Analytical Modeling of Solute Transport in Groundwater

Using Models to Understand the Effect of Natural Processes on Contaminant Fate and Transport
 
 
Standards Information Network (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 21. Februar 2017
  • |
  • 272 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-30023-6 (ISBN)
 
Teaches, using simple analytical models how physical, chemical, and biological processes in the subsurface affect contaminant transport
* Uses simple analytical models to demonstrate the impact of subsurface processes on the fate and transport of groundwater contaminants
* Includes downloadable modeling tool that provides easily understood graphical output for over thirty models
* Modeling tool and book are integrated to facilitate reader understanding
* Collects analytical solutions from many sources into a single volume and, for the interested reader, shows how these solutions are derived from the governing model equations
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Mark Goltz is a well-known authority in the field of hydrogeology and subsurface contaminant transport and remediation. He is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Engineering and Environmental Management at the Air Force Institute of Technology, where he conducted research into the fate and transport of groundwater contaminants and contaminated groundwater remediation technologies. He has published numerous works in these areas.
Junqi Huang is a hydrologist in the Ground Water and Ecosystems Restoration Division, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, US EPA. He is an experienced hydrogeological modeler, with expertise developing models for groundwater flow and transport, groundwater management, and contaminated groundwater remediation strategies.
1 - Cover [Seite 1]
2 - Title Page [Seite 5]
3 - Copyright [Seite 6]
4 - Contents [Seite 7]
5 - List of Symbols [Seite 13]
6 - Preface [Seite 17]
7 - Acknowledgments [Seite 19]
8 - About the Companion Website [Seite 21]
9 - Chapter 1 Modeling [Seite 23]
9.1 - 1.1 Introduction [Seite 23]
9.2 - 1.2 Definitions [Seite 25]
9.3 - 1.3 A Simple Model - Darcy's Law and Flow Modeling [Seite 25]
9.3.1 - 1.3.1 Darcy's Law [Seite 25]
9.3.2 - 1.3.2 Flow Equation [Seite 27]
9.3.3 - 1.3.3 Example Application of Darcy's Law and the Flow Equation [Seite 30]
9.3.4 - 1.3.4 Note of Caution - Know Model Assumptions and Applicable Conditions [Seite 31]
9.3.5 - 1.3.5 Superposition (For a Fuller Discussion of Superposition Applied to Groundwater Flow, See Reilly et al., 1984) [Seite 35]
9.3.6 - 1.3.6 Example Application of the Principle of Superposition [Seite 35]
9.4 - References [Seite 38]
10 - Chapter 2 Contaminant Transport Modeling [Seite 41]
10.1 - 2.1 Introduction [Seite 41]
10.2 - 2.2 Fate and Transport Processes [Seite 41]
10.2.1 - 2.2.1 Advection [Seite 41]
10.2.2 - 2.2.2 Dispersion [Seite 42]
10.2.3 - 2.2.3 Sorption [Seite 44]
10.2.4 - 2.2.4 Chemical and Biological Reactions [Seite 46]
10.3 - 2.3 Advective-Dispersive-Reactive (ADR) Transport Equation [Seite 47]
10.3.1 - 2.3.1 Reaction Submodel [Seite 49]
10.3.2 - 2.3.2 Sorption Submodel [Seite 50]
10.4 - 2.4 Model Initial and Boundary Conditions [Seite 51]
10.4.1 - 2.4.1 Initial Conditions [Seite 52]
10.4.2 - 2.4.2 Boundary Conditions [Seite 53]
10.5 - 2.5 Nondimensionalization [Seite 54]
10.6 - References [Seite 57]
11 - Chapter 3 Analytical Solutions to 1-D Equations [Seite 59]
11.1 - 3.1 Solving the ADR Equation with Initial/Boundary Conditions [Seite 59]
11.2 - 3.2 Using Superposition to Derive Additional Solutions [Seite 60]
11.3 - 3.3 Solutions [Seite 62]
11.3.1 - 3.3.1 AnaModelTool Software [Seite 62]
11.3.2 - 3.3.2 Virtual Experimental System [Seite 63]
11.4 - 3.4 Effect of Advection [Seite 63]
11.5 - 3.5 Effect of Dispersion [Seite 65]
11.6 - 3.6 Effect of Sorption [Seite 70]
11.6.1 - 3.6.1 Linear, Equilibrium Sorption [Seite 70]
11.6.2 - 3.6.2 Rate-Limited Sorption [Seite 73]
11.7 - 3.7 Effect of First-Order Degradation [Seite 82]
11.8 - 3.8 Effect of Boundary Conditions [Seite 86]
11.8.1 - 3.8.1 Effect of Boundary Conditions on Breakthrough Curves [Seite 86]
11.8.2 - 3.8.2 Volume-Averaged Resident Concentration Versus Flux-Averaged Concentration [Seite 88]
11.9 - References [Seite 90]
12 - Chapter 4 Analytical Solutions to 3-D Equations [Seite 93]
12.1 - 4.1 Solving the ADR Equation with Initial/Boundary Conditions [Seite 93]
