From the rising significance of non-state actors to the increasing influence of regional powers, the nature and conduct of international politics has arguably changed dramatically since the height of the Cold War. Yet much of the literature on deterrence and compellence continues to draw (whether implicitly or explicitly) upon assumptions and precepts formulated in-and predicated upon-politics in a state-centric, bipolar world.
Coercion moves beyond these somewhat hidebound premises and examines the critical issue of coercion in the 21st century, with a particular focus on new actors, strategies and objectives in this very old bargaining game. The chapters in this volume examine intra-state, inter-state, and transnational coercion and deterrence as well as both military and non-military instruments of persuasion, thus expanding our understanding of coercion for conflict in the 21st century.
Scholars have analyzed the causes, dynamics, and effects of coercion for decades, but previous works have principally focused on a single state employing conventional military means to pressure another state to alter its behavior. In contrast, this volume captures fresh developments, both theoretical and policy relevant. This chapters in this volume focus on tools (terrorism, sanctions, drones, cyber warfare, intelligence, and forced migration), actors (insurgents, social movements, and NGOs) and mechanisms (trilateral coercion, diplomatic and economic isolation, foreign-imposed regime change, coercion of nuclear proliferators, and two-level games) that have become more prominent in recent years, but which have yet to be extensively or systematically addressed in either academic or policy literatures.
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Kelly M. Greenhill is Associate Professor and Director of International Relations at Tufts University and Research Fellow at Harvard University. She is author of Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion and Foreign Policy, winner of the 2011 International Studies Association Best Book of the Year Award, and numerous other books, articles and opinion pieces on international security and foreign policy. As a 2017 National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, Greenhill is completing a new book on the influence of rumors, conspiracy theories, propaganda and other sources of "extra-factual information" in international politics.
Peter Krause is an assistant professor of political science at Boston College and a Research Affiliate with the MIT Security Studies Program. He is the author of Rebel Power: Why National Movements Compete, Fight and Win (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2017) and has published articles on the threat of terrorism, modern territorial conquest, the effectiveness of political violence, U.S. intervention in the Syrian civil war, and the war of ideas in the Middle East. Krause has conducted extensive fieldwork throughout the Middle East over the past decade. He regularly offers his analysis of Middle East politics and political violence with national and local media. You can read more about Peter Krause and his research at peterjpkrause.com.
Kelly M. Greenhill and Peter Krause
Part I: Coercion: A Primer
1. Coercion: An Analytical Overview
Robert J. Art and Kelly M. Greenhill
2. Intelligence and Coercion: A Neglected Connection
Part II: Coercion in an Asymmetric World
3. A Bargaining Theory of Coercion
Todd S. Sechser
4. Airpower, Sanctions, Coercion and Containment: When Foreign Policy Objectives Collide Philip W. Haun
5. Step Aside or Face the Consequences: Explaining the Success and Failure of Compellent
Threats to Remove Foreign Leaders
Alexander B. Downes
Part III: Coercion and Non-state Actors
6. Underestimating Weak States and State Sponsors: The Case for Base State Coercion Keren Fraiman
7. Coercion by Movement: How Power Drove the Success of the Eritrean Insurgency, 1960-1993 Peter Krause
8. Is Technology the Answer? The Limits of Combat Drones in Countering Insurgents James Igoe Walsh
Part IV: Domains and Instruments Other than Force
9. Coercion through Cyberspace: The Stability-Instability Paradox Revisited
Jon R. Lindsay and Erik Gartzke
10. Migration as a Coercive Weapon: New Evidence from the Middle East
Kelly M. Greenhill
11. The Strategy of Coercive Isolation
Timothy W. Crawford
12. Economic Sanctions in Theory and Practice: How Smart Are They?
13. Prices or Power Politics: When and Why States Coercively Compete over Resources
Part V: Nuclear Coercion
14. Deliberate Escalation: Nuclear Strategies to Deter or to Stop Conventional Attacks
Jasen J. Castillo
15. Threatening Proliferation: The Goldilocks Principle of Bargaining with Nuclear Latency
Kelly M. Greenhill and Peter Krause
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