Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry

 
 
Elsevier (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 14. November 2018
  • |
  • 618 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-08-102789-9 (ISBN)
 

Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry (PHC), Volume 30, the latest in this annual review series commissioned by the International Society of Heterocyclic Chemistry (ISHC), contains both highlights of the previous year's literature on heterocyclic chemistry and articles on new and developing topics of interest. Chapters in this updated volume are all written by leading researchers in their field, providing a systematic survey of the important, original material reported in literature in 2017. As with previous volumes in the series, this update will enable academics, industrial chemists and advanced students to keep abreast of developments in heterocyclic chemistry in a convenient resource.

  • Recognized as the premiere review of heterocyclic chemistry
  • Includes contributions from leading researchers in the field
  • Provides a systematic survey of the important 2016 heterocyclic chemistry literature
  • Presents articles on new and developing topics of interest to heterocyclic chemists
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 36,52 MB
978-0-08-102789-9 (9780081027899)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • PROGRESS IN HETEROCYCLIC CHEMISTRY
  • PROGRESS IN HETEROCYCLIC CHEMISTRY
  • Copyright
  • CONTENTS
  • CONTRIBUTORS
  • FOREWORD
  • EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD MEMBERS PROGRESS IN HETEROCYCLIC CHEMISTRY
  • 1 - Nitrogen-Philic Cyclization of Acyl Radicals Enables the Synthesis of Lactams
  • 1.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 1.1.1 Exo Cyclization of Acyl Radicals Onto Imine N-C Double Bond
  • 1.1.2 Endo Cyclization of Acyl Radicals Onto Imine CN Double Bond
  • 1.2 ACYL RADICAL CYCLIZATION ONTO AMINE NITROGEN
  • 1.3 ACYL RADICAL CYCLIZATION ONTO AZIDE NITROGEN
  • 1.4 SYNTHESIS OF LACTAMS VIA [2+2+1] CYCLOADDITION
  • 1.5 AMINOCARBONYLATION LEADING TO LACTAMS
  • 1.6 CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • 2 - The Silyl-Prins Reaction as an Emerging Method for the Synthesis of Heterocycles
  • 2.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 2.2 SYNTHESIS OF OXACYCLES BY SILYL-PRINS CYCLIZATIONS WITH ALLYLSILANES
  • 2.2.1 Synthesis of Five-Membered Oxacycles
  • 2.2.2 Synthesis of Six-Membered Oxacycles
  • 2.2.2.1 Synthesis of Dihydropyrans and Tetrahydropyrans
  • 2.2.2.2 Synthesis of Methylenetetrahydropyrans
  • 2.3 SYNTHESIS OF SEVEN- TO TEN-MEMBERED OXACYCLES
  • 2.3.1 Oxepanes
  • 2.3.2 Oxocanes
  • 2.3.3 Macrocyclic Systems
  • 2.3.4 Synthesis of Bicycles
  • 2.4 SYNTHESIS OF OXACYCLES BY SILYL-PRINS CYCLIZATIONS WITH VINYLSILANES
  • 2.4.1 Synthesis of Five-Membered Oxacycles
  • 2.4.2 Synthesis of Six-Membered Oxacycles
  • 2.4.3 Synthesis of Seven-Membered Oxacycles
  • 2.4.4 Synthesis of Bicycles
  • 2.5 SYNTHESIS OF AZACYCLES BY SILYL-AZA-PRINS CYCLIZATIONS
  • 2.5.1 Allyl Silanes
  • 2.5.1.1 Five-Membered Azacycles
  • 2.5.1.2 Six-Membered Azacycles
