Advances in Applied Microbiology

 
 
Elsevier (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 31. Oktober 2017
  • |
  • 208 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-812047-7 (ISBN)
 

Advances in Applied Microbiology, Volume 101 continues the comprehensive reach of this widely read and authoritative review source in microbiology. Users will find invaluable references and information on a variety of areas, with this updated volume including chapters on Chemical and fuel production using autotrophic acetogens, Sodium chloride does not assure microbiological safety of foods: cases and solutions, Towards stably encoded production pathways for fine chemicals, Microbial Transformation of Iodine: From Radioisotopes to Iodine Deficiency, Uranium Bioreduction and Biomineralization, and Contribution of bacteriophages to the virulence of Clostridium.

This ongoing series provides readers with a variety of topics, with each volume covering topics such as protozoan grazing of freshwater biofilms, metals in yeast fermentation processes, the interpretation of host-pathogen dialogue through microarrays, and the role of polyamines in bacterial growth and biofilm formation. Eclectic volumes are supplemented by thematic volumes in areas such as Archaea and sick building syndrome.

  • Contains contributions from leading authorities
  • Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field
  • Includes discussions on protozoan grazing of freshwater biofilms, metals in yeast fermentation processes, the interpretation of host-pathogen dialogue through microarrays, and more
0065-2164
  • Englisch
  • Saint Louis
  • |
  • USA
  • 13,65 MB
978-0-12-812047-7 (9780128120477)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Advances in Applied Microbiology
  • Advances in Applied Microbiology
  • Advances in Applied MicrobiologyEdited bySima SARIASLANIWilmington, Delaware, USAGeoffrey Michael GaddDundee, Scotland, UK?
  • Advances in Applied MicrobiologyEdited bySima SARIASLANIWilmington, Delaware, USAGeoffrey Michael GaddDundee, Scotland, UK?
  • Contents
  • CONTRIBUTORS
  • 1 - Sodium Chloride Does Not Ensure Microbiological Safety of Foods: Cases and Solutions
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. THE PRESENCE OF HARMFUL MICROORGANISMS IN SALT-CURED FOODS
  • 2.1 Foodborne Disease Outbreaks Associated With the Salt-Cured Foods
  • 2.2 Prevalence of Harmful Microorganisms That Compromise the Quality and Safety of Salt-Cured Foods
  • 3. BEHAVIORS OF PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS IN SALT-CURED FOODS
  • 3.1 General Bacterial Responses to Osmotic Pressure in the Surrounding Environment
  • 3.2 Growth of Foodborne Pathogens in the Presence of Sodium Chloride
  • 3.3 Changes in the Physiology and Virulence of Foodborne Pathogens in the Presence of Sodium Chloride
  • 3.4 Survival and Fate of Foodborne Pathogens During the Processing or Storage of the Salt-Cured Foods
  • 4. HOW DOES SODIUM CHLORIDE AFFECT THE EFFICACY OF OTHER ANTIMICROBIAL TREATMENTS?
  • 4.1 Sequential Application of Sodium Chloride and Other Stressors During Food Processing
  • 4.2 Concurrent Application of Sodium Chloride and Other Stressors During Food Processing
  • 5. CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • 2 - Toward Genome-Based Metabolic Engineering in Bacteria
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. ESCHERICHIA COLI AS A MODEL ORGANISM AND PRODUCTION HOST
  • 3. PATHWAY OPTIMIZATION AND STRAIN SELECTION
  • 4. THE RECOMBINEERING TOOLKIT
  • 4.1 Mechanism of ?-Red-Based Recombineering
  • 4.2 double-stranded DNA ?-Red-Based Recombineering
  • 4.3 single-stranded DNA ?-Red-Based Recombineering and Multiplexing
