite 87]
6.6.3 - 1. Regional change management and collaborative regional governance: Approaches tackling regional and global change in parks [Seite 88]
6.6.4 - 2. The Swiss model of parks of national significance [Seite 89]
6.6.5 - 3. Regional change management (RCM) and collaborative regional governance (CRG) as the basis of the Swiss park model? [Seite 96]
6.6.6 - 4. Instruments for promoting collaborative regional governance (CRG) and regional change management (RGM) in Swiss parks [Seite 98]
6.6.7 - 5. Conclusion [Seite 101]
6.6.8 - Literature [Seite 102]
6.7 - Samuel Depraz:An innovative or adaptive management model of protected areas? [Seite 103]
6.7.1 - Summary [Seite 103]
6.7.2 - Keywords [Seite 103]
6.7.3 - 1. Introduction [Seite 104]
6.7.4 - 2. Regional parks as an evolutionary structure, adapted to societal challenges [Seite 105]
6.7.5 - 3. The climate prerequisite in new European rural policies [Seite 107]
6.7.6 - 4. The effective compliance of the regional parks with European climate strategies [Seite 110]
6.7.7 - 5. Conclusion [Seite 113]
6.7.8 - Literature [Seite 114]
6.8 - Ulli Vilsmaier:Other spaces: Parks as societal mirrors [Seite 115]
6.8.1 - Summary [Seite 115]
6.8.2 - Keywords [Seite 115]
6.8.3 - 1. Introduction [Seite 116]
6.8.4 - 2. The concept of heterotopias [Seite 116]
6.8.5 - 3. Parks as heterotopias? [Seite 118]
6.8.6 - 4. Conclusion [Seite 122]
6.8.7 - Literature [Seite 123]
7 - Case studies and good examples of coping with global and regional change [Seite 125]
7.1 - Andreas Voth:Recent trends and future challenges of protected areas in southern Spain [Seite 127]
7.1.1 - Abstract [Seite 127]
7.1.2 - Keywords [Seite 127]
7.1.3 - 1. Protected areas policy in Spain [Seite 128]
7.1.4 - 2. Parks in Andalusia addressing recent challenges of change [Seite 130]
7.1.4.1 - 2.1 The challenges of climate change and water supply [Seite 132]
7.1.4.2 - 2.2 The need to support renewable energies [Seite 132]
7.1.4.3 - 2.3 Processes of land use change and threats to biodiversity [Seite 133]
7.1.4.4 - 2.4 Processes of demographic change and urbanization [Seite 134]
7.1.4.5 - 2.5 Trends in financing, marketing and branding [Seite 135]
7.1.5 - 3. Conclusion [Seite 137]
7.1.6 - Literature [Seite 137]
7.2 - Peter Fredman, Jan Vidar Haukeland:New challenges for managing sustainable tourism in protected areas [Seite 139]
7.2.1 - Abstract [Seite 139]
7.2.2 - Keywords [Seite 139]
7.2.3 - 1. Introduction [Seite 140]
7.2.4 - 2. Urbanization - Calls for more information and promotion [Seite 142]
7.2.5 - 3. Mobility - Calls for visitor monitoring [Seite 142]
7.2.6 - 4. Demographic change - Calls for facilities and interpretation [Seite 143]
7.2.7 - 5. Lifestyle changes - Call for differentiated management [Seite 144]
7.2.8 - 6. Climate change - Calls for adaptive management [Seite 145]
7.2.9 - 7. Conclusion [Seite 147]
7.2.10 - Literature [Seite 147]
7.3 - Nicola Thompson, Guy Garrod:Sustainable development in England's national parks [Seite 151]
7.3.1 - Abstract [Seite 151]
7.3.2 - Keywords [Seite 151]
7.3.3 - 1. Introduction [Seite 152]
7.3.4 - 2. Charting demographic change in England's national parks [Seite 155]
7.3.5 - 3. Responding to demographic change in England's national parks [Seite 156]
7.3.6 - 4. Conclusion [Seite 159]
7.3.7 - Literature [Seite 160]
7.4 - Catherine Kelly:A new British biosphere: Brighton - Transecting city, countryside and coast [Seite 163]
7.4.1 - Abstract [Seite 163]
7.4.2 - Keywords [Seite 163]
7.4.3 - 1. Introduction [Seite 164]
7.4.4 - 2. Regional change in South East England [Seite 167]
7.4.5 - 3. Creating a new British biosphere: the process [Seite 168]
7.4.5.1 - 3.1 Governance and partnerships [Seite 168]
7.4.5.2 - 3.2 Representation, participation and consultation of local communities [Seite 169]
7.4.5.3 - Consultation analysis and themes: [Seite 171]
7.4.6 - 4. A successful bid - What next? [Seite 172]
7.4.7 - 5. Recommendations and conclusion [Seite 174]
7.4.8 - Literature [Seite 175]
7.5 - Martin Heintel, Norbert Weixlbaumer:Protected areas at the interface of political systems [Seite 179]
7.5.1 - Abstract [Seite 179]
7.5.2 - Keywords [Seite 179]
7.5.3 - 1. Introduction - Transboundary protected areas and regional governance arrangements [Seite 180]
7.5.4 - 2. The development of transboundary protected areas (TBPA) [Seite 180]
7.5.5 - 3. A case study of Írottk?-Geschriebenstein Nature Park [Seite 182]
7.5.6 - 4. Regional governance in cross-border cooperation [Seite 185]