  • 2.5.1.3 Seven-Membered Azacycles
  • 2.5.1.4 Bicyclic Systems
  • 2.5.2 Vinyl Silanes
  • 2.5.2.1 Six-Membered Azacycles
  • 2.5.2.2 Bicyclic Systems
  • 2.6 OTHER SILANES
  • 2.7 SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • 3 - Three-Membered Ring Systems
  • 3.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 3.2 EPOXIDES
  • 3.2.1 Preparation of Epoxides
  • 3.2.2 Reactions of Epoxides
  • 3.3 AZIRIDINES
  • 3.3.1 Preparation of Aziridines
  • 3.3.2 Reactions of Aziridines
  • 3.4 AZIRINES
  • 3.4.1 Preparation of 2H-Azirines
  • 3.4.2 Reaction of Azirines
  • 3.5 OXAZIRIDINES
  • 3.5.1 Preparation of Oxaziridines
  • 3.5.2 Reaction of Oxaziridines
  • 3.6 DIAZIRINES
  • REFERENCES
  • 4 - Four-Membered Ring Systems
  • 4.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 4.2 AZETIDINES, AZETINES, AND RELATED SYSTEMS
  • 4.3 MONOCYCLIC 2-AZETIDINONES (ß-LACTAMS)
  • 4.4 FUSED ß-LACTAMS
  • 4.5 OXETANES, DIOXETANES, AND 2-OXETANONES (ß-LACTONES)
  • 4.6 THIETANES AND RELATED SYSTEMS
  • 4.7 SILICON AND PHOSPHORUS HETEROCYCLES-MISCELLANEOUS
  • REFERENCES
  • 5.1 - Five-Membered Ring Systems: Thiophenes and Se/Te Derivatives
  • 5.2 - Five-Membered Ring Systems: Pyrroles and Benzo Analogs
  • 5.2.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 5.2.2 SYNTHESIS OF PYRROLES
  • 5.2.2.1 Intramolecular Approaches to Pyrroles
  • 5.2.2.1.1 Intramolecular Type a
  • 5.2.2.1.2 Intramolecular Type c
  • 5.2.2.2 Intermolecular Approaches to Pyrroles
  • 5.2.2.2.1 Intermolecular Type ab
  • 5.2.2.2.2 Intermolecular Type ac
  • 5.2.2.2.3 Intermolecular Type ad
  • 5.2.2.2.4 Intermolecular Type ae
  • 5.2.2.2.5 Intermolecular Type bd
  • 5.2.2.2.6 Intermolecular Type abc
  • 5.2.2.2.7 Intermolecular Type abd
  • 5.2.2.2.8 Intermolecular Type abe
  • 5.2.2.2.9 Intermolecular Type ace
  • 5.2.2.3 Transformations of Other Heterocycles to Pyrroles
  • 5.2.3 REACTIONS OF PYRROLES
  • 5.2.3.1 Substitutions at Pyrrole Nitrogen
  • 5.2.3.2 Substitutions at Pyrrole Carbon
  • 5.2.3.2.1 Substitution at C2
  • 5.2.3.2.2 Substitution at C3
  • 5.2.3.3 Cycloadditions
  • 5.2.3.4 Functionalization of Pyrrole Side-Chain Substituents
  • 5.2.4 SYNTHESIS OF INDOLES
  • 5.2.4.1 Intramolecular Approaches to Indoles
  • 5.2.4.1.1 Intramolecular Type a
  • 5.2.4.1.2 Intramolecular Type b
  • 5.2.4.1.3 Intramolecular Type c
  • 5.2.4.1.4 Intramolecular Type e
  • 5.2.4.2 Intermolecular Approaches to Indoles
  • 5.2.4.2.1 Intermolecular Type ab
  • 5.2.4.2.2 Intermolecular Type ac
  • 5.2.4.2.3 Intermolecular Type bc
  • 5.2.4.2.4 Intermolecular Type ce
  • 5.2.4.2.5 Other Intermolecular Syntheses of Indole
  • 5.2.5 REACTIONS OF INDOLES
  • 5.2.5.1 Substitution at C2/C3
  • 5.2.5.1.1 C2 Substitution
  • 5.2.5.1.1.1 Directed C-H Functionalization
  • 5.2.5.1.1.2 Innate C-H Functionalization
  • 5.2.5.1.2 C2 Substitution, Ring-Forming
  • 5.2.5.1.3 C2-C3 Annulation/Functionalization
  • 5.2.5.1.4 C3 Substitution
  • 5.2.5.1.5 C3 Substitution, Ring-Forming
  • 5.2.5.2 Substitution at Nitrogen
  • 5.2.5.3 Functionalization of the Benzene Ring
  • 5.2.5.3.1 C-H Functionalization
  • 5.2.5.3.2 From Prefunctionalized Indoles (e.g., Halides, Triflates, etc.)
