Rentier Islamism

The Influence of the Muslim Brotherhood in Gulf Monarchies
 
 
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 1. März 2018
  • |
  • 288 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-086200-8 (ISBN)
 
While scholars have long looked at the role of political Islam in the Middle East, it has been assumed that domestic politics in the wealthy monarchical states of the Arabian Gulf, so-called "rentier states" where taxes are very low and oil wealth subsidizes the needs of citizens, are largely unaffected by such movements. However, the long accepted rentier theory has been shortsighted in overlooking the socio-political role played by Muslim Brotherhood affiliates in the super-rentiers of Kuwait, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. While rentier state theory assumes that citizens of such states will form opposition blocs only when their stake in rent income is threatened, this book demonstrates that ideology, rather than rent, have motivated the formation of independent Islamist movements in the wealthiest states of the region. In the monarchical systems of Qatar and the UAE, Islamist groups do not have the opportunity to compete for power and therefore cannot use the ballot box to gain popularity or influence political life, as they do elsewhere in the Middle East. But, as this book points out, the division between the social and political sectors is often blurred in the socially conservative states of the Gulf, as political actors operate through channels that are not institutionalized. Simply because politics is underinstitutionalized in such states does not mean that it is underdeveloped; the informal realm holds considerable political capital. As such, the book argues that Brotherhood movements have managed to use the links between the social (i.e. informal personal networks) and political (i.e. government institutions) to gain influence in policymaking in such states.Using contemporary history and original empirical research, Courtney Freer updates traditional rentier state theory and argues that political Islam serves as a prominent voice and tool to promote more strictly political, and often populist or reformist, views supported by many Gulf citizens.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • USA
  • 13,77 MB
978-0-19-086200-8 (9780190862008)
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Courtney Freer is a Research Officer at the Kuwait Programme at London School of Economics and Political Science, where her work focuses on the domestic politics of the Gulf states. She has published in the International Journal of Middle East Studies and Middle Eastern Studies.
Introduction - Uncharted Territory: Political Islam and Rentier States Part I: Origins Chapter Two - No Taxation, No Representation?: Political Opposition in Rentier States and the Origins of Muslim Brotherhood Movements in the Gulf Chapter Three - Systems of Governance and Politics of Opposition in the Super-Rentiers Part II: Rise and Fall Chapter Four - Education and Influence: Origins of Rentier Islamism Chapter Five - Politicians or Preachers?: The Development of Rentier Islamist Agendas in a Post-Arab Nationalist Era Part III: Modern Rentier Islamism Chapter Six - Rentier Islamism after Pan-Arabism Chapter Seven - Challenges and Opposition in the 21st Century Chapter Eight - Conclusion: Rentier Islamism: Explaining Ikhwan Politics in the Super-Rentiers Notes References Index

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