Investigating Spatial Inequalities

Mobility, Housing and Employment in Scandinavia and South-East Europe
Emerald Publishing Limited
  • erschienen am 29. November 2019
  • |
  • 248 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-78973-943-5 (ISBN)
Seen as one explanation for the election of Trump, Brexit and the surge of a right-wing movement across Europe, spatial inequality has become an increasingly relevant topic. Offering in-depth perspectives on factors such as local labour markets, housing and mobility, this book investigates centralization tendencies in Scandinavia and South East Europe that help shape regional development and act as a catalyst to creating regional inequalities. Joining scholars from four countries, this book provides a micro-examination of the development of regional inequalities in four geographically peripheral countries which represent different ends of the income spectrum, contain both EU and non-EU members and reflect differing levels of economic development. Divided into three sub-themes, the sections in turn discuss the topics of spatial divergence and labour market development, housing and institutional perspectives, and finally mobility, migration and commuting.
  • Englisch
  • Bingley
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 4,83 MB
978-1-78973-943-5 (9781789739435)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Investigating Spatial Inequalities
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • List of Box
  • About the Editors
  • About the Authors
  • Acknowledgements
  • Chapter 1 Introduction: Spatial Inequalities in the Age of Rapid Technological Advances
  • Spatial Mobility and Inequality
  • What Is Inequality?
  • Measuring Urbanity and Centrality: A Comparative Approach
  • The Disposition of This Book
  • References
  • Section I Spatial Divergence
  • Chapter 2 Regional Inequalities in Sweden 1985-2014
  • Introduction
  • The Conceptual Model
  • Structural Change
  • Swedish Economy 1985-2014
  • House Prices in Sweden 1985-2014
  • Data and Results
  • Testing the Emergence of Increased Divergence for Employment Rates and House Prices between Swedish Municipalities
  • Are Divergences Statistically Significant?
  • Discussion and Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Centralization and Urbanization Tendencies in Norway
  • Introduction
  • Geographical Variation in Population Growth over the Period from 1970 to 2017
  • The Growth of Population and Jobs in Municipalities of Different Centrality
  • Changes in Inequalities within and between Labour Market Regions
  • A Classification of Municipalities According to the Local Labour Market Situation
  • The Relationship between Unemployment Rates, Employment Growth, and Population Growth
  • The Relationship between Local Unemployment Rates and Local Employment Growth
  • The Relationship between Employment Growth and Population Growth
  • The Relationship between Local Unemployment Rates and Local Population growth
  • Concluding Remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Spatial Inequality in Croatia and Serbia
  • Introduction
  • Croatian and Serbian Economic Development 2000-2016
  • Administrative Units as Local Labour Markets in Croatia and Serbia
  • Population and Employment Changes by Municipality Level
  • Labour-Market Classification of Municipalities
  • Concluding Remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Impact and Recovery - An Analysis of the Disintegration of Yugoslavia
  • Introduction
  • Remote Sensing Data and Analysis of Areas with Declining Levels of Light
  • Data and Methods
  • DMSP-OLS Night-time Lights
  • GDP per Capita Based on Purchasing Power Parity
  • The Disintegration of Yugoslavia - Impact and Recovery
  • Discussion
  • References
  • Section II Housing and Institutional Perspectives
  • Chapter 6 Quality of Government - Scandinavia vs. South East Europe
  • Introduction
  • The Importance and Characteristics of Governance
  • The Quality of Government in in Sweden, Norway, Croatia, and Serbia
  • The Quality of Government in the Selected Countries Regarding the Rule of Law, Control of Corruption, Government Effectiven...
  • Rule of Law
  • Scandinavian Countries
  • South East Europe
  • Control of Corruption
  • Scandinavian Countries
  • South East Europe
  • Government Effectiveness and Voice & Accountability
  • Scandinavian Countries
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Local Initiatives for Effective Local Labour Markets
  • Introduction
  • Public Spending and Local Unemployment
  • The History and Importance of EU Initiatives on the Development of Local Employment Programmes
  • Potential Problems with Decentralization and Local Labour Programmes
  • Conclusion: Application of Acquired Experiences
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Housing and Transaction Costs
  • Introduction
  • Transaction Costs
  • Transaction Costs in the Housing Market
  • A Conceptual Model of Transaction Costs in Real Estate
  • The Transaction Process
  • Croatia
  • Marketing Phase
  • Pre-contract Phase
  • Contracting
  • Registration
  • Sweden
  • Marketing Phase
  • The Contract Phase
  • Registration
  • Comparing Croatia and Sweden
  • Concluding Remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Residential Mobility and Housing Policy - Continuity and Change in the Swedish Housing Regime
  • Introduction
  • Theoretical Starting Point - Path Dependence and Critical Junctures
  • The Swedish Rent-Setting System
  • Introducing Rent Control 1942 - The Root of Housing Corporatism
  • Abolishing Rent Control 1968-78 - New Legislation, Same Path
  • Adapting to the EU - New Legislation, Path Uncertain
  • Political Interventions on the Housing Market to Stabilize Household Debt
  • The Reforms in the 1990s and Their Relation to the Current Situation on the Housing Market
  • Recent Steps Forward Are Following the Current Path
  • Taxation: Interest Tax Deduction and the Heritage of the 1991 Tax Reform
  • Discussion
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Housing Policy and Labour Market in Croatia
  • Introduction
  • Housing and Labour Mobility Under Socialism and During the Transformation Process
  • Government Housing Policy
  • Ownership and Prices of Property in Croatia
  • The Proportion of Homeowners
  • There Is No Free (Lunch) Flat: The Price of an Average Flat
  • Housing Market, Unemployment by Region, and Labour Force Mobility in Croatia
  • Conclusions and Proposals of Needed Measures
  • References
  • Section III Mobility
  • Chapter 11 On an Equal Footing? Comparing Commuting Patterns Across Space and Gender
  • Introduction
  • Previous Research on Gender Patterns in Commuting
  • A Background to Labour Markets, Regions and Commuting in the Three Countries
  • Labour Market Development Over Time
  • Commuting Patterns in Sweden, Norway and Serbia
  • Regional Differences in Commuter Patterns
  • The Gender Gap of Commuting in Different Types of Regions
  • Distribution of Commuting Patterns
  • Concluding Discussion
  • References
  • Chapter 12 A Multiple Criteria Approach to Interregional Migrations - The Case of Serbia
  • Introduction
  • Study Background
  • Methodology
  • Determinants of Internal Migration Potential in Serbia
  • Criteria Selection
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • bm_978-1-78973-941-120191012_nonid3
  • ELECTRE Tri-C methodology
  • Notation and Basic ELECTRE Concepts
  • Introducing Sorting Problematic - ELECTRE Tri-C Method
  • Index

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