The Nature of Emotion

Fundamental Questions
Oxford University Press
  • 2. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 23. August 2018
  • |
  • 560 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-087312-7 (ISBN)
Building on the legacy of the groundbreaking first edition, the Editors of this unique volume have selected more than 100 leading emotion researchers from around the world and asked them to address 14 fundamental questions about the nature and origins of emotion. For example: What is an emotion? How are emotions organized in the brain? How do emotion and cognition interact? How are emotions embodied in the social world? How and why are emotions communicated? How are emotions physically embodied? What develops in emotional development? At the end of each chapter, the Editors--Andrew Fox, Regina Lapate, Alexander Shackman, and Richard Davidson--highlight key areas of agreement and disagreement. In the final chapter--The Nature of Emotion: A Research Agenda for the 21st Century--the Editors outline their own perspective on the most important challenges facing the field today and the most fruitful avenues for future research. Not a textbook offering a single viewpoint, The Nature of Emotion reveals the central issues in emotion research and theory in the words of many of the leading scientists working in the field today, from senior researchers to rising stars, providing a unique and highly accessible guide for students, researchers, and clinicians.
2. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • USA
  • 39,14 MB
978-0-19-087312-7 (9780190873127)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Dr. Fox is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology and a Neuroscience and Behavior Core Scientist in the California National Primate Research Center at the University of California, Davis. His work as a translational affective neuroscientist aims to bridge basic neuroscientific findings to our understanding of human emotion. Dr. Lapate is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute at the University of California, Berkeley. She has published a number of articles in leading psychology and neuroscience journals on the neural bases of emotion regulation and on individual differences in affective style. Her work is currently supported by the National Institute of Mental Health. Dr. Shackman is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology, a member of the executive board for the Neuroscience and Cognitive Science (NACS) Program, a core faculty member of the Maryland Neuroimaging Center, and the Director of the Affective and Translational Neuroscience Laboratory at the University of Maryland. He has published more than 50 articles and chapters focused on the neurobiology of emotion-related traits, states, and disorders and his work has been supported by the National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Mental Health and Drug Abuse. He serves as an Associate or Consulting Editor at Emotion; Cognition and Emotion; Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience; and Personality Neuroscience. Dr. Davidson's research is broadly focused on the neural bases of emotion and emotional style and methods to promote human flourishing including meditation and related contemplative practices. He has published over 375 articles, numerous chapters and reviews and edited 14 books. He was named one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time Magazine in 2006. He is the author (with Sharon Begley) of The Emotional Life of Your Brain published in 2012.
Acknowledgments Contributors Introduction Preface to Paul Ekman's Essay Richard J. Davidson How emotions might work Paul Ekman Question 1. What is an emotion? Emotions and feelings: William James and the present Antonio Damasio & Hanna Damasio Emotions are functional states that cause feelings and behavior Ralph Adolphs What is emotion? A natural science perspective Peter J. Lang & Margaret M. Bradley Affect is essential to emotion Kent C. Berridge Emotions: Causes and consequences Gerald L. Clore What are emotional states, and what are their functions? Edmund T. Rolls Active inference and emotion Karl J. Friston, Mateus Joffily, Lisa Feldman Barrett & Anil K. Seth Emotions are constructed with interoception and concepts within a predicting brain Lisa Feldman Barrett Afterword Regina C. Lapate & Alexander J. Shackman Question 2. How are emotions, mood and temperament related? Distinguishing affective constructs: Structure, trait- vs. state-ness, and responses to affect