At a time when Europe is witnessing major cultural, social, economic and political challenges and transformations, this book brings together leading researchers and experts to consider a range of pressing questions relating to the historical origins, contemporary manifestations and future prospects for juvenile justice. Questions considered include: How has the history of juvenile justice evolved across Europe and how might the past help us to understand the present and signal the future? What do we know about contemporary juvenile crime trends in Europe and how are nation states responding? Is punitivity and intolerance eclipsing child welfare and pedagogical imperatives, or is 'child-friendly justice' holding firm? How might we best understand both the convergent and the divergent patterning of juvenile justice in a changing and reformulating Europe? How is juvenile justice experienced by identifiable constituencies of children and young people both in communities and in institutions? What impacts are sweeping austerity measures, together with increasing mobilities and migrations, imposing?How can comparative juvenile justice be conceptualised and interpreted? What might the future hold for juvenile justice in Europe at a time of profound uncertainty and flux? This book is essential reading for students, tutors and researchers in the fields of criminology, history, law, social policy and sociology, particularly those engaged with childhood and youth studies, human rights, comparative juvenile/youth justice, youth crime and delinquency and criminal justice policy in Europe.
Barry Goldson holds the Charles Booth Chair of Social Science at the University of Liverpool. He is also Visiting Professorial Research Fellow at the Faculty of Law, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Professorial Fellow in Social Science at Liverpool Hope University and Adjunct Professor at the School of Justice, QUT, Brisbane. He is co-chair of the European Society of Criminology Thematic Working Group on Juvenile Justice. He has recently been awared the 'Juvenile Justice Without Borders' International Award in recognition for his research and work within the field of juvenile justice.
Preface, Barry Goldson, Part I: Past. 1. Under pressure: the foundations of children's courts in Europe, Els Dumortier, 2. Becoming delinquent? Rethinking the long history of juvenile justice, Heather Shore, 3. History, life-course criminology and digital methods: new directions for conceptualizing juvenile justice in Europe, Zoe Alker and Emma Watkins, Part II: Present. 4. Child-friendly justice: past, present and future, Ton Liefaard and Ursula Kilkelly, 5. Transformations in youth crime and justice across Europe: evidencing the case for diversion, Lesley McAra and Susan McVie, 6. Youth justice and youth sanctions in four Nordic states: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, Tapio Lappi-Seppälä, 7. Juvenile, (in)justice and neoliberal austerity in the European Union, Emma Bell, 8. 'Race', ethnicity, social class and juvenile justice in Europe, Colin Webster, 9. Illegal young bodies and the failings of liberal democracy: some reflections on the European Union's 'refugee crisis' and its implications for juvenile justice, Maria Pisani, 10. Understanding and learning from other systems of juvenile justice in Europe: describing, explaining and interpreting, David Nelken, Part III: Future. 11. Reading the present and mapping the future(s) of juvenile justice in Europe: complexities and challenges, Barry Goldson
"All too often books on comparative juvenile justice descend into bland description of powers and procedures. Goldson's approach is refreshingly different and innovative. Taking an historically informed inter-national and intra-national approach, this edited collection opens up a rich and detailed analysis of key contemporary thematics. Goldson skilfully brings together the insights of leading analysts from across Europe to deliver the most critically informed and perceptive work produced on European juvenile justice to date."
- John Muncie, Emeritus Professor, The Open University
"This book offers a vital, timely and highly original analysis of juvenile justice in Europe at a time of profound changes and challenges. It is essential reading."
- Manfred Nowak, Professor of International Human Rights, Vienna University and Independent Expert leading the UN Global Study on Children Deprived of Liberty