Mobile Positioning and Tracking

From Conventional to Cooperative Techniques
 
 
Wiley (Verlag)
  • 2. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 21. Juli 2017
  • |
  • 416 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-06885-3 (ISBN)
 
The essential guide to state-of-the art mobile positioning and tracking techniques--fully updated for new and emerging trends in the field
Mobile Positioning and Tracking, Second Edition explores state-of-the-art mobile positioning solutions applied on top of current wireless communication networks. Application areas covered include positioning, data fusion and filtering, tracking, error mitigation, both conventional and cooperative positioning technologies and systems, and more. The authors fill the gap between positioning and communication systems, showing how features of wireless communications systems can be used for positioning purposes and how the retrieved location information can be used to enhance the performance of wireless networks.
Unlike other books on the subject, Mobile Positioning and Tracking: From Conventional to Cooperative Techniques, 2nd Edition covers the entire positioning and tracking value chain, starting from the measurement of positioning signals, and offering valuable insights into the theoretical fundamentals behind these methods and how they relate to application areas such as location-based services, as well as related disciplines and professional concerns, including global business considerations and the changing laws and standards governing wireless communication networks.
Fully updated and revised for the latest developments in the field, this Second Edition:
* Features new chapters on UWB positioning and tracking, indoor positioning in WLAN, and multi-tag positioning in RFID
* Explores an array of positioning and tracking systems based on satellite and terrestrial systems technologies and methods
* Introduces advanced and novel topics such as localisation in heterogeneous and cooperative scenarios
* Provides a bridge between research and industry with potential implementations of the solutions presented
Mobile positioning and tracking is subject to continuous innovations and improvements. This important working resource helps busy industry professionals and practitioners--including software and service developers--stay on top of emerging trends in the field. It is also a valuable reference for advanced students in related disciplines studying positioning and mobile technologies.
2. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Newark
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons
  • 20,20 MB
978-1-119-06885-3 (9781119068853)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Simone Frattasi, PhD, is currently Head of the Patent Section of Sony Mobile Communications in Lund, Sweden. Previously, he worked as Technical Project Manager at Aalborg University, Denmark.
Francescantonio Della Rosa, MSc, works on hybrid data fusion and software development for GNSS receiver prototypes and mobile devices within the EU FP7 project, GRAMMAR (Galileo Ready Advanced Mass Market Receiver), at Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
  • Intro
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Table of Contents
  • About the Authors
  • List of Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Notations
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • 1.1 Application Areas of Positioning (Chapter 2)
  • 1.2 Basics of Wireless Communications for Positioning (Chapter 3)
  • 1.3 Fundamentals of Positioning (Chapter 4)
  • 1.4 Data Fusion and Filtering Techniques (Chapter 5)
  • 1.5 Fundamentals of Tracking (Chapter 6)
  • 1.6 Error Mitigation Techniques (Chapter 7)
  • 1.7 Positioning Systems and Technologies (Chapter 8)
  • 1.8 Ultrawideband Positioning and Tracking (Chapter 9)
  • 1.9 Indoor Positioning in WLAN (Chapter 10)
  • 1.10 Cooperative Multi-tag Localization in RFID Systems (Chapter 11)
  • 1.11 Cooperative Mobile Positioning (Chapter 12)
  • Chapter 2: Application Areas of Positioning
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Localization Framework
  • 2.3 Location-based Services
  • 2.4 Location-based Network Optimization
  • 2.5 Patent Trends
  • 2.6 Conclusions
  • Chapter 3: Basics of Wireless Communications for Positioning
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Radio Propagation
  • 3.3 Multiple-antenna Techniques
  • 3.4 Duplexing Methods
  • 3.5 Modulation and Multiple-access Techniques
  • 3.6 Radio Resource Management and Mobile Positioning
  • 3.7 Synchronization
  • 3.8 Cooperative Communications
  • 3.9 Cognitive Radio and Mobile Positioning
  • 3.10 Conclusions
  • Chapter 4: Fundamentals of Positioning
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Classification of Positioning Infrastructures
  • 4.3 Types of Measurements and Methods for their Estimation
  • 4.4 Positioning Techniques
  • 4.5 Error Sources in Positioning
  • 4.6 Metrics of Location Accuracy
  • 4.7 Conclusions
  • Chapter 5: Data Fusion and Filtering Techniques
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Least-squares Methods
  • 5.3 Bayesian Filtering
  • 5.4 Estimating Model Parameters and Biases in Observations
  • 5.5 Alternative Approaches
  • 5.6 Conclusions
  • Chapter 6: Fundamentals of Tracking
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Impact of User Mobility on Positioning
  • 6.3 Mobility Models
  • 6.4 Tracking Moving Devices
  • 6.5 Conclusions
  • Chapter 7: Error Mitigation Techniques
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 System Model
  • 7.3 NLOS Scenarios: Fundamental Limits and Maximum-likelihood Solutions
  • 7.4 Least-squares Techniques for NLOS Localization
  • 7.5 Constraint-based Techniques for NLOS Localization
  • 7.6 Robust Estimators for NLOS Localization
  • 7.7 Identify and Discard Techniques for NLOS Localization
  • 7.8 Conclusions
  • Chapter 8: Positioning Systems and Technologies
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Satellite Positioning
  • 8.3 Cellular Positioning
  • 8.4 Wireless Local/Personal Area Network Positioning
  • 8.5 Ad hoc Positioning
  • 8.6 Hybrid Positioning
  • 8.7 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • Chapter 9: Ultra-wideband Positioning and Tracking
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 UWB Technology
  • 9.3 The UWB Radio Channel
  • 9.4 UWB Standards
  • 9.5 Time-of-arrival Measurements
  • 9.6 Ranging Algoritms in Real Conditions
  • 9.7 Passive UWB Localization
  • 9.8 Conclusions and Perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 10: Indoor Positioning in WLAN
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Potential and Limitations of WLAN
  • 10.3 Empirical Approaches
  • 10.4 Error Sources in RSS Measurements
  • 10.5 Experimental Activities
  • 10.6 Conclusions
  • Chapter 11: Cooperative Multi-tag Localization in RFID Systems: Exploiting Multiplicity, Diversity and Polarization of Tags
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 RFID Positioning Systems
  • 11.3 Cooperative Multi-tag Localization
  • 11.4 Conclusions
  • Chapter 12: Cooperative Mobile Positioning
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Cooperative Localization
  • 12.3 Cooperative Data Fusion and Filtering Techniques
  • 12.4 COMET: A Cooperative Mobile Positioning System
  • 12.5 Experimental Activity in a Cooperative WLAN Scenario
  • 12.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Index
  • End User License Agreement