Kristin Naragon-Gainey Inhibited temperament and intrinsic versus extrinsic influences on fear circuits Jennifer Urbano Blackford & David H. Zald Distinctions among moods and temperaments Jerome Kagan Distinctions between temperament and emotion: Examining reactivity, regulation, and social understanding Lindsay C. Bowman & Nathan A. Fox Afterword Alexander J. Shackman, Regina C. Lapate & Andrew S. Fox Question 3. What are the dimensions and bases for lasting individual differences in emotion? Personality as lasting individual differences in emotions Rebecca L. Shiner The bases for preservation of emotional biases Jerome Kagan The psychological and neurobiological bases of dispositional negativity Alexander J. Shackman, Melissa D. Stockbridge, Edward P. Lemay, Jr. & Andrew S. Fox Reactivity, recovery, regulation: The three R's of emotional responding Richard J. Davidson Afterword Alexander J. Shackman & Andrew S. Fox Question 4. What is the added value of studying the brain for understanding emotion? Studying the brain is necessary for understanding emotion Tom Johnstone Brain and emotion research: Contributions of patient and activation studies Robert W. Levenson Understanding emotion by unraveling complex structure-function mappings Luiz Pessoa Brain studies can advance psychological understanding Kent C. Berridge Afterword Alexander J. Shackman & Regina C. Lapate Question 5. How are emotions organized in the brain? Discrete and dimensional contributions to emotion arise from multiple brain circuits Ralph Adolphs Brain limbic systems as flexible generators of emotion Kent C. Berridge At primal levels, via vast subcortical brain networks that mediate instinctual emotional reactions that help program higher-order emotional-cognitive abilities in higher regions of the brain and mind. Jaak Panksepp Brain architecture and principles of the organization of emotion in the brain Luiz Pessoa Variation and degeneracy in the brain basis of emotion. Lisa Feldman Barrett How are emotions organized in the brain? Tor D. Wager, Anjali Krishnan & Emma Hitchcock The brain is organized to emote Andrew S. Fox Neural circuit mechanisms for switching emotional tracks: From positive to negative and back again Kay M. Tye Afterword Alexander J. Shackman & Andrew S. Fox Question 6. When and in what ways are emotions adaptive and maladaptive? The ambiguous issue of adaptive emotions Jerome Kagan Maladaptive emotions are inseparable from inaccurate appraisals Phoebe C. Ellsworth Emotions aren't maladaptive Aaron S. Heller Cultural neuroscience of emotion Joan Y. Chiao Positive emotions broaden and build: Consideration for how and when pleasant subjective experiences are adaptive and maladaptive Barbara L. Fredrickson The social nature of emotions: Context matters Amy Lehrner & Rachel Yehuda Afterword Andrew S. Fox & Regina C. Lapate Question 7. How are emotions regulated by context and cognition? Emotion as an evolutionary adaptive pattern: The roles of context and cognition D. Caroline Blanchard & Brandon L. Pearson Individual differences in fear conditioning and extinction paradigms: Insights for emotion regulation Marie-France Marin & Mohammed R. Milad The role of context and cognition in the placebo effect Lauren Y. Atlas Emotional Intensity: It is the thought that counts Gerald L. Clore & David A. Reinhard Emotion regulation as a change of goals and priorities Carien M. van Reekum & Tom Johnstone Searching for implicit emotion regulation Matthew D. Lieberman Fighting fire with fire: Endogenous emotion generation as a means of emotion regulation Haakon G. Engen & Tania Singer Afterword Alexander J. Shackman & Regina C. Lapate Question 8. How do emotion and cognition interact? The interplay of emotion and cognition Hadas Okon-Singer, Daniel M. Stout, Melissa D. Stockbridge, Matthias Gamer, Andrew S. Fox & Alexander J. Shackman The impact of affect depends on its object Gerald L. Clore Thoughts on cognition-emotion interactions and their role in the diagnosis and treatment of psychopathology Keren Maoz and Yair Bar-Haim Beyond cognition and emotion: Dispensing with a cherished psychological narrative Alexandra Touroutoglou & Lisa Feldman Barrett Can we advance our understanding of emotional behavior by reconceptualizing it as involving valuation? Roshan Cools, Hanneke den Ouden, Verena Ly & Quentin Huys Beyond the threat bias: Reciprocal links between emotion and cognition Nick Berggren & Nazanin Derakshan The cognitive-emotional brain Luiz Pessoa Emotional vs. rational systems, and decisions between them Edmund