Adult Attachment

A Concise Introduction to Theory and Research
 
 
Academic Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 29. März 2016
  • |
  • 346 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
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978-0-12-420076-0 (ISBN)
 

Adult Attachment: A Concise Introduction to Theory and Research is an easy-to-read and highly accessible reference on attachment that deals with many of the key concepts and topics studied within attachment theory. This book is comprised of a series of chapters framed by common questions that are typically asked by novices entering the field of attachment. The content of each chapter focuses on answering this overarching question.

Topics on the development of attachment are covered from different levels of analysis, including species, individual, and relationship levels, working models of attachment, attachment functions and hierarchies, attachment stability and change over time and across situations, relationship contexts, the cognitive underpinnings of attachment and its activation of enhancement via priming, the interplay between the attachment behavioral system and other behavioral systems, the effects of context on attachment, the contribution of physiology/neurology and genetics to attachment, the associations/differences between attachment and temperament, the conceptualization and measurement of attachment, and the association between attachment and psychopathology/therapy.

  • Uses a question-and-answer format to address the most important topics within attachment theory
  • Presents information in a simple, easy-to-understand way to ensure accessibility for novices in the field of attachment
  • Covers the main concepts and issues that relate to attachment theory, thus ensuring readers develop a strong foundation in attachment theory that they can then apply to the study of relationships
  • Addresses future directions in the field of attachment theory
  • Concisely covers material, ensuring scholars and professionals can quickly get up-to-speed with the most recent research