  • 5.2.6 ISATINS, OXINDOLES, INDOXYLS, AND SPIROOXINDOLES
  • 5.2.7 CARBAZOLES
  • 5.2.8 AZAINDOLES
  • 5.2.9 ISOINDOLES
  • REFERENCES
  • 5.3 - Five-Membered Ring Systems: Furans and Benzofurans
  • 5.3.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 5.3.2 REACTIONS
  • 5.3.2.1 Furans
  • 5.3.3 SYNTHESIS
  • 5.3.3.1 Furans
  • 5.3.3.2 Benzo[b]furans and Related Compounds
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • 5.4 - Five-Membered Ring Systems: With More Than One N Atom
  • 5.4.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 5.4.2 PYRAZOLES AND RING-FUSED DERIVATIVES
  • 5.4.3 IMIDAZOLES AND RING-FUSED DERIVATIVES
  • 5.4.4 1,2,3-TRIAZOLES AND RING-FUSED DERIVATIVES
  • 5.4.5 1,2,4-TRIAZOLES AND RING-FUSED DERIVATIVES
  • 5.4.6 TETRAZOLES AND RING-FUSED DERIVATIVES
  • REFERENCES
  • 5.5 - Five-Membered Ring Systems: With N and S Atoms
  • 5.5.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 5.5.2 THIAZOLES
  • 5.5.2.1 Synthesis of Thiazoles
  • 5.5.2.2 Synthesis of Thiazolines
  • 5.5.2.3 Synthesis of Benzothiazoles
  • 5.5.2.4 Reactions of Thiazoles and Fused Derivatives
  • 5.5.2.5 New Thiazole-Containing Natural Products
  • 5.5.2.6 Biologically Active Thiazoles and Isothiazoles
  • 5.5.3 ISOTHIAZOLES
  • 5.5.4 THIADIAZOLES
  • REFERENCES
  • 5.6 - Five-Membered Ring Systems: With O and S (Se, Te) Atoms
  • 5.6.1 1,3-DIOXOLES AND DIOXOLANES
  • 5.6.2 1,3-DITHIOLES AND DITHIOLANES
  • 5.6.3 1,3-OXATHIOLES AND OXATHIOLANES
  • 5.6.4 1,2-DITHIOLES AND DITHIOLANES
  • 5.6.5 THREE HETEROATOMS
  • REFERENCES
  • 5.7 - Five-Membered Ring Systems: With O and N Atoms
  • 5.7.1 ISOXAZOLES
  • 5.7.2 ISOXAZOLINES
  • 5.7.3 ISOXAZOLIDINES
  • 5.7.4 OXAZOLES
  • 5.7.5 OXAZOLINES
  • 5.7.6 OXAZOLIDINES
  • 5.7.7 OXADIAZOLES
  • REFERENCES
  • 6.1 - Six-Membered Ring Systems: Pyridine and Benzo Derivatives
  • 6.1.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 6.1.2 PYRIDINES
  • 6.1.2.1 Preparation of Pyridines
  • 6.1.2.2 Reactions of Pyridines
  • 6.1.3 QUINOLINES
  • 6.1.3.1 Preparation of Quinolines
  • 6.1.3.2 Reactions of Quinolines
  • 6.1.4 ISOQUINOLINES
  • 6.1.4.1 Preparation of Isoquinolines
  • 6.1.4.2 Reactions of Isoquinolines
  • REFERENCES
  • 6.2 - Six-Membered Ring Systems: Diazines and Benzo Derivatives
  • 6.2.1 Introduction
  • 6.2.2 Pyridazines and Benzo Derivatives
  • 6.2.2.1 Syntheses
  • 6.2.2.2 Reactions
  • 6.2.2.3 Applications
  • 6.2.3 Pyrimidines and Benzo Derivatives
  • 6.2.3.1 Syntheses
  • 6.2.3.2 Reactions
  • 6.2.3.3 Applications
  • 6.2.4 Pyrazines and Benzo Derivatives
  • 6.2.4.1 Syntheses
  • 6.2.4.2 Reactions
  • 6.2.4.3 Applications
  • References
  • 6.3 - Triazines, Tetrazines, and Fused Ring Polyaza Systems
  • 6.3.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 6.3.2 TRIAZINES
  • 6.3.2.1 1,2,3-Triazines or v-Triazines and 1,2,4-Triazines or a-Triazines
  • 6.3.2.2 1,3,5-Triazines (s-Triazines)
  • 6.3.2.2.1 Chemistry
  • 6.3.2.2.2 Triazines for Material Chemistry