12.2 - 4.2 Using Superposition to Derive Additional Solutions [Seite 94]
12.3 - 4.3 Virtual Experimental System [Seite 94]
12.4 - 4.4 Effect of Dispersion [Seite 95]
12.5 - 4.5 Effect of Sorption [Seite 100]
12.5.1 - 4.5.1 Linear, Equilibrium Sorption [Seite 100]
12.5.2 - 4.5.2 Rate-Limited Sorption [Seite 102]
12.6 - 4.6 Effect of First-Order Degradation [Seite 105]
13 - Chapter 5 Method of Moments [Seite 109]
13.1 - 5.1 Temporal Moments [Seite 109]
13.1.1 - 5.1.1 Definition [Seite 109]
13.1.2 - 5.1.2 Evaluating Temporal Moments [Seite 110]
13.1.3 - 5.1.3 Temporal Moment Behavior [Seite 110]
13.2 - 5.2 Spatial Moments [Seite 124]
13.2.1 - 5.2.1 Definition [Seite 124]
13.2.2 - 5.2.2 Evaluating Spatial Moments [Seite 125]
13.2.3 - 5.2.3 Spatial Moment Behavior [Seite 126]
13.3 - References [Seite 142]
14 - Chapter 6 Application of Analytical Models to Gain Insight into Transport Behavior [Seite 143]
14.1 - 6.1 Contaminant Remediation [Seite 143]
14.2 - 6.2 Borden Field Experiment [Seite 146]
14.3 - References [Seite 149]
15 - Appendix A Solution to One-Dimensional ADR Equation with First-Order Degradation Kinetics Using Laplace Transforms [Seite 151]
15.1 - Reference [Seite 154]
16 - Appendix B Solution to One-Dimensional ADR Equation with Zeroth-Order Degradation Kinetics Using Laplace Transforms [Seite 155]
16.1 - Reference [Seite 157]
17 - Appendix C Solutions to the One-Dimensional ADR in Literature [Seite 159]
17.1 - References [Seite 162]
18 - Appendix D User Instructions for AnaModelTool Software [Seite 163]
19 - Appendix E Useful Laplace Transforms [Seite 167]
19.1 - E.1 Laplace Transforms from van Genuchten and Alves (1982) [Seite 167]
19.2 - Reference [Seite 170]
20 - Appendix F Solution to Three-Dimensional ADR Equation with First-Order Degradation Kinetics for an Instantaneous Point Source Using Laplace and Fourier Transforms [Seite 171]
20.1 - References [Seite 173]
21 - Appendix G Solution to Three-Dimensional ADR Equation with Zeroth-Order Degradation Kinetics for an Instantaneous Point Source Using Laplace and Fourier Transforms [Seite 175]
21.1 - References [Seite 177]
22 - Appendix H Solutions to the Three-Dimensional ADR in Literature [Seite 179]
22.1 - References [Seite 182]
23 - Appendix I Derivation of the Long-Time First-Order Rate Constant to Model Decrease in Concentrations at a Monitoring Well Due to Advection, Dispersion, Equilibrium Sorption, and First-Order Degradation (Three-Dimensional Infinite System with an Instantaneous Point Source) [Seite 183]
24 - Appendix J Application of Aris' Method of Moments to Calculate Temporal Moments [Seite 185]
25 - Appendix K Application of Modified Aris' Method of Moments to Calculate Spatial Moments Assuming Equilibrium Sorption [Seite 187]
26 - Appendix L Application of Modified Aris' Method of Moments to Calculate Spatial Moments Assuming Rate-Limited Sorption [Seite 189]
26.1 - L.1 Zeroth Spatial Moment [Seite 190]
26.2 - L.2 First Spatial Moment [Seite 190]
26.3 - L.3 Second Spatial Moment [Seite 190]
27 - Appendix M Derivation of Laplace Domain Solutions to a Model Describing Radial Advective/Dispersive/Sorptive Transport to an Extraction Well [Seite 193]
27.1 - References [Seite 195]
28 - Appendix N AnaModelTool Governing Equations, Initial and Boundary Conditions, and Source Code [Seite 197]
28.1 - N.1 Model 101 [Seite 197]
28.2 - N.2 Model 102 [Seite 198]
28.3 - N.3 Model 103 [Seite 200]
28.4 - N.4 Model 104 [Seite 201]
28.5 - N.5 Model 104M [Seite 202]
28.6 - N.6 Model 105 [Seite 204]
28.7 - N.7 Model 106 [Seite 206]
28.8 - N.8 Model 107 [Seite 207]
28.9 - N.9 Model 108 [Seite 209]
28.10 - N.10 Model 109 [Seite 211]
28.11 - N.11 Model 201 [Seite 213]
28.12 - N.12 Model 202 [Seite 215]
28.13 - N.13 Model 203 [Seite 217]
28.14 - N.14 Model 204 [Seite 219]
28.15 - N.15 Model 205 [Seite 222]
28.16 - N.16 Model 206 [Seite 223]
28.17 - N.17 Model 207 [Seite 225]
28.18 - N.18 Model 208 [Seite 228]
28.19 - N.19 Model 301 [Seite 229]
28.20 - N.20 Model 302 [Seite 232]
28.21 - N.21 Model 303 [Seite 234]
28.22 - N.22 Model 304 [Seite 237]
28.23 - N.23 Model 305 [Seite 239]
28.24 - N.24 Model 306 [Seite 242]
28.25 - N.25 Model 401 [Seite 244]
28.26 - N.26 Model 402 [Seite 245]
28.27 - N.27 Model 403 [Seite 247]
28.28 - N.28 Model 404 [Seite 249]
28.29 - N.29 Model 405 [Seite 251]
28.30 - N.30 Model 406 [Seite 254]
29 - Index [Seite 257]
30 - EULA [Seite 263]

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