T. Rolls Afterword Alexander J. Shackman & Regina C. Lapate Question 9. How are emotions embodied in the social world? Connections between emotions and the social world: Numerous and complex Nancy Eisenberg & Maciel M. Hernández Effects of emotion on interpersonal behavior: A motivational perspective Edward P. Lemay, Jr. Emotion in the social world Carolyn Parkinson The affective nature of social interactions Dominic S. Fareri & Mauricio R. Delgado On the significance of implicit emotional communication Andrew S. Fox Deconstructing social emotions: Empathy and compassion and their relation to prosocial behavior Haakon G. Engen & Tania Singer Afterword Andrew S. Fox & Alexander J. Shackman Question 10. How and why are emotions communicated? Form of facial expression communication originates in sensory function Daniel H. Lee & Adam K. Anderson Expression of emotion: New principles for future inquiry Dacher Keltner, Daniel T. Cordaro, Jessica Tracy, & Disa Sauter The (more or less accurate) communication of emotions serves social problem solving Ursula Hess Making sense of the senses in emotion communication Wen Li, Lucas R. Novak, & Yuqi You Movement and manipulation: the how and why of emotion communication Lasana T. Harris Concepts are key to the "communication" of emotion Maria Gendron & Lisa Feldman Barrett The web of emotion understanding in human infants Betty M. Repacholi and Andrew N. Meltzoff The dynamic-interactive model approach to the perception of facial emotion Jonathan B. Freeman Afterword Regina C. Lapate & Andrew S. Fox Question 11. How are emotions physically embodied? How and why emotions are embodied Adrienne Wood, Jared Martin & Paula Niedenthal Emotion in body and brain: Context-dependent action and reaction Margaret M. Bradley & Peter J. Lang The importance of the mind for understanding how emotions are embodied Naomi I. Eisenberger How are emotions physically embodied? Rosalind W. Picard Pain as an embodied emotion Tim V. Salomons How are emotions organized and physically embodied? Bruce S. McEwen The complex tapestry of emotion: immune and microbial contributions Melissa A. Rosenkranz Afterword Andrew S. Fox & Alexander J. Shackman Question 12. What is the role of conscious awareness in emotion? Emotions are more than their subjective feelings Kent C. Berridge Reactive emotional processing in the absence of conscious awareness Joshua M. Carlson What is the role of unconscious emotions and of conscious awareness in emotion? Beatrice de Gelder and Marco Tamietto Self-regulating our emotional states when we are conscious of them and when we are not Leanne Williams Regulatory benefits of conscious awareness: Insights from the emotion misattribution paradigm and a role for lateral prefrontal cortex Regina C. Lapate Afterword Regina C. Lapate & Andrew S. Fox Question 13. How are emotions integrated into choice? How can affect influence choice? Brian Knutson & Mirre Stallen Emotions through the lens of economic theory Agnieszka Tymula & Paul Glimcher Emotions as computational signals of goal error Luke J. Chang & Eshin Jolly Affect is the foundation of value Catherine Hartley & Peter Sokol-Hessner Emotion, value, and choice Jolie Wormwood & Lisa Feldman Barrett Emotions can bias decision-making processes by promoting specific behavioral tendencies Jan B. Engelmann & Todd A. Hare Emotions are important for advantageous decision-making: A neuropsychological perspective Justin Reber & Daniel Tranel From emotion to motion: Making choices based on current states and biological needs Elisabeth A. Murray Afterword Andrew S. Fox & Regina C. Lapate Question 14. What develops in emotional development? The recognition of emotion during the first years of life Julia Cataldo & Charles A. Nelson Everything develops during emotional development Hill H. Goldsmith Stability and change in emotion-relevant personality traits in childhood and adolescence Rebecca L. Shiner Normative trajectories and sources of psychopathology risk in adolescence Leah H. Somerville & Katie A. McLaughlin What happens in emotional development? Adolescent emotionality Eveline A. Crone & Jennifer H. Pfeifer Goals change with age and benefit emotional experience Candice Hogan, Tamara Sims & Laura L. Carstensen Ideal ends in emotional development Carol D. Ryff Afterword Regina C. Lapate & Alexander J. Shackman Epilogue-The nature of emotion: A research agenda for the 21st century Andrew S. Fox, Regina C. Lapate, Richard J. Davidson & Alexander J. Shackman References Index

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