Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases

 
 
Standards Information Network (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 27. Oktober 2017
  • |
  • 680 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-25601-4 (ISBN)
 
A rapidly growing interdisciplinary field, disease ecology merges key ideas from ecology, medicine, genetics, immunology, and epidemiology to study how hosts and pathogens interact in populations, communities, and entire ecosystems. Bringing together contributions from leading international experts on the ecology of diseases among invertebrate species, this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the current state of the field. Beginning with an introductory overview of general principles and methodologies, the book continues with in-depth discussions of a range of critical issues concerning invertebrate disease epidemiology, molecular biology, vectors, and pathogens. Topics covered in detail include:
* Methods for studying the ecology of invertebrate diseases and pathogens
* Invertebrate pathogen ecology and the ecology of pathogen groups
* Applied ecology of invertebrate pathogens
* Leveraging the ecology of invertebrate pathogens in microbial control
* Prevention and management of infectious diseases of aquatic invertebrates
Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases is a necessary and long overdue addition to the world literature on this vitally important subject. This volume belongs on the reference shelves of all those involved in the environmental sciences, genetics, microbiology, marine biology, immunology, epidemiology, fisheries and wildlife science, and related disciplines.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Newark
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 9,69 MB
978-1-119-25601-4 (9781119256014)
1119256011 (1119256011)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
ANN E. HAJEK, PHD, is a Professor in the Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, US.
DAVID I. SHAPIRO-ILAN, PHD, is a Research Entomologist at USDA-ARS, Byron, Georgia, US.
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • List of Contributors
  • Preface
  • Section I Introduction
  • Chapter 1 General Concepts in the Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Types of Studies
  • 1.3 Why Study the Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases?
  • 1.4 What this Book Covers
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Methods for Studying the Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases and Pathogens
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Traditional Methods for Studying Diseases
  • 2.3 Molecular Tools to Assist in the Detection and Quantification of Pathogens and their Impact on the Host
  • 2.4 Traditional Versus Molecular Methods: Advantages and Limitations
  • 2.5 Advancing the Frontiers of Ecology using Pathogens and Diseases
  • 2.6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Section II The Basics of Invertebrate Pathogen Ecology
  • Chapter 3 The Pathogen Population
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Characteristics of Pathogens
  • 3.3 Pathogen Effects on Host Development and Behavior
  • 3.4 Pathogen Populations
  • 3.5 Dispersal and Spatial Distribution of Pathogens
  • 3.6 Pathogen Interactions
  • 3.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 4 The Host Population
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 General Host Factors
  • 4.3 Barriers to Microbial Infection
  • 4.4 Defenses against Microbial Infection
  • 4.5 Resistance via Priming
  • 4.6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Abiotic Factors
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 The Surviving Unit
  • 5.3 Abiotic Factors Affecting Invertebrate Pathogens
  • 5.4 Mechanisms of Survival
  • 5.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 6 The Biotic Environment
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Tritrophic Interactions
  • 6.3 Pathogen-Natural Enemy Interactions
  • 6.4 Microbe-Mediated Defense
  • 6.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • Section III Ecology of Pathogen Groups
  • Chapter 7 Viruses
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Diversity of Invertebrate Pathogenic Viruses
  • 7.3 Distribution of Invertebrate Pathogenic Viruses
  • 7.4 Key Aspects of Pathogen Ecology
  • 7.5 Transmission
  • 7.6 Persistence
  • 7.7 Dispersal
  • 7.8 Genetic Diversity in Viruses
  • 7.9 Role of Host Behavior in Virus Ecology
  • 7.10 Dynamics of Viruses in Host Populations
  • 7.11 Influence of Abiotic Factors on Viruses
  • 7.12 Biotic Factors that Interact with Virus Populations
  • 7.13 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Bacteria
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Bacterial Pathogens and Associations with Insects
  • 8.3 Pathogenicity and Virulence
  • 8.4 Disease Transmission
  • 8.5 Survival in the Environment
  • 8.6 Population Dynamics: Epizootics and Enzootics
  • 8.7 Evolution
  • 8.8 Ecology Guiding Use of Bacterial Entomopathogens in Microbial Control
  • 8.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Fungi
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Fungal Biology and Pathology
  • 9.3 Dynamics of Fungal Pathogens
  • 9.4 Interactions between Fungal Pathogens and Host Individuals
  • 9.5 Impact of Abiotic Factors on Infected Hosts and Pathogen Inocula
  • 9.6 Impact of Biotic Factors on Pathogenic Fungi
  • 9.7 Use of Pathogenic Fungi for Biological Control of Invertebrates
  • 9.8 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Microsporidia
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Host Population
  • 10.3 Pathogen Population
  • 10.4 Transmission
  • 10.5 Epizootiology
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Nematodes
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Transmission
  • 11.3 Host Population
  • 11.4 Pathogen Population
  • 11.5 Abiotic Environmental Factors
  • 11.6 Biotic Interactions
  • 11.7 Applied Ecology and Aspects in Microbial Control
  • 11.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Section IV Applied Ecology of Invertebrate Pathogens
  • Chapter 12 Modeling Insect Epizootics and their Population-Level Consequences
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 The Pathogen and its Hosts
  • 12.3 Modeling Disease Transmission: A Single Epizootic
  • 12.4 Fitting Models to Data
  • 12.5 A Bayesian Approach
  • 12.6 Long-Term Dynamics
  • 12.7 Modifying and Applying the Model
  • 12.8 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 13 Leveraging the Ecology of Invertebrate Pathogens in Microbial Control
  • 13.1 Basics of Microbial Control and Approaches
  • 13.2 Ecological Considerations
  • 13.3 Methods to Improve Microbial Control
  • 13.4 Incorporating Microbial Control into Integrated Pest-Management Systems
  • 13.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 14 Prevention and Management of Diseases in Terrestrial Invertebrates
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Major uses of Insects and Mites in the Production and Transmission of Insect Pathogens within Production Systems
  • 14.3 Status of Diagnostic Services
  • 14.4 Ensuring Production of Healthy Insects
  • 14.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 15 Prevention and Management of Infectious Diseases in Aquatic Invertebrates
  • 15.1 Scope
  • 15.2 Oyster Diseases
  • 15.3 Crustacean Diseases
  • 15.4 Crustacean Fisheries
  • 15.5 Agencies for Disease Management
  • 15.6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 16 Ecology of Emerging Infectious Diseases of Invertebrates
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Host-Pathogen Relationships and Anthropogenic Change
  • 16.3 Case Studies of Invertebrate Disease Emergence
  • 16.4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 17 Conclusions and Future Directions
  • 17.1 The Increasing Urgency of the Study of Invertebrate Pathogen Ecology
  • 17.2 The Future for Invasive and Native Invertebrate Pathogens
  • 17.3 New Directions and Novel Tools for Studying Invertebrate Ecology
  • References
  • Index
  • Supplemental Images
  • EULA

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