  • 6.3.2.2.3 Triazines for Biomedical and Related Applications
  • 6.3.2.2.4 Triazines for Fluorescence and Optics-Related Applications
  • 6.3.2.2.5 Miscellaneous
  • 6.3.3 TETRAZINES
  • 6.3.3.1 Synthetic Chemistry
  • 6.3.3.2 Tetrazines for Click Chemistry and Related Applications
  • 6.3.3.3 Applications for Optics: New Dyes
  • 6.3.3.4 Miscellaneous
  • 6.3.4 FUSED HIGHER POLYAZAAROMATICS
  • 6.3.4.1 [6+5] Fused Systems: Purines and Related Heterocycles
  • 6.3.4.1.1 Purines and Related Heterocycles
  • 6.3.4.2 [6+6] Fused Systems: Pteridines and Related Heterocycles
  • 6.3.4.3 New Polyazafused Rings and Heptazines
  • REFERENCES
  • 6.4 - Six-Membered Ring Systems: With O and/or S Atoms
  • 6.4.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 6.4.2 HETEROCYCLES CONTAINING ONE OXYGEN ATOM
  • 6.4.2.1 Pyrans
  • 6.4.2.2 [1]Benzopyrans and Dihydro[1]benzopyrans
  • 6.4.2.2.1 Chromenes and Chromans
  • 6.4.2.3 [2]Benzopyrans and Dihydro[2]benzopyrans
  • 6.4.2.3.1 Isochromenes and Isochromans
  • 6.4.2.4 Pyranones
  • 6.4.2.5 Coumarins
  • 6.4.2.6 Chromones and Chromanones
  • 6.4.2.7 Xanthenes and Xanthones
  • 6.4.3 HETEROCYCLES CONTAINING ONE OR TWO SULFUR ATOMS
  • 6.4.3.1 Thiopyrans and Analogs
  • 6.4.3.2 Dithiin Analogs
  • 6.4.4 HETEROCYCLES CONTAINING TWO OR MORE OXYGEN ATOMS
  • 6.4.4.1 Dioxanes
  • 6.4.5 HETEROCYCLES CONTAINING BOTH OXYGEN AND SULFUR IN THE SAME RING
  • 6.4.5.1 Oxathianes
  • REFERENCES
  • 7 - Seven-Membered Rings
  • 7.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 7.2 SEVEN-MEMBERED SYSTEMS CONTAINING ONE HETEROATOM
  • 7.2.1 Azepanes and Derivatives
  • 7.2.2 Benzazepines and Derivatives
  • 7.2.3 Fused Azepanes and Derivatives
  • 7.2.4 Oxepanes and Fused Derivatives
  • 7.2.5 Thiepines and Fused Derivatives
  • 7.3 SEVEN-MEMBERED SYSTEMS CONTAINING TWO HETEROATOMS
  • 7.3.1 Diazepines and Fused Diazepines
  • 7.3.1.1 Benzodiazepines and Derivatives
  • 7.3.2 Oxazepanes and Fused Derivatives
  • 7.3.3 Thiazepines and Derivatives
  • 7.3.4 Dioxepines, Dithiepines, Oxathiepines, and Derivatives
  • 7.4 SEVEN-MEMBERED SYSTEMS CONTAINING THREE OR MORE HETEROATOMS
  • 7.4.1 Three Heteroatoms N, O, and/or S
  • 7.4.2 Four or More Heteroatoms N, O, and/or S
  • 7.5 FUTURE DIRECTIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • 8 - Eight-Membered and Larger Rings
  • 8.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 8.2 CARBON-OXYGEN RINGS
  • 8.3 CARBON-NITROGEN RINGS
  • 8.4 CARBON-SULFUR RINGS
  • 8.5 CARBON-GERMANIUM RINGS
  • 8.6 CARBON-NITROGEN-SILICON RINGS
  • 8.7 CARBON-NITROGEN-OXYGEN RINGS
  • 8.8 CARBON-NITROGEN-SULFUR RINGS
  • 8.9 CARBON-OXYGEN-PHOSPHORUS RINGS
  • 8.10 CARBON-SULFUR-SILANE RINGS
  • 8.11 CARBON-NITROGEN-OXYGEN-SULFUR RINGS
  • 8.12 CARBON-NITROGEN-METAL RINGS
  • REFERENCES
  • INDEX
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • X
  • Y
  • Z
  • Back Cover

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