List of Abbreviations


1L-DF one-level data fusion 2D two-dimensional 2L-DF two-level data fusion 3D three-dimensional 3G third generation 3GPP Third Generation Partnership Project 4G fourth generation 5G fifth generation ACPS Ad-Coop Positioning System A-GNSS Assisted Global Navigation Satellite System A-GPS Assisted Global Positioning System ACK acknowledge ADC analog-to-digital converter AOA angle of arrival AP access point API ppplication programming interface ASP application service provider AWGN additive white Gaussian noise B2B business-to-business B2C business-to-consumer BCCH broadcast control channel BF beamforming BPM burst position modulation BPSK binary phase shift keying BPZF band-pass zonal filter BS base station BTS base transceiver station CA collision avoidance CAS cooperative augmentation system CATV cable television CD collision detection CDF cumulative distribution function CDMA code division multiple access CEP circular error probability CH cluster head CID cell ID CG cluster gateway CIR carrier-to-interference ratio CLI caller location information CLS constrained least squares CM cluster member COFDM coded orthogonal frequency division multiplexing COMET Cooperative Mobile Positioning System coop-EKF cooperative extended Kalman filter coop-WNLLS cooperative weighted nonlinear least squares CR cognitive radio CRC cyclic redundancy check CRLB Cramér-Rao lower bound CRB Cramér-Rao bound CRMSE cooperative root mean square error CSMA carrier sense multiple-access CS-MNS clock sampling-mutual network synchronization CSN connectivity service network CTM current transformation matrix CTS clear to send CW continuous wave DAC digital-to-analog converter DAA detection and avoidance DGPS Differential Global Positioning System DL downlink DOP dilution of precision DP direct path DR dead reckoning DS direct sequence DSSS direct-sequence spread spectrum E911 enhanced 9-1-1 eCall emergency call ED energy detector EDGE enhanced data rates for GSM evolution EGNOS European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service EIRP effective isotropic radiated power EKF extended Kalman filter e.m. electromagnetic EM expectation maximization EPS evolved packet system ERP equivalent radiated power EUWB European ultra-wideband FBMC filter bank multicarrier FCC Federal Communications Commission FDD frequency division duplex FDMA frequency division multiple access FEC forward error correction FFT fast Fourier transform FHSS frequency-hopping spread spectrum FIM Fisher information matrix FRP fixed reference point FS fixed station FT fixed terminal G-CRLB generalized Cramer-Rao lower bound GAGAN GPS-aided Geo-augmented Navigation System GDOP geometric dilution of precision GERAN GSM/EDGE radio access network GFDM generalized frequency division multiplexing GIS Geographic Information System GLONASS Globalnaya Navigationnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema GP guard period GPB generalized pseudo-Bayesian GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System GPS Global Positioning System GSM Global System for Mobile Communications GPS-CM GPS-equipped CM HazMat hazardous material HLOP hybrid lines of position HTAP hybrid TOA/AOA positioning HTDOA hybrid TDOA/AOA positioning IAD identify and discard ID identification i.i.d. independent, identically distributed IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IF intermediate frequency IFFT inverse fast Fourier transform IMU inertial mobile unit IP Internet Protocol IPDL idle period downlink IPO interior-point optimization IR-UWB impulse radio UWB IS idle slot IT information technology KF Kalman filter LAC local area code LAN local area network LBS location-based service LCS location services LD laser diode LDC low-duty cycle LEACH low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy LED light-emitting diode LLS linear least squares LMS least median of squares LMU location measurement unit LO local oscillator LOS line of sight LP local positioning LRT likelihood ratio test LS least...

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