The Science of Ethanol

 
 
CRC Press
  • erschienen am 8. Dezember 2016
  • |
  • 294 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-315-30738-1 (ISBN)
 

This book covers all facets involving the production and use of ethanol. Topics include the optimization of raw materials, energy, capital, process model-based computer control, and human resources to produce ethanol. It compares and contrasts processes to prepare ethanol using biotechnology processes to prepare ethanol from chemical synthesis. Matters of optimization of ethanol use as fuel/fuel components are addressed based on thermodynamics, kinetics, and usage. It also discusses pollutants produced from ethanol and mixtures containing ethanol, the status of ways to control these pollutants, and what can be done to minimize the harm to the earth's ecosystems due to ethanol and gasoline reactions.

  • Englisch
  • London
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
  • |
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
26 schwarz-weiße und 40 farbige Abbildungen, 8 schwarz-weiße Tabellen
  • 4,11 MB
978-1-315-30738-1 (9781315307381)
Dr. Walter E. Goldstein is President of Goldstein Consulting Company, offering services in chemical engineering and biotechnology (see www.goldconsul.com). He is called upon to improve processes and products in health care, consumer products, food, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and biofuels. He provides expertise to analyze product and process components, material defects, construction practice defects, and analyses of accidents causing injury.


Many of his projects involve biotechnology processes that include mammalian cell, bacterial, and fungal/yeast propagation. He has extensive background in fermentation technology and development of products and processes in this field. He is also President and co-founder of a research and development firm with an active patent. Its objective is to produce universal blood from stem cells in a bioreactor process thereby avoiding use of donor blood for transfusion.


He has been involved in bioprocess energy-related projects throughout his career. He was instrumental in leading research and development resulting in a commercial facility to produce ethanol (New Energy of Indiana, $180 million capital investment, 100 million gallons per year facility). His involvement in this book stems from his desire to impact on the alternative energy field in a manner that is synergistic with protecting the environment and helping businesses.


Dr. Goldstein was Vice President for Biotechnology Research for Miles, Inc., a former division of Bayer, Inc. from 1982 to 1987. He was also Vice President and Director of Research for ESCA genetics Corporation, a plant sciences biotechnology company from 1988 to 1994. He founded Goldstein Consulting Company in 1994 and has been engaged in several entrepreneurial enterprises since that time. He founded and developed a forensic sciences DNA profiling training laboratory at the University of Nevada Las Vegas from 2003 to 2008. His past publications for Taylor and Francis are Sick Building Syndrome and Related Illness: prevention and remediation of mold contamination in 2011; and Pharmaceutical Accumulation in the Environment: prevention, control, health effects, and economic impact in 2014.


He obtained his MBA from Michigan State University in 1968, and is a Registered Professional Engineer. Dr. Goldstein received his Doctorate's in chemical engineering from the University of Notre Dame in 1973. He is a member of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, and Sigma Xi.


He and his wife, Paula, reside in Las Vegas, Nevada. They have two children and four grandchildren.
Introduction


Yeast Biology and Bulk Manufacture of Ethanol


Processes to prepare ethanol using biotechnology


Yeast biology development


Developing yeast strains to produce ethanol


Nutrients and conditions


Optimization of Ethanol Use as a Fuel


Introduction to the basis of fuel use in the internal combustion engine


Linkage of friction reduction to ethanol fuel use


Thermodynamics of friction dependence on system variables


Coupling of combustion reaction kinetics and thermodynamics


Sample Calculation


Considerations of piston expansion in regard to forces and friction


Computer-based Optimization of the Ethanol Process


Introduction


Specifications for Control of the Ethanol Process


Application of Computer-based Process Control to Ethanol


Optimization Example


Raw Material Resources to produce Ethanol


Plant Raw Material Resources


Biocatalyst Systems for Ethanol Manufacture


Biocatalyst Systems and Processes to isolate and convert Starch and Lignocellulose Components


Biocatalyst Systems for Isolation and Conversion of Starch and Cellulose


Biocatalyst Systems to act on Lignocellulose and its components


Ethanol Process Synthesis for Cost Analysis


Cost Analysis for Optimal Ethanol Manufacture


Cost Analysis objectives to improve ethanol prospects


Cost analysis and Sources of Ethanol


Cost of Ethanol produced using feedstock from corn wet milling facilities


Cost of Ethanol produced using feedstock from corn dry milling facilities


Cost of Ethanol produced using feedstock from lignocellulose sources


Contrast in Costs to produce Ethanol from Feedstocks


Process Optimization and Cost Reduction to reach Commercial Objectives


Considerations for Minimization of Pollution


Introduction to Pollution Considerations


A Sequence of Historical Events that helped to popularize Ethanol


Pollutants in ethanol manufacture and combustion


Impurities in ethanol and gasoline, and in the products of their combustion


Specific Actions on Pollution and Justification


Ethanol Co-Products and Derived Products


Introduction to Co-Products and derived Products


Carbon Dioxide Products and Applications


Ethanol Derived Products and Applications


Petrochemicals as a Source of Ethanol


Conclusions, Recommendations, Research, and Business Directions





"The main strength of this book is its multidisciplinary approach to treating the ethanol sector: biology (biocatalysis and biotechnology), thermodynamics, cost analysis, etc. Readers from different scientific communities will find interesting information. Another main strength is the treatment of different parts of the ethanol sector: production and use, minimization of pollution, raw materials resources, etc. So this book can be interesting for engineers who design a new process, but also who would like to find the best process and feedstock for given countries."
- Olivier Potier, University of Lorraine, Nancy, France

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