Omri Gillath, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Psychology and the Hoglund Brain Imaging Center at the University of Kansas. His work focuses on human pair-bonding and the effects of personality on cognition and behavior. He uses diverse methodologies including neuroimaging, gene mapping, and advanced cognitive techniques to explore the associations between attachment style and cognitive performance, sexual motivation and behavior, mating strategies, and caregiving behavior. He has published extensively on the topic of interpersonal relationships and relationship neuroscience in leading academic journals (e.g., Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; Social Cognitive Affective Neuroscience), and has given invited lectures at national and international conferences on these topics. Dr. Gillath is an associate editor of Personal Relationships, a member of the editorial board of Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, and Journal of Research in Personality, and a fellow of the Society for Experimental Psychology. Dr. Gillath won the 2012 IARR Gerald R. Miller Award for Early Career Achievement, the 2011 Caryl Rusbult Close Relationships Early Career Award, the Sage 2010 Young Scholar Award, and the J. Michael Young academic advisor award at the University of Kansas.
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 8,13 MB
978-0-12-420076-0 (9780124200760)
0124200761 (0124200761)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Dedications
  • Contents
  • Prologue
  • What does each chapter of this book cover?
  • Chapter 1 - What Is Attachment Theory?
  • Attachment theory
  • The Origins of Attachment Theory
  • The Fundamentals of Attachment Theory
  • Individual Differences in Attachment Organization
  • Working Models of Attachment
  • The Shift to Adult Attachment
  • Are Individual Differences in Adult Attachment Similar to Those Identified in Children?
  • What are attachment theory's intellectual origins? The integration of psychoanalytic psychology, ethology, and control systems
  • The Departure from Psychoanalysis
  • Ethology and the Problem of Instinct
  • Control Systems and Information Theory
  • Are Humans Simple Machines?
  • Goal-Directed Behavior and Primary Versus Secondary Strategies
  • Is attachment theory a "grand theory"? How does it differ from other perspectives?
  • Multiple Levels of Analysis and Scientific Explanation
  • Broad Reach
  • Psychological Adaptation and Well-Being
  • Chapter 2 - What Is an Attachment Relationship?
  • How do attachment relationships develop in infancy?
  • Who Serves as the Primary Attachment Figure in Childhood?
  • How are attachment-related functions transferred from one person to another?
  • Empirical Research on Attachment Transfer in Children and Adolescents
  • Empirical Research on Attachment Transfer in Early Adulthood
  • Empirical Research on Attachment Transfer in Adulthood
  • Summary of Attachment Functions at Different Points in the Life Course
  • A Cautionary Note on Using Children as Attachment Figures
  • Can people have more than one attachment figure?
  • What kinds of factors facilitate the development of an adult attachment relationship?
  • How do Responsiveness and Sensitivity Facilitate the Development of Attachment Relationships?
  • How Does Interdependence Facilitate the Development of Attachment Relationships?
  • How do Individual Differences in Attachment Security Affect the Development of Attachment Relationships?
  • Do Compensatory Processes Lead People to Develop New Attachments?
  • How Long Does it Take for an Adult Attachment Relationship to Form?
  • What happens to parents when new attachment relationships develop? Do they share the stage with new attachment figures? Or ...
  • What happens when a relationship ends? Falling off the ladder and continuing bonds
  • Are attachment relationships limited to parents and peers? What other kinds of attachment relationships may exist?
  • God as an Attachment Figure
  • Other Attachment Figures
  • Why did attachment bonds evolve in adult romantic relationships?
  • A few cautionary remarks
  • Do Attachments Vary in Strength?
  • Should Separation Distress be Used as a Marker of an Attachment Bond?
  • Are All Attachments Alike? Asymmetries Across Relationships
  • Is There Really a Difference Between a Primary and a Secondary Attachment Figure?
  • Is It Possible to Develop an Attachment Relationship With Someone who Does not Function as an Effective Secure Base?
  • Chapter 3 - How Do Individual Differences in Attachment Develop?
  • How do early attachment experiences shape attachment patterns in infancy and early childhood?
  • What are the consequences of early attachment experiences for social and personality development?
  • How do Early Attachment Histories Shape the Development of Social Competence?
  • How do Early Attachment Histories Shape the Development of Close Friendship Relationships?
  • Do early attachment experiences have enduring consequences for social and personality development?
  • What gives rise to individual differences in adult attachment patterns?
  • Quality of the Caregiving Environment
  • Social Competence
  • Friendship Relationships
  • Summary
  • Chapter 4 - What Are Attachment Working Models?
  • What are attachment internal working models?
  • Unpacking IWMs
  • Memories
  • Beliefs, Attitudes, and Expectations
  • Goals and Needs
  • Plans and Strategies
  • Summary
  • How Are Attachment Internal Working Models Structured?
  • A Hierarchical Approach to the Structure of IWMs
  • A Connectionist Approach to the Structure of IWMs
  • What Does Research Reveal About the Content and Structure of Attachment Internal Working Models?
  • Attachment Styles and the Working Model of Self
  • Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy
  • Cognitive Processes
  • Attributions
  • Self-Verification
  • Attachment Style and Model of Others
  • Perceptions of Others
  • Cognitive Processes
  • Partner Attributions
  • Self-Other Distinctiveness
  • Building Blocks of IWMs
  • Memories
  • The Affective Content of Memories
  • Encoding and Retrieval
  • Beliefs, Attitudes, and Expectations
  • Goals and Needs
  • Plans and Strategies
  • Empirical Support for the Hierarchical Organization of Attachment Working Models
  • Summary
  • Chapter summary
  • Chapter 5 - How Are Individual Differences in Attachment Measured?
  • How has the measurement of adult attachment evolved over the decades?
  • Bartholomew's Four Category Model
  • The Evolution of Measurement Systems
  • Are Attachment Styles Categorical or Continuous?
  • What Are the Fundamental Dimensions Underlying Adult Attachment?
  • What Do Attachment Anxiety and Avoidance Represent Theoretically?
  • Summary
  • Where is security in the two-dimensional framework?
  • How Should the Attachment Dimensions be Used in Research?
