The Oxford Handbook of Women and Competition

Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 14. August 2017
  • |
  • 688 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-937638-4 (ISBN)
While women are generally perceived to be less competitive than men, women compete in many ways and in a variety of situations. Women try to make themselves look more attractive to draw the attention of a desirable mate. They will use gossip as a form of informational warfare to influence reputations. They compete as mothers to gain access to resources that directly influence the health of their children. They use selfies posted on social media to manipulate others' perceptions. Women compete all of their lives: in the womb, through adolescence and adulthood, and into their elder years. The topic of women's competition has gained significant momentum over the years. Edited by Maryanne L. Fisher, The Oxford Handbook of Women and Competition provides readers with direct evidence of this growth and is one of the first scholarly volumes to focus specifically on this topic. Fisher and her team of contributors offer a definitive worldview of the current state of knowledge regarding competition among women today. Many of the chapters are grounded within an evolutionary framework, allowing for authors to investigate the adaptive nature of women's competitive behaviors, motivations, and cognition. Other chapters rely on alternative frameworks, with contributors also asserting that socio-cultural forces are the culprit shaping women's competitive drives. Additionally, several contributors focus their attention on issues faced by adolescent girls, and explore the developmental trajectories for young women through adulthood. Designed to serve as a source of inspiration for future research and direction, The Oxford Handbook of Women and Competition is a stand-out scholarly text focusing on the many competitive forces driving women today.
  • Englisch
  • 48,77 MB
978-0-19-937638-4 (9780199376384)
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Maryanne L. Fisher is Full Professor in the Department of Psychology at Saint Mary's University in Halifax, Canada, and an Affiliate Faculty member at the Kinsey Institute in Indiana. She is an award-winning educator and has published over 90 journal articles spanning a variety of topics. She recently co-edited Evolution's Empress: Darwinian Perspectives on the Nature of Women for Oxford University Press.
Section I: Introduction Chapter 1: Introduction Maryanne L. Fisher Section II: Theory and Overview Chapter 2: Competition throughout Women's Lives Bobbi Low Chapter 3: Sexual Competition Among Women: A Review of the Theory and Supporting Evidence Steven Arnocky & Tracy Vaillancourt Chapter 4: Female Intrasexual Competition in Primates: Why Human's Aren't as Progressive as We Think Nicole Scott Section III: Social Status and Aggression Chapter 5: Feminist and Evolutionary Perspectives of Female-Female Competition, Status Seeking, and Social Network Formation Laurette T. Liesen Chapter 6: Adolescent Peer Aggression and Female Reproductive Competition Andrew C. Gallup Chapter 7: Cooperation Drives Competition among Tsimane Women in the Bolivian Amazon Stacey L. Rucas Chapter 8: Competition Between Female Friends Chenthila Nagamuthu & Elizabeth Page-Gould Chapter 9: The Element of Surprise: Women of the Dark Triad P. Lynne Honey Section IV: Communication and Gossip Chapter 10: Competitive Communication among Women: The Pretty Prevail by Means of Indirect Aggression Grace Anderson Chapter 11: Gossip and Competition among Women: How "The Gossip" Became a Woman and how "Gossip" Became Her Weapon of Choice Francis T. McAndrew Chapter 12: Women's Talk? Exploring the Relationship Between Gossip, Sex, Mate Competition, and Mate Poaching Katelin Sutton & Megan J. Oaten Chapter 13: Informational Warfare: Coalitional Gossiping as a Strategy for Within-Group