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Enhanced Oil Recovery

Resonance Macro- and Micro-Mechanics of Petroleum Reservoirs
Wiley-Scrivener (Verlag)
Erschienen am 6. Dezember 2016
240 Seiten
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978-1-119-29383-5 (ISBN)
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Fossil fuels, especially petroleum, are still the primary energy source all over the world. With the advent of hydraulic fracturing (i.e. "fracking"), directional drilling, and other technological advances, petroleum and reservoir engineers all over the world have been able to produce much greater results, in much more difficult areas, than ever before, to meet higher global demand. "Enhanced oil recovery (EOR)" is one of the hottest and most important topics in this industry. New technologies and processes must be continually discovered and developed, even as renewable energy begins to grow and become more fruitful, as the demand for more and more energy continues to grow worldwide.
This groundbreaking and highly anticipated study discusses the scientific fundamentals of resonance macro- and micro-mechanics of petroleum reservoirs and its petroleum industry applications. It contains an overview of the research and engineering results of resonance macro- and micro-mechanics of petroleum reservoirs, which provide the scientific and applied foundations for the creation of groundbreaking wave technologies for production stimulation and enhanced oil recovery.
A valuable tool for the petroleum or reservoir engineer in the field, this volume is also intended for students, teachers, scientists and practitioners who are interested in the fundamentals, development, and application of leading-edge technologies in the petroleum industry and other industrial sectors.
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Abstract
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Introduction: A Brief Historical Background and Description of the Problem
  • 1 Scientific Foundation for Enhanced Oil Recovery and Production Stimulation
  • 1.1 The Practical Results of Near-Wellbore Formation Cleaning by Wave Stimulation
  • 1.2 The Scientific Fundamentals of the First Generation Wave Technology for Stimulation of Production Processes
  • 1.2.1 Large-Scale Laboratory Experiments at Shell Test Facilities
  • 1.2.2 Resonances in Near-Wellbore Formation. Resonances in Perforations
  • 1.2.3 Excitation of Oscillations in Micro-Pores by One- Dimensional Longitudinal Macro-Waves in a Medium. Resonances. Transformation of Micro-Oscillations in Pores to Macro-Flows of Fluid. The Capillary Effect
  • 1.2.4 Cleaning of Horizontal Wells
  • 1.2.5 Preliminary Results
  • 1.3 Stimulation of Entire Reservoirs by First-Generation Wave Methods for Enhanced Oil Recovery. Resonance Macro- and Micro-Mechanics of Petroleum Reservoirs: A Scientific Foundation for Enhanced Oil Recovery
  • 2 Remove Micro-Particles by Harmonic External Actions
  • 2.1 An Analysis of the Forces Acting on Pore-Contaminating Particles under a Harmonic External Action
  • 2.2 Conditions for the Detachment of a Solid Particle from the Wall of a Pore under Harmonic External Action
  • 2.3 The Criterion of Successful Harmonic Wave Stimulation. Criterion Determination Procedure
  • 2.4 Summary
  • 3 Remove Micro-Particles by Impact Waves
  • 3.1 Determining Flow Parameters behind an Impact Wave
  • 3.2 Assessing the Forces That Act on a Particle as the Front of an Impact Wave Is Passing
  • 3.3 Conditions for the Detachment of a Solid Particle from the Wall of a Pore under the Action of a Passing Impact Wave
  • 3.4 The Criterion for Successful Wave Stimulation by Impact Waves. Criterion Determination Procedure
  • 3.5 Summary
  • 4 The Wave Mechanisms of Motion of Capillary-Trapped Oil
  • 4.1 The Conditions for the Detachment of a Droplet from the Wall of a Pore
  • 4.2 The Case of Harmonic Action on a Capillary-Trapped Droplet