  • Should Interactions Between the Dimensions Be Tested? Are They Necessary?
  • Are There More Than Two Dimensions?
  • Are the Dimensions Orthogonal? Or Are They Correlated With One Another?
  • Are Self-Reports and Interviews Interchangeable With One Another?
  • What are some of the recommended self-report measures of attachment?
  • Experiences in Close Relationships (ECR)
  • The Experiences in Close Relationships, Revised (ECR-R)
  • Adult Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ)
  • Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ)
  • Experiences in Close Relationships, Relationship Structures (ECR-RS)
  • Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ) and Attachment Style Questionnaire-Short Form (ASQ-SF)
  • State Adult Attachment Measure (SAAM)
  • Summary
  • Chapter 6 - How Stable Are Attachment Styles in Adulthood?
  • What did Bowlby say about stability and change? Metaphors for dynamic processes
  • What leads to stability in adult attachment styles?
  • Intrapsychic Processes
  • Attributional Processes and Confirmation Bias
  • Transference Processes
  • Selection and Attraction Processes
  • Environmental and Relational Processes
  • What leads to change in adult attachment styles?
  • Major Life Transitions
  • Parenthood
  • Breakups
  • War-Related Trauma
  • Relationship Conflict and Support
  • The Meaning of Life Events
  • Stable Vulnerability Factors
  • Therapy
  • How stable are attachment styles in adulthood?
  • Can Some of the Observed Instability be Understood as Measurement Error?
  • What Does it Mean to say that Something is a General Disposition or Trait? Trait-State Models of Adult Attachment
  • Does the Stability of Attachment Vary Across Relationship Types?
  • Do adult attachment styles change across the lifespan? Normative shifts in attachment
  • Summary and future research directions
  • Chapter 7 - What Can Social Cognition and Priming Tell Us About Attachment?
  • Priming in close relationships
  • What's being primed? Attachment-related schemas
  • How do you alter people's sense of security in the short term in the laboratory?
  • Do priming effects last? The long-term effects of security priming
  • What is the relationship between attachment priming and attachment style?
  • Can we trust attachment priming effects? Using meta-analysis
  • What physiological/neural mechanisms underlie security priming?
  • Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 8 - What Is the Attachment Behavioral System? And, How Is It Linked to Other Behavioral Systems?
  • What is a behavioral system?
  • What are the features of a behavioral system?
  • The Biological Function of the Attachment System
  • The Triggers That Activate the Attachment System
  • The Repertoire of Interchangeable Responses
  • The Set Point for the Attachment System
  • The Cognitive Operations of the Attachment System
  • Associations With Other Behavioral Systems
  • How can we examine the concept of a behavioral system?
  • What happens when one behavioral system "meets" another?
  • What can development teach us about the interplay between behavioral systems?
  • Evolution
  • Development of a Close Relationship
  • Development of an Individual
  • How do the levels of one behavioral system affect other systems?
  • What is the caregiving system?
  • What happens when both systems are activated?
  • What empirical evidence exists for the interplay between the caregiving and attachment systems?
  • What happens when security is enhanced?
  • What about sex?
  • Are there other behavioral systems and if so, what about their interplay?
  • The Exploration Behavioral System
  • The Affiliation Behavioral System
  • The Power Behavioral System
  • The Health Behavioral System and the Morality Behavioral System
  • Implications and conclusions
  • Chapter 9 - What Are the Effects of Context on Attachment?
  • Are there sex differences in adult attachment?
  • Summary
  • Are there cultural differences in adult attachment?
  • Summary
  • Are there age differences in adult attachment?
  • Summary
  • What is the role of relationship status and relationship length in adult attachment?
  • Relationship Status
  • Relationship Length
  • Summary
  • How do individual differences in attachment manifest in different relationship stages?
  • Relationship Formation
  • Summary
  • Relationship Maintenance
  • Attachment Style and Relationship Satisfaction
  • Relationship Maintenance Mechanisms
  • Goals and Beliefs
  • Conflict Patterns
  • Reactions to Negative Partner Behavior
  • Expression of Positivity Toward a Romantic Partner
  • Social Support
  • Relationship Trust
  • Summary
  • Relationship Dissolution
  • Summary
  • Chapter summary
  • Chapter 10 - What Can Neuroscience, Genetics, and Physiology Tell Us About Attachment?
  • What is neuroscience?
  • Why neuroscience?
  • Neuroscience in the service of attachment
  • What are the tools, methods, and techniques used to study the neuroscience of attachment?
  • What has already been done? Examples of attachment neuroscience
  • fMRI
  • EEG
  • Laterality
  • Brain Volume
  • Physiological Correlates
  • Genes, neurotransmitters, and hormones
  • Behavioral Genetics
  • Molecular Genetics
  • Animal Models
  • Theoretical models
  • Summary and future directions
  • Chapter 11 - What are the Implications of Attachment Processes for Psychopathology and Therapy?
  • Is attachment insecurity a risk factor for mental health problems?
  • Affective Disorders
  • Trauma Symptoms and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
  • Eating Disorders
  • Personality Disorders
  • Summary
  • What are the factors linking adult attachment to mental health problems?
  • Self-Representations
  • Emotion Regulation
  • Problems in Interpersonal Relations
  • Can knowledge about attachment insecurity and mental health be used to facilitate therapy?
  • How can attachment theory inform us about the kind of difficulties insecure people may have in relation to therapy?
  • How can attachment theory inform us about dealing with avoidantly attached clients?
  • How can attachment theory inform us about dealing with anxiously attached clients?
  • Can therapy help insecure clients?
  • How can attachment theory inform the development of therapeutic interventions?
  • Attachment-Focused Group Therapy
  • Emotionally Focused Therapy
  • Summary
  • Chapter summary
  • Epilogue
  • What are some open questions in adult attachment?
  • Can Attachment Styles be Explained Away by Basic Personality Traits?
  • Are attachment styles really just mating strategies?
  • Should attachment theory be considered a theory of close relationships?
  • Is attachment insecurity functional?
  • What might underlie or explain attachment security?
  • Final words
  • References
  • Subject Index
  • Back Cover

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