Aggression Nicole H. Hess Section V: Mate Availability and Mating Relationships Chapter 14: Do Women Compete for Mates When Men are Scarce? Sex Ratio Imbalances and Women's Mate Competition Cross-Culturally Emily Stone Chapter 15: Operational Sex Ratio and Female Competition: Scarcity Breeds Intensity Haley M. Dillon, Lora E. Adair, & Gary L. Brase Chapter 16: The Influence of Women's Mate Value on Intrasexual Competition Maryanne L. Fisher & Ana María Fernández Chapter 17: Single and Partnered Women: Competing to Obtain and Retain High Quality Men Gayle Brewer Chapter 18: I'll Have Who She's Having: Mate Copying, Mate Poaching and Mate Retention Lora E. Adair, Haley M. Dillon, & Gary L. Brase Chapter 19: Intrasexual Mate Competition and Breakups: Who Really Wins? Craig Morris, Melanie L. Beaussart, Chris Reiber, & Linda S. Krajewski Section VI: Endocrinology and Psychobiological Considerations Chapter 20: Psychobiological Responses to Competition in Women Raquel Costa, Miguel A. Serrano, & Alicia Salvador Chapter 21: The Endocrinology of Female Competition Kelly Cobey, & Amanda Hahn Chapter 22: The Effect of Fertility on Women's Intrasexual Competition Lambrianos Nikiforidis, Ashley Rae Arsena, & Kristina M. Durante Section VII: Health and Aging Chapter 23: Social Aggression, Sleep and Wellbeing among Sidama Women of Rural Southwestern Ethiopia Alissa A. Miller & Stacey L. Rucas Chapter 24: Is Female Competition at the Heart of Reproductive Suppression and Eating Disorders? Catherine Salmon Chapter 25: Moderation of Female-female Competition for Matings by Competitors' Age and Parity Melanie MacEacheron & Lorne Campbell Section VIII: Motherhood and Family Chapter 26: Competitive Motherhood from a Comparative Perspective Katherine A. Valentine, Norman P. Li, & Jose C. Yong Chapter 27: Cooperative and Competitive Mothering: From Bonding to Rivalry in the Service of Childrearing Rosemarie I. Sokol-Chang, Rebecca L. Burch & Maryanne L. Fisher Chapter 28: Conflicting Tastes: Conflict Between Female Family Members in Choice of Romantic Partners Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair & Robert Biegler Chapter 29: Darwinian Perspectives on Women's Progenicide Alita J. Cousins & Theresa Porter Section IX: Physical Appearance Chapter 30: The Causes and Consequences of Women's Competitive Beautification Danielle J. DelPriore, Marjorie L. Prokosch, & Sarah E. Hill Chapter 31: Ravishing Rivals: Female Intrasexual Competition and Cosmetic Surgery Shelli L. Dubbs, Ashleigh J. Kelly, & Fiona Kate Barlow Chapter 32: Intrasexual Competition Among Beauty Pageant Contestants Rebecca Shaiber, Laura Johnsen & Glenn Geher Chapter 33: Fashion as a Set of Signals in Female Intrasexual Competition Laura Johnsen & Glenn Geher Section X: Competition in Virtual Contexts Chapter 34: Female Virtual Intrasexual Competition and its Consequences Jose C. Yong, Norman P. Li, Katherine A. Valentine, & April R. Smith Chapter 35: Facebook Frenemies and Selfie-Promotion: Women and Competition in the Digital Age Amanda E. Guitar & Rachael A. Carmen Chapter 36: Women's Use of Computer Games to Practice Intrasexual Competition Tami M. Meredith Section XI: Competition in Applied Settings Chapter 37: The Buzz on the Queen Bee and Other Characterizations of Women's Intrasexual Competition at Work Lucie Kocum, Delphine S. Courvoisier, & Saundra Vernon Chapter 38: Food as a Means for Female Power Struggles Charlotte J. S. De Backer, Liselot Hudders, & Maryanne L. Fisher Chapter 39: Evolution of Artistic and Aesthetic Propensities through Female Competitive Ornamentation Marco A. C. Varella, Jaroslava Varella Valentová, & Ana María Fernández Chapter 40: "Playing Like a Girl": Women in Competition in Sport and Physical Activity Hayley Russell, Julia Dutove, & Lori Dithurbide Section XII: Conclusion Chapter 41: Conclusion Gregory Carter & Maryanne L. Fisher
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