The aim of this unique book is to provide an overview of recent advances bridging the gap between psychiatry and neuroscience, allowing a fruitful dialogue between both sciences. The emerging interactions and mutual contributions between neuroscience and psychiatry are here recognized. This book is designed to identify the borders, trends and implications in both fields today.Comprehensive and developed by a renowned group of experts from both fields, the book is divided into four parts: Epistemological Considerations About the Study of Normal and Abnormal Human Behaviors; From Basic Neurosciences to Human Brain; Neurosciences, Learning, Teaching and the Role of Social Environment; and Explaining Human Pathological Behaviors: From Brain Disorders to Psychopathology. A unique and invaluable addition to the literature in psychiatry and neuroscience, Psychiatry and Neuroscience Update - Vol. II: A Translational Approach offers an important and clearer understanding of the relationship between these two disciplines. This book is directed to students, professionals and researchers of medicine, psychology, psychopedagogy and nursery.
Part I: Epistemological Considerations about the Study of Normal and Abnormal Human Behaviors.-Phenomenology of the Encounter According to Józef Tischner.- Psychopathology and Corporality: The Possibilities of Intersubjectivity for Restoring Experience-The Cases of Schizophrenia and Autism.- The Relationship between Philosophy and Neuroscience from Dan Zahavi's Phenomenology of Mind.- Aristotelian Hylomorphism: A Framework for Non-Physicalist Philosphers about Philosophy of Minder.- Aristotle's Concept of the Soul and the Link between Mind and Body in Contemporary Philosophy.- Life Project.- A Brief Bioethical Perspective on Work in the Field of Health.- Cosmetic Psychopharmacology, Inauthentic Experiences and the Instrumentalization of Human Faculties: Beyond Post-Emotional Society.- Dialogues between Philosophy and Psychiatry: The Case of Dissociative Identity Disorder.- Part II. From Basic Neurosciences to Human Brain.- Effects of Emotional Stress on Astrocytes and Their Implications in Stress-Related Disorders.- Role of the Glia and the Neural Crest in the Central Nervous System Health and Disease.- The Nitric Oxide Pathways in the Neurotoxicity from Glutamate-Induced Apoptosis: Mitochondrial Emerging Role.- Psychoneuroendocrinological and Cognitive Interactions in the Interface between Chronic Stress and Depression.- Mechanisms Involved in Memory Processes. Alterations Induced by Psychostimulants: Targeting the Central AT1 Receptors.- The Extent of Neuroadaptive Responses to Psychostimulants: Focus on Brain Angiotensin System.- Habit Learning and Addiction.- Stress and the Dynamic Fear Memory: Synaptic-Cellular Bases and its Implication for Psychiatry Disorders.- Relationship between drugs of abuse and palatable foods: pre-clinical evidence towards a better understanding of addiction-like behaviors.- Deep Brain Stimulation: A Promising Therapeutic Approach to the Treatment of Severe Depressed Patients. Current Evidence and Intrinsic Mechanisms.- Eye Movements: Parameters, Mechanisms and Active Vision.- Eye Movement Behavior Analyses for Studying Cognitive Performance and Conversion to Pathologies.- Psychotropic Medication Use in Elderly.- Part III: Neurosciences, Learning, Teaching and the Role of Social Environment.- Child Cognitive Stimulation Programs: Various Modalities of Intervention in Socially Vulnerable Contexts.- Work and Psychological Suffering: A Case Study on Customer Service's Employees at an Electrical Services Company.- Part IV: Explaining Human Pathological Behaviors. From Brain Disorders to Psychopathology.- Neuropathological Background Of Mk801 For Inducing Murine Model of Schizophrenia.- The Effect of Estradiol and its Analogues on Cognition in Preclinical and Clinical Research: Relevance to Schizophrenia.- Neuropsychiatric Symptoms Related to Cholinergic Deficits in Parkinson's Disease.- Pharmacotherapy through the Inhibition of Glycine Transporters: An Update on, and Beyond, Schizophrenia.- The Adenosinergic System in the Neurobiology of Schizophrenia: Prospective Adenosine Receptor-Based Pharmacotherapy.- Neuroimaging in Chronic Pain, Fibromyalgia, and Somatization.- Utility of Magnetic Resonance Findings in Elucidating Structural and Functional Brain Impairment in Traumatic Brain Injury.- Liaison Psychiatry: Playing "Hide and Seek"with Delirium.- Metabolic Association between Gut-Brain: Axis in Autism Spectrum Disorders.- Update on Dementia. Pathophisiology, Diagnosis and Treatment: DSM-IV versus DSM-V.- Nutrition and Central Nervous System.- Cognitive Impairment/Dementia in Chronic Renal Disease.