  • 4.4 Strategies to Deal With the Native DNA Mismatch Repair System
  • 4.5 Counterselection: CRISPR/Cas9-Mediated Oligonucleotide Recombineering
  • 5. APPLICATIONS IN METABOLIC ENGINEERING
  • 6. BEYOND ESCHERICHIA COLI
  • 7. PRESENT AND FUTURE CHALLENGES
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 3 - Microbial Transformation of Iodine: From Radioisotopes to Iodine Deficiency
  • 1. IODINE IN THE ENVIRONMENT
  • 1.1 Global Cycling of Iodine
  • 1.2 Prevalence of Radioiodine
  • 2. VOLATILIZATION AND ASSIMILATION OF ORGANOIODINE COMPOUNDS
  • 2.1 Volatilization of Organoiodine Compounds From the Ocean
  • 2.2 Volatilization of Organoiodine Compounds From Terrestrial Environments
  • 2.3 Assimilation of Organoiodine Compounds
  • 3. ACCUMULATION OF IODINE
  • 3.1 Iodine Uptake by Marine Organisms
  • 3.2 Iodine Uptake by Terrestrial Microorganisms
  • 4. IODATE REDUCTION AND REDUCTIVE DEIODINATION OF ORGANOIODINE COMPOUNDS
  • 4.1 Iodate Reduction by Marine Organisms
  • 4.2 Iodate Reduction by Terrestrial Bacteria
  • 4.3 Reductive Deiodination of Organoiodine Compounds
  • 5. OXIDATION OF IODIDE
  • 5.1 Oxidation of Iodide by Marine Organisms
  • 5.2 Iodide-Oxidizing Marine Bacteria
  • 5.3 Ecology of Iodide-Oxidizing Bacteria in Brine Waters
  • 5.4 Iodide Oxidation Through Indirect Microbial Mechanisms
  • 6. MICROBIAL INFLUENCE ON IODINE-SOIL INTERACTIONS
  • 6.1 Iodine Sorption to Soils
  • 6.2 Microbial Influence on Iodination of Soil Organic Matter
  • 7. SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • 4 - Uranium Bioreduction and Biomineralization
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. URANIUM SPECIES AND MOBILITY
  • 3. URANIUM BIOREDUCTION
  • 3.1 Reductive Microorganisms
  • 3.2 Reductive Mechanisms
  • 3.3 Influential Factors
  • 3.3.1 Oxidants
  • 3.3.2 Electron Donors and Carbonates
  • 3.3.3 Different Types of U(IV) End Products
  • 3.3.4 pH, Redox Potential, and Other Factors
  • 4. URANIUM BIOMINERALIZATION WITH PHOSPHATE
  • 4.1 Mechanisms and Microbes
  • 4.2 Obstacles and Future Potential
  • 5. URANIUM BIOMINERALIZATION WITH CARBONATE
  • 6. URANIUM BIOMINERALIZATION WITH SILICATE
  • 7. CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • 5 - The Contribution of Bacteriophages to the Biology and Virulence of Pathogenic Clostridia
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 1.1 Bacteriophages
  • 1.2 The Impact of Prophages on Bacterial Hosts
  • 2. PROPHAGES AND TOXIN PRODUCTION IN CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM AND CLOSTRIDIUM NOVYI-AN HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
  • 2.1 Phages are Responsible for Neurotoxin Production in Clostridium botulinum Types C1 and D
  • 2.2 The Contribution of Phages to a-Toxin Production in Clostridium novyi
  • 2.3 Unstable Lysogeny Affects Toxin Production in Clostridium botulinum and Clostridium novyi
  • 3. THE ROLE OF TEMPERATE PHAGES IN THE BIOLOGY AND VIRULENCE OF CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE
  • 3.1 Phage-Encoded Binary Toxin Locus (CdtLoc)
  • 3.2 The Clostridium difficile Pathogenicity Locus Has Features in Common With Phages
  • 3.3 Regulation of Pathogenicity Locus Gene Expression by Clostridium difficile Prophages
  • 3.4 Other Potential Impacts of Prophages on the Biology, Virulence, and Fitness of Clostridium difficile
  • 3.5 Modulation of Cell Surface Proteins by fCD38-2
  • 3.6 The Possible Contribution of Clostridium difficile Prophages to Quorum Sensing
  • 4. CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS PHAGES INTERFERING WITH SPORULATION
  • 5. PERSPECTIVES AND FUTURE CHALLENGES
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Back Cover

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