  • 4.3 The Case of Impact Wave Action on a Capillary-Trapped Droplet
  • 4.4 Summary
  • 5 Action of Wave Forces on Fluid Droplets and Solid Particles in Pore Channels
  • 5.1 The Mechanism of Trapping of Large Oil Droplets in a Waterflooded Reservoir. Propulsion of Droplets by One-Dimensional Nonlinear Wave Forces
  • 5.2 The Average Flow of Fluid Caused by Oscillations in a Saturated Porous Medium with a Stationary Matrix and Inhomogeneous Porosity
  • 5.2.1 The Statement of the Problem
  • 5.2.2 Calculation Results
  • 5.3 Fluid Flows Caused by Oscillations in Cone-Shaped Pores
  • 5.3.1 The Statement of the Problem
  • 5.3.2 Calculation Results
  • 6 The Mobilization of Droplets and Blobs of Capillary-Trapped Oil from Microcavities
  • 6.1 The Mathematical Statement of the Problem
  • 6.2 The Natural Frequency of Gravity-Capillary Waves on Oil-Water and Oil-Surfactant Interfaces in Pores
  • 6.3 Interface Instability Range
  • 6.4 Oil-Water Interface Instability
  • 6.5 Oil-Surfactant Interface Instability
  • 7 Statements and Substantiations of Waveguide Mechanics of Porous Media
  • 7.1 Resonance Mechanisms Possible in Fluid-Saturated Porous Media
  • 7.2 Resonance of Two-Dimensional Axially Symmetric Waves in Horizontal Layers of Reservoir. Efficient and Directed Excitation of Wave Energy in Target Sub-Layers
  • 7.3 Resonance of Two-dimensional Plane Waves in Reservoir Compartmentalizing Strike-Slip Faults and Fractured Zones
  • 7.3.1 The Mathematical Model of a Fluid-Saturated Porous Medium
  • 7.3.2 The Statement of the Problem and Solution Procedure
  • 7.3.3 Damping Decrements of Waves in a Natural Vertical Waveguide
  • 7.3.4 Statement of a Resonance Waveguide Problem and Its Substantiation for Porous Media. Introduction
  • 7.3.5 Resonances. Waveguide Processes in Porous Media with Heterogeneities. The Distribution of Forces Acting on Pore-Contaminating Solid Particles and Capillary-Trapped Oil Droplets in a Waveguide
  • 7.4 Linked Waveguides in Compartmentalized Reservoirs. The Transfer of Oscillations into Reservoir Inner Zones under Multidimensional Resonance Conditions
  • 7.4.1 The Statement of the Problem of Forced One-Dimensional Oscillations in Linked Sections of a Multi-Phase Medium under Resonance Conditions
  • 7.4.2 The Results of Mathematical Simulation
  • 7.5 Experimental Determination of Resonant Frequencies of a Reservoir. Practical Recommendations for Selecting Controlled Means and Oscillation/Wave Generators
  • 8 The Resonant and Waveguide Characteristics of a Well
  • 8.1 Selecting Wave Parameters for Stimulation of Horizontal Wells
  • 8.1.1 Scientific Fundamentals
  • 8.1.2 Practical Recommendations on Stimulation of Horizontal Wells
  • 8.2 Near-Wellbore Stimulation. The Induction of Resonance
  • 8.2.1 Resonances in the Wellbore Section between the Oscillation Generator and the Bottom. Using Waves to Transfer Wave Energy
  • 8.2.2 Practical Recommendations for Stimulation of the Near-Wellbore Formation Zone
  • 9 Experimental Study of Wave Action on a Fluid-Filled Porous Medium
  • 9.1 Experimental Study of the Potential to Clean up the Near-Wellbore Formation Zone from Contamination using Wave Stimulation
  • 9.1.1 Test Equipment and Methodology
  • 9.1.2 The Results of Cleanup from Clay Mud
  • 9.1.3 The Results of Cleanup from Clay-Polymer Mud
  • 9.1.4 Summary
  • 9.2 The Experimental Study of the Effect of Shock Waves on the Displacement of Hydrocarbons by Water in a Porous Medium. Connected Wells
  • 9.2.1 The Test Equipment
  • 9.2.2 A Theoretical Analysis of the Propagation of Waves Generated by a Shock-Wave Valve in the Test Facilities and Evaluation of the Forces Caused by the Wave Action
  • 9.2.3 The Methodology of Tests
  • 9.2.4 Results of Flow Acceleration Tests
  • 9.2.5 The Effect of Wave Stimulation on Connected Wells
  • 9.2.6 Summary
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Index
  • EULA

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