7.5.6.1 - 4.1 Methods and selected results of the European Territorial Cooperation Project [Seite 186]
7.5.6.2 - 4.2 Structures and patterns of transboundary cooperation - Reflecting on a process using the example of Írottk?-Geschriebenstein Nature Park [Seite 188]
7.5.7 - 5. Conclusion [Seite 190]
7.5.8 - Literature [Seite 191]
7.6 - Volker Scherfose:What role can parks play for sustainable development in Germany? [Seite 193]
7.6.1 - Abstract [Seite 193]
7.6.2 - Keywords [Seite 193]
7.6.3 - 1. Introduction [Seite 194]
7.6.4 - 2. Tasks, number and area of large-scale protected areas in Germany [Seite 195]
7.6.5 - 3. The national sustainability strategy and its key indicators [Seite 197]
7.6.6 - 4. Threats to biodiversity [Seite 198]
7.6.7 - 5. Forests [Seite 199]
7.6.8 - 6. Agro-ecosystems [Seite 200]
7.6.9 - 7. Energy use, renewable energies [Seite 202]
7.6.10 - 8. Unfragmented areas, settlement and transport areas [Seite 204]
7.6.11 - 9. What role do large-scale protected areas play for sustainable development in Germany? [Seite 204]
7.6.12 - 10. Conclusion [Seite 207]
7.6.13 - Literature [Seite 209]
7.7 - Natalya Yakusheva:Socio-demographic changes in and around protected areas and management responses [Seite 213]
7.7.1 - Summary [Seite 213]
7.7.2 - Keywords [Seite 213]
7.7.3 - 1. Introduction [Seite 214]
7.7.4 - 2. Bieszczady National Park, Poland [Seite 215]
7.7.4.1 - 2.1 The socio-demographic situation in and around the Bieszczady NP [Seite 215]
7.7.4.2 - 2.2 Conservation and society in Bieszczady [Seite 217]
7.7.5 - 3. Poloniny National Park, Slovakia [Seite 218]
7.7.5.1 - 3.1 The socio-demographic situation in and around Poloniny NP [Seite 220]
7.7.5.2 - 3.2 Conservation and society in Poloniny [Seite 221]
7.7.6 - 4. Conclusion and recommendations [Seite 223]
7.7.7 - Literature [Seite 224]
7.8 - Julius Arnegger, Til Dieterich:Protected area governance in Azerbaijan [Seite 227]
7.8.1 - Abstract [Seite 227]
7.8.2 - Keywords [Seite 227]
7.8.3 - 1. Introduction [Seite 228]
7.8.4 - 2. Historical overview of area protection in Azerbaijan [Seite 228]
7.8.5 - 3. Challenges to protected area governance in Azerbaijan [Seite 231]
7.8.6 - 4. Case study: Challenges and opportunities to PA governance in the Samur-Yalama National Park [Seite 233]
7.8.6.1 - 4.1 Overview of the Samur-Yalama National Park [Seite 233]
7.8.6.2 - 4.2 Methodology [Seite 235]
7.8.6.3 - 4.3 Results [Seite 236]
7.8.7 - 5. Discussion and conclusion [Seite 237]
7.8.8 - Literature [Seite 238]
8 - Syntheses - Challenges of coping with regional and global change [Seite 241]
8.1 - The role of science in governing and managing the parks of the future. Considerations by Thomas Scheurer,Scientific Research Manager [Seite 243]
8.1.1 - Scientific background [Seite 244]
8.1.2 - A broad range of topics: What are central themes and approaches for future research? [Seite 245]
8.1.3 - The role of science in the management and governance of global and regional change in protected areas [Seite 247]
8.1.4 - Literature [Seite 248]
8.2 - Comments by Alois Lang,Park Manager at Neusiedler See-Seewinkel National Park [Seite 249]
8.3 - A perspective of Lawrence S. Hamilton, Senior Advisor at IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas [Seite 259]
8.4 - Parks of the future - A view of Carol Ritchie, Executive Director of the EUROPARC Federation [Seite 261]
8.4.1 - Literature [Seite 265]
8.5 - Thomas Hammer, Ingo Mose, Dominik Siegrist, Norbert Weixlbaumer:Parks challenging regional and global change - An attempt at a synthesis [Seite 267]
8.5.1 - Moving towards an integrative park policy [Seite 268]
8.5.2 - Approaches to managing change [Seite 268]
8.5.2.1 - Sensitization and involvement of the population [Seite 269]
8.5.2.2 - Development of an adaptive regional governance structure [Seite 269]
8.5.2.3 - Further development of the management concepts of parks [Seite 270]
8.5.2.4 - Integration of the parks in regional planning [Seite 270]
8.5.2.5 - Development of cooperation with other parks and partners [Seite 270]
8.5.2.6 - Parks as providers of ecosystem services [Seite 271]
8.5.2.7 - Enlargement and ecological cross-linking of park regions [Seite 271]
8.5.2.8 - Linking of park objectives and activities with regional development [Seite 271]
8.5.3 - Parks as an expression of a new socio-ecological perspective? [Seite 272]
8.5.4 - Possibilities and limitations of parks [Seite 273]
8.5.5 - Experiences with new approaches [Seite 274]
9 - The editors [Seite 275]
10 - The authors [Seite 276]

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